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Bourg, about fifteen miles below Bourdeaux. Sicily, and the islands of Rhodes and Crete. In this Here the united stream takes the name of the dialect, Archimedes and Theocritus wrote, who Gironde. The course of the Dordogne is above were both Syracusans, as well as Pindar. The 200 miles, during which it receives a great num Doric dialect is properly the manner of speaking ber of smaller rivers, the principal of which are peculiar to the Dorians, after their recess near the Vezere and Ile. The tide flows as high up as Parnassus and Asopus; and which afterwards Castillon, about twenty-five miles from the con came to obtain among the Lacedemonians, &c. fluence with the Garonne.

Some even distinguished between the LacedeDORIA (Andrew), a celebrated patriot of monian and Doric; but, in reality, they were the Genoa, born in 1466. He entered into the ser same; setting aside a few particulars in the vice of Francis I. of France; but preserved that language of the Lacedemonians; as shown by spirit of independence so natural to a sailor and Rulandus, in his treatise De Lingua Græca a republican. When the French attempted to ejusque Dialectis, lib. v. To these authors we render Savona, long the object of jealousy to might add Archytas of Tarentum, Bion, Callinus, Genoa, its rival in trade, Doria remonstrated Simonides, Bacchylides, Cypselas, Alcman, and against the measure in a high tone; which, be- Sophron, as writers in the Doric dialect. Most ing represented by the malice of his courtiers in of the medals of the cities of Græcia Magna, and the most odious light, irritated Francis to that Sicily, use the Doric dialect in their inscriptions, degree, that he ordered his admiral, Barbesieux, e. g. AMBPAKIQTAN, AHOAAQNIATAN, AXEto sail to Genoa, then in the hands of the French PONTAN, AXYPITAN, HPAX, AEQTAN, TPAXtroops, to arrest Doria, and to seize his galleys. INIQN, OEPMITAN, KAYAONIATAN, KONIAThis rash order being communicated to Doria, TAN, TAYPOMENITAN, &c.. Which shows the he retired with all his galleys to a place of safety; countries wherein the Doric dialect was used. and, while his resentment was thus raised, closed The general rules of this dialect are thus given with the offers of the emperor Charles V.; re- by the Port-royalists : turned his commission, with the collar of St. Michael, to Francis, and hoisted the Imperial

D'o Hra, d'w grand, d's, d'o, & d'.l'a fait le Dore. colors. To deliver his country, weary alike of

D'ai fait nta ; d'e, w; & d'w au fait encore.

Oste, de l'infini : & pour le singulier the French and Imperial yoke, from the domi

Se sert au feminin du nombre plurier. nion of foreigners, was now Doria's highest ambition ; and the favorable moment soon offered. But they are much better explained in the fourth Genoa was afflicted with the pestilence, the book of Rulandus; where he even notes the French garrison was greatly reduced, and ill minuter differences of the dialects of Sicily, paid, and the inhabitants were disposed to se- Crete, Tarentum, Rhodes, Lacedæmon, Laconia, cond his views. He sailed to the harbour with Macedonia, and Thessaly. thirteen galleys, landed fifty men, and made him

Doric Mode, in music, the first of the authenself master of the gates and the palace, with tic modes of the ancients. Its character is to be very little resistance. The French governor, severe, tempered with gravity and joy; and is with his feeble garrison, retired to the citadel, proper upon religious occasions, as also to be but was quickly forced to capitulate ; when the used in war. It begins D, la, sol, re. Plato people ran together, and levelled the citadel with admires the music of the Doric mode, and judges the ground. It was now in Doria's power to it proper to preserve good manners as being have rendered himself the sovereign of his masculine; and on this account allows it in his country; But, with a magnanimity of which there commonwealth. The ancients had likewise their are few examples, he assembled the people in subdoric or hypodoric mode, which was one of the court before the palace, disclaimed all pre- the plagal modes. Its character was to be very eminence, and recommended to them to settle grave and solemn: it began with re, a fourth the form of government they chose to establish. lower than the Doric. The people, animated by his spirit, forgot their

Doric ORDER, the second of the five orders factions, and fixed that form of government of architecture. It is usually placed upon the which subsisted till the revolution in 1797, with Attic base, though originally it had none. See little variation. This event happened in 1528. ARCHITECTURE. The most considerable ancient Doria lived to a great age, respected and be- monuments of this order, are the theatre of Marloved as a private citizen, and is still celebrated cellus at Rome, wherein the capital, the beigbt among his countrymen by the most honorable of the frize, and its projecture, are much smaller of all appellations, “ The father of his country, than in the modern architecture; and the Parand the restorer of its liberty.'

thenon, or temple of Minerva, at Athens, in

which the short and massy columns bear upon DOʻRIC, adj. Lat. dorus ; Fr. dorique. the pavement without a base ; and the capital is The ancient Dorians.

a simple torus, with its cincture, and a square, Love warms our fancy with enlivening fires, plain, and solid abacus. Refines our genius, and our verse inspires;

DORIS, in ancient geography, a country of from him Theocritus, on Enna's plains,

Greece, between Phocis, Thessaly, and Acarearnt the wild sweetness of his Doric strains.

nania. It received its name from Dorus, the son Littleton.

of Deucalion, who made a settlement there. It Doric DIALECT, one of the five dialects which was called Tetrapolis, from its four cities, viz. prevailed among the Greeks. It was first used Pindus or_Dryopis, Erincum, Cytinium, and by the Lacedemonians, and particularly those Borium. To these four some add Lilæum and of Argos; thence it passed into Epirus, Libya, Carphia, and therefore call it Hexapolis. The

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name of Doris has been common to many parts He led us to a gallery like a dorture, where he of Greece. The Dorians in the age of Deucalion shewed us along the one side seventeen cells, very inhabited Phthiotis, which they exchanged for

Bacon. Histiæotis, in the age of Dorus. From thence

Prayer is the only dormitite I take to bedward, and they were driven by the Cadmeans, and came to I need no other laudanum than this to make me settle near the town of Pindus. Thence they sleep; after which I close mine eyes in security, passed into Dryopis, and afterwards into Pelo content to take my leave of the sun, and sleep unto ponnesus. Hercules having re-established the resurrection.

Sir T. Browone. Ægimius king of Phthiotis or Doris, who had He a dragon! if he be, 'tis a very peaceful one : been driven from his country by the Lapithæ, I can insure his anger is dormant; or, should he seem the grateful king appointed Hyllus, the son of to rouse, 'tis well lashing birn, and he will steep like his patron, to be his successor, and the Heraclidae

Congreve's Old Bachelor. marched from that part of the country to recover With this radius he is said to strike and kill his Peloponnesus. The Dorians sent many colonies prey, for which he lies, as it were, dormant, till it into different places, which bore the same name

swims within his reach.

Grew's Museum. as their native country. The most famous of Query,-Whether churches are not dormitories of these is in Asia Minor, of which Halicarnassus' the living, as well as of the dead.

Swift. was once the capital. This part of Asia Minor

It would be prudent to reserve these privileges was called Hexapolis, and afterwards Pentapolis. dormant, never to be produced but upon great occaDoris, in entomology, a genus of insects, be- sions.

Id. longing to the order of vermes testacea. The The places where dead bodies are buried, are in body is oblong, flat beneath ; creeping: mouth Latin called cæmiteria, and in English dormitories. placed below: vent behind, surrounded with a

Ayliffe's Parergon. fringe: two feelers, retractile. There are several Old dormant windows must confess species: particularly D. argo, the lemon doris, Her beams; their glimmering spectacles, has an oval body, convex, marked with numer Struck with the splendor of her face, ous punctures, of a lemon color; the vent beset Do the office of a burning-glass. Cleaveland. with elegant ramifications. It inhabits different

Naked mourns the dormitory wall, parts of our seas, and is called about Brighton And Jones and Boyle's united labours fall. the sea lemon.

Pope's Dunciad. Doris, in mythology, the daughter of Oceanus

Rooms that have thorough lights are left for enterand Tethys, wife of Nereus and mother of the tainment, and those that have windows on one side Nereides.

for dormitories.

Mortimer. DORKING, a market town of Surry, situated

Many vegetables during the night do not seem to in the midst of beautiful hills. The church is collegiate, and has a square tower

, near the respire, but to sleep like the dormant animals and insects in winter.

· Darwin, centre, with eight bells, and a set of chimes. Besides a convenient workhouse, here are some Dormant, in heraldry, is commodious alms-houses, on a pleasant heath, used for the posture of a lion, called Cotman Dean. great traffic is carried or any other beast, lying along ou in meal and lime; and this town is noted for in a sleeping attitude with the its breed of poultry, which is singular from their head on the fore paws; by having five fingers in each claw. Capons bred which it is distinguished from here, often weigh seven or eight pounds each, the couchant, where though the out of their feathers. In the neighbourhood are beast is lying, yet he holds up his bead; as several corn-mills, and in the suburbs are many gules, a lion dormant, name Aylesworth. elegant seats. The custom of Borough-English DOR'MOUSE, n. s. Dormio to sleep, and prevails in this manor, by which the youngest mouse. A small animal which passes a large son is heir to a copyhold estate. This practice part of the winter in sleep. is supposed to be derived from the ancient cus

Come, we all sleep, and are mere dormice flies, tom of the lord of the manor having a right to A little less than dead: more dullness halgs claim a lodging with every bride on her wedding On us than on the moon. Ben Jonson's Catiline. night. Market on Thursday, Eight miles south After they have lain a little while, they grow as from Epsom, and twenty-three S. S. W. from drowsy as dormice, unless they are roused. London.

Collier on Thought. DOR'MANT, adj. Fr. dormant, from DORN, n. s. From German, dorn, a thorn. Dor'MITIVE, n. s. Lat. dorinio, to sleep. The name of a fish; perhaps the same as the Dor'MITORY, n. s. Sleeping; hence private; thornback. Doe'roup, concealed. Dortour and

The coast is stored both with shell-6sh, as scallops Don'ture. dormitory, a place to

and sheathfish; and flat, as turbots, dorns, and bolysleep in; and hence a burial place. Dormitive, but.

Carew. a soporific. His deth saw I by revelatioun,

DORNHAN, or Dornem, a town of WirtemSayde this frere, at home in our dortour.

berg, in the Black Forest, in Suabia, and conChaucer. Cant. Tales. taining about 1050 inhabitants. It was burned There were other dormant musters of soldiers down by lightning in 1718, but was soon after throughout all parts of the realm, that were put in rebuilt. In the neighbourhood are the ruins of readiness, but not drawn together.

three castles. It is forty miles south-west of Bacon's War with Spain. Stuttgard.

DOʻRNICK, n. s. Of Deornick in Flanders, Dork, n. s. So named probably from the where first made. A species of linen cloth used noise which he makes. A kind of flying insect, in Scotland for the table.

remarkable for flying with a loud noise. DORNOCH, the county town of Sutherland, Some insects fly with four wings, as all the vagimin a parish of the same name, on the Frith of pennous, or sheath-winged, as beetles and dorts. Dornoch. It has five fairs; was made a royal

Browne's Vulgar Errours. borough in 1628; has a provost, four bailies, The dort or hedge-chafer's chief marks are these : dean of guild, and treasurer; and joins with his head is small, like that of the common beetle : Tain, Dingwall, Wick, and Kirkwall, in electing this, and his eyes black; his shoulder-piece, and the a representative in parliament.

middle of his belly also black; but just under the DOROBAT, a town of Arabia, in the capital wing-shells spotted with white. His wing-shells, legs, of a district in the country of Yemen, situated on

and the end of his tail, which is long and fat-pointed the crest of a mountain. Here is a remarkable of a light chesnut; his breast, especially, covered with prison excavated from the rock, wherein male

a downy hair.

Grew's Museum, factors are secured by chains of considerable DOʻRSEL, n. s. ? From dorsum the back. length. It is twelve miles west of Taas.

DO'RSER. SA pannier; a basket or DOROGOBUSH, a town of European Russia, bag, one of which hangs on either side a beast of in the government of Smolensko, on the Dnieper. burden, for the reception of things of small It is a place of great trade, and was burnt by the bulk. It is corruptly spoken, and perhaps writFrench, in 1812, in their retreat from Moscow. ten, dossel. Forty-six miles E. N. E. of Smolensko.

DORSET, a township of Vermont, in BenDORONICUM, leopard's bane: a genus of nington county, bounded by those of Rupert on the polygamia superflua order, and syngenesia the west, Manchester on the south, and Danby class of plants; natural order forty-ninth, coin on the north. positæ. Receptacle naked, the pappus simple ; DORSETSHIRE, a county of England, is scales of the calyx in a double row, longer than bounded on the north by Wiltshire and Somerthe disc. The seeds of the radius naked without setshire, on the east by Hampshire, on the west any pappus. There are six species; of which the by Devonshire and part of Somersetshire, and

DORONICUM PardaliANCHES, with obtuse on the south by the British Channel. It is a heart-shaped leaves, is worthy of notice. It maritime county, lying between 50° 30' and 51° grows naturally in Hungary, and on the Helve- 6' N. lat., and 1° 58' and 3° 18' W. long. Across tian mountains; but is frequently preserved in the centre, from north to south, it measures about the English gardens. It has thick fleshy roots, thirty-six miles; and from east to west about which divide into many knobs or knees, sending fifty miles. It is said to contain in all about out strong fleshy fibres which penetrate deep into 512,154 acres. The political divisions of the the ground; from these arise in the spring a county consist of divisions, hundreds, boroughs, cluster of heart-shaped leaves, which are hairy, liberties, and tithings. There are nine divisions, and stand upon foot-stalks: between these arise thirty-four hundreds, twenty-four market towns, the flower-stalks, which are channelled and hairy, 248 parishes, and four sea-port towns. This nearly three feet high, putting out one or two county is in the diocese of Bristol, and is divided smaller stalks from the side. Each stalk is ter- into five deaneries. It is included in the western minated by one large yellow flower. The plant circuit, and the assizes are now held at Dorchesmultiplies very fast by its spreading roots; and ter. According to Ptolemy and other writers, the seeds, if permitted to scatter, will produce Dorsetshire under the Romans was inhabited by plants wherever they happen to fall; so that it the Durotriges or Morini ; British words implyvery soon becomes a weed in the places where it ing maritime people, or dwellers on the seais once established. It loves a moist soil and shore. The Saxon invaders gave the name of shady situation. The roots were formerly used Dor-setta to this county, a word compounded of in medicine as alexipharmics and purifiers of the British and Saxon, and signifying the same as blood, but their operation was so violent that the Roman appellations. When the island was they are now entirely laid aside.

divided into Roman provinces, this county beDORPAT, or Dorpt, a town in Livonia, came part of Britannia Prima; and, on the estaEuropean Russia, in the government of Riga. bishment of the Saxons, it was included in the It is situated on the small river Embach or Ein- kingdom of Wessex. The varied beauties of bach, on the high road to St. Petersburg, and its this county, the mildness of its climate, and the annual fair is of great importance. A university value of its natural productions, have given to it has been established here since 1802, with a the appellation of The Garden of England.' revenue of from £10,000 to £15,000 sterling. This character, however, is disputed by Mr. It has a library, museum, and botanic garden, Stevenson, in his excellent View of the Agriculo liberally endowed. The environs are very agree ture of the county, which, he remarks, can able. Dorpat is an ancient town. In 1704 it scarcely be deemed to be so roild in its temperit was taken and burned by the Russians, and in ture, or so early in its seasons, as its latitude 1775 was consumed by accidental fire. Popu- would lead us to expect. The fact is evident lation 4500. Sixty-five miles south-west of that the climate of Dorsetshire has undergone a Narva, 120 N. N. E. of Riga, and 132 south- very material alteration; and the air may now, west of St. Petersburg.

as the same author remarks, be considered dry To DORR, v. n. Teut. tor, stupià. To deafen and salubrious rather than mild and bland; and or stupify with noise. This word I find only in the seasons, except in spots very sheltered or Skinner, says Dr. Johnson,

possessed of a very warm soil, are not nearly so



forward as they are in other parts of England uniting in a pleasant bourn at Maiden Newton, * not so far southward.

from whence it pursues a south-east course to This county, in respect to soil, is naturally Dorchester; fed afterwards by various streams divided into three principal districts, viz. chalky from the hollows in the downs in the south, and, loams, gravelly sand, and clay, or various soils meeting the Piddle from the north as it turns on a clay basis. The chalky district commences more and more eastward to reach Wareham, it on the borders of Somersetshire, near Crewkerne forms the great expanse of water constituting in that county, and runs in a very narrow slip Poole Harbour. The country through which towards the interior of the county, as far as the this river takes its course is but thinly inhabited, town of Eversholt, where it suddenly widens, and bare of wood; but the range of downs that and spreads considerably to the north of Dor- extend parallel with the latter part of its course, chester. It then again abruptly contracts be- separating its vale from the coast, is formed by tween Piddleton, south, and Bingham's Mel- Nature in the boldest manner, containing many combe, north; but immediately once more ex- tumuli and ancient encainpments, with the sintending itself, branches out more than half the gular curiosity of one perfect Roman amphibreadth of the whole county, and extends into theatre near Dorchester, within view of the old the county of Wilts and the borders of Hamp- fortress of Maiden Castle. Dorchester may be shire. This district contains about 160,759 called a pleasant town from the neatness of its

The sand, district, occupying about streets, and, above all, from the avenues and 85,157 acres, approaches the borders of the Bri- planted walks by which it is environed and aptish Channel; and, commencing a little east of proached, after the manner of many French Dorchester, forms a crescent, the east horn of lowns, which have an increased effect in the which terminates near Ringwood in the county midst of so bare a country. Wild heaths sucof Hampshire. The clayey soils are found in ceed to the downs before the Frome reaches the different parts, west, north, and south of the sea; and Poole llarbour is a very extensive county, but particularly on the northern borders, sheet of water, bounded towards the south-west and in the western districts near Devonshire. by the Isle of Purbeck, in which the towers of This district contains altogether about 117,331 Corfe Castle make a considerable figure. Poole

is a flourishing port on its north shore. The Of the rivers of this county we may notice the Stour finds its source in six streams at Stourton Frome, the Hooke or Owke, the Ivel, the Piddle, in Wiltshire, three of which are in the park of the Stour, the Char, the Eype, and the Wey. Stourhead. Though perhaps somewhat less than These three last are the rivers of Dorsetshire the Frome, this is certainly by far the pleasantest bordering upon Devonshire. The celebrated of the Dorsetshire streams, forming in its passage watering-place which is formed by the combined 'he charming dell beneath the cliff of Brianstone. towns of Melcombe Regis and Weymouth, as The vicinage of this river in particular, and Mr. Skrine observes, graces the exit of the Wey indeed Dorsetshire in general, is noted for a proto the sea, remarkable for its grand semicircular fusion of fine seats, and a race of noblemen and beach, and its excellent as well as level sands. country gentlemen who exercise the splendid These advantages, and the preference often given and captivating hospitality of past ages, yet unw this place by the royal family, have raised it contaminated by the encroachment of manufacinto high consideration; splendid rows of houses tures. This beautiful river yields trout, eels, being formed, with a superb esplanade in front and tench; and the author now quoted, Mr. of them, towards the coast, for a great extent, Hutchins, remarks that the sea on the Dorsetwhere they command the whole of the bay, shire coast abounds with sturgeons, turbots, bounded by great chalky cliffs, and backed by mackarel, plaice, soles, basse, whitings, congers, the Dorsetshire downs. The pier of Weymouth porpoises, lobsters, red and gray mullet, thornstretches out beneath an opposite rock, crowned backs, piper or gurnet, trill or scollop, shrimps, with its garrison, which defends the harbour from prawns, and oysters. The rivers furnish salmon, the south and west winds, offering a convenient pike, carp, gudgeons, perch, &c. The Bay of refuge to shipping, and possessing no small por- Weymouth opens immediately below Portland; tion of trade. The village and high church of and that tract of Dorsetshire called the Isle of Wyke Regis occupy the highest point of this Purbeck stretches out on the opposite side to the ridge of bills on the west, immediately opposed south-east, terminating in the point called St. to the vast protruding mass of Portland Island. Alban's Head. The range of cliffs which bound The Char and the Eype, which come in succes this coast, as well as the shoals called The Race sion before the Wey, have no striking points; of Portland, are extremely dangerous to shipping, except that Charmouth, at the exit of the former, and wrecks are very frequent here in stormy seaon the great western road, is preferred by some, The Cove of Lulworth presents an ocas a bathing-place, to Lyme, which is far more casional refuge to small vessels, but its entrance beautifully situated in its neighbourhood. The is so narrow as to render it of little use. ImEype, joined by the Brit from Bedminster, and mediately behind it, Lulworth Castle occupies another stream westward of it, falls into the sea a charming elevation, and exhibits a grand bain Bridport Harbour, a few miles below thatronial pile, in the midst of some ornamented town. I'hese rivers all descend from the Dorset- grounds, commanding the sea with good effect, shire downs, and their course is nearly southward. through a gap in the rocks. In the centre of The most considerable river is the Frome, rising, the Isle of Purbeck, Corfe Castle displays its like the rest, in that vast tract of downs which ruined towers on a high eminence with great divides it from Somersetshire; its two channels majesty; and this pleasant district is inhabited


by several respectable families, whose seats make growing in the warm countries of America. a handsome appearance; the Grange being the The root is used in medicine. It is full of most conspicuous. Turning round the point of knots, an inch or two in length, about half an Purbeck, towards the north, the Bay of Strud- inch thick; externally of a reddish-brown color, land fronts the east, within which is the great and pale within ; long, tough, slender fibres expanse of Poole Harbour, marked with several shoot out from all sides of it, which are generally islands, and distinguished by the port of Poole. loaded with small round knots. The root has a Mr. Hutchins remarks of the mineral waters, peculiar aromatic smell, and a somewhat astrinthat they are chalybeate at Farringdon, Ayl- gent, warm, bitterish taste, with a light and wood, and Corfe; sulphureous at Sherford, Mor- sweetish kind of acrimony when chewed. The den, Nottington, and Sherborne; salt at Chil- fibres have little taste or smell; the tuberous combe; and petrifying at Sherborne and Bo- part, therefore, should only be chosen. Conthenwood, near Winborne-Minster.' There are trayerva is one of the mildest of alexipharmics, no canals in this county, though Mr. Stevenson and is a useful diaphoretic. Its virtues are says that a navigable one is intended to pass extracted both by water and rectified spirit, and from Somersetshire by Chardstock and Dorches- do not arise by evaporation with either. The ter to the sea, near Beer and Seaton, in the plants cannot be propagated in this country county of Devon. The principal produce of without the greatest difficulty. Dorsetshire are its fine sheep, its extensive mac DORSUM, the back, in, anatomy, comprekarel fishery, and the celebrated stone quarries in hends all the posterior parts of the body, from the the peninsula or isle of Portland. There are no neck to the buttocks. See Anatomy. metallic mines nor coals of any value. The DORT, or DORDRECHT, a city of the Netherpebbly desert,' called the Chesil Bank, is, as lands, in the department of Delft, South Hol. Dr. Maton remarks, one of the most extraordi- land. It is seated in a small island, formed by nary ridges or shelves of pebbles in Europe, and the rivers Meuse, Merue, Rhine, and Linghe. perhaps the longest, except that of Memel in The Meuse, on which it stands, gives it a good Polish Prussia. Its length is supposed to be harbour, and separates it from the islands of about seventeen miles; its breadth in some Ysselmonde aud Ablas. It is divided from places near a quarter of a mile.

Beyerland by a canal. The barbour is very Dorsetshire sends twenty members to parlia- commodious for the merchandise which comes ment: viz. two for the county, two for Dor- down the Rhine and the Meuse. Its strength chester, two for Poole, two for Lyme Regis, four consists in being surrounded with water, its walls for Weymouth and Melcombe Regis, two for being old and decayed. Dort is well built with Bridport, two for Shaftesbury, two for Wareham, brick, and had formerly the exclusive right of and two for Corfe Castle.

coining money. The church of Notre Dame is This county has produced among other emi- a good building, the tower lofty, and furnished nent persons, Anthony Ashley Cooper, Earl of with musical chimes. There is another church, Shaftesbury-Christopher Pitt, a very ingenious dedicated to St. Nicholas, built in 1568. It had poet and divine, born at Blandford, in 1699, likewise, before the revolution, several religious died 1748—the learned and celebrated Bishop houses for monks and nuns; and the town house Stillingfleet-Dr. Thomas Sydenham, one of the is a fine building. It is at present the staple most learned and rational physicians of his time, town for wines, particularly Rhenish, though its who died 1689—Sir James Thornhill, nephew to exclusive privileges in this respect are abolished. the above, an eminent painter—The celebrated It was detached from the main land in 1421, on Archbishop Wake—The Rev. Samuel Wesley, the 17th November, by a flood occasioned by father to the celebrated founders of Methodism— the breaking down of the dyke, which overThomas Creech, the poet—Matthew Prior, &c. &c. whelmed seventy villages, and about 100,000

The principal manufactory in this county is persons. However, by time, and the industry that of fax and hemp, near Bridport and Bed- of the inhabitants, a great part of the land is reininster. These produce twine, string, and covered. It has two principal canals, namely, cordage in general; also nets, sacking, bags, &c. the New and Old Haven, by which heavy-loaded There are also several woollen manufactories, vessels may enter into the city. Over the Old as also for twisting and making up raw silk Haven is a large bridge, well built with brick. into skeins. Shirt-buttons are manufactured at Dort was almost reduced to ashes in 1457, there Shaftesbury; and malting and brewing are car- being then consumed 2000 houses, with the halls, ried on at Wareham, Dorchester, &c.

hospital, and church of Notre Dame. The DORSI'FEROUS, adj.

? Lat. dorsum and company of tradesmen, and some other commuDorsi'PAROUS. Sfero, or pario. Hav- nities, elect the magistrates, and name one part ing the property of bearing or bringing forth on of the members of the city council. In former the back. It is used of plants that have the times, Dort was the residence of the counts of seeds on the back of their leaves, as fern; and Holland; and, on the foundation of the Dutch may be properly used of the American frog, republic, it became the first in rank of the towns which brings forth young from her back. of Holland at the States-general.

DORSTENIA, contrayerva, a genus of the This city is famous for the meeting of the monogynia order and tetrandria class of plants; clergy, called the synod of Dort, in which the natural order fifty-third, scabridæ : receptacle Calvinists obtained a sentence against the Arcommon, monophyllous, and carnous; the seeds minians, who were called Remonstrants. The lying singly in the carnous substances. There dispute between the contending parties occaare eleven species, all low herbaceous plants, sioned disorders, skirmishes, and murders, in

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