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manding that none of his servants should come to him upon any occasion. There they continued in discourse till the bell rang to prayers, and after prayers were ended, till the dinner was ready, and after that too, till the coming in of the Lord Conway, and some other persons of honour, put a necessity upon some of the servants to give him notice how the time had passed away. So in they came, high coloured, and alınost panting for want of breath ; enough to shew that there had been some heats between them, not then fully cooled. It was my chance to be there that day, either to know his Grace's pleasure, or to render an account of some former commands, but I know not which; and I found Hales very glad to see me in that place, as being himself a mere stranger to it, and unknown to all. He told me afterwards, that he found the archbishop, (whom he knew before a nimble disputant) to be as well versed in books as business; that he had been ferretted by him from one hole to another, till there was none left to afford him any further shelter; that he was now resolved to be orthodox, and to declare himself a true son of the Church of England, both for doctrine and discipline ; that to this end he had obtained leave to call himself his Grace's chaplain, that naming him in his public prayers for his lord and patron, the greater notice might be taken of the alteration. Thus was Hales gained into the church, and
gained gained a good preferment in it; being promoted not long after, by the archbishop's recommendation, to a canonry of Windsor, and to hold the same by dispensation with his place at Eton."*
Wood calls him a walking library ; and says that “he was a man highly esteemed by learned men abroad and at home, from whom he seldom failed to receive letters every week, wherein his judgment was desired on various points of learning. He was a very hard student to the last, and a great faster, it being his constant custom to fast from Thursday dinner to Saturday; and though a person of wonderful knowledge, yet he was so modest, as to be patiently contented to hear the disputes of persons at table, and those of small abilities, without interposing or speaking a word, till desired. “As for his justness and uprightness in his dealings," says the same writer, “ all that knew him, have avouched him to be incomparable: for when he was bursar of his college, and had received bad money, he would lay it aside, and put good of his own in the room of it, to pay others : insomuch that sometimes he has thrown into the river twenty or thirty pounds at a time; all which he hath stood to the loss of himself, rather than the society or the public should be injured."
Heylyn's Cyprianus Anglicus, p. 340.
But the virtues and talents of this good man could not protect him from the savage fury of the fanatical reformers in the great rebellion. He was first dispossessed of his fellowship at Eton, and one Penwarden put into his place; but even this man was afterwards ashamed, and s touched in conscience for the wrong he had done to so worthy a person, by eating his bread;" and he accordingly made Mr. Hales an offer of resigning it to him again, but he refused to be restored by the authority of that usurping parliament.
After this he had an offer of one hundred pounds a year from a noble family in Kent, if he would settle there; but chusing a retired life, he rather accepted a quarter of that salary, in the family of Mrs. Salter, near Eton, and became tutor to her son. At last, Dr. King, the deprived bishop of Chichester, together with several of his friends, retiring to the house of the same lady, they formed a kind of college there, in which the prayers
and sacraments were administered according to the order of the Church of England, Mr. Hales officiating as chaplain. *
But of this consolation they were soon deprived, for a declaration was issued by the tyrants in power, denouncing severe punishment upon all
* Walker's Sufferings of the Clergy, fol. 1714, part II.
persons who harboured malignants, by which name they distinguished those who were loyal to the king, and faithful to the church. Mr. Hales on this voluntarily quitted his asylum, lest his benevolent hostess should come into any danger on his account. He then retired to the house of one Hannah Powney, whose first husband had been his servant. About this time he was so reduced as to be obliged to sell the best part of his library, which cost him two thousand five hundred pounds, for near one quarter of the value : the produce of which he paited with, by degrees, to many scholars, sequestred ministers, and other persons who were in distress ; particularly to Mr. Anthony Farindon, a deprived clergyman with a large family. This worthy man coming one day to see Mr. Hales, some months before his death, found him at his mean lodgings in Mrs. Powney's house ; but in a temper gravely cheerful, and well becoming an excellent christian under such circumstances. After a slight and very homely dinner, some discourse passed between them concerning their old friends, and the black and dismal aspect of the times ; and at last Mr. Hales asked Mr. Farindon to walk out with him into the church yard, where this great man's necessities pressed him to tell his friend, that he had been forced to sell his whole library, save a few books which he had given away, and six or eight books of devotion which lay in his chamber, and as to money, he had no more than what he