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to him his walking staff, with which he said he had travelled through many parts of Germany; and he said, “Richard, I do not give, but lend you my horse, be sure you be honest, and bring my horse back to me at your return this way to Oxford. And I do now give you ten groats to bear

your charges to Exeter; and here be ten groats more, which I charge you to deliver to your mother, and tell her, I send her a bishop's benediction with it, and beg the continuance of her prayers for me. And if you bring my horse back to me, I will give you ten groats more to carry you on foot to the college, and so God bless good Richard.'

But Mr. Hooker never afterwards saw his patron, for before his return to Oxford, he learnt the melancholy news of his death. However, the doss was in some measure supplied by the friendship of Dr. Cole, the president of the college, who assured him that he should never want for any thing.

After entering into orders, and obtaining a fellowship, he was called to preach at Paul's cross, in London, then the most famous place for sermons in the kingdon, and while he resided at the house appointed for the entertainment of the officiating minister, the mistress recommended her daughter Joan to him, and he in the simplicity of his heart, married her, though she had neither

beauty nor portion.' Soon after this he obtained the living of Drayton Beauchamp, in Bucking,

hamshire,

hamshire, where he was visited by two of his pupils, Edwin Sandys, son of the archbishop of York, and George Cranmer, nephew of the protestant martyr of that name.

Great was their surprize on finding their tutor in a field reading llorace, and tending bis sheep, which he said he was obliged to do as his servant was gone home to dinner, and to assist his wife in some necessary household business. When the servant returned, and released him, his two pupils attended him unto his house, where their best entertainment was his quiet company, which was presently denied them, for ' Richard was called to rock the cradle.'

At parting, Mr. Cranmer said, 'Good Tutor, I am sorry your lot is fallen in no better ground as to your parsonage : and more sorry that your wife proves not a more comfortable companion after you have wearied yourself in your studies.' To whom the good man replied, 'my dear George, if saints have a double share in the miseries of this life, I that am none ought not to repine at what my wise Creator hath appointed for me, but labour, as indeed I do daily, to submit mine to his will, and possess my soul in patience and

peace.'

By their exertions Mr. Hooker was appointed master of the Temple, where his quiet disposition was disturbed by the opposition he received from the afternoon lecturer, who was a zealous Calvinist, and always pointed his sermon against

that

6

that which had been delivered from the same pulpit in the morning. This brought on, contrary to the inclination of Hooker, a controversy acrimonious and weak enough on one side, but strong and liberal on the other. The sharpest answer Mr. Hooker ever uttered on this or any other occasion, was in these remarkable words

Your next argument consists of railing and of reasons; to your railing I say nothing, to your reasons I say what follows.'

Being at last wearied out by the fiery zeal of his opponents, he earnestly solicited the archbishop of Canterbury to remove him from that place to some country parsonage,

where'

says he, 'I may see God's blessings spring out of my mother earth, and eat mine own bread in peace and privacy. A place where I may without disturbance meditate my approaching mortality, and that great account which all flesh must at the last great day give to the God of all Spirits.

His request was granted, and in 1591 he was presented to the rectory of Boscum, near Salisbury, where he finished the first four books of his Ecclesiastical Polity, which were published in 1594. The next year he was removed to the living of Bishop's Bourne, in Kent, where he died in 1600.

A higher encomium upon his work can hardly be passed than what Pope Clement VIII observed when part of it was read to him in Latin by Dr. Stapelton. G 3

"This

“This man,' said the Pope, 'indeed deserves the name of an author ; his books will gain reyerence by age, for there are in them such seeds of eternity, that, if the rest be like this, they shall last till the last fire shall consume all learning.' The personal appearance of Hooker was mean,

, for he was of low stature, and stooped very much, and his natural bashfulness was much encreased by a dimness of sight, which was the consequence: of intense study.

Of his extraordinary lumility we have a pleasing instance, related in his life, by Walton; who says that 'Hooker and his poor parish clerk did never talk but with both their hats on, or both aff at the same time,'

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