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supply ships that may need them. It has a very elected by each other. The dean and chapter commodious market held on Tuesday and Wed- are the nominal electors of a bishop. The nesday, which is well supplied with every kind bishop is their ordinary and immediate superior; of provision, &c. It lies seven miles south by and has, generally speaking, the power of visiteast of Sandwich, and seventy-four east by south ing them, and correcting their excesses and enorof London.
mities. They had also a check on the bishop at DEALBA'TION, n. s. Lat. dealbatio. The common law; for, till the stat. 32, Hen. VIII. act of bleaching or making white.
cap. 28, his grant, or lease, would not have All secd is wbite in viviparous animals, and such as bound his successors, unless confirmed by the have preparing vessels, wherein it receives a manifold dean and chapter. dealbation..
Browne's Vulgar Errours. Dean, in geography, a forest of England, in DEAMBULATION, n. s.? Lat. deambula- Gloucestershire, between the Severn and the
DEA'MBULATORY, adj. Stio. The act, or county of Monmouth. The forest once conrelating to the practice, of walking abroad. See tained 30,000 acres of land, in which were AMBULATION.
twenty-three parishes, and four market towns, DEAMENA, in the mythology, the goddess with great abundance of fine timber. It was who was supposed to preside over women during reckoned the chief support of the English nary ; their menses.
and the Spanish armada, it is said, was exDEAN, n.s. 2 Fr. doyen ; Lat. decanus: pressly commissioned to destroy it. The iron
Dean'ery.n.s. Š“From the Greek word dexa, forges have lessened the quantity of wood, but says Ayliffe, in English, ten, because he was not consumed it, as care is said to be taken in anciently set over ten canons or prebendaries at cutting it. The hills abound in iron ore least in some cathedral church.'
Dean, Great Dean, or MICHAEL Dean, a
town in the above forest, with an elegant church The dean and canons, or prebends, of cathedral and handsome spire. Cloth and pins are its churches, were of great use in the church; they were
chief manufactures. It has a market on Monnot only to be of counsel with the bishop for his revenuc, but chiefly for government in causes ecclesiasti- day, and fairs Easter Monday and October
10th. It lies twelve miles west of Gloucester, cal. Use your best means to prefer such to those places who are nt for that
Bacon. fifteen of Monmouth, and 120 south-west of
London, Take her by the hand, away with her to the deanery, and dispatch it quickly.
DEAN OF Guild, in Scottish law, the chief
judge of a guild-court. The dean of guild in He could no longer keep the deanery of the chapel- Edinburgh, and most of the royal boroughs of royal.
Scotland, is a member of, and elected by, the Put both deans in one; or, if that's too much trou•
town-council; ranks next to the bailies, and conble,
tinues two years in office. Instead of the deans make the deanery double.
DEAR, n. s. & adj. Sax. deon; Belg. dier ;
DEAR'BOUGHT,adj. / Swed. dyr ; Isl. dar; Goth. DEAN. As there are two foundations of ca
DEAR'LING, n. s.
chèr; from Lat. carus, cathedral churches in England, the old and the
DEAR'ly, adv. new (the new are those which Henry VIII.,
reo, to want, as Minsleu
DEAR'NESS. n. S. conjectures. One much upon suppression of abbeys, transformed from valued or beloved ; valuable; beloved ; costly; abbot or prior, and convent, to dean and chapter), so there are two means of creating deans; those of the old foundation are appointed to their dig
They do feed on nectar, heavenly wise, nity, much like bishops, the king first issuing his
With Hercules and Hebe, and the rest congé d'elire to the chapter, the chapter then
Of Venus' dearlings, through her bounty blest. choosing, and the bishop confirming, and giving
Spenser, his mandate to install them. Those of the new
The whole senate dedicated an altar to Friendship, foundation are, by a shorter course, installed by
as to a goddess, in respect of the great dearnes of
Bacon. virtue of the king's letters patent, without elec- fricndship between them two. tion or confirmation. This word is also applied It is rarely bought, and then also bought dearly to the chief officers of certain peculiar churches enough with such a fine.
Id. or chapels; as the dean of the king's chapel, the
Your brother Glo'ster bates you. dean of the arches, the dean of St. George's
-Oh, no, he loves me, and he holds me dear. chapel at Windsor, and the dean of Bocking in
Shakspeare. Essex. The dean and chapter are the council of the
My brother holds you well, and in dearness of heart
Id. bishop, to assist him with their advice in affairs bath holp to effect your ensuing carriage. of religion, as well as in the temporal concerns
That kiss of his see. When the rest of the clergy were
I carried from thee, dear; and my true lip settled in the several parishes of each diocese, Hath virgined it e'er since. Id. · Coriolanus. these were reserved for the celebration of divine Where life is deare, who cares for coyned drosse ? service in the bishop's own cathedral; and the Tbat, spent, is counted gaine; and spared, losse. chief of them, who presided over the rest, obtained
Satires ii. Ú. the name of decanus, or d'ean, being, probably, at
O Meeting joys first appointed to superintend ten canons or pre Of Paradise, dearbought with lasting woe. Milion. bendaries. The chapter, consisting of canons or He who hates 'his neighbour mortally, and wisely prebendaries, are sometimes appointed by the too, must profess all the deurness of friendship, with king, sometimes by the bishop, and sometimes readiness to serve bim.
See, my dear,
In times of dearth, it drained much coin out of the Hor lavish nature has adorned the year. kingdom, to furnish us with corn from foreign parts. Dryden.
Bacon. Turnus shall dearly pay for faith forsworn;
Pity the dearth that I have pined in, And corps, and swords, and shields, on Tyber born. By longing for that food so long a time. Id.
Shakspeare. Sach dearbought blessings happen every day,
Of every tree that in the garden grows, Because we know not for what things to pray. Id. Eat freely with glad heart ; fear here no dearth.
Milton. These are the pleasing moments, in absence my desrat blessing, either to read something from you,
The French have brought on themselves that dearth op be writing something to you; yet I never do it but of plot, and narrowness of imagination, which I am touched with a sensible regret, that I cannot pour observed in all their plays.
Dryden. out in words what my heart is so big with, which is There have been terrible years dearths of corn, and buch more just to your dear self (in a passionate re every place is strewed with beggars; but dearths are turn of love and gratitude) than I can tell you. common in-better climates, and our evils here lie much Lady Russel's Letters. deeper.
Swift. Landlords prohibit tenants from plowing, which is DEATH, n. s. Sax. dead; Bely. dool; seen in the dearness of corn.
Swift. Death-BED, Teut. tod, todt, thot; from What made directors cheat the South-sea year?
DEATH'FUL, adj. Gr. θανατος, says
Minshen To feed on ven'son when it sold so dear. Pope.
DeatuʼLESS, adj. or the Heb. 017, doth. And the last joy was dearer than the rest. Id. DEATH-LIKE, >The cessation or extinction
DEATH'S-DOOR, The dear, dear name, she bathes in flowing tears,
of life; the state of the
dead; the immediate cause
Death's-MAN, or causer of death; the I was, at the time this compliment was paid me,
Death'-WATCH. and am still, much gratified by it. The approbation of
final perdition of wicked sach men ever has been, and ever will be, dearer to A death's man is a public executioner: me than the most dignified and lucrative stations in death's door, a near approach to death. A deaththe church.
Bishop Watson. watch is an insect making a ticking noise, like a How did I hope to vex a thousand eyes !
watch, and supposed to presage death. The Ok glorious malice, dearer than the prize!
other compounds seem to require no explanaDr. T. Brown. tion.
For the sorrowe that is aftir God worchith penaunce Dear, adj. Sax. dere, from depian, to injure. See Dare. Bitter; hateful; grievous. An obso- into stidefast heelthe, but sorrow of the worlde worchith
Wiclif. 2 Cor. vii. lete word, but frequently used in this sense by Shakspeare.
They cried out, and said, O thou man of God, there is death in the pot.
2 Kings iv. 40. Three yere in this wise his lif he ledde,
He is the mediator of the New Testament, that by And bare him so in pees and eke in werre,
means of death, for the redemption of the transgres. Ther a' as no man that Theseus hath derre.
sions, they which are called might receive the promise Chaucer. Cant. Tales. of eternal inheritance.
Heb, ix, 15. What foolish boldness brought thee to their mercies,
Thon shalt die the deaths of them that are slain in Whom thou in terms so bloody, and so dear,
the midst of the seas.
Ezekiel xxviii. 8. Flast made thine enemies?
Shakspeare. Twelfth Night. We pray that God will keep us from all sin and Let us return,
wickedness, from our ghostly enemy, and from everAnd strain what other means is left unto us lasting death.
Church Catechism. In our dear peril.
They were adradde of him as of the deth.
His wanning was ful fayre upon an heth.
Chaucer. Prol. to Cant. Talos. When I am known aright, you shall not grieve Landing me this acquaintance. Id. King Lear.
He answered naught, but in a traunce still lay,
And on those guileful dazed eyes of his Would I bad met my dearest foe in heaven, The cloude of death did sit. Spenser. Faeris Queene. Or ever I had seen that day.
As in manifesting the sweet influence of his mercy, The other banished son, with his dear sight
on the severe stroke of his justice; su in this, not to Struck pale and bloudless. Id. Titus Andronicus.
suffer a man of death to live.
Bacon. DEARNLY, adv. Sax. dearn. Secret, or
Time itself, under the deathful shade of whose deep. See Darn. Here applied to deep and wings all things wither, bath wasted that lively virtue bitter mourning.
of nature in man, and beasts, and plants. Raleigh. At last, as chanced them by a forest side
In swinish sleep To pass, for succour from the scorching ray,
Their drenched natures lie, as a death. They beard a rueful voice, that dearnly cried
Shakspeare. With piercing shrieks Spenser. I had rather be married to a death's head, with a
Id. DEARTH, 7.s. The third person, according bone in his mouth, than to either of these. to Mr. Tooke, of depian, to injure. Minsheu
He's dead; I'm only sorry says from Belg. dier, dear, and tiit, time: a dear He had no other deathsman.
Id. ume. • Dyrlid, as used with the Goths,' says
Death, a necessary end, Mr. Thomson, a time of dearness. It is meta Will come when it will come.
Id. Julius Cæsar. phorically applied to the mind.
Sweet soal, take heed, take heed of perjury ; frequently finding by their verdicts, that the things Thou art on thy death-bed.
Id. Othello. stolen were worth much less than had been clearly Life, by this death abled, shall controll
Sir S. Romilly.
Horribly beautiful! but on the verge,
From side to side, beneath the glittering morn,
An Iris sits, amidst the infernal surge,
Like Hope upon a death-bed, and, unworn
Death is generally considered as the separarings, nor funeral sermons, nor tombs, nor epitaphs,
tion of the soul from the body; in which sense can fix our hearts enough upon our frail and miserable it stands opposed to life, which consists in their condition.
Bishop Hall. Sermon 30. union. Physicians have defined death by a On seas, on earth, and all that in them dwell, total stoppage of the circulation of the blood, A deathlike quiet and deep silence fell. Waller.
and a cessation of the animal and vital functions Blood, death, and deathful deeds, are in that noise, consequent thereon, as respiration, sensation, Ruin, destruction at the utmost point. Milton. &c. The signs of death are in many cases very A deathlike sleep!
uncertain. If we consult what Winslow or A gentle wafting to immortal life! Id.
Bruchier have said on this subject, we shall be
convinced, that between life and death the shade God hath only immortality, though angels and hu
is so very undistinguishable, that all the powers man souls be deathless.
of art can scarcely determine where the one ends I myself knew a person of great sanctity, who was
and the other begins. The color of the visage, afflicted to death's-door with a vomiting.
the warmth of the body, and the suppleness of Taylor's Worthy Communicant. These are such things as a man shall remember the joints, are but uncertain signs of life still with joy upon his death-bed ; such as shall cheer and subsisting; while, on the contrary, the paleness warm his heart, even in that last and bitter agony. of the complexion, the coldness of the body, the
South's Sermons. stiffness of the extremities, the cessation of all He must his acts reveal,
motion, and the total insensibility of the parts, From the first moment of his vital breath,
are but uncertain marks of death begun. In the To his last hour of unrepenting death. Dryden. same manner also, with regard to the pulse and
Then round our death-bed every friend should run, breathing; these motions are often so small, that And joy us of our conquest early won.
Id. Fables. it is impossible to perceive them. This ought Your cruelty was such, as you would spare his life to be a caution against hasty burials, especially for many deathful torments.
Sidney. in cases of sudden death, drowning, &c. See
Prior. Death, in law. The law makes a distinction
between natural and civil death. 1. Civil death A death-bed repentance ought not indeed to be neglected, because it is the last thing that we can do.
takes place, where a person is not actually dead, Atterbury.
but adjudged so by law. Thus, if any person, Oft, as in airy rings they skim the heath,
for whose life an estate is granted, remains beThe clam'rous lapwings feel the leaden death. Pope. yond sea, or is otherwise absent, seven years,
Black Melancholy sits, and round her throws and no proof of his being alive, he shall be acA death-like slumber, and a dread repose.
Id. counted naturally dead. 2. Natural death These eyes behold
means a person actually dead. The deathful scene; princes on princes rolled. Id. Death-Watch, in natural history, a species Misers are muckworms, silkworms beaus,
of fermes, so called on account of an old tradiAnd deathwatches physicians.
tion, that its beating or ticking in a sick room, He caught his death the last county-sessions, where is a sure sign of death. See FERMES. he would go to see justice done to a poor widow-wo
DEAURATE, v. a. & part. pass. Lat. deau-
DEAURATION, n. S.
Iro. To gild;
Chaucer. Comp. of Black Knight. Death opens the gate of fame, and shuts the gate
DEBACCHATION, n. s. Lat. debacchatio. of envy after it,-it unlooses the chain of the captive, and puts the bondsman's task into another man's A raging ; a madness. hands.
Sterne. DEBAR, v. a. From de and bar. See Bar. Heavens! on my sight what sanguine colours To exclude; to preclude; to shut out from any blaze!
thing; to hinder.
The same boats and the same buildings are found
in countries dcbarred from all commerce by unpassable Darwin.
mountains, lakes, and deserts. Raleigh's Essays. Ever since the passing of the acts, which punish Not so strictly hath our Lord imposed with death, the stealing in shops, or houses, or on Labour, as to debar us when we need board ships, property of certain slated values, juries Refreshment, whether food, or talk between, have, from motives of hunanity, been in the habit of Food of the mind.
The thread-bare client's poverty
Without debatement further, more or less, Debartes the atturney of his wonted fee ?
He should the bearers put to sudden death.
I. Bishop Hall's Satires, v. 3. Have I not vowed for slunning such debute, Civility, intended to make us easy, is employed in (Pardon ye Satyres), to degenerate ? laying chains and fetters upon us, in debarring us of And, wading low in this plebeian lake, az wishes, and in crossing our most reasonable de
That no salt wave shall froath upon my backe.
Bp. Hall. Satires, iv. 4. DEBARB, v. a. Lat. from de and burba.
The French requested, that the debatable ground,
and the Scottish hostages, might be restored to the Te deprive of his beard.
Hayward. DEBARK, v. a. &n. Fr. debarquer. To dis
He could not debate any thing without some comembark. See EMBARK. Also to strip a tree of
motion, even when the argument was not of moment. its bark.
Clarendon. From hence it appears that the branches of de 'Tis thine to ruin realms, o'erturn a state ; barked oak trees produce fewer leaf-buds, and more Betwixt the dearest friends to raise debate. Dryden. Lover-tads, which last circumstance I suppose must
A way that men ordinarily use, to force others to depend on their being sooner or later debarked in the submit to their judgments, and receive their opinion vernal months.
in debate, is to require the adversary to admit what DEBASE', v. a. Old Fr. debas, from de they alledge as a proof, or to assign a better. Locke. DEBAS'ER, n.s. and base. See Base. To
He presents that great soul debating upon the subDEBASE'MENT. reduce, degrade, adulterate,
ject of life and death with his intimate friends. lessen in strength.
Tatler. It is a kind of taking God's name in vain, to de
It is to diffuse a light over the understanding, in base religion with such frivolous disputes. Hooker.
our enquiries after truth, and not to furnish the tongue Words so debased and hard, no stone
with debate and controversy.
Watts's Logick. Was hard enough to touch them on. Hudibras.
It knowledge and experience that make a debater. He reformed the coin, which was much adulterated
Chesterfield. and debased in the times and troubles of king Stephen
DEBAUCH', v. a. & n. s.
from Lat. de bacHomer intended to teach, that pleasure and sen.
DEBAUCH'ER, saality debase men into beasts. Broome on the Odyssey.
chor, to offer saIt is a wretched debasement of that sprightly faculty,
crifice to Bacchus : be tongue, thus to be made the interpreter tomont in our language deboise and debosh. To corrupt;
DEBAUCH'MENT. J anciently written boar.
A man of large possessions has not leisure to consi- !o violate; to vitiate, whether by lewdness or der of every slight expense, and will not debase him- intemperance: a fit or habit of intemperance or self to the management of every trile. Dryden.
lewdness. Debauchery, the constant practice of
them. A debauchee is one who is himself deRestraining others, yet himself not free; Made impoteot by power, debased by dignity. Id. voted to lewdness or excess; a debaucher, one
As much as you raise silver, you debase gold; for who corrupts others, or seduces them into vice. tbey are in the condition of two things put in opposito Here do you keep a hundred knights and squires scales; as much as the one rises, the other falls. Men so disordered, so debauched, and bold,
Shakspeare. King Leor. He ought to be careful of not letting his subjects Shews like a riotous inn. debere his style, and betray him into a meanness of ex. Reason oncé debauched, is worse than brutishness. prsima.
Bp. Hall. Contemplations. DEBATE', v. Q., v. 1. & n. s.
Fr. debattre ; They told them ancient stories of the ravishment DEBATE'ABLE, adj.
Ital. debatire, of chaste maidens, or the debauchment of nations, or DERA'TER, from Lat. bas the extreme poverty of learned persons.
Taylor's Rule of Holy Living. DEBATE'FUL,
tuo, to beat. DEBATE'MENT.
This it is to counsel things that are unjust; first, to dispute, contend for: as a neuter verb to delibe- debauch a king to break his laws, and then to seek
Dryden's Spanish Friar. rate (taking on or upon); to dispute. Debate- protection. able is disputable; liable or likely to be con
The first physicians by debauch were made; tended for: a debate, a formal and personal dis- Excess began, and sloth sustains, the trade.
Dryden. pute, or controversy.
A man must bave got bis conscience thoroughly Bat God tempride the bodi ghyuynge more wor
debauched and hardened, before he can arrive to the shipe to it to whom it failide, that debate be not in the height of sin.
Wiclif. 1 Cor 12.
Could we but prevail with the greatest debauchees Debate thy cause with thy neighbour himself, and discover not a secret to another. Proverbs xxv.9.
among us to change their lives, we should find it no
very hard matter to change their judgments. Id. Tho spake our Hoste, A, Sire, ye shuld ben hende, And curteis, as a man of your estat,
Oppose vices by their contrary virtues ; hypocrisy
by sober piety, and debauchery by temperance. la compagnie we will have no debat,
He will for some time contain himself within the Have been considered and debated on.
bounds of sobriety; till within a little while he recoShakspeare.
vers his former debauch, and is well again, and then his appetite returns.
Calamy. Now, lords, if heaven doth give successful end To this delate that bleedeth at our doors,
No man's reason did ever dictate to him, that it is We sill our youth lead on to higher fields,
reasonable for him to debauch himself by intemperance
Tillotson. ind Cras no swords but what are sanctified.
and brutish sensuality.
Debuuched from nature, how can we relish her ge DEBIR, in ancient geography, a sacerdotal nuine productions ? As well might a man distinguish city of Palestine, in the southern part of the objects through the medium of a prism, that presents tribe of Judah, not far from Hebron. It is also nothing but a variety of colours to the eye, or a maid
called Kirjath-sepher, and Kirjath-sannah. See pining in the green sickness prefer a biscuit to a
Josh. xv. 15, 49. cinder.
DE-BOIS-BLANC, an island of the United DEBEÖL, v. a. Lat. debello. To con- States, belonging to the north-western territory, DEBE'LLATE, V. a. quer; to overcome in which was a voluntary gift of the Chippeway Debella'sION, n. S. Obsolete. Indians, at the treaty of peace, concluded by
It doth notably set forth the consent of all nations general Wayne, at Greenville, in 1795. and ages, in the approbation of the extirpating and de
DEB'ONAIR, adj. ?
Fr. debonnaire, probellating of giants, monsters, and foreign tyrauts, pot DebonAIR'ly, adv. I bably from de bon air. only as lawful, but as meritorious even of divine ho- Civil; gentle; courteous; well-bred; gay.
Bacon's Holy War.
He, in the first flowre of my freshest age,
Betrothed me unto the only haire
Of a most mighty king, most rich and sage ; With all his army.
Was never prince so faithful and so faire, DEBENTURE, n. s. Lat. debentur, of Was never prince so meek and debonnaire. DEBENTURED, part. debeo, to owe. A
Spenser. Faerie Queene. note of debt, generally now used respecting Crying, let be that lady debonair.
Id. goods entitled to an allowance at tne custom
Zephyr met her once a-maying ; house.
Filled her with thee, a daughter fair, You modern wits, should each man bring his claim, So buxom, blithe, and debonair. Miltog. Have desperate debentures on your fame; And little would be left you, I'm afraid,
The nature of the one is debonair and accostable; If all your debts to Greece and Rome were paid.
of the other, retired and supercilious; the one quick Swift. and sprightful, the other slow and saturnine.
Howel's Vocal Forest. DEBENTURE is used at the custom-house for
And she that was not only passing fair, a kind of certificate, signed by the officers of the
But was withal discreet and debonair, customs, which entitles a merchant, exporting
Resolved the passive doctrine to fulfil. Dryden. goods, to the receipt of a bounty or draw back. The forms of debentures vary according to the
DEBORAH, 0907, Heb.; i.e. a bee; the merchandise exported.
nurse of Rebecca, whom she accompanied from DEBI’LITATE, v. a. Lat. debilito, of de
Padanaram, and survived. She lived in Jacob's Debi'le, adj. and habilis, fit, pro- where she was buried under an oak. Gen.
family to an advanced age, and died near Bethel, DEBILITA’TION, n. s. per. To weaken; make
xxiv. 59. xxxv. 8. DEBI'LITY. n. s. unfit for exertion ; to emasculate. Debile is weak, enfeebled. The Israel, who excited Barak to deliver his country
DEBORAH, a prophetess, poetess, and judge of substantives express a confirmed or habitual from the oppressions of Jabin. See BARAK. state of weakness.
Her message to Barak, her reproof for his I have not washed my nose that bled,
cowardice, and her song upon the victory, are Or foiled some debile wretch, which without note
recorded in Judges iv. & v. She flourished There's many else have done.
Shakspeare. about A. M. 2651. Methinks I am partaker of thy passion,
DEBRUISED, in heraldry, And in thy case do glass mine own debility. a term peculiar to the English,
Sidney. by which is intimated the reThe weakness cannot return any thing of strength, straint of any animal, debarred honour, or safety to the head, but a debilitation and
of its natural freedom, by any ruin.
King Charles. of the ordinaries being laid
over it. Argent, a lion ramThe spirits being rendered languid, are incapable of purifying the blood, and debilitated in attracting nu
pant; or debruised by a fesse; gules, narte
Charleston. triment. Harvey on Consumptions.
DEBT, n. s.
Old Fr. debte : Lat. deIn the lust of the eye, the lust of the flesh, and the pride of life, they seemed as weakly to fail as their
DEBT'ED, part, bitum, of debeo, to owe. debilitated posterity ever after.
DEBT'oR, 1. s, & adj. S That which is owed.com Browne's Vulgar Errours.
to ; obliga
tion. Debted is used by Shakspeare for our Aliment too vaporous or perspirable will subject it modern word indebted. A debtor is he who to the inconveniencies of too strong a perspiration, which are debility, faintness, and sometimes sudden
owes money or any other obligatiin. death,
Arbuthnot. I am debtor both to the Greeks and to the BarThus Conscience pleads her causc within the breast, barians, both to the wise and to the unwise. Though long rebelled against, not yet suppressed,
Rom. i. 14. And calls a creature formed for God alone,
This worthy man ful wel his wit besette ; For Heaven's high purposes, and not his own, Ther wiste no wight that he was in dette, Calls him away from selfish ends and aims,
So stedfastly dide he his governance
With his bargeines and with his cheersancc.
Chaucer, Prol. Cant. Tules.