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had been detached from the bottom of the plain bottom upwards; but the subsequent ones geneabove-mentioned. I observed also, that many rally horizontal or vorticose. A remarkable confused heaps of the loose soil, detached by the circumstance was observed at Messina, and earthquake from the plains on each side of the through the whole coast of Calabria, which had ravine, had actually run like volcanic lava been most affected by the earthquake, viz. that a (having probably been assisted by the heavy small fish called cicirelli, resembling the English rain) and produced many effects much resem white bait, but larger, and which usually lie at bling those of lava, during their course down a the bottoin of the sea buried in the sand, had, great part of the ravine. At Santa Cristina, near ever after the commencement of the earthquakes Oppido, the like phenomena have been exhibit- to the time this account was written, continued ed, and the great force of the earthquake of the to be taken near the surface, and that in such 5th of February seems to have been exerted on abundance as to be common food for the poorest these parts, and at Casal Nuova, and Terra of the people; whereas before the earthquakes Nuova. At Reggio the shock had been much this fish was rare, and reckoned among the less violent than in the places he had hitherto greatest delicacies. Fish of all kinds also were visited; and though there was not a house in it taken in greater abundance on these coasts after inhabited or habitable, yet' says he, “after having the commencement of the earthquakes than been several days in the plain, where every before; which our author supposes to have been building is levelled with the ground, a house occasioned either by the volcanic matter having with a roof, or a church with a steeple, was to heated the bottom of the sea, or that the conme a new and refreshing object.' In this place tinual tremor of the earth bad forced them out he had an account from the archbishop of the of their retreats. At Messina, Sir William was earthquakes of 1779 and 1780, which obliged told that on the 5th of February, and for three the inhabitants, in number 16,400, to remain in days following, the sea, about a quarter of a mile barracks for several months, without having done from the citadel, rose, and boiled in an extraorany considerable damage to the town. He was dinary manner, and with a most horrid and informed also, that all animals and birds are in alarming noise; the water in other parts of the a greater or less degree much more sensible of strait being perfectly calm. “This,' says be, an approaching shock of an earthquake, than óseems to point out exhalations or eruptions from any human being; but that geese, above all, cracks at the bottom of the sea, which may seem to be the soonest and most alarmed at the probably have happened duriug the violence of approach of a shock; if in the water, they quit the earthquakes; all of which I am convinced it immediately; and will not be driven into it have here a volcanic origin.' for some time after. The shock which damaged In various parts of South America, earthReggio came on gently, so that the people had quakes have been equally tremendous and fatal. time to make their escape, and only 126 were It is remarkable that the city of Lima, the capikilled; but in the plain this shock was as instan- tal of Peru, situated in about 12° of S. lat, taneous as it was violent and destructive. On although scarcely ever visited by tempests, and the 14th of May, Sir William Hamilton left equally unacquainted with rain as with thunder Reggio, and set sail for Messina. He found that and lightning, has been singularly exposed to the the shock, though very violent there, had been fury of earthquakes, which happen here so frefar inferior to what he had seen the effects of in quently, that the inhabitants are under continual other places. Many houses, even in the lower apprehensions of being, from their suddenness part of the town, were standing, and some little and violence, buried in the ruins of their own damaged ; but, in the upper and more elevated houses: yet these earthquakes, though so sudsituations, the earthquakes seemed to have den, have their presages; one of the principal of scarce had any effect. "A strong instance (says which is a rumbling noise in the bowels of the our author) of this is, that the convent of Santa earth, about a minute before the shocks are felt, Barbara, and that called the Novitiato de Ges- that seems to pervade all the adjacent subterniti, both on an elevated situation, have not a raneous part; this is followed by dismal howlcrack in them; and that the clock of the latter ings of the dogs, who seem to presage the has not been deranged in the least by the earth- approaching danger. The beasts of burden quakes, which have afflicted this country for four passing the streets stop, and by a natural instinct months past, and which still continue in some spread open their legs, the better to secure degree.' Notwithstanding this comparative mild- themselves from falling. On these portents, the ness, the shock at Messina had been very terri- terrified inhabitants fly from their houses into ble. All the beautiful front of the palazzate, the streets with such precipitation, that, if it which extended in very lofty uniform buildings, happens in the night, they appear quite naked; in the shape of a crescent, had been in some the urgency of the danger at once banishing all parts totally ruined, in others less; and there sense of delicacy or shame. Thus the streets were cracks in the earth of the quay, a part of exhibit such odd and singular figures as might which had sunk above a foot below the level of afford matter of diversion, were it possible to be the sea. During the earthquake, fire had been diverted in so terrible a moment. This sudden seen to issue from the cracks of the quay; but concourse is accompanied with the cries of chilour author is persuaded that this was only a dren waked out of their sleep, blended with the vapor charged with electrical fire, or inflamma- lamentations of the women, whose agonising ble air. Here also he was informed, that the prayers to the saints increase the common fcar sh'ck of the 5th of February had been from the and confusion. The men are also too much

affected to refrain from giving vent to their which were sunk, and the other four, among terror; so that the whole city exhibits a dreadful which was a frigate named St. Fermin, were scene of consternation and horror.

carried by the force of the waves to a considerThe earthquakes that have occurred at the able distance up the country. This terrible capital of Spanish America are very numerous. inundation and earthquake extended to other The first since the establishment of the Spaniards parts on the coast, and several towns underwent was in 1582; but the damage was much less the same fate as the city of Lima; where the considerable than in some of the succeeding. number of persons who perished, within two Six years after, Lima was again visited by days after it began, amounted, according to the another earthquake, so dreadful, that it is still bodies found, to 1300, beside the maimed and solemnly commemorated every year. In 1609 wounded, many of whom lived only a short there was a third, which overturned many time in great torture. houses. On the 27th of November, 1630, such Various theories have been invented to explainprodigious damage was done in the city by an the phenomena of earthquakes. Till lately, the earthquake, that, in acknowledgment of its not hypotheses of modern philosophers were much having been entirely demolished, a festival on the same with those of the ancients. Anaxagoras that day is annually celebrated. Twenty-four supposed the cause of earthquakes to be subyears afterwards, on the 3rd of November, the terraneous clouds bursting out into lightning, most stately edifices in the city, and a great which shook the vaults that contined them. number of houses, were destroyed by a simi- Others imagined that the arches, which had been lar attack; but the inhabitants retiring, few weakened by continual subterraneous fires, at of them perished. Another dreadful percussion length fell in. Others derived these double contook place in 1678; but one of the most terrible vulsions from the rarefied steam of waters heated was on the 28th of October, 1687. It began at by some neighbouring fires (an hypothesis refour in the morning, and destroyed many of the vived in modern times by M. Dolomieu); whilst finest public buildings and houses, in which a some, among whom was Epicurus, and several great number of the inhabitants perished; but this of the Peripatetics ascribed them to the ignition was little more than a prelude to what fol- of certain inflammable exhalations. This last lowed; for two hours afterwards the shock hypothesis has been adopted by many of the returned, with such impetuous concussions, that most celebrated moderns, as Gassendus, Kircher, all was laid in ruins, and the inhabitants felt Schottos, Varenius, Des Cartes, Du Hamel, Honothemselves happy in being only spectators of th rius, Fabri, &c. The philosopher last mentioned, general devastation by having saved their lives, indeed supposed, that waters prodigiously rarethough with the loss of all their property.fied by heat, might sometimes occasion earthDuring this second shock the sea, retiring con- quakes. The others supposed, that there are siderably, and then returning in mountainous many and vast cavities under ground, which waves, entirely overwhelmed Callao, which is at have a communication with one another : some five miles distance from Lima, and all the adja- of which abound with waters; others with vacent country, together with the miserable inhabi- pors and exhalations, arising from inflammable tants. From this time six other earthquakes substances, as nitre, bitumen, sulphur, &c. These were felt at Lima previous to that of 1746, on combustible exhalations they supposed to be the 28th of October, at half an hour after ten at kindled by a subterraneous spark, or by some night, when the concussions began with such active flame gliding through a narrow fissure from violence, that, in little more than three minutes, without, or by the fermentation of some mixthe greatest part, if not all the buildings in the ture; and when this happens, that they may necity, were destroyed, burying under their ruins cessarily produce pulses, tremors, and ruptures those inhabitants who had not made sufficient at the surface, according to the number and dihaste into the streets and squares, the only versity of the cavities, and the quantity and places of safety. At length the horrible effects activity of the inflammable matter. This hypoof the first shock ceased; but the tranquillity thesis they illustrated by a variety of experiments, was of short duration, the concussions swiftly such as mixtures of iron filings and brimstone succeeding each other. The fort of Callao alsó buried in the earth, gun-powder confined in pits, sunk in ruins; but what it suffered from the &c., by all which a shaking of the earth will be earthquake in its building was inconsiderable, produced. Dr. Woodward suggests another when compared to the dreadful catastrophe hypothesis. He supposes that the subterraneous which followed; for the sea, as is usual on such heat or fire, which is continually elevating water occasions, receding to a considerable distance, out of the abyss, which, according to him, occureturned in mountainous waves, foaming with 'pies the centre of the earth, to furnish rain, dew, the violence of the agitation, and suddenly springs, and rivers, may be stopped in some buried Callao and the neighbouring country in particular part. When this obstruction happens, its flood. This, however, was not entirely the heat causes a great swelling and commotion effected by the first swell of the waves; for the in the waters of the abyss; and at the same sea retiring further, returned with still greate“ time, making the like effort against the superinimpetuosity, and covered both the walls and cumbent earth, that agitation and concussion of other buildings of the place; so that what even it is occasioned which we call an earthquake. had escaped the first inundation, was totally M. Amontons, supposing the atmosphere to be overwhelmed by those succreding mountainous about forty-five miles high, and that the density waves. Twenty-three ships and vessels, great of the air increases in proportion to the absolute and small, were then in the harbour, nineteen of height of the superincumbent column of Auid,

shc ws that, at the depth of 43,528 fathoms below wherever they had once been ; which is contrary the surface of the earth, air is but one-fourth to fact, even when they have been frequently relighter than mercury. Now this depth of 43,528 peated. In the earthquake in Asia Minor, A. D. fathoms is only a seventy-fourth part of the se- 17, which destroyed thirteen great cities, and midiameter of the earth ; and the vast sphere shook a mass of earth 300 miles in diameter, beyond this depth, in diameter 6,451,538 fathoms, nothing suffered but the cities ; neither the may probably be only filled with air ; which will springs nor the face of the country being injured be here greatly condensed, and much heavier 4. That any subterraneous power, sufficient to than the heaviest bodies we know in nature. move thirty miles in diameter, must be lodged at But it is found by experiment, that the more air least fifteen or twenty miles below the surface; and is compressed, the more does the same degree therefore must move an inverted cone of solid of heat increase its spring, and the more capable earth, the base of which is thirty miles in diamedoes it render it of a violent effect; and that, forter, and the axis fifteen or twenty ; an effect instance, the degree of heat of boiling water in- impossible to any natural power whatever, excreases the spring of the air above what it has cept electricity. So in Asia Minor, such a cone in its natural state, in our climate, hy a quantity must have been 300 miles in the diameter of the equal to a third of the weight wherewith it is base, and 200 in the axis : which not all the pressed. Whence we may conclude, that a de- gun-powder that has been made since the invengree of heat, which on the surface of the earth tion of it, much less any vapors generated so will only have a moderate effect, may be capable far below the surface, could possibly effect. 5. of a very violent one below. And, as we are A subterraneous explosion will not account for certain that there are in nature degrees of heat the manner in which ships, far from land, and much greater than that of boiling water, it is even fish, are affected during an earthquake. A possible there may be some whose violence, subterraneous explosion would only produce a further increased by the immense weight of the gradual swell, and not give so quick an impulse air, may be sufficient to break and overturn this to the water as would make it feel like a stone. solid orb of 43,528 fathoms; whose weight, From these circumstances the Doctor concluded, compared to that of the included air, would be that an earthquake was a shock of the same kind but a trifle.

as those in electrical experiments. And this In March, 1749, an , earthquake was felt at hypothesis was confirmed by the phenomena London and several other places in Britain. Dr. attending earthquakes, particularly those in 1749 Stukely, who had been much engaged in electri- and 1750, which gave rise to this publication. cal experiments, began to suspect that pheno- The weather, for five or six months before, had mena of this kind ought to be attributed not been uncommonly warm; the wind south and to vapors or fermentations generated in the south-west, without rain; so that the earth must bowels of the earth, but to electricity. In have been in a state peculiarly ready for an paper published by him on this subject, he re- electrical shock. Before the earthquake at Lonjects all the above hypotheses for the following don, all vegetables had been uncommonly forward; reasons :-1. That there is no evidence of any and electricity is well known to quicken vegeremarkable cavernous structure of the earth ; but tation. The aurora borealis had been frequent that, on the contrary, there is reason to presume about that time; and, just before the earthquake, that it is in a great measure solid, so as to leave had been twice repeated in such colors as bad little room for internal changes and fermentations never been seen before. It had also removed within its substance; nor do coal-pits, when on southerly, contrary to what is common in Engfire, ever produce any thing resembling an earth- land ; so that the Italians, and those among whom quake. 2. In the eartlıquake at London, in earthquakes were frequent, actually foretold the March 1749, there was no such thing as fire, earthquake. The year had been remarkable for vapor, smoke, smell, or an eruption of any fire-balls, lightning, and coruscations; and these kind observed, though the shock affected a circuit are meteors of an electrical nature. In such of fifty miles in diameter. This consideration circumstances, nothing, he says, is wanting to alone, of the extent of surface shaken by an produce an earthquake, but the presence of some earthquake, he thought sufficient to overthrow non-electric body; which must be had ab extra the supposition of its being owing to the expan- from the atmosphere. Hence he infers, that if a sion of any subterraneous vapors. For, as non-electric cloud discharge its contents upon any small fire-balls bursting in the air propagate part of the earth, in that highly electrical state, sulphureous smell to the distance of several an earthquake must necessarily ensue. As the dismiles, it cannot be supposed that so immense a charge from an excited tube produces a commoforce, acting instantaneously on that compass of ' tion in the human body, so the discharge of elecground, should never break the surface of it, tric matter from many miles of solid earth must nor become discoverable either to the sight or needs be an earthquake; and the snap from the the smell; besides that such a fermentation would contact, the horrid uncouth poise attending it. require a long time. That such an effect, there- Dr. Stukely had been informed, that, a little before fore, should be produced instantaneously, can be the earthquake, a large and black cloud suddenly accounted for by electricity only, which acknow- covered the atmosphere, which probably occaledges no sensible transition of time, nor any sioned the shock by the discharge of a shower. bounds. 3. If vapors and subterraneous fer- A sound was observed to roll from the Thames mentations, explosions, and eruptions, were the towards Temple-Bar before the houses ceased to cause of earthquakes, they would absolutely ruin nod, just as the electrical suap precedes the the whole system of springs and fountains, shock. This noise (which generally precedes

earthquakes) he thought could be accounted for concussion given to them, exactly like that which only on electrical principles, for, in a subterra- affects ships at sea during an earthquake. This neous eruption, the direct contrary would happen. percussion was felt in various parts of the water, The flames and sulphureous smells, which are but was strongest near the place where the exsometimes observed in earthquakes, might, he plosion was made. This similarity in the effect,' thought, be more easily accounted for on the he says, “is a considerable evidence of a similarity supposition of their being electrical phenomena, in the cause. Pleased with this resemblance of than from their being occasioned by eruptions the earthquake, I endeavoured to imitate that from the bowels of the earth. So also the sud- great natural phenomenon in other respects : and, denness of the concussion, felt at the same in- it being frosty weather, I took a plate of ice, and stant over such a large surface, and the little placed two sticks about three inches high on their damage also which earthquakes generally occa- ends, so that they would just stand with ease; sion, sufficiently point out what sort of motion and upon another part of the ice I placed a botit is; not a convulsion of the bowels of the tle, from the cork of which was suspended a brass earth, but a uniform vibration along its surface, ball with a fine thread. Then, making the eleclike that of a musical string, or a glass, when trical flash pass over the surface of the ice, which rubbed on the edge with one's finger. The cir- it did with a very loud report, the nearer pillar cumstance of earthquakes chiefly affecting the fell down, while the more remote stood; and the sea-coast, places along rivers, &c., is a further ball which had hung nearly still, immediately beargument of their being electrical phenomena. gan to make vibrations about an inch in length, This is illustrated by a particular account of the and nearly in a right line from the place of the direction in which the earthquake was conveyed. flash. I afterwards diversified this apparatus, The last argument he uses is taken from the effects erecting more pillars, and suspending more penwhich it had on persons of weak constitutions, who dulums, &c.; sometimes upon bladders stretched were, for a day or two after it happened, troubled on the mouth of open vessels, and at other times with pains in the back, rheumatisms, hysterics, and on wet boards swimming in a vessel of water. nervous disorders; just in the same manner as This last method seemed to answer the best of they would have been after an actual electrifica- any; for the board representing the earth, and tion: to some, these disorders proved fatal. The the water the sea, the phenomena of them both same hypothesis was advanced by Signior Bec- during an earthquake may be imitated at the caria, without knowing any thing of Dr. Stukely's same time; pillars, &c., being erected on the discoveries.

board, and the electric flash being made to pass Dr. Priestley, in his History of Electricity, either over the board, over the water, or over observes, upon these theories, that a more proba- them both! The last three hypotheses, though ble hypothesis may be formed out of them both. somewhat differing, yet agree in the main; but, *Suppose,' says he, the electric matter to be ac- if a particular solution of the phenomena is recumulated in one part of the surface of the earth, quired, every one of them will be found deficient: and on account of the dryness of the season not nor does the theory of this subject appear to have easily to diffuse itself; it may force its way into been sufficiently understood 10 be worth pursuing the higher regions of the air, forming clouds in much further; we only therefore add that the its passage out of the vapors which float in the late Dr. Mason Goode attempts to account for the atmosphere, and occasion a sudden shower, phenomena of earthquakes by the old theory of which may further promote the passage of the subterraneous fires. fluid. The whole surface, thus unloaded, will That fires to an enormous extent, and proreceive a concussion, like any other conducting duced by various causes, may exist at different substance, on parting with, or receiving, a quan- depths beneath the surface of the earth, must, he tity of the electric fluid. The rushing noise will thinks, be clear to every one who has attentively likewise sweep over the whole extent of the considered the subject: and he quotes a curious country. And upon this supposition also the series of experiments, lately conducted by Sir fluid, in its discharge from the country, will James Hall, to prove that where the substances naturally follow the course of the rivers, and also in which such fires occur lie profound, and are take the advantage of any eminences to facilitate surmounted by a very deep and heavy superits ascent into the higher regions of the air.' incumbent pressure; and, more especially, where The Dç., making experiments with a battery on they, at the same time, contain large portions of the passage of the electrical fluid over different elastic gases; the effects of such fires will be proconducting substances, and, among these, over digiously greater, and more diversified, than water,-and remarking a resemblance between where these circumstances are absent. its passage over the surface of the water, and Earthquakes and volcanoes may be reckoned, that which Dr. Stukely supposed to sweep the for the most part, as this writer supposes, among surface of the earth, when a considerable quantity the most powerful and extraordinary of these of it is discharged to the clouds during an earth- effects; and, as resulting from those chemical quake, --immediately suspected that the water changes which the agency of fire principally proover which it passed, and which was visibly duces in the interior of the solid crust of the thrown into a tremulous motion, must receive a globe. They have, probably, little further conconcussion resembling that which is given to the nexion with electricity, he says, than as causes waves of the sea on such occasions. To try this, that occasionally destroy the equilibrium; for alhe himself, and others present, put their hands though ome authors have inferred, from the into the water at the time that the electric flash great velocity with which the shock of an earthpassed over its surface; and they felt a sudden quake is transmitted from place to place, that its

nature must be electrical; yet others have, with You may sooner, by imagination, quicken or slack greater probability, attributed the rapid succes a motion, than raise or cease it; as it is easier te sion of the effects to the operation of a single make a dog go slower, than to make him stand still.

Bacon. cause, acting like subterranean heat, at a great distance below the earth's surface. There are,

Sounds move swiftly, and at great distance; bat however, some circumstances which indicate they require a medium well disposed, and their trans. such a connexion between the state of the atmos

mission is easily stopped. Id. Natural History.

We should not find her half so brave and bold phere and the approach of an earthquake, as cannot easily be explained by any hypothesis. The

To lead it to the wars and to the seas;

To make it suffer watchings, hunger, cold, shocks of earthquakes, and the eruptions of vol

When it might feed with plenty, rest with cax, canoes, continues Dr. G., are in all probability

Daries. modifications of the effects of one common cause;

Send me some tokens that my hope may live, the same countries are liable to both of them;

Or that my easeless thoughts may sleep and rest. and, where the agitation produced by an earth

Donne. quake extends farther than there is any reason to Believe me, friends, loud tumults are not laid suspect a subterraneous commotion, it is proba With half the easiness that they are raised. bly propagated through the earth nearly in the

Ben Jonson. same manner as a noise is conveyed through the Old friends are best. King James used to call for air. See VOLCANO.

his old shoes; they were easiest for his feet, Selden. EARWAX. See ANATOMY.

Bold adventure to discover wide

That dismal world, if any clime perhaps Earwig, in zoology. See FORFICULA.

Might yield them easier habitation. Milton. EASDALE, a small island of the Hebrides,

Baited with reasons not unplausible, annexed to Argyleshire, about one mile and a Win me into the easy hearted man, half in diameter. It is famous for having afforded And hug him into spares.

Id. a great quantity of slate (ardesia tegularis). This,

An aching head will be no more eased by wearing a indeed, occupies the whole island, which is also

crown than a common night cap. Sir W. Temple. traversed in many places with basaltic veins, and

Is it not to bid defiance to all mankind to condeinn thin layers of quartzose and calcareous stones.

their universal opinions and designs, if, instead of EASE, n. s. & v.a. Sax. eath; Goth. uzek; passing your life as well and easily, you resolve to EASE'FUL, adj. Fr. aise ; Ital. agio, which pass it as ill and as miserable as you can?

Id. EASE'LESS, adj. Menage derives from Lat.

Is it a small crime to wound himself by anguish of EASE-LOVING,

otium, becoming ocium, heart, to deprive himself of all the pleasures, or easts, EASE'MENT, n. s. rogium, ogeo. Quiet; rest; or enjoyments of life?

Id. EA'sy, adj. tranquillity; peace; re

That which we call ease is only an indolency, or a EA'sıly, adv. pose; freedom from pain, freedom from pain.

L'Estrange. EA'SINESS, n. s. disturbance, labor, or en If ere night the gathering clouds we fear, gagement. The verb seems to be derived from

A song will help the beating storm to bear; the noun, and means to relieve, deliver, or rescue And that thou mayest not be too late abroad, from trouble, disturbance, burden, or pain; or Sing, and I'll ease thy shoulders of thy load. to alleviate, soothe, or assuage pain or trouble.

Dryden. Easeful and easy are peaceful; tranquil. Ease

As if with sports my sufferings I could ease.

12. less, the opposite of this. Easement is relief;

The seeming easiness of Pindarick verse has made assistance; support; and in law, a service that it spread; but it has not been considered. one neighbour has of another by charter or pre- And nightly visions in his slumber sees. Id. Eneid


The priest on skins of offering takes bis eise, scription, without profit; as a way through his

With such deceits he gained their easy hearts, ground, a sink, &c.

Too prone to credit his perfidious arts.

12. I seye to you that to Sodom it schal be csier than

Lucan, content with praise, may lie at ease to that cytee in that day.

Wiclif. Luk. 10.

In costly grots and marble palaces. Id. Juvenal. I will ease me of mine adversaries. Isaiah i. 24. Help and ease children the best you can; but by

Loche. The chambers and the stablis werin wide, no means bemoan them. And well we werin esid at the best. Chaucer. No body feels pain that he wishes not to be eased She sodeinly enhaunceth them aloft,

of, with a desire equal to that pain, and inseparable And sodeynly mischeueth all the flocke.

from it.

1d. The head that late lay easily and full soft.

The safest way to secure honesty, is to lay the In stede of pylows lyeth after on the blocke.

foundations of it early in liberality, and an earned to Sir T. More. part with to others whatever they have or like them

selves. The service of God, in the solemn assembly of saints, is a work, though easy, yet withal very weighty, wherein the mind is capable of receiving new infor

Keep your thoughts easy and free, the only temper and of great respect.


Id. Since the custom of easiness to alter and change I think the reason I have assigned hath a great laws is so evil, no doubt but to bear a tolerable sore

interest in that rest and easiness we enjoy when asleep. is better than to venture on a dangerous remedy. K.

Ray. Complain, queen Margaret, and tell thy grief; Give to him, and he shall but laugh at your easines; It shall be eased, if France can yield relief. save his life, but, when you have done, look to your Shakspeare.

South. I spy a black, suspicious, threatening cloud, Abstruse and mystick thoughts you must express That will encounter with our glorious sun,

With painful care, but seeming easiness ; Ere he attain his easeful western bed.

For truth shines brightest through the plainest dressa Id. Henry VI.



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