Korean Workers and Neoliberal Globalization
One of the most remarkable aspects of South Korea's transition from impoverished post-colonial nation to fully-fledged industrialized democracy has been the growth of its independent and dynamic labour movement. Korean Workers and Neoliberal Globalisation examines current trends and transformations within the Korean labour movement since the 1990s.
It has been a common assumption that the 'third wave' of democratisation, the end of the Cold War, and the spread of neoliberal globalisation in the latter part of the 20th century have helped to create an environment in which organised labour is better placed to overcome bureaucratic national unionism and transform itself into a potential counter-globalisation movement. However, Kevin Gray argues that despite the apparent continued phenomena of labour militancy and the rhetoric of anti-neoliberalism, the mainstream independent labour movement in Korea has become increasingly institutionalised and bureaucratised into the new capitalist democracy. This process is demonstrated by the Korean Confederation of Trade Unions' experience of participation in various forms of policy making forums. Gray suggests that as a result, the KCTU has failed to mount an effective challenge against processes of neoliberal restructuring and concomitant social polarisation.
The Korean experience provides an excellent case study for understanding the relationship between organised labour and globalisation. Korean Workers and Neoliberal Globalisation will appeal to students and scholars of Korean studies and International Political Economy, as well as Asian politics and economics.
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For example , there was no section of society that could have disagreed with the
KCTU's demand for an end to ... Such ' system maintaining demands should be
viewed in the first instance as aiming to rid Korean capitalism and society of the ...
Whilst the KCTU had originally argued that the SRS would be a means of raising
the consciousness of the rank and file ( KCTU 1996 : 31 ) , attempts to include
social demands at enterprise - level collective bargaining were unsuccessful ...
KCTU ( 1999b ) ' Minjunoch'ong 99 ny˘n t'ujaeng yogu haes˘l [ Explanation of
the KCTU's 1999 struggle demands ) ' . Available HTTP : < http://cham3.jinbo.net/
maybbs / pds / kctuinfo2 / pds_1 / 870.hwp > ( Accessed 15 November 2006 ) .
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The rise and fall of militant labour unionism in Korea
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