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Poles. In the time of king Charles II. there were rick the Great, king of Prussia, from those claims about 53,000 of that nation in the neighbourhood, which he made on the neighbouring countries; and Sir John Denham and Mr. Killigrew were notwithstanding, which, Frederick William II., sent to tas them by the poll, with the king of his successor, seized its territories, under pretence Poland's licence; which having obtained, they of their having been formerly part of Polish brought home £10,000 sterling, besides their Prussia, and possessed himself of the port duties. charges in the journey.

In 1784 it was blockaded by his troops, on Dantzic has a noble harbour; and is still an various pretences; but by the interposition of eminent commercial city, although it seems to the empress of Russia, and the king of Poland, have past its meridian : which it enjoyed pro- they were withdrawn; and, a compromise having bably about the time that the president De Thou taken place, the city was restored to its former wrote his Historia sui Temporis, in which he immunities. In 1793 the king of Prussia seized speaks so highly of its commerce and grandeur. on the city itself with the remainder of the proIt was then a republic, claiming a small adjacent vince, which he added to his dominions. Its territory, about forty miles round, under the internal government, however, was undisturbed ; protection of the king and republic of Poland. and thus it remained until 1807, when the French Its magistracy and the majority of its inhabitants entered it after a long siege, and held it until the are Lutherans; although other religious profes- peace of 1814, when it returned to Prussia. It sions are tolerated. It has twenty-six parishes, was blockaded for a great length of time prewith many contents and hospitals; and contains viously, and ably, though not very humanely, four dock-yards for building merchantmen. It defended by general Rapp. The German is the has an annual fair, called the fair of St. Dominic, language in common use here. Dantzic is sixtywhich begins on the 5th of August. Accounts eight miles W.S.W. of Konigsberg, thirty southare kept in florins, the value of which is much east of Marienburg, and 235 north-east of less than that of Holland or Germany, being not Berlin. quite equal to 9 d. sterling. The chief public DANUBE, the largest and most considerable buildings are the cathedral, the church of St. river in Europe, rising in the Black Forest, near Catherine, the Jesuits' college, the town-house, Zunberg, and running north-east through Suabia, the arsenal, and the court of the nobles. The by Ulm the capital of that country, then running inhabitants were once computed to amount to east through Austria, it passes by Ratisbon, Pas200,000 ; but later computations, and its memo- sau, Ens. and Vienna. "It then enters Hungary, rable connexion with the late continental wars, and runs south-east from Presburg to Buda, and hare reduced them to little above 40,000 or so on to Belgrade; after which it divides Bulga45,000.

ria from Morlachia and Moldavia, discharging The road, or gulf of Dantzic consists of an arm itself by several channels into the Black Sea, in of the sea, sheltered from north winds by á the province of Bessarabia. Towards the mouth tongue of land on which stands the small town it was called, by the ancients, the Ister; and it is of Hela. Its own shipping is numerous, but the now said that four of the mouths are choked up foreign ships constantly resorting to it are more with sand, and that there are only two remainso : of these the British are the most in number, ing. It receives sixty rivers, great and small, in particularly when our corn laws admit of the its course; and runs near to, or washes the folimportation of that commodity; Poland being lowing cities and towns :-Eschingen, Ulm the greatest magazine for corn in all Europe, and (where it begins to be navigable), Donawert, Dantzic the principal port for its exportation. Neuburg, Ingoldstadt, Passau, Linto, Ips, Stein, Besides which, Dantzic exports considerable Vienna, Presburg, Raab or Javarin, Comoro, quantities of naval stores, potash, linen, and am- Waitzen, Pest, Buda, Belgrade, &c. &c. It is ber. The value of these, and still more that of so deep between Buda and Belgrade, that both com, is of course fluctuating, but £1,500,000 the Turks and Christians have had men of war sterling is considered a fair average of the annual upon it; and yet it is not navigable to the Black value of its exports. See our article Corn Laws. Sea, on account of the cataracts. The Danube It imports, from various parts of Europe, wine, was generally supposed to be the northern bounoil

, groceries, woollens, silk, irod, copper, lead, dary of the Roman empire in Europe. It was skins, and furs.

worshipped as a deity by the Scythians. It Dr. Basching affirms that

, as early as the year abounds in fish, and particularly in a large kind 997, Dantzic was a considerable commercial of sturgeon. city. The inhabitants have often changed their DANUBE, CIRCLE OF THE Upper, one of the masters, and have been under the protection of chief divisions of the kingdom of Bavaria. It the English, Dutch, French, and Prussians in has on its frontiers the circles of the Rezat, the succession. The city is surrounded with ram- Regen, and the Iser; Tyrol, the lake of Conparts which mount upwards of 100 brass cannon; stance, and Wirtemberg. It contains 4350 square and although it could not, through its situation, miles, and 470,000 inhabitants, mostly Catholics. stand a long siege, by the facility it possesses of The capital is Eichstadt, and the other chief towns inundating the neighbourhood it has offered, as are, Neuburg, Nordlingen, Dillingen, Gunzburg, in 1807, an effectual resistance to assailants. In Hochstadt, Pappenheim, Donauwerth, and In1734 the inhabitants discovered a remarkable goldstadt. The surface is in general hilly, diverattachment and fidelity towards Stanislaus, king sified with forests and lakes, particularly in the of Poland, not only when his enemies the Rus- direction of the Suabian Alps: and, besides the sians were at their gates, but even in possession Danube, it is watered by the Iller and the Lech. of the city. This city was exempted by Frede- In the low country, coro, hemp, and flax abound,

but the majority of the peasantry rear cattle. branches from the bottom, and these are covered Iron, coal, and copper, are the mineral produc- with a smooth light-brown bark that is very tions, and in the towns the manufacture of paper thick. The leaves sit close to the branches, and and linen is carried on.

are produced in such plenty, that they have the DANUBE, CIRCLE OF THE LOWER, another cir- appearance, at a small distance, of clusters at cle of Bavaria, consists of the greater part of the end of the branches. They are spear-shaped, Lower Bavaria Proper, and the principality of shining, smooth, and thick ; their edges are Passau. · It borders on Bohemia, Upper Austria, entire. These leaves, when growing under the and the circles of the Iser and Regen. Its area drip of trees, spread open, and exhibit their is 4335 square miles, and its inhabitants amount green color, pure, and untarnished: when planted to 396,150. The surface is an alternate succes- singly, in exposed places, they naturally turn sion of mountains, valleys, and plains. It is also back with a kind of twist, and the natural green traversed by the Inn, the Ilz, and the Iser. The of the leaf is often alloyed with a brown tinge. climate is mild except in the north-west; and the This shrub is also valuable on account of the tracts on the south side of the Danube are so fer- fragrance of its flowers; it blows the beginning tile in corn as to be accounted the granary of of January, and will continue until the middle Bavaria: they have besides an excellent breed of or latter end of April before the flower falls off. horses. The chief productions are corn, flax, They make but little show; being small, and and hemp. In the larger towns there are manu- of a greenish yellow. They are succeeded by factures of linen and other cloths, which, together oval berries, which are first green, and afterwith the natural productions, produce a brisk wards black when ripe. trade in the Danube, the Iser, and the Inn. The 3.D.mezereum, the mezereon, or spurge olive, is capital is Passau.

a low deciduous shrub. It is a native of Germany, DANVERS, a township of Massachusetts, in and has also been discovered in some woods near Essex county, adjoining Salem on the north-west, Andover in Hampshire. Of this elegant plant in which it was formerly comprehended by the there are four varieties : 1. The white; 2. The pale name of Salem village. It consists of two pa- red;3. The crimson; and 4. The purple flowering. rishes, and was incorporated in 1757.

They are of low growth, seldom arising to more DANVILLE, a post town of the United States, than three or four feet in height, and, therefore, in Kentucky, situated in a large fertile plain on are proper even for the smallest gardens. They Dick's River. It consists of about eighty houses. will be in bloom in February, nay, sometimes Thirty-five miles S.S. W. of Lexington, and 830 in January, when few trees, especially of the from Philadelphia. —Also a township in Ver- shrubby tribe, present their honors. Each twig mont.

has the appearance of a spike of flowers of the DAP, or Dape, v. n., probably the same with most consummate lustre; and, whether beheld Das, which see. Dr. Johnson says it is a cor near or at a distance, it has a most enchanting ruption of dip.

appearance, and the air is perfumed with their I have taught him how to catch a chub by dapping odors to a considerable distance. Besides the with a grasshopper.

Walton. beauty of the leaves, which come out after the DAPAT'ICAL, adj. Lat. dapiteus, sumptuous. flowers are fallen, and which are of a pleasant

Bailey. green color and an oblong figure, it will be full DAPHNE, in ancient geography, a small dis- of red berries in June, which continue growing trict on the lake Samachonites, in the Higher till the autumn. The root of the mezereon was Galilee, very pleasant, and plentifully watered long used in the Lisbon diet-drink, a remedy with springs, which feed the Lesser Jordan, whence said to be good for several complaints, particuits name seems to arise, probably in imitation of larly nodes and other symptoms resisting the use that near Antioch.

of mercury. The composition of this diet-drink Daphne, in botany, spurge laurel ; a genus of is described in the Edinburgh Physical Essays, the monogynia order and octandria class of plants; by Dr. Donald Monro. On chewing the root it natural order thirty-first, vepreculæ : CAL. Done: proves very pungent, and its acrimony is accuCoR. quadrifid and marcescent, enclosing the mulated about the fauces, and is very durable. stamina: Fruit a monospermous berry. Species It is employed chiefly under the form of decocthirty, of which the following are the most re- tion; and enters the decoctum sarsaparillæ commarkable

positum of the London college; but it has also 1. D. gnidium, the flax-leaved daphne, is a been used in powder combined with some inaclow deciduous shrub: native of Italy, Spain, live one, as that of liquorice root. It is often and about Montpelier. This species seldom usefully combined with mercury. The bark of grows higher than three feet. The branches the root, which is the most acrimonious part, is are very slender, and ornamented with narrow, recommended, in the Pharmacopæia Chirurgica, spear-shaped, pointed leaves, much like those to be steeped in vinegar, and applied to proof the common flax. The flowers are pro- mote the discharge of issues. Mezereon has duced in panicles at the ends of the branches: also been of use in tumors and cutaneous they are small, out in June, but eruptions. The whole plant is very corrosive; are rarely succeeded by seeds in England. and six of the berries, it is said, will kill a wolf.

2. D. laureola, the spurge laurel or everyreen A woman gave twelve grains of the berries to daphne; a low evergreen shrub, common in her daughter who hail a quartan ague; she some parts of this kingdom, also in Switzerland vomited blood, and died immediately. and France. This shrub seldom grows more 4. D. villosa, the airy-lea

daphne, a low than a yard or four feet high: it sends out many deciduous shrub; native of Spain and Portugal.

come

Bacon.

The stalks are ligneous, about two feet high, and DAP'IFER, n. s. Lat. and Old Fr. dapifer; a send forth branches alternately from the sides. dish carrrier: formerly an officer of considerable The leaves are spear-shaped, plane, hairy on rank at our coronations, and those of the kings of hoth sides, and grow on very short foot-stalks. France. See Coronation. The flowers have very narrow tubes, are small, In France the barons and great men gave in like and make no great show; they come out in manner their attendance at the king's court. Such Jene, and are not succeeded by ripe seeds in were the dapifer, butler, chamberlain, constable, England. This shruh, in some situations, re- chancellor, and others. Mador's Hist. of the Excheq. tains its leaves all winter in such beauty as to DAP'PER, adj. ? Belg. dapper; Teut. cause it to be ranked among the low-growing Dap'perling, n. s. tappir ; which signify evergreens; but in others it is sometimes shat- brave, valiant; and therefore Dr. Johnson thinks tered with the first black winds.

this word is generally applied in contempt. But Dapare, in the Pagan mythology, daughter Minsheu suggests its possible derivation from of the river Peneus hy the goddess Terra, of dapifer (see above), and well defines it, neat; whom Apollo became enamoured. This passion spruce; dainty. Dapperling is a diminutive of had been raised by Cupid; with whom Apollo, dapper. proud of his late conquest of the serpent Py

The dapper ditteis that I won't devise ihon, had disputed the power of his darts. Daphne To please youths' fancy. heard with horror his addresses, and endeavoured

Spenser. Shepherd's Calender. to avoid his importunity by flight. Apollo pur And on the tawny sands and shelves, sued her, and Daphne intreated the assistance of Trip the pert fairies and the dapper elves. Milton. the gods, who changed her into a laurel. Apollo crowned his head with the leaves of the laurel, would never be governed till himself should sit at the

A pert dapper spark of a magpie fancied the birds and ordered that that tree should be for ever sa

helm.

L'Estrange. cred to his divinity. DAPHNE, a daughter of Tiresias, priestess in

DAP'PLE, v. a. & adj., from apple, as pom

melé in the French. To variegate; to streak the temple of Delphi. She was consecrated to the service of Apollo by the Epigoni, or accord with different colors: that which is so streaked ing to others hy the goddess Tellus. She was

or variegated. called Sibyl on account of the wildness of her Hosses that are duppled turn white; and old squirlooks and expressions when she delivered oracles. rels turn grisly. Her oracles were generally in verse; and Homer,

But under him a grey steed did he wield, according to some, has introduced much of her Whose sides with dappled circles were endight.

Spenser. poetry in his compositions.

The gentle day DÁPANEPHÒRIA, a festival in honor of Dapples the drowsy east with spots of grey, Apollo, celebrated every ninth year by the Bæo

Shakspeare. tians. It was then usual to adorn an olive bough

Come, shall we go and kill us venison? with garlands of laurel and other flowers, and And yot it irks me the poor dappled fools, place on the top a brazen globe. on which were Being native burghers of this desert city, suspended smaller ones. In the middle were Should, in their own confines, with forked heads,

Id. placed a number of crowns and a globe of in- Have their round haunches gored. ferior size, and the bottom was adorned with a The lark begins his fight, saffron-colored garment. The globe on the top

From his watch-tower in the skies, represented the sun or Apollo. That in the Till the dappled dawn doth rise. Milton middle was an emblem of the moon, and the The dappled pink, and blushing rose, other of the stars. The crowns, which were 365 Deck my charming Chloe's hair. Prior in number, represented the sun's annual revo The gods, to curse Pamela with her prayers, lution. This bough was carried in solemn pro- Gave the gilt coach and dappled Flanders mares. eession by a beautiful youth of an illustrious

Pope. family, and whose parents were both living. He DAR, Dart, or Dace, n. s., a fish. See was called časvndopos, daphnephorus, laurel- DACE. bearer; and at the time executed the office of DARABJIRB, or DARAB-GUIERD, a town of priest of Apollo. Behind him followed a train Persia, in the province of Kerman, surrounded of virgins with branches in their hands. In this by groves of lemon and orange trees, yielding order the procession advanced as far as the tem- such abundance of fruit that the juice is exple of Apollo Ismenius, where supplicatory ported to every part of Persia. It is watered by hymns were sung to the gods.

a copious streain. A considerable portion of DAPHNIN, in chemistry, the bitter princi- the town is in ruins, but it contains a population ple of the laurel, first discovered by M. Vau- of 10,000 or 15,000, and was formerly very celequelin. From the alcoholic infusion of this bark brated, being supposed to have been founded the resin was separated by its concentration. by the Darius Nothus of ancient historians. It Op diluting the tincture with water, filtering, was invested by Lootf Ali Khan, in the year and adding acetate of lead, a vellow daphnate 1794, but he was compelled to relinquish the of lead fell, from which sulphureted hydrogen siege. Distant 150 miles north-east of Schiias. separated the lead, and left the daphnin in small DARAH, or Dras, a country of Northern Aftransparent crystals. They are hard, of a rica, bounded on the north by Morocco, Gezula, grayish color, a bitter taste when heated, evapo- and Tafilet, on the east and the south by the rate in acrid acid vapors, sparingly soluble in Great Desert, and on the west by Suz. It takes cold, but moderately in boiling water.

its name from the river Darah, or Dras, which VOL VII.

APTI.

passes through it, and is absorbed in the desert. diameter in the boro, and lie on a paved terrace The principal produce is indigo and dates. The near the level of the water. They are called the inhabitants are Arabians and Mahommedans, and Old Dardanelles, to distinguish them from two some of the districts of the country are depen- others built at the entrance of the strait, about dencies of Morocco. It contains a superior ten miles to the south-west, one of which stands breed of goats. Copper and antimony are in like manner in Asia, and the other in Europe, found in the mountains, and in the southern and called the New Dardanelles. The ships part, at Atta and Takka, are places of rendezvous that come from Constantinople are searched at for the great caravan which passes to Timbuctoo the castle on the side of Natolia. The passage from Morocco.

betwixt both these pairs of castles was forced by DARANTASIA, in ancient geography, a town a British fleet under admiral Duckworth, in of the Centrones, in Gallia Narbonensis, between February, 1807. Lemincum and Augusta Prætoria, called Forum DARDANIA, in ancient geography, 1. A Claudii by the Romans. It is now called district of Mæsia Superior on the south, now Moîtiers.

the south part of Servia, towards the confines of DARAPTI, among logicians, one of the modes Macedonia and Illyricum. 2. A small district of syllogisms of the third figure, whose premises of Troas, along the Flellespont. 3. The ancient are universal affirmatives, and the conclusion is name of Samothracia; from Dardanus, who rea particular affirmative : thus,

moved thither. Dar Every body is divisible ;

DARDANUS, a son Jupiter and Electra, Every body is a substance;

who, after the death of his brother Jason, left Therefore, some substance is divisible. Samothrace, his native country, and passed into DARCET (John), a French physician and Asia Minor, where he married Batia, the daughchemist, was born in 1725, at Douazit in ter of Teucer king of Teucria. After the death Guienne. Being discarded by his father, who of his father-in-law, he reigned sixty-two years. was a magistrate, for preferring the study of He built the city of Dardania, and was reckoned medicine to the profession of the law, he was the founder of the kingdom of Troy. He was obliged, while pursuing his studies, to teach succeeded by Erichthonius. According to some, Latin for his support, at Bourdeaux. Here he Corybas, his nephew, accompanied him to became acquainted with Montesquieu, with Teucria, where he introduced the worship of whom he went to Paris in 1742 ; remaining Cybele. Dardanus taught his subjects to worwith him as a literary assistant till his death. ship Minerva, and he gave them two statues of He afterwards went with the duke de Laura- the goddess, one of which is well known by the guais into Germany, and had an opportunity of name of Palladium. According to Virgil, Darcritically examining the Hartz mines, in Hanover. danus was originally an Italian, At the peace he applied himself to technical

DARE, v. Q., v. n. & n, s. Sax. dearren, chemistry, and the improvement of the porce DAREFUL, adj.

Bely. and Teut. lain manufacture, respecting which he drew up

DARING, adj. & n. s. darren; Lat. alseveral memoirs presented to the Academy DARINGLY, adv.

probably Sciences in 1766 and 1768. He also demon

DARINGNESS, n. $.

from the Greek strated, about this time, the combustibility of the Dappev, to adventure. To be confident; to be diamond ; on which subject he addressed the prepared or bold for any purpose; to challenge; academy in 1770. In 1762 he was made regent to defy. In Shakspeare only do we find dare of the Faculty of Medicine at Paris; in 1771 he used as a substantive. In Beaumont and Fletmarried the daughter of the chemist Rouelle ; cher's Maid Tragedy, it is used for affrighting or and in 1774 travelled over the Pyrenees, to study amazing: and this seems to be the meaning in the geology of those mountains. He succeeded the phrase, to dare a lark or bird. Macquer as a member of the Academy of Sciences, and director of the manufactory of Dar ony of ghou that hath a cause aghens a nothir Sevres, and became afterwards inspector-general be demed at wicked men, and not at hooli men? of the assay of coins, and of the gobelin manufac

Wicklif. 1 Cor. ri. tory. His valuable life was preserved during the

She was so propre, and swete, and likerous, reign of terror, hy Fourcroy, who procured the I dare well sain if she had ben a mous obliteration of his name from Robespierre's list; And he a cat he wolde hire hente anon and he died in 1801, a member of the Institute,

Chaucer. Cant. Tales. and of the conservative Senate. DARDANELLES, two ancient and strong

• Ah! dame,' quoth he, • thou temptest me in

vaine castles of Turkey, one of which is in Romania,

To dare the thing which daily yet I rew; and the other in Natolia, on each side of the

And the old cause of my continued paine ancient Hellespont, now the strait of Gallipoli,

With like attempt to like end to renew.' which opens a communication between the Archi

Spenser. Faerie Queene. pelago, and the Propontis, or sea of Marmora. The moath of the canal is four and a half miles

I dare do all that may become a man;
Who dures do more, is none.

Shakspeare. over; and the castles which were built in 1659, to secure the Turkish feet from the insults of

Sextus Pompeius the Venetians, are defended on each side by Hath given the dare tv Cæsar, and commands

Id. fourteen brass guns with chambers like mortars,

The empire of the sea. to receive granite balls. They are twenty-two We might have met them dareful, beard to beard, feet long, from twenty-five to twenty-eight inches And beat them backward home.

dere ;

Id.

But a

Shrimps are dipped up in shallow water with little and continues till September. This is the sow. roand nets, not much unlike that which is used for ing season, and the king, with his attendants, dariag larks.

Carew.

goes out into the fields, and makes, with his own Dare to be true! Nothing can need a lie,

hand, the first holes in the ground. Water and The fault that needs it must grow two thereby.

vegetation are now most abundant. In the Herbert.

south the tamarind, plane, and sycamore are He had many days come half seas over; and found. The beglig and the nebbek, having very sometimes passing further, came and lay at the mouth hard wood, are two species peculiar to Darfur. of the barbour, daring them to fight. Knolles.

A kind of bean and pea, used not for food but Time! I dare thee to discover

for being strung in beads, seems also indigenous Sach a youth, and such a lover. Dryden.

here. Other plants largely produced are the As larks lie dared to shun the hobby's fight. Id. mimosa nilotica, yielding a gum which is carMasters of the arts of policy thought that they ried into Egypt; the water melon, the gourd, might even defy and dare Providence to the face.

Cayenne pepper, hemp, and tobacco.
South,

small quantity of wheat is raised; the principal The song too daring, and the theme too great.

grains are the dokn, a species of millet, and Prior.

another species of larger size, called the kassob. The last Georgick has many metaphors, but not so The harvest is conducted by women and slaves, daring as this : for human passions may be more na who break off the ears with their hands, and turally ascribed to a bee than to an inanimate plant.

carry

it Addison.

in baskets; while the straw is left

away

standing. The grain being threshed, is buried Some of the great principles of religion are every in the earth to preserve it. It is ground and day openly and daringly attacked from the press.

boiled for food, and eaten either with milk or

Atterbury. Your brother, fired with his success,

the juice of a particular kind of herb, which Teo daringly upon the foe did press. Halifax.

has a bitter and slightly acid taste.

The wild animals are the lion, hyena, leopard, Grieve not, 0 daring prince, that noble heart.

wild buffalo, wolf, and jackall : herds of the

Pope. He turned not-spoke not-sunk not-fixed his jackall and hyena are said to enter the villages look,

at night. Here are also found the rhinoceros, the And set the anxious frame that lately shook :

elephant, the camelopardalis, the hippopotamus, He gazed how long we gaze despite of pain,

and the crocodile ; and still more abundantly the And know, but dare not own, we gaze in vain! invaluable camel. The horses, asses, and sheep

Byron. are inferior, but goats and horned cattle are nuBut with the breath which fills merous, and their flesh very good. Their mountain-pipe, so fill the mountaineers

Gold is plentiful both to the east and west, With the fierce native daring which instils

and very fine copper is brought from the south. The stirring memory of a thousand years,

The rocks consist chiefly of gray granite; conAnd Evan's, Donald's fame rings in each clansman's taining alabaster, various kinds of marble, sulears!

Id.

phur, and fossil salt. On that warm sod, uncrossed by wanderer's path, The houses are built of clay, with a coating Some youthful blushing sweetness dares the bath; of plaster ; the roofs being flat, and formed of Half bold, half trembling, her last vesture thrown, light beams of wood, with a clay covering. A Safe from all eyes, yet shrinking from her own. house containing two dongas, the apartment for

Dr. T. Brown.

the stowage of property, two knournacs and DARES, a Phrygian, who lived during the two sukteias, both sleeping and sitting rooms, is Trojan war, in which he was engaged, and of considered fit for the accommodation of persons which he wrote the history in Greek. This his- of supreme rank. tory was extant in the time of Ælian ; the Latin Mr. Brownie did not conceive that the poputranslation, ‘now extant, is universally believed lation could be more than 200,000 souls. to be spurious, though it is attributed by some Cobbe, the capital, contains about 6000; our to Cornelius Nepos. This translation first made traveller heard only of eight other considerable its appearance A. D. 1477, at Milan. Homer places, Sweini, Kourma, Cubcabia, Ril, Cours, mentions Dares, Iliad, lib. v., ver. 10, & 27. Shoba, Gidid, and Gelle; although a native of

DARFUR, DARFOOR, or Fur, a large king- the country named to Dr. Seetzen more than dom of Central Africa, between Abyssinia and fifty. The capital is wholly occupied by foreign Bornou. We are indebted for all our know- merchants, from Egypt and the eastern countries ledge of it to Mr. Browne, who resided here of Dongola, Kordofan, and Sennaar. Other from 1793 to 1796. According to this writer it great towns abound also with Arabs and other is bounded on the east by Kordofan, and the foreigners country of the Slıilluks, which separates it from On the death of the monarch, the crown, which Sennaar and Abyssinia ; on the west by Bergoo, is perfectly despotic, descends to the eldest son; which divides it from Begherme and Bornou ; or is seized by any stronger or more popular yhle the regions to the south are occupied by member of the royal family. The military have, barbarous nations, extending to, and inhabiting in this case, the chief influence, and are always the Mountains of the Moon, and the rise of the much courted. The usual residence of the Bahr-el-Abiad. It does not seem to contain any sultan is at a village near Cobbe, called El great river or lake; during the dry season, there- Fasher. Mr. Browne, being admitted to fore

, all nature wears a parched and barren audience of state, found the monarch scated appearance; but the rainy season begins in June on his throne, under a lofty canopy, composed

an

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