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most of the principal cities. Those ministers, usual also for chief commanders to have their. who would not subscribe to the decree of the doryphori or life-guards to attend them. synod, were banished, of whom there were above DOSE, v. n. Fr. dose ; Ital. Teut. Span. 100. An important object of commerce here, at Port. and Lat. dosis, from Gr. dooiç à ouồovai, to present, is the timber brought in large floats give. A given quantity of medicine, or any other down the Rhine, and either exported to Eng. thing; hence any thing nauseous. land, Spain, and Portugal, or prepared for dif
No sooner does he peep into ferent uses in the saw-mills which skirt the town.
The world, but he has done his doe; Here are several excellent docks for ship-build Married his punctual dose of wives, ing, and a brisk trade is carried on in the yarn Is cuckolded, and breaks, or thrives. Hudibras. and linen, as well as in the salt manufacture.
The too vig'rous dose too fiercely wrought, The salmon-fisheries here established are also
And added fury to the strength it brought. productive.
Dryden's Virgil. The brothers, De Witt, were sons of the burgomaster of this place; and the celebrated Vos- that he has a wit and understanding above all the
If you can tell an ignoramus in power and place sius was once superintendent of the college here. world, I dare undertake that, as fulsome a dose as you Population about 20,000. Dort lies eleven miles give him, he shall readily take it down. South. south-east of Rotterdam, and thirty-seven west
In a vehement pain of the head he prescribed the of Amsterdam. Dort, Synod of, a national synod, summoned juice of the thapsia in warm water, without mending
Arbuthnot. by authority of the states-general, the provinces of Holland, Utrecht, and Overyssel excepted, while yet ourselves have a considerable dose of what
We pity or laugh at those fatuous extravagants, and held at Dort in 1618. The most eminent
makes them so.
Granville. divines of the United Provinces, and deputies from the churches of England, Scotland, Swit
DOSITHEUS, the chief of a faction among zerland, Bremen, Hessia, and the Palatinate, the Samaritans, mentioned by Origen, Epiphaassembled on this occasion, in order to decide nius, Jerome, and other Greek and Latin fathers. the controversy between the Gomarists or Cal- But the learned are not at all agreed as to the vinists, and Arminians; the latter were declared time wherein he lived. St. Jerome, in his Diacorrupters of the true religion. But the autho- logue against the Luciferians, places him before rity of this synod was far from being universally our Saviour ; in which he is followed by Drusius, acknowledged either in Holland or in England. who, in his answer to Serrarius, places him about The provinces of Friesland, Zealand, Utrecht, the time of Sennacherib, king of Assyria. But Guelderland, and Groningen, could not be per- Scaliger will have him posterior, to our Saviour's suaded to adopt their decisions; and they were time. And Origen intimates him to have been opposed by king James I. and archbishop Laud, contemporary with the apostles; where he obin England. The reformed churches in France, serves, that he endeavoured to persuade the Sathough at first disposed to give a favorable recep maritans that he was the Messiah foretold by tion to the decisions of this famous synod, in Moses. He had many followers; and his sect process of time espoused doctrines very different was still subsisting at Alexandria at the time of the from those of the Gomarists; and the churches patriarch Eulogius, as appears from a decree of Brandenburgh and Bremen would not suffer of that patriarch published by Phocius. In that their doctors to be tied down to the opinions and decree, Eulogius accuses Dositheus of injuriously tenets of the Dutch divines. The liberty of pri- treating the ancient patriarchs and prophets, and vate judgment, with respect to the doctrines of attributing to himself the spirit of prophecy. predestination and grace, which the spirit that He makes him contemporary with Simon Magus, prevailed among the divines of Dort seemed so and accuses him of corrupting the Pentateuch much adapted to discourage and suppress, ac- in divers places, and of composing several books quired new vigor in consequence of the arbitrary directly contrary to the law of God. Archbishop proceedings of this assembly.
Usher takes Dositheus to have been the author of DORTMUND, a rich, populous, and once all the changes made in the Samaritan Pentateuch, imperial city of Germany, in the circle of West- which he argues from the authority of Eulogius. phalia, and territory of Nassau-Dillenborg, to But all we can justly gather from the testimony which it was ceded in 1802; but it was ceded to of Eulogius is, that Dositheus corrupted the SaPrussia in 1815. It is pretty large, but not well maritan copies since used by that sect; but that built. Formerly it was one of the Hanse Towns. corruption did not pass into all the copies of the Its territory was also formerly a county, and had Samaritan Pentateuch now in use among us, lords of its own; but since 1504 it has been many of which vary but little from the Jewish possessed entirely by the city. Here are four Pentateuch. And in this sense, we are to underLutheran churches, one Catholic, a Dominican stand that passage in a Samaritan chronicle, and a Franciscan monastery, a nunnery, three where it is said, that Dousis, i. e. Dositheus, alhospitals, and a provincial academy. Population tered several things in the law of Moses. The 4000. It is seated on the Emster, forty miles author of that chronicle, who was a Samaritan north-east of Cologne.
by religion, adds, that their high priest sent seDORYPHORI; from oopv, a spear, and pepw, veral Samaritans to seize Dousis and his corto bear; an appellation given to the life-guard rupted copy of the Pentateuch. Epiphanius men of the Roman emperors. They were held takes Dositheus to have been a Jew by birth, in such estimation as frequently to have the and to have abandoned the Jewish party for that command of armies conferred on them. It was of the Samaritans. He imagines him likewise
to have been the author of the sect of the Sad No, no; I know the world too well to dots upon it. ducees; which is inconsistent with his being
Bp. Hall. Letter from the Tower. later than our Saviour; and yet the Jesuit Ser What should a bald fellow do with a comb, a dumb rarius makes Dositheus the master of Sadoc, doter with a pipe, or a blind man with a looking-glass? from whom the Sadducees are derived. Tertul
Burton. lian observes, that Dositheus was the firs? who
Our doters upon red and white are incessantly perdared to reject the authority of the prophets, by plexed by the incertainty both of the continuance of denying their inspiration. But he charges that their mistress's kindness, and of the lasting of her
Boyle. as a crime peculiar to this sectary, which in
All the beauties of the court besides reality is common to the whole sect, who never
Are mad in love, and dote upon your person. allowed any but the five books of Moses to be
Time has made you dote, and vainly tell, · DOʻSSIL, n. s. Corrupted from dorsel, some Of arms imagined in your lonely cell : thing laid upon the part. A pledget; a nodule Go, be the temple and the gods your care ; or lump of lint to be laid on a sore.
Permit to men the thought of peace and war. Her complaints put me upon dressing with such
Dryden's Æneid. medicaments as basilicon, with præcipitate, upon a
That he, to wedlock dotingly betrayed, dossil.
Id. Jurenal. DOT, v.a., v. n. & n. s. Derived by Skinner
We dote upon this present world, and the enjoyments from Ger. dotter, the white of an egg; and inter- of it; and 'tis not without pain and fear, and relucpreted by him a grume of pus. It has now no
tancy, that we are turn from them, as if our hopes such signification, and seems rather corrupted lay all within the compass of this life. Burnet, from jot a point. A small point or spot made to The sickly dotard wants a wife, mark any place in a writing. To mark with specks; To draw off his last dregs of life. Prior. 10 make dots or spots.
When an old woman begins to dote, and gros DOʻTAL, adj. ' Lat. dotalis. Relating to the chargeable to a parish, she is turned into a witch, and portion of a woman; constituting her portion; fills the country with extravagant fancies. comprised in her portion.
Addison's Spectator. Shall I, of one poor dotal town possest,
O death all eloquent! you only prove My people thin, my wretched country waste,
What dust we dote on, when 'tis man we love. An exiled prince, and on a shaking throne,
Pope. Or risk my patron's subjects, or my own ?
Some, for renown, or scraps of learning doat, Garth's Ovid. And think they grow immortal as they quote.
Young. DOTE, v. n.
Goth. dotla; Fr. dotDoʻTAGE, n. s. ter, or radoter ; Belgic, The fruit autumnal and the vernal filower,
In vain their gifts the bounteous seasons pour, DoʻTARD, n. s. doten; to be dozing. To With listless eyes the dotard views the store, Doʻted, adj.
have the mind impaired He views and wonders that they please no more. DoʻTER, n. s. by age or otherwise; to
Johnson. Vanity of Human Wishes. Do'tingly, adv. have extreme or foolish
A strict accountant of his beads, fondness; often used with on or upon. Doted is
A subtle disputant on creeds ; stupid : dotage is a state of imbecility or de
His dotage trified well : cayedness of mind; excessive fondness. Dot
Yet better had he neither known ard and doter, he who is thus imbecile.
A bigot's shrine, nor despot's throne. A sword is upon the liars, and they shall dote; a
Byron. sword is upon her mighty men, and they shall be dis DOʻTTARD, n. s. This word seems to sig. mayed.
Jer. i. 36. nify a tree kept low by cutting; or is perhaps a His senseless speech and doted ignorance false spelling of dotard, and means any thing The prince had marked well.
Spenser. decayed. Dotard, said he, let be thy deep advise,
For great trees, we see almost all overgrown trees in Seems that through many years thy wits thee fail,
churcb-yards, or near ancient buildings, and the like, And that weak old hath left thee nothing wise,
are pollards and dottards, and not trees at their full Else never should thy judgment be so frail.
Bacon. Faerie Queene. Unless the fear of death make me dote,
DOʻTTEREL, n. s. From dote. The name I see my son. Shakspeare. Comedy of Errours.
of a bird that mimics gestures. I have long loved her, and bestowed much on her, We see how ready apes and monkeys are to imi. followed her with a doting observance. Shakspeare. tate all motions of man; and in catching of dottereld, If in black my lady's brow be deckt,
we see how the foolish bird playeth the ape in gest mourns that painting and usurping air
Bacon. Should ravish doters with a false aspect;
DOUAY, a city of France, in the departAnd therefore is sbe born to make black fair. Id.
ment of the North (of which it was for some O vanity, w are thy painted beauties doted on,
time the capital), and ci-devant French Flanders. By light and empty idiots ! Ben Jonson. It has a fine arsenal, a foundry for cannon, and a
military and artillery school. The fort of Scarpe, The soul in all hath one intelligence, Though too much moisture in an infant's brain,
on the river of that name, within cannon-shot, And too much driness in an old man's sense,
serves for a citadel. It has three famous colCannot the prints of outward things retain :
leges, incorporated of late into one; and the Then doch the soul want work, and idle set; great squares in the centre of the city, and the And this we childishness and dotage call. Davies. principal church, are worthy of notice. It was
repeat; add the
erected into a university by Philip II. of Spain, Sailing along the coast, he doubled the promontory who founded in it a seminary for English Roman of Carthage, yet famous for the ruins of that proud Catholics in 1569. In 1667 it was taken from city.
Knolles. the Spaniards by Louis XIV. in person. The Great honours are great burthens; but on whom allies, under the duke of Marlborough, took it They are cast with envy, he doth bear two loaus : in 1710; but it was retaken by the French in His cares must still be double to his joys,
In any dignity.
Ben Jonson's Catiline. 1711, after the suspension of arms between Great Britain and France. During the late wars It is a curiosity also to make fowers double, which it was the scene of several operations. It has a
is effected by often removing them into new earth ; canal communication with the Deule, and con as, on the contrary part, double flowers, by neglecting, tains 18,000 inhabitants, many of whom are
and not removing, prove single.
Bacon's Natural History. employed in the manufactures of linen, cotton, lace, and thread. It is fifteen miles north-west
Under the line the sun crosseth the line, and of Cambray, and eighty-three N.N. E. of Paris. maketh two summers and two winters : but in the
skirts of the torrid zone it doubleth and goeth back DOUBʻLE, v. a. & v. n. Fr. double ; Sp. again, and so maketh one long summer.
ld. Doub'LE-BITING, adj. doble ; Dut. dobDOUB'LE-DEALER, n. s. bel; Germ. dop
Here the double-founted stream
Milton. DOUB'LE-DIE, ". a.
Jordan, true limit eastward.
pel; from Lat. Doub'LE-FOUNTED, adj.
dupler; duo and And if one power did not both see and hear, DOUB'LE-HANDED, plico, to fold. To Our sights and sounds would always double be.
Daries. DOUB'LE-HEADED, Doub'LE-LOCKED,
same quantity to
Jarres concealed are half reconciled; which, if DOUB'LE-MINDED,
a given quantity; generally kuown, 'tis a double task, to stop the breac i at home, and men's mouths abroad.
Fuller. DOUB'LE-MINDEDNESS, n. S.
to contain twice DOU BʻLE-PLEA,
the quantity ; to
Double-dealers may pass muster for awhile; but all DoubʻLE-QUARREL,
add ; to fold ; to
go round a cape DoubʼLE-SHINING, adj.
or headland: as Oar foe's too proud the weaker to assail, DOUB'LE-TONGUED,
a neuter verb, to
Or doubles his dishonour if he fail. Dryden. DOUB’LY, adv.
swell or increase He saw proud Arcite and fierce Palemon to twice the quantity : to turn back or about :
In mortal battle doubling blow on blow; as a substantive, twice the number; very strong
Like lightning flamed their falchions to and fro.
Id. beer; a trick or artifice. Doubleness is the state
Now we have the Cape of Good Hope in sight, of being double; duplicity. The compounds
the trade-wind is our own, if we can but double it. seem obvious in their meaning.
Id. The prestis that ben wel gouernour is be thei had Who knows which way she points ? worthi to double onour, moost thei that traueilen in
Doubling and turning like a hunted hare, word and teching.
Wiclif. i. Tymo. 5.
Find out the meaning of her mind who can. Id. If the thief be found, let him pay double.
Throw Ægypt's by, and offer in the stead,
Offer the crown on Berenice's head :
I am resolved to double till I win.
Id. Tyrannic Love. A double-minded man is unstable in all his ways.
Reverend, fat, old gouty friar,
With a paunch swoln so high, his double chin The deacons must be grave, not double-tongued,
Might rest upou it.
Id. Spanish Friar. not given to much wine, nor greedy of filthy lucre.
But most their looks on the black monarch bend, He was like a maister or a pope :
His rising muscles and his brawn commend; Of double worsted was his semicope,
His double-biting ax, and beamy spear,
Id. Fables, That round was as a belle out of the presse,
Each asking a gigantic force to rear. Somewhat he lisped for his wantonnesse.
For much she feared the Tyrians double-tongued, Chaucer. Prol, to Cant. Tales. And knew the town to Juno's care belonged.
Id. Virgil. He oft finds med'cine wh his griefe imparts, But double griefes afflict concealing harts,
Yes, I'll to the royal bed, As raging flames who striveth to suppress.
Where first the mysteries of our love were acted, Spenser. Faerie Queene. And double-die it with imperial crimson.
Id. and Lee. If you think well to carry this as you may, the doubleness of the benefit defends the deceit from re This power of repeating or doubling any idea we proof.
Shukspeare. have of any distance, and adding it to the former, as Rumour doth double voice and echo
often as we will, without being ever able to come to The curbers of the feared. Id. Henry IV. any stop or stint, is that which gives us the idea of
Locke. l' the presence
immensity. He would say untruths, and be ever double All things being double-handed, and having the Both in his words and meaning.
appearances both of truth and falsehood, where our Id. Henry VINI. affections have engaged us, we attend only to the former.
Glanville's Scepsis. Here's a pot of good double, neighbour : drink and fear not your man.
Id. Henry VI.
In all the four great years of mortality above men. Thou shalt not be the worse for me; there's gold. tioned, I do not find that any week the plague in-But that it would be double-dealing, Sir I would creased to the double of the precedent week above you could make it another. Id. Twelfth Night.
Far and wide Among the rest that there did take delight Teniple and tower went down, nor left a site :To see the sports of double-shining day. Sidney. Chaos of ruins! who shall trace the void,
'T'is observed in particular nations, that within the O'er the dim fragments cast a lunar light, space of three hundred years, notwithstanding all And say, 'here was, or is,' where all is doubly night! casualtics, the number of men doubles.
Byron. Burnet's Theory. Double EMPLOYMENT, in music, a name given Haply at night he does with horror shun by M. Rameau to the two different manners in A widowed daughter, or a dying son :
which the chord of the subdominant may be His neighbour's offspring he to-morrow sees, regarded and treated, viz. as the fundamental And doubly feels his want in their increase.
chord of the sixth superadded, or as the chord of Prior.
the great sixth, inverted from a fundamental chord He bought her sermons, psalms, and graces, of the seventh. In reality, the chords carry And doubled down the useful places.
exactly the same notes, are figured in the same He immediately double-locked his door, and sat down
manner, are employed upon the same chord of carefully to reading and comparing both his orders. the tone, in such a manner, that frequently we
cannot discern which of the two chords the auThese men are too well acquainted with the chase, thor employs, but by the assistance of the subseto be flung off by any false steps or dvibles. Addison. quent chord, which resolves it, and which is dif
ferent in these different cases. Our poets have joined together such qualities as
To make this are by nature most compatible; valour with anger, distinction, we must consider the diatonic promeekness with piety, and prudence with dissimula- gress of the two notes which form the fifth and tion : this last union was necessary for the goodness the sixth, and which, constituting between them of Ulysses; for, without that, his dissimulation might the interval of a second, must one or the other have degenerated into wickedness and double-dealing. constitute the dissonance of the chord. Now
Broome's View of Epic Poetry. this progress is determined by the motion of the I am not so old in proportion to them as I formerly bass. Of these two notes, then, if the superior was, which I can prove by arithmetick; for then I be the dissonance, it will rise by one gradation was double their age, which now I am not. Swift. into the subsequent chord, the lower note will
So keen thy hunters, and thy scent so strong, keep its place, and the higher note will be a suThy turns and doublings cannot save thee long. Id. peradded sixth. If the lower be the dissonance,
'The sum of forty thousand pounds is almost double it will descend into the subsequent chord, the to what is sufficient.
Id. Drap. Letters. higher will remain in its place, and the chord will Double-plea is that in which the defendant alledges the double employment in Rousseau's Musical
be that of the great sixth. See the two cases of for himself two several matters, in bar of the action whereof either is sufficient to effect his desire in de- Dictionary, plaie Ď. fig. 12. barring the plaintiff.
DOUBLE FICHE, or Double Fichy, in heraldry,
the denomination of a cross, when the extremity Double-quarrel, is a complaint made by any clerk has two points; in contradistinction to fiché, or other to the archbishop of the province, against an
where the extremity is sharpened away to one inferiour ordinary, for delaying justice in some cause ecclesiastical. The effect is, that the archbishop di point. rects his letters, under the authentical seal, to all
Double Octave, in music, an interval comclerks of his province, commanding them to admonish posed of fifteen notes in diatonic progression, the said ordinary within nine days to do the justice and which, for that reason is called a fifteenth. required, or otherwise to cite him to appear before 'It is,' says Rousseau, an interval composed of him or his official ; and lastly to intimate to the said two octaves, called by the Greeks disdiapason.' ordinary, that if he neither performs the thing en
DOUBʻLET, n. s. from double. The inner joined, nor appears at the day assigned, he himself will proceed to perform the justice required. And this garment of a man; the waistcoat; so called seems to be termed a double-quarrel, because it is most
from being double for warmth, or because it
makes the dress double. commonly made against both the judge, and him at whose petition justice is delayed.
Id. What a pretty thing a man is, when he goes in his Man is frail,
doublet and hose, and leaves off his wit! Convulsions rack his nerves, and cares his breast;
Shakspeare. His flying life is chased by ravening pains,
His doublet was of sturdy buff,
And though not sword, yet cudgel-proof.
Two; a pair.
Those doublets on the sides of his tail seem to add
strength to the muscles which move the tail fins. Emblems of thy fairer mind. Cotton.
Grer's Museum. The double rich scarlet nonsuch is a large double It is common enough to see a countryman in the healed Power, of the richest scarlet colour. Mortimer. doublet and breeches of his great grand-father.
Addison on Italy Every man hath a weak side. Every wise man knows where it is, and will be sure to keep a double
They do but mimic ancient wits at best, guard there.
Doublet, among lapidaries, implies a counJohnson's London. terfeit stone composed of two pieces of crystal,
To hold ques
and sometimes glass softened, together with usually performed by the van or rear of that fleet proper colors between them; so that they make which is superior in number, taking the advantage the same appearance to the eye as if the whole of the wind, or other circumstances, and tacking substance of the crystal had been tinged with or veering round the van or rear of the enemy, these colors. The impracticability of imparting who will thereby be exposed to great danger, and tinges to the body of crystals, while in their can scarcely avoid being thrown into general conproper and natural state, and the softness of fusion. glass, which renders ornaments made of it DOUBLOON', n. s. Fr. A Spanish coin greatly inferior in wear to crystal, gave induce- containing the value of two pistoles. ments to the introduction of coloring the surface DOUBS, a department of France, bounded of crystal wrought in a proper form, in such a on the north by those of the Upper Saone and manner, that the surfaces of two pieces so colored Upper Rhine; on the south-west by the departbeing laid together, the effect might appear the ment of Jura, and on the north-west by that of same as if the whole substance of the crystal had Upper Saone. It comprehends part of the ci. been colored. The crystals, and sometimes white devant province of Franche Comié. Besançon transparent glass so treated, were called doublets; is the capital. and at one time were greatly in use, on account of the DOUBT, 0.a., v. n. & n. s. Fr. douter ; advantages, with respect to wear, such doublets
DOUBT'ER, n. s.
from Lat. dubi. had, when made of crystal, sover glass, and the DOUBTFUL, adj.
to, i. e. duo and brightness of the colors which could with cer DOUBT'FULLY, ady.
eo, ito, to go. tainty be given to counterfeit stones this way, DOUBT'FULNESS, n. s. when colored glass could not be procured, or at DOUBT'ING, n. s.
tionable or in least not without a much greater expense.
danger; to fear; Doublets have not indeed the property which DOUBT'LESS, adj. & adv.
suspect ; disthe others have, of bearing to be set transparent, trust; fill with distrust and fear. As a neuter verb, as is frequently required in drops of ear-rings to question: be in uncertainty; hesitate ; waver; and other ornaments: but when mounted in rings, suspect; sometimes taking of. As a substantive or used in such manner that the sides of the it means, uncertainty; difficulty of determination; pieces where the joint is made cannot be in- suspension of mind, as well as the causes of it; spected, they are, when formed of crystal, pre- and the effects, danger and fear. Doubtless is, ferable to the colored glass; and the art of without doubt. The examples will make the managing them is therefore, in some degree, of other derivatives plain. the same importance with that of preparing glass But axe he in faith, and doute nothing, for he tha for counterfeiting gems; and is therefore properly doutith is lyk to a waive of the see which is moued an appendage to it, as being entirely subservient and borun aboute of wynd. Wiclif. James i. to the same intention.
I desire to be present with you now, and to change DOUBLEts, a game on dice within tables; the my voice ; for I stand in doubt of you. Gal. iv. 20. men, which are only fifteen, being placed thus.
Knowing how doubtfully all allegories may be con. Upon the size, cinque, and quatre points, there strued, and this book of mine being a continual alstand three men apiece; and upon the trey, legory, I have thought good to discover the general deuce, and ace, only two. He that throws intention.
Spenser. highest has the benefit of throwing first, and what
Even in matters divine, concerning some things, he throws he lays down, and so does the other: we may lawfully doubt and suspend our judgment, what the one throws, and has not, the other lays inclining neither to one side or other; as, namedown for him, but on his own account; and thus ly, touching the time of the fall both of man and they do till all the men are down, and then they angels.
Hooker. bear. He that is down first, bears first; and Christ promiseth his Spirit shall be in him to whom will doubtless win the game, if the other throws he giveth it a spring of water running unto eternal not doublets to overtake them: which he is sure life; also that he witnesseth them which believe in to do, since he advances or bears as many as the him already to be passed all doulut and death, and to doublets make, viz eight for two fours.
be presently in eternal life. DOUBLING, among hunters, is applied to a
MS. Notes of Bradford the Martyr hare, which is said to double, when she keeps Friendship is a thing so rare, as it is doubted whein plain fields, and winds about to deceive the ther it be a thing indeed or but a word. hounds.
Sir P. Sidney. DOUBLING, in the manege, a term used of a The virtues of the valiant Caratach, horse, who is said to double his reins, when he More doubt me than all Britain. leaps several times together to throw his rider.
Beaumont and Fletcher. DOUBLING, in the military art, is the putting
Our doubts are traitors, two ranks or files of soldiers into one. Thus, And make us lose, by fearing to attempt when the word of command is, Double your The good we oft might win. Shakspeare. ranks, the second, fourth, and sixth ranks march Methinks I should know you, and know this man; into the first, third, and fifth, so that the six Yet I am doubtful.
Id. King Lear. ranks are reduced to three, and the intervals be
Doubting things go ill, often hurts more tween the ranks become double what they were Than to be sure they do. Id. Cymbeline. before.
He did ordain the interdicts and prohibitions which DOUBLING UPON, in naval tactics, the act of
we have to make entrance of strangers, which at that enclosing any part of a hostile fleet between two time was frequent, doubting novelties and commixture fires, or of cannonading it on both sides. It is of manners.