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ture.

man.

He ended; and the archangel soon drew nigh, In some similes, men draw their comparisons into Not in his shape celestial, but as man

minute particulars of no importance. Clad to meet man. Id. Paradise Lost.

Felton on the Classicks. Thus I called, and strayed I know not whither,

The first conceit tending to a watch, was a drawFrom where I first drew air, and first beheld

well : the people of old were wont only to let down a This happy light.

Id.

pitcher with a hand-cord, for as much water as they could easily pull up.

Grev. Were it a draught for Juno when she bauquets, I would not taste thy treasonous offer. Milton.

People do not care to give alms without some seHave they invented tones to win

curity for their money ; and a wooden leg or a wiThe women, and make them draw in

thered arm is a sort of draftment upon heaven for

those who choose to have their money placed to acT'he men, as Indians with a female

Hudibras
count there.

Mackenzie.
Tame elephant inveigle the male ?
He affected a habit different from that of the times,

Folly consists in the drawing of false conclusions from such as men had only be held in pictures, which drew just principles, by which it is distinguished from mad

ness, which draws just conclusions from false princithe eyes of most, and the reverence of

many, towards him. Clarendon.

Locke.

ples. An army was drawn together of near six thousand When he finds the hardships of slavery outweigh horse.

Id. the value of life, 'eis in his power, by resisting his The lord Bernard, with the king's troops, seeing master, to draw on himself death.

Id. there was no enemy left on that side, drew up in a Those elucidations have given rise or increase to large field opposite to the bridge.

Id. his doubts, and drawn obscurity upon places of scripHe had once continued about nine days without

Id. drink, and he might have continued longer, if, by

There may be other and different intelligent beings distempering himself one night with hard study; of whose faculties he has as little knowledge, or aphe had not had some inclination to take a small prehension, as a worm, shut up in one drawer of a draught.

Boyle.

cabinet, hath of the senses or understanding of a I took rectified oil of vitriol, and by degrees mixed

Id. with it essential oil of worm wood, drawn over with water in a limbeck.

Id. on Colours.

The Maltese harden the bodies of their children,

by making them go stark naked, without shirt or The examination of the subtile matter would draw drawers, till they are ten years old.

Id. on the consideration of the nice controversies that perplex philosophers.

Id. on Fluids.

I have, in a short draught, given a view of our orie Religion will requite all the honour we can do it, ginal ideas, from whence all the rest are derived. Id. by the blessings it will draw down upon us.

It was the prostitute faith of faithless miscreants

Tillotson. that drew them in, and deceived them. South, Upon the draught of a pond, not one fish was left, Every draught, to him that has quenched his but two pikes grown to an excessive bigness. Hale. thirst, is but a further quenching of nature ; a provi. From the events and revolutions of these govern- sion for rheum and diseases.

Id mnents, are drawn the usual instructions of princes

A good inclination is but the first rude draught of and statesmen.

Temple.

virtue ; but the finishing strokes are from the will; Several wits entered into commerce with the which, if well disposed, will by degrees perfect; if Egyptians, and from them drew the rudiments of ill disposed, will by the superinduction of ill habits sciences.

Id.
quickly deface it.

I I have cured some very desperate coughs by a

Majesty in an eclipse, like the sun, draws eyes that traught every morning of spring water, with a handful

would not have looked towards it if it had shined out. of sage boiled in it. Id,

Suckling. A general custom of using oxen for all sorts of draugh', would be verhaps the greatest improvement. she, I have often wondered how such excellencies

Philoclea found her, and to draw out more, said Id. could be.

Sidney. The brand, amid the faming fuel thrown, Or drew, or seemed to draw, a dying groan.

Philoclea iütreated Pamela to open her grief; who,

Dryden's Fables. drawing the curtain, that the candle might not comDraw out a file, pick man by man,

plain of her blushing, was ready to speak. Id. Such who dare die, and dear will sell their death.

In private draw your poultry, clean your tripe,

Dryden. And from your eels their slimy substance wipe. The rest

King. They cut in legs and fillets for the feast,

A man of fire is a general enemy to all waiters, and Which drawn and served, their hunger they appease.

makes the drawers abroad, and his footmen at home, Id. know he is not to be provoked.

Tatler. He has drawn a blank, and smiles.

Id.

From the soft assaults of love
A curtain drawn presented to our view
A town besieged.

Id. Tyrannic Love.

Poets and painters never are secure:
So Muley-Zeydan found us

Can I, untouched, the fair one's passions move, Drawn up in battle, to receive the charge.

ur thou draw beauty, and not feel its power?

Prior. Dryden. Translation is a kind of drawing after the life ;

Numbered ills, that lie unscen where every one will acknowledge there is a double In the pernicious draught : the word obscene, sort of a likeness, a good one and a bad. Id.

Or harsh, which, once elanced, must ever fly

Id. Her pencil drew whate'er her soul designed,

Irrevocable, the too prompt reply. And oft the happy draught surpassed the image in her His sword ne'er fell but on the guilty head; mind.

Id. Oppression, tyranny,

and power usurped, With roomy decks, her guns of mighty strength, Draw all the vengeance of his arm upon 'em. Deep in her draught, and warlike in her length. Id.

Addison

ture.

If we make a drawn game of it, or procure but mo

Till rescued from the crowd beneath, derate advantages, every British heart must tremble. No more with pain to move or breathe,

Id. I rise with head clate, to sharo I shall say nothing of those silent and busy multi Salubrious druughts of purer air. Shenstone. tudes that are employed within doors in the drawing It is sweet to feel by what fine-spun threads our up of writings and conveyances.

Id.
affections are drawn together.

Sterne. Such a draught of forces would lessen the number

The power of drawing, modelling, and using coof those that might otherwise be employed. Id.

lours, is very properly called the language of art. While near the Lucrine lake, consumed to death,

Sir J. Reynolds. I draw the sultry air, and gasp for breath,

There is a court jargon, a chit-chat, a small talk, You taste the cooling breeze.

Id. on Italy. which turns singly upon trifles; and which, in a They should keep a watch upon the particular bias great many words, says little or nothing. It stands

fools instead of what they cannot say, and men 'of in their minds, that it may not draw too much.

Id. Spectator.

sense instead of what they should not say. It is the Authors, who have thus drawn off the spirits of proper language of levees, drawing-rooms, and ante

chainbers. their thoughts, should lie still for some time, till

Chesterfield. their minds have gathered fresh strength, and by

Compliments of congratulation are always kindly

taken, and cost one nothing but pen, ink, and paper. reading, reflection, and conversation, laid in a new stock of elegancies, sentiments, and images of na

I consider them as drtughts upon good breeding, Id. Freeholder.

where the exchange is always greatly in favour of the drawer.

Id. Some might be brought into his interests by money; others drawn over by fear. Id. on the War. As the subtle enemy of mankind takes care to drato When the engagement proves unlucky, the

men gradually into sin, so he usually draws them by way is degrees into temptation,

Mason, to draw off by degrees, and not to come to an open rupture.

Collier.

Just when our drawing-rooms begin to blaze Sucking and drawing the breast dischargeth the With lights, by clear reflection multiplied milk as fast as it can be generated.

From many a mirror, in which he of Gath
Wiseman on Tumours. Goliath, might have seen his giant bulk

Whole without stooping, towering crest and all, opened the tumour by the point of a lancet, with

Id. Surgery.
My pleasures too begin.

Couper, out drawing one drop of blood.

. In poundage and drawbacks I lose half ry rent;

Here, my friend, are the drafts of two deeds, which Whatever they give me, I must be content. Swift.

I wish to have your opinion on..-By one, she will Love is a fame, and therefore we say beauty is enjoy eight hundred a-year independent while I live; attractive, because physicians observe that fire is aand, by the other, the bulk of my fortune at my death. wreat drawer. Id.

Sheridan, The report is not unartfully draion, in the spirit of

A bill of exchange is a written order for the pay. a pleader, who can find the most plausible topicks.

ment of a certain sum of money at an appointed time.

Id. It is a mercantile contract in which four persons are They slung up one of their hogsheads, and I drank mostly concerned, viz. 1. The drawer, who receives it off at a draught; which I might well do, for it did

the value. 2. His debtor in a distant place, upon not hold half a pint.

Gulliver's Travels.

whom the bill is drawn, who is called the drawee, and Spirits, by distillation, may be drawn out of vege

who is to accept and pay it, &c. lable juices, which shall flame and fume of themselves.

Dr. Rees': Cyclopædia. Cheyne. Drawback, in commerce, certain duties, either The arrow is now drawn to the head.

of the customs or of the excise, allowed upon the Atterbury.

exportation of some of our own manufactures; Why drew Marseilles' good bishop purer breath,

or upon certain foreign merchandises, that have When nature sickened, and each gale was death?

paid duty on importation. The oaths of the

Pope. Shall Ward draw contracts with a statesman's skill? merchants importing and exporting are required

Id.

to obtain the drawback on foreign goods, affirmThey random drawings from your sheets shall take, ing the truth of the officer's certificate on the And of one beauty many blunders make. Id. entry, and the due payment of the duties : and

these may be made by the agent of any corpoWhat

you beard of the words spoken of you in the drarving-room was not true : the sayings of princes ration or company, or by the known servant of are generally as ill related as the sayings of wits.

any merchant usually employed in making his Id.

entries and paying his customs. In regard to Delicious wines the attending herald brought;

foreign goods entered outward, if less quanuity or The gold gave lustre to the purple draught.

value be fraudulently shipped out than what is

1. Odyssey. expressed in the exporter's certificate, the goods Now, sporting muse, draw in the flowing reins; therein mentioned, or their value, are forfeited, Leave the clear streams awhile for sunny plains. and no drawback is allowed. Foreign goods ex

Gay.

ported by certificate in order to obtain the draw. Batter a piece of iron out, or as workmen call it, back, not shipped or exported, or relanded in draro it ont, till it comes to its breadth. Moron. With a small vessel one may keep within a mile of them from perishing, lose the benefit of the draw

Great Britain, unless in case of distress to save the shore, go amongst rocks, and pass over shoals, back, and are forfeited, or their value, with the where a vessel of any draught would strike.

Ellis's Voyage.

vessel, horses, carriages, &c., employed in the reThe most occasion that farmers have, is for draught landing thereof; and the persons employed in the horses.

Mortimer's Husbandry.

relanding them, or by whose privity they are reThe joiner puts boards into ovens after the baich landed, or into whose hands they shall knowingly is druwn.

Id. come, are to forfeit double the amount of the

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drawback. Officers of the customs conniving at different ways ; but the most common are made or assisting in any fraud relating to certificate with plyers, twice the length of the gate, and a goods, besides other penalties, are to forfeit their foot in diameter. The inner square is traversed office, and suffer six months'imprisonment with- with a cross, which serves for a counterpoise ; out bail or mainprize; as are also masters, or and the chains which hang from the extremities persons belonging to the ships employed therein. of the plyers, to lift up or let down the bridge, are Bonds given for the exportation of certificate goods iron or brass. In navigable rivers it is sometimes to Ireland must not be delivered up, nor draw- necessary to make the middle arch of bridges back allowed for any goods, till a certificate un with two moveable platforms, to be raised occaJer the hands and seals of the collector or comp- sionally, in order to let the masts and rigging of troller, &c., of the customs be produced, testifying ships pass through. But this contrivance has the landing. See Customs.

fallen into disuse before our modern improvements A DRAWBRIDGE may be made after several in the construction of bridges.

DRAWING

Drawino is the art of representation by pic- Apelles, surnamed the prince of painters, is menture; or of delineating the appearances of things tioned by ancient writers as the most eminent for upon a plain surface, by means of lines, shades, the beauty of his drawing. After the revival of and shadows, formed by various coloring mate- the arts in Italy, Michelangiolo Buonarotti appiels. The art of drawing, or of delineating the pears to have been the most learned and daring, boundaries, outlines, terminations, and forms of and Raffaelle the most correct and graceful. The figures, may be considered as the basis of painting, Roman and Florentine schools, indeed, have exand is of the greatest importance to every artist; celled all others in this fundamental part of the for it is but labor lost, when the painter endea- art: of the former, Raffaelle, Guilio Romano, vours to conceal, by ingenious artitices of color, Polydore, and their scholars; and of the latter, those details of form which are fundamentally Michelangiolo, Leonardo da Vinci, and Andrea incorrect, and incoherent. It is the groundwork del Sarto, have been the most distinguished. In the of painting and of sculpture, and is equally Bolognese school, the Carraccis, particularly Anessential in architecture.

ibale, whose execution is wonderful, are partiDRAWING, so called par ercellence, embraces cularly eminent. In the French school, Poussin, all the higher qualities of the art, and demands a Le Sueur, and Le Brun; and in the English good eye, a fine taste, and a well-practised hand. school, omitting living artists, Mortimer, West, It requires a knowledge of pictorial geometry, Barry, and Gavin Hamilton, demand commenperspective, anatomy, proportion, both relative dation. and exact, and practice. Sir Joshua Reynolds The human figure, as it is the most difficult, forcibly cails it

, • an armour, which upon the should be the first object of the student. To strong is an ornament and a defence; and upon accomplish this, he must begin by acquiring a the weak and mis-shapen, a load.' It leads to facile management of his portcrayou and crayon, a facility in composing, and gives what is called so as to delineate with correctness the effects of a masterly handling of the chalk or pencil. the outline, and of the light and shade of the

By every polished nation the study of this art object which he has before him. When these has, at all times, been held in high esteem :-not first rudiments of drawing are obtained, and the only as affording a delightful employment in student can trace, with sufficient correctness, the leisure hours, but from the more important con- elementary parts of the figure, as ears, eyes, sideration of its influence upon the mind and hands, &c. (plates II. & IV.), he should then judgment, by forming the eye, and directing the apply to the study of the human figure, after the intellect to habitual discrimination of dimension, antique, ard after nature, in a philosophical regularity, proportion, and order; and we may manner. add, that to those who, either froin their birth or The different styles of drawing or design may unforseen circumstances, are denied a competent be arranged under the heads of individual nature, portion of the world's wealth, it presents a pow- or that of common or familiar forms, with all erful motive for aspiration after excellence in the the imperfections and peculiarities of the indiviarts, which, if it deserve encouragement, rarely dual niodel; select nulure, or that wherein the misses receiving it. The great masters of all artist has composed or made a selection from the ages are renowned for their skill in drawing, in mass of individual models that he has had before the study and practice of which they were inces- him; and, thirdly, the grand style, the gran, gusto santly sedulous; nor did they cast off the port- of the stalians, the beau ideal of the French, the crayon on assuming the brush, but first made ideal beauty of the Greeks in which they are so various sketches of their intended compositions, much our masters. then a correct finished drawing of the whole, The individval style is that in which the Dutch after that larger and more correct drawings of masters, our great Hogarth and Wilkie, and every separate part;—they then painted the pic- his school, are so excellent. The select style has ture, and after all retouched and finished the been ennobled by Raffaelle, and by the Carracci figures from the life.

with their eclectic school; and, in the third style, Among the greatest artists of ancient times, none have surpassed the great sculptors of anti

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