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J Shury Sculp!
London. Publishal by Thomas Tega, 73, Cheapside November. 1.1826.
of a considerable size, which is the only method of hands and feet; examples of which are given of acquiring a free and bold manner. 3. He in plates IV. and V. As to mechanical rules should practice drawing till he has gained a tole- for delineating them by lines and measures, they rable command of his pencil, before he attempts are not only difficult and perplexing to the stuto shade any figure or object of any kind what- dent, but are also contrary to the practice of the ever: and, 4. He should not aim at finishing best masters. And here the general rule above perfectly any single part, before he has sketched mentioned must be applied, which is, to sketch out faintly, with light strokes of the pencil, the out faintly, with light strokes, the general shape shape and proportion of the whole figure; cor- and proportion of the whole hand, with its action recting it afterwards wherever necessary. and turn; and after considering whether this Sect. III.—Op Drawing Eyes, Ears, Flow- it may be amiss, to proceed to the bending of
first sketch be perfect, and altering it wherever ERS, Fruits, Birds, Beasts, &c.
the joints, the knuckles, the veins, and other The learner should begin with drawing the small particulars, which, when the learner has outlines of eyes, ears, &c., as in plate II. with obtained the whole shape and proportions of the noses and parts of faces as in plate III., after hand or foot, will not only be more easily, but either of the modes directed in section I. He also more perfectly drawn. may next proceed with flowers, fruits, birds, beasts, and the like; not only as it will be a more
oect. V.-OF DELINEATING Faces. pleasing employment to those who do not aim The head is usually divided into four equal at the severer beauties of the art, but as an easier parts, namely, 1. from the crown of the head to task, particularly to young ladies, than the draw- the top of the forehead. 2. From the top of the ing of hands and feet, and other parts of the hu- forehead to the eye-brows. 3. From the eyeman body, which require not only more care, brows to the bottom of the nose. 4. From thence but greater exactitude and nicer judgment. Very to the bottom of the chin. But this proportion, few instructions are necessary upon this head. as may justly be inferred, is not invariable; these The best thing that a learner can do is, to furnish features being, in different men, often very diffehimself with good prints or drawings by way of rent as to length, breadth, and shape : in a handexamples, and copy them with great care and some well-turned face, however, it is nearly corexactness. If it is the figure of a beast, let him rect. In delineating a perfect face, therefore, begin with the forehead, and draw the nose, the the learner's first business must be to sketch upper and under jaw, and stop at the throat. slightly an oval or egg-like figure with its broadThen he should return to the top of the head, est hemisphere upwards; then to bisect it with and trace the ears, the neck, and the back; con a perpendicular line from the top to the bottom. tinuing the line till he has given the full shape of Through the middle of this line he will draw a the rump and buttock. Then proceed to the diametral one, directly across from one side to chest and breast, mark out the legs and feet, and the other of the oval. On these two lines all the delineate the belly. And, lastly, as before directed features of the face are to be delineated as folin sect. I., when the learner has acquired soine lows: first divide the perpendicular line into proficiency in the art, let him draw the outline four equal parts, the first of which is to be allotted as there instructed, and finish it with shadows, or to the hair of the head; the second is from the with the proper colors after nature as directed in top of the forehead to the top of the nose between section XII. It would not be amiss, by way of the eye-brows; the third is from thence to the ornament, to add a small sketch of a landscape, bottom of the nose; and the fourth includes appropriate to the country of the animal, either the lips and chin. The diametral line, or the by way of a vignette, or determined by a paral- breadth of the face, is always supposed to be the lelogram like a picture; of these, and other sub- length of five eyes; it must therefore be divided jects, the learner will find many examples among into five equal parts, and the eyes placed upon the plates of this work.
it so as to leave exactly the length of one eye Sect. IV.– Of Drawing Legs, Arms, of a full front face as in plate I., for if it turn to
between them. This is to be understood only Hands, FEET, &c.
either side, the distances are lo be lessened on In the drawing of legs and arms, the learner that side which turns from you, more or less in will have very little more to do than to copy proportion. The top of the ear is to rise parallel carefully the examples of arms given in plate IV., to the eye-brows, at the end of the diametral line. and of legs in plate V. But the actions and pos- The nostrils ought not come further out than tures of the hands are so many and so various, the corner of the eye in any face; and the midthat no certain rules can be given for drawing dle of the mouth must always be placed on the them, which will universally hold good. Yet, perpendicular line. as the hands and feet are difficult to draw, it is
Sect. VI.-OF DRAWING HUMAN FIGURES. very necessary to bestow some time and pains about them; carefully imitating their various When the student is tolerably perfect in drawing postures and actions, so as not only to avoid all faces, heads, hands and feet, he may next attempt to appearance of lameuess and imperfection, but draw the human figure at full length. He should also to give them life and spirit. To arrive at begin by sketching the head; then draw a perthis, great care, study, and practice are requisite, pendicular line from the bottom of the head particularly in imitating at first, that is before seven times its length, or as many heads as the beginning to draw from statues or from nature, figure is high from which he is drawing; for in the best prints or drawings that can be obtained general the length of the head is about one-eighth