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his patron.* Before this he was a Calvinist, but the arguments of Episcopius, in favour of Universal Redemption, were so strong, that from that time, as he told one of his particular friends, he "bade John Calvin good night.”

By the interest either of Savile or Carleton, but most probably the former, he was made a fellow of Eton College; but being suspected of holding some unsound notions, Archbishop Laud sent for him to Lambeth. Of this interview Dr. Heylyn, in his life of that great but unfortunate prelate, gives us the following account.

" About nine of the clock in the morning Hales came to know his Grace's pleasure, who took him along with him into his garden, com

* This assembly was held for no other purpose than to condemn those who professed the doctrines commonly called Arminian: and these letters, written by Mr. Hales, give a very exact, but by no means a pleasing picture of this famous Protestant Council. It appears that though the Remonstrants (as the Arminians were called) were summoned to the Synod, they were not permitted to speak in it, but were treated as criminals. Our James the first was weal sh to send deputies thither to represent the Churche and and Scotland; but it is remarkable, that th

s came home much more moderate than they + Sometime afterwards, a

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H found him reading Calvin

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This eminent prelate was the son of Willian Lead, a distía, u intens, and some
there in 1573. From the free school there, he was remoned to Orient in the in
he was elected fellow, and in the year ensuing took the degree of E. A ma
of M. A. being also chosen grammar lecturer for that year. In 19. 1a va smanat
deacon, and priest in 1601. Being chosen proctor of the university is LOR. is isme
chaplain to Charles Blount, Earl of Devonshire, and the year following tak to tam
of B. D. Contending for the visibility of the church, the necessity of barem u sam
san bishops, he was opposed by Dr. Holland, at that time divinity processes, i suunas
to sow division between the church of England and the reformed chuscisa uns
Henceforward his opinions rendered him obnoxious to moderate men, and the blessio >>
sentment was not a little increased by his imprudently marrying hús aus, tobu..
Devonshire, to Penelope, the divorced wife of Lord Robert Rich

Till 1617, his promotion in the church was very considerable, and
to attend his Majesty, James I. to Scotland, where his fruitlen ende
kirk to a uniformity with that of England served to increase te u
Charles I. ascending the throne, bishop Laud was taken into the
and confidence; he was extremely active in the highest
to } pted the execution of the barbarous sentent
L otch divine, who wrote “ Zion's Plea waste

Laud became archbishop, his chid sayings
ernals of religion. He cansed the same
nd images; the communion tables in
ed altars. Kneeling at these altars and
d, the whole of which were regata
caused the revival of “ The Book
s refused to read it. His next to

conform the established chures
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manding that none of his servants should come to him upon any occasion. There they continued in discourse till the bell rang to prayers, and after prayers were ended, till the dinner was ready, and after that too, till the coming in of the Lord Conway, and some other persons of honour, put a necessity upon some of the servants to give him notice how the time had passed away. So in they came, high coloured, and alınost panting for want of breath ; enough to shew that there had been some heats between them, not then fully cooled. It was my chance to be there that day, either to know his Grace's pleasure, or to render an account of some former commands, but I know not which; and I found Hales very glad to see me in that place, as being hirnself a mere stranger to it, and unknown to all. He told me afterwards, that he found the archbishop, (whom he knew before a nimble disputant) to be as well versed in books as business; that he had been ferretted by him from one hole to another, till there was none left to afford him any further shelter ; that he was now resolved to be orthodox, and to declare himself a true son of the Church of England, both for doctrine and discipline; that to this end he had obtained leave to call himself his Grace's chaplain, that naming him in his public prayers for his lord and patron, the greater notice might be taken of the alteration. Thus was Hales gained into the church, and


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gained a good preferment in it; being promoted not long after, by the archbishop's recoinmendation, to a canonry of Windsor, and to hold the same by dispensation with his place at Eton."*

Wood calls him a walking library ; and says that “he was a man highly esteemed by learned men abroad and at home, from whom he seldom failed to receive letters every week, wherein his judgment was desired on various points of learning. He was a very hard student to the last, and a great faster, it being his constant custom to fast from Thursday dinner to Saturday; and though a person of wonderful knowledge, yet he was so modest, as to be patiently contented to hear the disputes of persons at table, and those of small abilities, without interposing or speaking a word, till desired. “As for his justness and uprightness in his dealings,” says the same writer, “ all that knew him, have avouched him to be incomparable: for when he was bursar of his college, and had received bad money, he would lay it aside, and put good of his own in the room of it, to pay others : insomuch that sometimes he has thrown into the river twenty or thirty pounds at a time; all which he hath stood to the loss of himself, rather than the society or the public should be injured.”

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