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was overturned in 534. Nevertheless, they re a donative. Casaubon, iu his notes on the Life mained in a separate body till the close of the of Pertinax by Capitolinus, observes, that Pertisixth century, when Gregory, the Roman pontiff, nax made a promise of 2000 denarii to each used various methods for suppressing them; his soldier; which amounts to upwards of £97 zeal succeeded, and there are few traces to be sterling. The same author writes, that the legal found of the Donatists after this period. They donative was 20,000 denarii; and that it was were distinguished by other appellations; as not customary to give less, especially to the Montenses, Campites, Rupites, &c. They held prætorian soldiers : that the centurions had douthree councils, one at Cirta in Numidia, and ble, and the tribunes, &c., more in proportion. two at Carthage. The peculiar opinions of the DONATUS (Elius), a celebrated grammaDonatists were, 1. That baptism conferred out rian, who lived at Rome, about A. D. 354. He of the church, that is, out of their sect, was null; was one of St. Jerome's masters; and comand accordingly they rebaptised those who joined posed commentaries on Terence and Virgil, their party from other churches, and re-ordained which are esteemed. their ministers. Donatus seems likewise to have Doxatus (Jerom), a learned and noble Veneziren into the doctrine of the Arians, with whom tian, who flourished in the end of the fifteenth he was closely allied; and, accordingly, St. Epi- century, and died in the beginning of the sixphanius, Theodoret, aud some others, accused the teenth. He was a benefactor to his country, both Donatists of Arianism; and it is probable that as a commander and as a negociator, and prothe charge was well founded, because they were cured its reconcilement with pope Julius II. patronised by the Vandals, who were of these He wrote many books, which remain in MS.;sentiments. But St. Augustine (Ep. 185, to besides a translation of Alexander Aphrodiceus count Boniface, and lær. 69.) affirms, that the de Anima, which he published. He died of a Donatists, in this point, were clear of the errors fever at Rome just as he had completed his neof their leader.

gociation with Julius. DONATIVE, in the canon law, a benefice given DONAVESCHINGEN, or DonESCHINGEN, by the patron merely without a presentation to a town of Germany, in the circle of Suabia, sithe bishop. If chapels founded by lay men be tuated in the Black Forest, where the prince of not approved by the diocesan, and, as it is called, Furstenberg has a palace, near which is a spring, spiritualiserd, they are not accounted proper be said to be the source of the Danube, thirteen nefices, peither can they be conferred by the miles N. N. W. of Schaffhausen, and thirteen bishop, but remain to the pious disposition of west of Duttlingen. the founders, and their heirs, who may give DONAUWERTH, a strong and well built such chapels without the bishop. Gwin observes, town of Bavaria, in the circle of the Upper Dathat the king might anciently found a free chapel, nube, on the left bank of that river. It has been and exempt it from the jurisdiction of the dio- taken and retaken several times in the wars of cesan; so may he, by letters patent, give liberty Germany; and was formerly an imperial city: to a common person to found such a chapel, and it has a bridge over the Danube, four good make it donative, not presentable; and the chap- churches and four hospitals : it lies thirty miles lain or beneficiary, is deprivable by the founder west of Ingoldstadt, and eighteen north of Augsor his heir, and not by the bishop. Donatives - burgh. In this neighbourhood were the famous are within the statute against simony; and, if lines of Schellenberg, when the allies under the they have cure of souls, within that against duke of Marlborough obtained an important pluralities. If the patron of a donative does victory over the Bavarians on the 2d July 1704. not nominate a clerk, there can be no lapse DONAX, a genus of insects belonging to the thereof, unless it be specially provided for in order of vermes testacei. It is an animal of the the foundation; but the bishop may compel him oyster kind; and the shell has two valves, with to do it by spiritual censures. But, if it be aug a very obtuse margin in the fore part. There mented by queen Anne's bounty, it will lapse are nineteen species, principally distinguished like other presentative livings. 1 Geo. I. stat. 2, by the figure of their shells

. cap. 10. The ordinary cannot visit a donative, DONCASTER, an ancient, large, and popuand therefore it is free from procuration, and the lous town, in the West Riding of Yorkshire, incumbent is exempted from attendance at visi- seated on the Don, with a castle, whence its tations. All bishoprics anciently were donative name. It is incorporated, and is governed by a by the king. Where a bishop has the gift of a mayor, recorder, six aldermen, and twenty-four benefice, it is properly called a donative, because councillors. In this town is a handsome theatre, he cannot present to himself.

town-hall, bank, free grammar-school, almsDONATIVE, DONATIVUM, in antiquity, was house, work-house, a public dispensary, and vaproperly a gift made to the soldiers, as congia- rious other benevolent societies and institutions rium was to the people. The Romans made for the relief of sick and afilicted persons. The large donatives to their soldiers. Julia Pia, wife parish church is an ancient structure; and its oi the emperor Severus, is called on certain me- steeple is a piece of excellent workmanship. dals mater castrorum, because of the care sbe Here are numerous meeting-houses for religious took of the soldiery, by interposing for the aug- sects of different denominations. Doncaster hus mentation of their donatives, &c. Salmasius, long been celebrated for its races; on the course, in his notes to Lampridius, on his Life of Helio- which is one of the most eligible in the kinggabalus, mentioning a donative that emperor dom, is erected an elegant stand for the accomgave of three pieces of gold per head, observes, modation of the spectators and visitors, who are that this was the common and legitimate rate of always numerous and fashionable. It has a Vol. VII

2 E

market on Monday; and carries on manufactures improvements, a market would be found for the of vests, petticoats, stockings, gloves, &c. It overplus of food obtained by the improved har has two bridges over the Don, with a high cause- bours, at the same time that civilisation would way beyond them, the river being apt to over advance much more rapidly. Donegal abounds flow its banks. It has also the relics of an old in valuable mineral substances; it has been Roman road, and lies thirty-seven miles south of visited by Dr. Berger, Dr. Stokes, and Sir York, and 160 north by west of London. Charles Giesecke. The surface may be termed

DONE, a kind of interjection. The word by both boggy and mountainous; the former part which a wager is concluded : when a wager is useless, from a scanty population and want of offered, he that accepts it says “ Done!'

drainage; the latter unapproachable from want

of roads. There is a valuable lead mine, at full Done : the wager? Shakspeare. Tempest.

work, near Kildrum. At Muckish there exists One thing, sweet heart, I will ask :

a rich bed of silicious sand. Iron ore is found Take me for a new-fashioned mask.

in Aran-more, Muckish, and other places. - Done : but my bargain shall be this,

Coals are found at Dromore, Ards, and GlaI'll throw my mask off when I kiss. Cleveland.

nelly, and slate near Ballyshannon and LetterTwas done and done, and the fox, by consent, was to be the judge.

L'Estrange.

kenney. Veins of primitive limestone and marble, fit for statuary, appear

at Fintown; DONEGAL, anciently Tyrconnel, is a county sienite, and porphyritic sienite, are had here in in the province of Ulster, bounded on the north great abundance, besides several species of limeand west by the Atlantic Ocean, by parts of stone. Dykes are of frequent occurrence, and Leitrim and Fermanagh on the south, and by consist principally of trap and greenstone. There Tyrone, Londonderry, and Fermanagh on the is but little trade of any description existing here. east. It is divided into six baronies, and forty- Linen is made by the cottagers, and sold to the two parishes. Its superficies measures about travellers from Derry, Sligo, and Strabane. 679,550 plantation acres. The line of coast is Kelp is made along the coast; and the fisheries, adorned by many islands, of which seventeen now in a very low state, might be rendered a are inhabited; and it is also indented by nume- great blessing to the poor and peaceable inhabirous excellent harbours and bays, capable of being tants of this large county, by the adoption of a made available either for the West-India trade, few of Mr. Nimmo's very beautiful designs for or the encouragement and growth of valuable coast improvements. fisheries. The chief islands are Aranmore, con There are some remarkable natural beauties and taining 2000 acres, 132 houses, and 778 inhabit- curiosities in Donegal: the pass of Bamsmore is ants : Inisbofin, having forty-three houses and the most sublime of the first description; and 252 inhabitants : Tory Island, supporting a M'Swine's Gun the most singular of the second. population of 296 in fifty-nine houses. The The climate, from its latitude and exposure to most important harbours are, the noble inlet of the Atlantic, is both colder and more damp than Lough Swilly, extending thirty miles in length; most of the other northern counties; yet longeMulroy and Sheep-haven in the north ; Teelin, vity is said to be one of its attributes : the last Killybegs, and Brucklis in the south. The whale census returns upwards of twenty persons in the fishery was once successfully prosecuted on this county as having attained the age of 100, and coast, and a pier was erected at Inver, as an aux- several as having reached the unusually extended iliary, which now, unhappily, is a total ruin. age of 1 15 years. The chief towns are Lifford, Inver and Brucklis Bay continue to be the chief Letterkenney, Raploe, Ballyshannon, Rathmelseat of the herring fishery; but from the want of ton, Killybegs, Buncrana, Ballintra, Dunfanashelter for boats, this mode of life is rendered in ghy, &c. The chief, or county town is Lifford, this place awfully perilous. In 1813 fifty fisher- situated on the river Finn. The assizes for the men were lost the last-mentioned bay, en- county are held here, but from its awkward situatirely owing to the want of any rendezvous, when tion, upon the boundaries of the county, and its the squall came on. The safest, best, and largest proximity to Strabane, it has never risen to the harbour on this line, is Killybegs : here several importance to which shire-lowns are entitled ; hundred sail might anchor safely, but could not the population scarcely amouuts to 1000 perput to sea hence in west or south-west winds. sons. Letterkenny is well situated for supply The fishery along this coast has latterly decayed, ing the county with imports, but Rathmelton and is not likely

to be arrested in its melancholy much better. The town of Ballyshannon, the decline, without either the countenance and property of Packenham Couolly, Esq., is situated assistance of government, or of the landed pro- at the embouchure of the river Erne. Here is prietors of the county.

the famous salmon fishery, the produce of which The roads in Donegal are, in most places, un- is all exported to London, carefully packed in fit for carriages; and the traffic of the country ice. The fall of Ballyshannon is a beautiful obis carried on generally by horses, with sacks and ject, and always supplied with a great body of baskets. No mail-coach, as yet, passes through water from Lough Erne. The harbour of Ballyany part of this great district. The coast road shannon is obstructed by two bars; but, when should be all remade: a new line is wanted from they are passed, there is safe lying for squali the Rosses, by the Giddore River, to Gortahork; vessels in the pool below the waterfall. This and also from the same place to Fintown, by harbour is much in want of improvement, and a Aragib Mountain. In fact, without coast improve- navigation from Loch Erne to the sea is an obments, the population will find it difficult to pro- vious want. The Erne, the Finn, and the Guycure subsistence; and with the required road barra, are the principal rivers in the county ; but

lakes and mountain pools are very numerous. afterwards reconciled to Sir George by the good Lough Derg is rendered famous in story by the offices of Sir Francis Wolley. In 1612 he acpilgrimages to St. Patrick's Purgatory, on one of companied Sir Robert Drury to Paris, and its islands, annually performed by multitudes during this time many of the nobility solicited from every part of Ireland ; and Lough Esk is the king for some secular employment for him. noted for the production of excellent char fish. But king James, who took plsasure in his conThere are few counties in Ireland possessing versation, had engaged him in writing his Pseudogreater interest, and at the same time less known Martyr, printed at London in 1610 ; and was so to the public, than Donegal.

highly pleased with that work, that in 1614 he Donegal Town, in the barony of Tyrhugh, prevailed upon him to enter into holy orders; county of Donegal, and province of Ulster, is appointed him one of his chaplains, and proabout 140 miles from Dublin. "It is a post, market, cured him the degree of D. D. from the Univerand fair town. Here is a beautiful remnant of sity of Oxford. In 1619 he attended the earl of the military antiquities of Ireland, O'Donnel's Doncaster in his embassy into Germany. In castle, erected in the twelfth century, and at this 1621 he was made dean of St. Paul's, and vicar day singularly perfect. The ruins of a monastery, of St. Dunstan's, in London; the advowson of it founded in 1474, by Owen Rowe, stand at the having been given to him long before by Richard distance of half a mile from the town'.

earl of Dorset. By these and other preferments, DONERAIL, a borough of Ireland, in Cork, he was enabled to be charitable to the poor, and seated on the Awbeg, near some quarries of beau- to make good provision for his children. He tiful variegated marble. It sent two members to wrote besides the above, 1. Devotions upon parliament before the Union. It is nineteen miles emergent occasions. 2. The Ancient History of porth-east of Cork, and 115 south-west of Dublin. the Septuagint, translated from the Greek' of

DONGALA, DANGALA, or Dankala, as it is Aristevs, in 4to. 3. Three volumes of sermons, called by the Arabs, is a town of Africa, in Nu- folio. 4. A considerable number of poems, and bia, seated on the east bank of the Nile. The other works. He died in 1631; and was instreets are said to be half-deserted, being filled terred in St. Paul's cathedral, where a monuup with sand brought down by the waters from ment was erected to his memory. His writings the mountains. The castle is large but not strong; show him to have been a man of wit and learnbut an account of it by Porcet, dated at the ing; but his chief talent lay in satire; though it close of the seventeenth century, is the last we savors more of the coarse style of Juvenal, than have seen. Persons of rank here go bareheaded, of the elegant humor of Horace. their hair being disposed in tresses, and their Donne (Benjamin), a celebrated mathematiwhole attire consisting in a rude vest without cian, was born in 1729, at Bideford, in Devonsleeves. The pride of Dongala is in its horses, shire, where his father and brother Abraham which are as beautiful as their riders are skilful. were eminent teachers of the mathematics. BenSince the expulsion of the Mamelukes from jamin succeeded his father, but afterwards reEgypt, those of that body which effected their moved to Bristol, where he died in 1798. He escape, have taken possession of Dongala, and was master of mechanics to his late majesty, established a species of petty kingdom there. and published—1. Mathematical Essays, 8vo., Their number, however, does not exceed 500, 1759. 2. A Map of Devonshire, from an actual with 3000 or 4000 slaves. Dongala is 150 miles survey, made by himself. 3. The Accountant and north of Sennar, and 690 south of Cairo. Geometrician, 8vo. 4. The British Mariuer's

DOʻNJON, n.s. Now corrupted to dungeon, Assistant, 8vo. 5. Essays on Trigonometry, from low Lat. domnionum, according to Menage. 8vo. 6. An Epitome of Natural Philosophy, The highest and strongest tower of the castle, 12mo. 7. A Treatise on Mechanical Geomewhere prisoners were kept: as in Chaucer. It try, 12mo. is now used of subterraneous prisons.

DONNINGTON, or DUNNINGTON, a town of

England, in the county of Lincoln, with a good The grete toure, that was so thicke and strong,

trade in hemp and hemp-seed, and a port for Which of the castle was the chief dongeon,

barges, by which goods are conveyed to Boston Wherein the knightes were in prison, Was evin joynant to the garden-wall,

and the Washes. It has lately been much imTher as this Emely had her playeing. Chaucer.

proved. Through the fens, a firm , rampart of

earth of considerable breadth has been conDONNE (John), D. D., a poet and divine of structed, which forms a convenient road to Semthe seventeenth century. His parents were of pringham. The church is a convenient building: the Romish religion, and used their utmost ef- in the lower part of the steeple is a stone, on forts to keep him firm to it; but his early exa- which are the remains of a Roman inscription, mination of the controversy between the church unintelligible, with the exception of the date of of Rome and the Protestants, at last determined the year. It has a weekly market on Saturday ; bim to choose the latter. He travelled into and is eleven miles W.S. W. of Boston, and 110 Italy and Spain, where he learnt their languages north of London. to perfection. Soon after he returned to Eng DOOD'LE, n. s. A cant word, says Johnland Sir Thomas Egerton, keeper of the great son, perhaps corrupted from do little : faineant. seal, appointed him his secretary ; in which post A trifler; an idler. he continued five years. Marrying privately DOOM, v. a. & n. s. Sax. dome, deman; Anne, the daughter of Sir George Moore, then Doom's-DAY,

Teut. thum, to Deem, chancellor of the garter, he was dismissed from Doums'MAN,

which see. To judge; his place, and thrown into prison: but he was

Dooms'-DAY-BOOK. destine; hence to com

mand judicially, denounce; and the sentence, And beg with well feigned sympathy to know determination, or judgment given. Doomsday

Of head-aches which I felt three months ago.

Dr. T. Broren, is the day of future and universal judgment. For doom's-day-book, see DOMESDAY-Book.

The very knowledge that he lived in vain, Be thou consenting to thin adversarie soone, while That all was over on this side the tomb, thou art in the waye with him, lest peraventure thin

Had made Despair a smilingness assume, adversarie take thee to the domesman and the domes Which, though 'twere wild,--as on the plundered man take thee to the ministre, and thou be sent in to

wreck prisoun.

Wiclif. Matt. v. When mariners would madly meet their doom He that etith and drynkith unworthile, etith and

With draughts intemperate on the sinking deck,drynkith doom to him, not wiseli demynge the bodi

Did yet inspire a cheer, which he forbore to check. of the lord. Id. 1 Cor. xi.

Byron. Have I a tongue to doom my brother's death,

DOON, or Lock Doon, anciently called And shall that congue give pardon to a slave ? Dohn, a lake of Scotland, six miles long, in the

Shakspeare. south-east part of the district of Kyle, in AyrRevoke thy doom,

shire. There is an island in it, with an old fort Or whilst I can vent clamour from my throat, called Balloch Castle. Also the name of a river I'll tell thee thou dost evil. Id. King Lear. of Scotland, which issues from Loch Doon, and,

Search Windsor Castle, elves, within and out : running north-west, divides the district of Kyle Strew good luck, ouphes, on every sacred room, from that of Carrick. After a course of various That it may stand till the perpetual doom. Id.

meanderings for twenty-four miles, it falls into Men, wives, and children star, cry out, and run, the Frith of Clyde, a little south of Ayr. It As it were doomsday.

Id. Julius Cæsar. abounds with salmon, trout, pikes, and eels. The Danes also brought in a reckoning of money

DOOR, n. s. Goth. dore ; Sax. dora; by ores, per oras, which is mentioned in doomsday

Door'cASE, Teut, thur; Dan. doer; perbook.

Camden, His business gives him not leave to think of his

Door'KEEPER. ) haps from Gr. Ovpa à frow, conscience, and when the time, or term of his life is to enter; Minsheu. The gate of a house or going out, for dooms-day he is secure; for he hopes room; hence entrance of any kind; passage; he has a trick to reverse judgment.

Bp. Earle. and by metonymy, a house. To lay at the doors They may serve for any theme, and never be out of any one is to impute; to charge upon him of date until doomsday. Browne's Vulgar Errours.

any thing. Him through malice fallen,

Petir stoode at the dore withoutforth: therfore the Father of mercy and grace ! thou didst not doom tothir disciple that was knowuu to the bisschop wente So strictly, but much more to pity inclice. Milton. out and seide to the womman that kepte the dore and Minos, the strict inquisitor, appears,

broughte yn petir, and the damysel kepere of the And lives and crimes, with his assessors, hears;

dore seide to petir wher thou art also of this mannys Round in his urn the blended balls he rowls,

disciplis.

Wiclif. Jon, xviii. Absolves the just, and dooms the guilty souls.

The praier stint of Arcite the strong,

Dryden's Æneid. The ringes on the temple dore they rong, Our souls, not yet prepared for upper light,

And eke the dores clatten full fasi, Till doomsday wander in the shades of night ·

Of which Arcite somewhat him agast This only holiday of all the year,

Chaucer. We privileged in sunshine may appear.

Id.

All the castle quaked from the ground, In the great day, wherein the secrets of all hearts

And every door of free-will open fiew, shall be laid open, no one shall be made to answer

Faerie Queene. what he knows nothing of: but shall receive his doom, his conscience accusing or excusing him.

Since my own doors refuse to entertain me,

I'll knock elsewhere.
Locke.

Shakspeare. I have no will but what your eyes ordain;

The indispensable necessity of sincere obedience, Destined to love, as they are doomed to reign. shuts the door against all temptations to carnal secuGranville, rity.

Hammond. From the same foes, at last, both felt their doom; He that hath given the following assistances to And the same age saw learning fall, and Rome.

thee, desires to be even a doorkeeper in God's house,

Pope. and to be a servant to the meanest of God's servants. Indeed, as there is a difference in constitutions,

Taylor's Preface. some rest well after these meals; it costs them only a

In the side a door frightful dream and an apoplexy, after which they sleep till doomsday. Nothing is more common in the

Contrived; and of provisions laid in large,

For man and beast. newspapers, than instances of people, who, after eat

Milton's Paradise Lost. ing a hearty supper, are found dead a-bed in the A seditious word leads to a broil, and a riot un. morning.

Franklin. punished is but next door to a tumult. L'Estrange. In groundless hope, and causeless fear,

Lay one piece of flesh or fish in the open air, and Unhappy man! behold thy doom ;

another of the same kind and bigness withia doors. Still changing with the changeful year,

Bacon's Natural History.
The slave of sunshine and of gloom.
Johnson. Winter's Walk,

For without rules, there can be no art, any more When to the supper-hall we moved along,

than there can be a house without a door to conduct Why was I doomed to face her in the throng!

Dryden, With what provoking kindness did she stand, In any of which parts if I have failed, the fault And loose her arm from his lo press my hand, lies wholly at my door, Id. Dufresnoy, Preface.

you in.

Should be, who was thy lord, command thee now, famous for its excellent ale. The streets are With a harsh voice and supercilious brow,

broad and well paved. It has two markets on To servile duties, thou would'st fear no more; Wednesday and Saturday, and sends two memThe gallows and the whip are out of door.

bers to parliament. The manufactures are serge Dryden. Persius.

and broad cloth. It lies eight miles north of His imaginary title of fatherhood is out of doors, Weymouth, fifty-three east of Exeter, and 120 and Cain is no prince over his brother, Locke.

west by south of London. Lambs, though they are bred within doors, and Dorchester, a town in Oxfordshire, seated on never saw the actions of their own species, push at the Tame, over which it has a bridge, three quarthose who approach them with their foreheads.

ters of a mile above its junction with the Thames.

Addison's Spectator. It had five churches before the Norman conquest. The making of frames for doorcases, is the framing It is ten miles south-east of Oxford, and fortyof two pieces of wood athwart two other pieces. nine W.N. W. of London.

Mocon.

Dorchester, a county of Maryland, in North Martin's office is now the second door in the street, America. It is thirty-three miles long from east where he will see Parnel.

Arbuthnot.

to west, and twenty-seven broad. Its produce is A shrewd observer once said, that in walking the chiefly wheat, coru, and lumber. Cambridge is streets on a slippery morning, one might see where the chief town. the good-natured people lived, by the ashes thrown

DORCHESTER, a town of the United States of on the ice before the doors.

Franklin,

America, in Grafton county, New Hampshire, Love ends with hope; the sinking statesman's door, seventeen miles north-east of Dartmouth. Pours in the morning worshipper no more.

Dorchester, a township of the United States, Johnson. Vanity of Human Wishes. in Norfolk county, Massachusetts. It is two DOOSHACK, or Jullalabad, the capital of miles south by east of Boston, and is about six the province of Seistan, Persia, is situated in an miles long, and three and a half broad. The open country, at the distance of eight or nine chief manufactures are paper, chocolate, snuff, miles from the river Helmund, or Hetermund. leather, and shoes. It consists of about 2000 houses. Here is a Dorchester, a town of the United States, in good bazaar, and around are the ruins of a more Cumberland county, New Jersey, seventeen extensive ancient city, which appears to have miles east of Fairfield. been built of half-burnt brick. The modern Dorchester Neck, a peninsula of Massatown, more commonly called Julallabad, is go- chusetts, on the coast of the township, in Norfolk verned by a prince of an ancient and independent county; the north-east point of which approaches family, who styles himself king of Seistan. within half a mile of Castle Island, and its DOʻQUET, n. s.

A paper containing a war- north-west point within half a mile of the south rant. See Dock.

part of Boston. During the American war forts

were erected on the heights, and the township Before the institution of this office, no doquet for

suffered greatly licence to alien, nor warrant for pardon of alienation made, could be purchased without an oath.

DORDOGNE, a department of France, comBacon's Office of Alienation.

prehending part of the ci-devant province of

Perigord, bounded on the north-east by that of DORAK, or Felahi, a town of the province the Upper Vienne, on the east by those of the of Kuzistan, Persia, situated on two branches Lot and Correze, on the south by that of the Lot of the river Jerahi. It is surrounded by mud and Garonne, on the west by those of the Giwalls, two miles in circuit, sixteen feet thick, ronde and the Lower Charente, and on the northand flanked at intervals, by round towers. The west by that of the Charente. Perigueux is the palace of the seik occupies a large area, but is a capital. Its superficial extent is about 3600 nean editice, and in a decaying state. Dorak square miles, and the population 425,000, of s celebrated for the manufacture of Arabian whom 8500 are Protestants. It was at first cloaks. There are few houses within the walls, divided into nine districts, but now consists of as most of the inhabitants prefer residing under the five arrondissements of Perigueux (the cathe shade of the date trees, in the suburbs. pital), Bergerac, Sarlat, Riberac, and Nontron. Population 8000. Seventy-five miles south of The south of the department, particularly the Shuster,

banks of the Dordogne, the Vezere, and the Ile, DORAN, a town of Arabia, in Yemen, the is fruitful; but the north is mountainous, and residence of the chief or governor of the district covered with wood; the deficiency of corn being Bellad Aries. It is situated on the declivity of supplied by chestnuts and potatoes. There are a mountain, and was once surrounded by a wall a few manufacturing establishments in various with three gates. Twenty-eight ‘miles south of places, viz. for hardware, paper, glass, and potSana.

tery. Wine, oil, and cattle, form the chief DORCAS. See Capra.

articles of export. Of wine 150,000 hogsheads DORCHESTER, an ancient, neat, and well are accounted an average vintage; the cattle and built town of England, the capital of Dorsetshire. sheep are numerous. It is seated on the river Frome, on a Roman road, DORDOGNE, a considerable river of France, and adorned with a fine terrace walk, planted with which rises about seven miles north-west of Besse, trees. It has three parish churches, with a court in the department of the Puy-de-Dome. After house where the county assizes are held; and is forming the limit of the departments of the Puygoverned by a mayor, twelve aldermen, a recorder, de-Dome and the Correze, it runs through an and twenty four council-men. It has long been extensive tract, and falls into the Garonne, at

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