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follow the lighted range (course 334° true) and pass 100 yards southwest of the red buoy marking the 11/2 fathoms (2.7 m) rock, then head for the town and take up anchorage as desired.

If anchoring outside, head for the buoy on course 338° true and anchor about 1/2 mile from the buoy.

Cape Igvak, a conspicuous headland separating Portage and Wide Bays, is the southern extremity of a ridge of mountains rising to heights of 2,000 to 2,600 feet (610 to 792 m), and covered with clouds most of the time.

Cape Igvak is marked by a flashing white light located 80 feet (24.4 m) above the water.

WIDE BAY (chart 8666) is a commodious bay formed by a chain of islands extending in a direction parallel to the coast. It is the only protected harbor along this section of the coast and affords secure anchorage in any weather. In 1925 there were no settlements in the bay, but a large number of oil claims had been staked. There are no known dangers southward of Coal Point except for the reefs extending off the various islands, and these do not extend far enough to be menaces. The northern part of the bay beyond Coal Point is foul. The channel between Coal Point and the island to the southeastward is about 300 yards wide, with a least found depth of 3 fathoms (5.5 m), hard sand and rock bottom.

The lagoon at the northern end of Wide Bay has an entrance which is very foul, and should not be used except at high water, and then by small launches only. With the exception of a small area where there is 7 fathoms (12.8 m), the depths are shoal and the bottom is muddy.

Entrance (Wide Bay). The only entrance channel recommended is that between Channel Rock and East Channel Island, which has been surveyed. The northern entrance is foul and should not be used. The channels between the islands southward of West Channel Island have not been completely surveyed and should not be attempted by strangers.

Channel Rock, about 40 feet (12.2 m) high, lies between East and West Cannel Islands and is unmistakable. There are several rocks

. and reefs extending seaward from Channel Rock, the outer one being about 114 miles distant. These reefs are marked by kelp and usually show breakers.

East Channel Island, low and flat, is one of the large islands of the chain, second from the north.

Local attraction.—Some local magnetic attraction has been observed in the vicinity of the entrance. For that reason navigators should depend on ranges more than on the compass.

Anchorage.—Inside the bay anchorage may be had at convenience, with excellent holding ground in any depth from 5 to 20 fathoms (9.1 to 37 m). The williwaws are disagreeable with westerly winds, but are not dangerous to moderate-sized vessels. Small craft can anchor in the lee of the various islands. The best anchorage in easterly weather is close under Titcliff Island.

Weather.—Weather conditions are bad. Winds, fog, and rain are the rule. May, June, and July are supposedly the best months, but even during those months the conditions are only fair.

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Directions, Wide Bay.–From sea, a course of 290° true to a midchannel position between Channel Rock and East Channel Island clears all the reefs. Due to local attraction, it is preferable to steer 290° true for the southern end of East Channel Island picking up a range with a point on the mainland shore and holding this range until within about 14 mile of the island. Then round the island at a distance of 14 mile. When about midway between Channel Rock and East Channel Island, a 280° true course will clear the reef on the west side of East Channel Island. Channel Rock should not be approached closer than 350 yards.

Note.—The coast from Cape Kayakliut at the south end of Wide Bay to Cape Kumlik (the cape nearest to Sutwik Island) is unsurveyed, and there is no detailed information concerning it.

KILOKAK ROCKS (chart 8502) are two high rocks about 100 yards apart lying 212 miles offshore and 15 miles southward of Wide Bay.

Agripina Bay has been used to some extent by small local craft, and is reported to afford good shelter from all winds. A group of islands lies inside the bay, and a passage is indicated on both sides of them. Anchorages for small craft are indicated at the west end of the largest island, on the south side of the smaller island above it, and in the cove on the north side at the head of the bay. There is a glacier on the north side of the bay.

Port Wrangell.-A sketch of Port Wrangell is shown on chart 8851. There is an anchorage in 15 fathoms (27.4 m) in the outer bay off the outer cascade. The entrance to the inner bay is wider than shown on the chart and about 13 fathoms (23.8 m) deep in the middle. There is considerable driftwood on the spit at the entrance to the inner bay.

CAPE PROVIDENCE is a prominent cape lying between Port Wrangell and Chiginagak Bay.

Chiginagak Bay is a large open bay. It is unsurveyed and there is no information available.

AIUGNAK COLUMNS are a group of pinnacle rocks lying about 5 miles south true from Cape Providence. There is no detailed description available.

Cape Kuyuyukak lies about 9 miles southwestward from Cape Providence.

Nakalilok Bay and Yantarni Bay are two open bays lying between Cape Kuyuyukak and Cape Kunmik.

Ugaiushak Island lies about 7 miles off Nakalilok Bay. No description is available.

Amber Bay, large and open, lies just southward of Cape Kunmik. It is separated from Aniakchak Bay by Cape Ayutka, off which there is a reef with several islets.

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CAPE KUMLIK (chart 8710), promontory on the Alaska Peninsula nearest to Sutwik Island, is foul with reefs extending 2 miles southward of it. There are also detached rocks and reefs east of the cape, toward Sutwik Island. These rocks are seldom covered with kelp, and the area should be avoided.

Kumlik Island, 34 mile from the eastern end of Cape Kumlik has an elevation of 1,064 feet (324 m) and is symmetrical with the highest

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SEMIDI ISLANDS

247 point near the center of the island. The shores are steep and rocky with ledges and reefs making out. The island should not be approached closer than 12 mile. The channel between Kumlik Island and the cape is apparently clear and is constantly used by the cannery tenders when running between Aniakchak Bay and Chignik.

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SUTWIK ISLAND (charts 8502 and 8710), about 7 miles off the Alaska Peninsula and about 90 miles southwestward from Kodiak Island, is 13 miles long and 4 miles wide. The southern side of the island, low and marshy in places, is very foul for a distance of 1 mile from the beach. The north side has steep shores and is also foul along an 8-mile stretch of shore from Foggy Cape. The 8-mile stretch should be given a berth of not less than 2 miles in passing.

The northwest side of Sutwik Island has a length of shore of about 4 miles. Paralleling this shore is a channel having depths of 20 to 39 fathoms (37 to 71 m). The channel passes between a visible rock near the northwest shore and a reef about 2 miles offshore. The reef bares 3 feet at high water and is the outer one of several isolated dangers extending in a chain from Cape Kuliak.

A small vessel anchorage protected from south to southwest winds may be had in the small bay on the north side of Sutwik Island about 9 miles from Foggy Cape, in 14 fathoms (25.6 m) hard bottom, with the sharp rock on the point to the northwest in range with Kumlik Island. To enter, steer 210° true for the middle of the bay.

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FOGGY CAPE (chart 8502), the eastern end of Sutwik Island, is a prominent and important landmark for vessels passing along the coast. It rises to a height of 418 feet (127 m), and is first raised as a detached island due to a low neck of land which separates it from the rest of the island. No sounding has been done around the cape, but tide rips have been observed, and mariners are advised to give it a wide berth. Foggy Cape and the south side of Sutwik Island are often covered with fog when the north side is clear. Blankets of fog have been observed when the entire outline of the island was indicated without any part of it being actually visible.

Passage between Foggy Cape and Semidi Islands.--A vessel drawing 10 feet (3 m) has reported striking a rock about 3 miles 180° true from Foggy Cape. The area has not been sounded, but tide rips were observed in this locality and it should be regarded as dangerous. The ship track through this passage is 10 miles off Foggy Cape or about midway between the cape and the northern Semidi Island.

SEMIDI ISLANDS (chart 8801), about 90 miles southwestward from Kodiak Island, and about 35 miles from the Alaska Peninsula, consist of two large islands and several smaller ones. The islands are high, 1,200 to 1,500 feet (366 to 457 m), and their shores are bold. Only a few soundings have been taken in the locality, these indicate deep water adjacent to the islands. The breaker shown southwestward of Chowiet Island is reported by some navigators to lie much closer in than charted.

There are strong tidal currents among the Semidi Islands which form bad tide rips in the channels and off the point especially when the wind is strong and opposes the current.

Small sealing schooners formerly anchored in the coves at the southwest end, east side, and in both coves in the bight on the northwest side of Chowiet Island; on the south side of Kateekuk Island, and on the east side, near the north end, of Aghiyuk Island.

The latter anchorage was used by the survey steamer Discoverer in 1925. It should be approached from the southward owing to the foul ground which extends northwestward from Aghik Island.

Vessels of the Coast Guard have reported that the anchorages on the east side near the north end, and on the northwest side of Chowiet Island are available shelters in westerly and easterly gales, respectively.

In 1925 there was no one living on the islands. Fox trappers go there occasionally.

LIGHTHOUSE ROCKS, lying about 30 miles southwestward of Chowiet Island, consist of several detached, barren rocks, occupying an area about 14 mile in diameter. The largest rock is 500 feet long and 90 feet (27.4 m) high. They can be approached as close as 1/2 mile with safety. There is a large sea-lion rookery on the rocks.

A rock awash has been reported to lie 25 miles 154o true from Lighthouse Rocks. There is considerable doubt about the existence of this rock and it is marked Existence doubtful on the chart. The locality has been partially gone over, and the rock was not found.

In 1930, a halibut boat reported a rock baring at low water, lying about 11 miles E. 34 S. from Lighthouse Rocks. The area in this vicinity should be avoided if possible.

Between Lighthouse Rocks and Chirikof Island a current having a southerly set is generally experienced, see page 208.

Kujulik Bay (chart 8710), known locally as Sitkum Bay, has its entrance about 14 miles westward from Sutwik Island. It is a large cpen bay which affords good shelter in northwest winds. Reefs and rocks fringe the shores of the bay and the entrance is flanked by reefs on each side. The western arm of the bay is shoal for a distance of 7 miles from the head. The best protection is in the northern part of the bay.

Unavikshak Island, off the entrance to Kujulik Bay, rises to a height of 465 feet (142 m) near its northern side. The island is used as a fox ranch, and the home of the keeper is at its northwest point. There are numerous rocks and reefs along the shores, and they should be approached with caution. There is a group of 2 rocks about 11,2 miles southward of the southern point of Unavikshak Island. The western one of these rocks is conspicuously flat-topped. There is a good channel between the rocks and the island, provided a mid-channel course is followed. Off the northeast point of Unavikshak Island there is a detached island 153 feet (47 m) high.

An anchorage may be had on the north west side of Unavikshak Island, 12 mile off the shack and boat skids at the head of a small bight, in 15 fathoms (27.4 m), hard rocky bottom.

CHIGNIK BAY

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249 To enter Kujulik Bay.–From a position 112 miles off the detached island off the northeast point of Unavikshak Island, steer 316° true to a position with the 35-foot (10.7 m) rock 112 miles northward of Cape Kumlium on the port beam, distant 142 miles. Then steer 7° true to a position mid-way between the point on the west, and the rocky islet on the east, taking care to avoid a reef 1/4 mile west of the islet and take up anchorage as desired.

Anchorage may also be had in the western part of Kujulik Bay about 1 mile eastward of the 36-foot (11 m) pinnacle rock near the north shore of the bay. To reach this anchorage, follow mid-channel courses taking care to avoid the sunken rock which lies about 114 miles from the north shore. Anchor in 8 fathoms (14.6 m).

Cape Kumlium, southward of Kujulik Bay, is a broad bold headland rising to a height of 1,671 feet (509 m) in a peak near the southeastern part of the cape. This peak is the most conspicuous object in the vicinity, but it is often covered by clouds. The cape is foul with reefs and rocks extending a mile offshore at its eastern point.. Some of these dangers do not break even at low water and may not be marked by kelp. Vessels should keep well toward mid-channel in rounding the cape.

CHIGNIK BAY (chart 8710), indenting the Alaska Peninsula, is about 60 mile westward from the Semidi Islands. Entrance may be made either to the northward or southward of Nakchamik Island. The bottom in the southern part of the bay is irregular but deep. There are important salmon fisheries in Chignik Bay.

NAKCHAMIK ISLAND (chart 8710) is an irregular island lying in midentrance to Chignik Bay. The conical peak east of the center of the island is a distinct landmark and prominent from all directions except an arc of about 90°, the middle of which is south, where the higher mountains obscure it.

The bight on the east side may be used as an anchorage. Enter the middle of the bight and anchor in 12 fathoms (21.9 m), sand bottom. There is a fox ranch on the island, and the keeper lives on this bight. The extreme north end of the island is steep-to, and no anchorage is afforded. The western point of the island is fringed with reefs extending about 300 yards offshore. There are no off-lying dangers.

Kak Island, lying 114 miles southward of Nakchamik Island, is bold, high, and generally reddish or grayish in color, with grassy patches on the less steep slopes. The southern bluffs are of marked columnar structure. The island has deep water on all sides and can be approached close to.

ATKULIK ISLAND is about 1 mile long and 34 mile wide, with precipitous shores on its south side. There are no anchorages. There are two detached rocks, one at the northeast end about 25 feet (7.6 m) high, and one at the southeast end about 80 feet (24.4 m) high.. There is a small rock awash a short distance off the west side.

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CASTLE CAPE, formerly called Tuliumnit. Point, is on the south side of the entrance to Chignik Bay. The cape is narrow and precipitous, stratification is a conspicuous feature. The strata are of many shades of light-colored rocks varied by bands of black. The cape:

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