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UGANIK BAY

225 the spit. The San Juan Cannery, located 1 mile southeast from the other cannery, has a well-built wharf with a least depth of 27 feet (8.2 m) alongside. Both canneries have an abundant supply of fresh water and operate radio stations during the fishing season. Call letters are given above.

Deep water surrounds Sally and Sheep Islands except for the narrow passage between Sheep Island and the mainland, where it is nearly bare at low water.

A shoal with a least known depth of 514 (9.8 m), sand and gravel bottom, lies about 300 yards north true from the northern tip of Sally Island.

Anchorage may be had off either cannery in about 30 fathoms (55 m).

East Arm extends eastward from Uganik Bay 7 miles southward from East Point. It is 1 mile wide at the entrance and over 3 miles long but a flat extends 112 miles from its head or 14 mile below the unnamed island in the bight on the south side of the arm. Depths range from 15 fathoms (27.4 m) at the entrance to 3 fathoms (5.5 m) near the flats. The arm is clear except for a rock 450 yards northwestward from the unnamed island on the south shore. This rock bares 2 feet (0.6 m) at m. 1. 1. w. Between this rock and the shore is another rock which bares at m. 1. l. w. There is a saltery located on the south shore near the unnamed island. It has a small wharf that goes bare at low water. In approaching the saltery care should be taken to avoid the rocks mentioned above.

East Arm affords an excellent anchorage for vessels of any size in depths from 10 to 15 fathoms (18.3 to 27.4 m), sticky mud bottom. It is subject to heavy williwaws during southerly gales.

South Arm extends 512 miles southward from Mink Point, the southern entrance point to East Arm. The arm near its head is only 1/4 mile wide. A sunken rock with 1/2 fathom (0.9 m) over it lies 225 yards off the eastern shore 5/8 mile southward of Mink Point. Between the point and the sunken rock is a rock which bares 2 feet (0.6 m) at m. 1. l. w., lying 200 yards offshore.

Anchorage may be had near the head in 16 fathoms (29.3 m), sticky mud bottom, where the arm is 34 mile wide.

Village Islands are numerous islands and rocks 2 to 31/2 miles southward from West Point. There is a hand cannery back of the village islands. There is an abandoned native village in the cove just south of the islands. Anchorage for small craft may be had here in 6 to 12 fathoms (11.0 to 21.9 m), but the approach is over broken ground making it safe for launches only. There are apparently no continuous channels between the various rocks and islands.

Directions, Uganik Bay.-From northward, round Cape Uganik at a distance of 1 mile and steer 222°

true for 312 miles to a position 1 mile westward of Noisy Islands. Round the islands at a distance of 1 mile and steer 158° true for a distance of 5 miles to a position midway between East and West Points.

From southward, give Cape Ugat and Miners Point a berth of 11/2 miles and Broken Point, a berth of 34 mile. Then steer 143° true 4 miles to a point midway between East and West Points.

To enter Northeast Arm.–From a position midway between East and West Points steer 163° true for 21/4 miles until the north tangent of the largest and most northerly of the Village Islands is on the starboard beam. Then change to 133° true for 134 miles until a small grassy islet is on the port beam, distant about 1/2 mile. Then change to 101° true for 112 miles. Then change to 132° true, heading about 14 mile off Starr Point. Round Starr Point at a distance of 14 mile or less and continue in mid-channel along the east side of Sally Island to anchorage or wharf.

To enter South Arm.-From a position midway between East and West Points, steer 163° true for 214 miles until the north tangent of the largest and most northerly of the Village Islands is on the starboard beam. Then change to 190° true, heading 13 mile off Mink Point which separates East and South Arms. From mid-channel off Mink-Point, steer mid-channel courses taking care to avoid the rocks which lie as much as 225 yards offshore for 34 mile southward from Mink Point.

To enter East Arm.–Follow courses as above until off East Arm and then enter on a mid-channel course taking up anchorage as desired.

CAPE UGAT is on the eastern shore of Shelikof Strait 12 miles southwestward from Cape Uganik. It is a high ridge sloping to a low rocky cliff at the point of the cape. A short distance off the cape is a small rocky grass-covered islet which can be seen for a distance of 15 miles up and down the coast on a clear day. A reef that covers at 23 tide lies about 175 yards west of this islet. Between the islet and the cape there is a channel which is used by the local cannery tenders. Little River is a meandering stream which enters the strait a short distance southward of Cape Ugat.

Cape Kuliuk, about 5 miles southward from Cape Ugat, is a cliff at the end of a ridge about 2,000 feet (610 m) high. On the summit back of the cape there is a peculiar and prominent clump of rocks.

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UYAK BAY (chart 8542) is on the eastern side of Shelikof Strait, southward of the mountainous peninsula terminating in Capes Ugat and Kuliuk.

The approach between Cape Kuliuk and Rocky Point is about 11 miles wide, eastward of which the bay converges rapidly to Harvester Island. It extends 25 miles in a southeasterly direction from Harvester Island. The shores of the bay rise in steep slopes to elevations of 2,000 to 4,000 feet (610 to 1,219 m), and there are many mountain streams. There is no timber except the alders in the gulches and some cottonwood trees at the heads of the bays. Uyak Bay is an important salmon fishery, and there are 4 canneries located in the bay, two of which were not operated in 1937.

The best anchorages in Uyak Bay will be found southward of Harvester Island, and in Zachar Bay. These will be described later.

Chief Point, on the north shore of Uyak Bay opposite Harvester Island, is formed by an island which is grass covered, about 90 feet (27.4 m) high, and has several ridges and small hills. About 1/4 mile west true from the northwest point of this island there are several rocks that bare at low tide. The highest of a group of rocks 34 mile southeastward from Chief Point is 110 feet (34 m) high,

Chief Cove is the narrow strait behind the island forming Chief Point. A rock which bares 6 feet (1.8 m) lies in the northern en

SPIRIDON BAY

227 trance. The southern entrance is very shoal. There are depths of 8 to 12 feet (2.4 to 3.7 m) in the northern part of the cove. It is used as an anchorage by cannery tenders and pile drivers during the fishing season.

Spiridon Bay opens into Uyak Bay northeastward of Harvester Island. It extends 12 miles inland in an easterly direction. Broken ground extends about 114 miles northwestward from the point on the southern side of the entrance. Clover Rock is a rocky islet 14 mile off the south shore and 112 miles from the southern entrance point. It is 34 feet (10.4 m) high and is connected to the mainland by a gravel shoal which bares on the minus tides. A large stream of water enters the bay just east of Clover Rock.

Thistle Rock is a small islet consisting of black jagged rocks about 10 feet (3.0 m) high lying a short distance eastward of Clover Rock. It is always bare and affords a good mark in clear weather. A rock which bares at half tide lies about 300 yards northwestward from Thistle Rock,

Ditto Islets, a pair 30 feet (9.1 m) high, lie in the middle of Spiridon Bay about 7 miles inside the entrance. The bottom between the pair and the south shore is broken and contains several rocks bare at low water and a rock 25 feet (7.6 m) high. A group of islands in a foul area adjacent to the south shore lie southwestward of the Ditto Islets; of these Anguk Island is the largest.

Telrod Cove is a small cove on the north side of the bay about 10 miles from Chief Point. It affords good shelter in westerly weather for small craft. The cove shoals rapidly with mud flats at its head. Anchorage may be had in 7 to 15 fathoms (12.8 to 27.4 m) sand and shell bottom. A large stream enters the bay here.

Weasel Cove forms the western arm at the head of Spiridon Bay. It is 14 mile in width with depths of 6 fathoms (11.0 m), sand and mud bottom. The cove forms excellent anchorage for small craft.

Anchorages.—There are no good anchorages for large vessels in Spiridon Bay except at the head where anchorage may be selected in 13 to 16 fathoms (23.8 to 29.3 m), sand and mud bottom. Care should be taken to avoid the 234-fathom (4.9 m) shoal lying 13 mile off the eastern shore and 114 miles southeastward from Telrod Cove. A temporary anchorage can be had in 16 to 18 fathoms (29.3 to 33 m) about 12 mile northward from Clover Rock. The bottom is volcanic ash, which has the appearance of yellow sand and has fair holding qualities.

Directions.-In entering Spiridon Bay from the northward, Chief Point should be given a berth of 1 mile. In approaching from the southward, the point separating Spiridon and Zachar Bays should not be approached closer than 1 mile to avoid the rock which lies nearly 12 mile off the point.

From a position 11,2 miles south true from Chief Point steer 97° true for a distance of about 8 miles until Ditto Island is abeam to starboard, distant about 1/2 mile. Then change to 138° true and take up anchorage as desired.

To enter Weasel Cove keep from 250 to 300 yards off the western shore and enter the cove in mid-channel, taking up anchorage as desired.

ZACHAR BAY lies about 7 miles southeast true from Harvester Island. It is 34 mile wide at the entrance and extends to the southeastward for a distance of 51, miles where the bay terminates in an extensive mud flat bare at low tide. This mud flat affords an excellent place for beaching a vessel in an emergency.

Carlsen Point, the southern entrance, is low and shows as a bluff when off the entrance.

Carlsen Reef is a dangerous reef lying about 1/2 mile northwest true from the northeast tip of Carlsen Point. It bares about 9 feet (2.7 m) at m. l. 1. w.

A dangerous rock with 17 feet (5.2 m) over it, lies about 134 miles northwestward from Carlsen Point. It is marked by a black can buoy placed about 50 yards to the westward of it.

There is a cannery on the north shore of Zachar Bay 3 miles above the entrance. It has a wharf with a face of 40 feet and a least depth of 24 feet (7.3 m) alongside. The cannery and wharf 12 mile above have been abandoned. The shore plant and wharf of a floating cannery on the south shore of Zachar Bay have been abandoned.

A large stream enters the head of the bay. There are a number of large cottonwood trees along the stream and Kodiak bears are numerous in the locality.

Anchorage.--Excellent anchorage sheltered from all winds may be had in 12 to 15 fathoms (21.9 to 27.4 m), mud bottom, off the mud flats at the head of Zachar Bay. The anchorage is subjected to moderate williwaws.

In anchoring, care should be taken to avoid the mud flats which extend 112 miles from the head of the bay.

Directions. In entering Zachar Bay, the shore on the port hand should not be approached closer than 1 mile and a course should be laid to pass 250 yards off the black can buoy marking the 17-foot (5.2 m) rock. From this point steer 127° true until Carlsen Point is abeam on the starboard hand, then change to 145° true and continue, keeping in midchannel.

Amook Island, formed by a mountainous ridge, divides an 8-mile stretch of Uyak Bay into two passages. The eastern passage is narrow and obstructed in places, and as a through route should be used only by small vessels with local knowledge. Reefs extend 14 mile northward from the north end of Amook Island.

The ship passage is westward of Amook Island. Aleutian Rock, marked by a black buoy on its southwest side, lies 14 mile off the southwest shore of Amook Island, in the southern end of this passage. This dangerous rock bares 1 foot (0.3 m) at m. 1. 1. w., and there is no kelp around it. Vessels should pass between Aleutian Rock and Alf Island. The steamship Aleutian was lost here in 1929.

There is a cannery on the west shore of Uyak Bay opposite the south end of Amook Island.

In the bight on the western side of Amook Island, 21/2 miles from its north end there is anchorage for a small vessel, in about 10 fathoms (18.3 m), with shelter from easterly and southerly winds. The bottom is uneven and there is a possibility of dangers. The entrance is between the south point of the bight and a bare rock lying 5/8 mile northward from the point and 1/2 mile from Amook Island. Between this rock and the island is a reef, partly bare at low water, which extends 12 mile southeastward from an islet.

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LARSEN BAY

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229 The passage eastward of Amook Island for a distance of about 21,2 miles from its north end has suitable depths and sufficient width for anchoring vessels of moderate size. The passage then narrows to 300 yards, and from the point on the eastern side a kelp-marked reef extends westward and northwestward more than halfway across, leaving a narrow channel between the reef and the western shore. Near the northwest end of the reef is a bare rock. An anchorage for small vessels may be found on the west side at the south end of the narrows, around the point, in 5 to 8 fathoms (9.1 to 14.6 m). A small vessel can also anchor 300 yards off the narrow entrance of the shallow lagoon 38 mile northeastward of the point of the narrows, in 5 to 6 fathoms (9.1 to 11.0 m). A 214-fathom (4.1 m) spot lies about 500 yards off the lagoon entrance. Thence for a distance of 2 miles the passage is clear to the second

Here a spit partly bare at low water extends halfway across from a low grassy point on the west side and leaves a channel 125 yards wide between the southeast end of the spit and an island. The channel is westward of this island and the next island 38 mile southward, and the western shore should be favored until over 14 mile southward of the southern island. Southward of this point the pas. sage is clear. Some prospecting has been done on the east side of the passage 2 miles from its south end.

During the fishing season a floating cannery is usually moored, near the old mining camp on the east side of the strait.

Lying 34 to 212 miles southward of Amook Island is a chain of islands with foul ground between them and about 300 yards off the northwest end of the northern one called Alf Island.

The safer and recommended passage is eastward of the chain composing Alf Island. Broken bottom extends about 300 yards into the passage from the central islets of the chain and directly opposite a reef extends 200 yards from the eastern side of the passage, but the reef is marked at its outer end by a bare rock visible at all times.

A fox rancher and fisherman resides on Alf Island.

At the south end of the chain of islands there is a small inlet in the west shore about 34 mile long and 300 yards wide, affording anchorage in about 12 fathoms (21.9 m).

From 3 to 6 miles southward of Alf Island, Uyak Bay shoals gradually from 20 to 7 fathoms (37 to 12.8 m) and anchorage may be selected in any depth desired. The swinging room is about 1,400 yards in diameter.

The upper end of Uyak Bay is bordered by high snow-covered mountains and is a well-known hunting ground for the large Kodiak brown bear.

LARSEN BAY (chart_8822) is on the western side of Uyak Bay, 6 miles southward from Harvester Island. There are depths of 30 to 40 fathoms (55 to 73 m) near its northern side and less on the opposite side. From its head, a trail leads over a low divide to the Karluke River. A large cannery is maintained by the Alaska Packers Association in the bight just southward of the inner south entrance point.

A radio station is maintained during the fishing season, call letters KHA. There is a marine railway for a 75-foot vessel.

The entrance is through a narrow crooked channel and is marked by beacons built and maintained by the cannery company. A reef

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