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at high water brings up large vessels. It has a Raimond Lully, the illuminated doctor; Roger good harbour, built in 1248, by Ubbo, duke of Bacon, the admirable doctor, &c. Friesland. The town is very well built, and for DOCTOR OF THE Church, a title given to certified by ramparts and bastions. It is ten miles tain fathers whose doctrines and opinions have north-east of Lewarden, and thirty-three west of been the most generally followed and authorised. Deltzyl. Population 3100. The trade is in salt, Of these there are four of the Greek church, and cheese, and butter.

three of the Latin. The first are St. Athanasius, DOCTOR, n. s. & v. a. Fr. docteur ; Sp. St. Basil

, St. Gregory Nazianzen, and St. ChryDoc'TORAL, adj. and Port. dotor ;

sostom. The latter are St. Jerome, St. Augustine, Doc'TORALLY, adv.

Ital. dottore ; Lat. and Gregory the Great. In the Roman breviary Doc'TORATE, n. s. doctor, from doceo,

there is a particular office for the doctors. It Doc'TORSHIP.

to teach. See Do- only differs from that of the confessors, by the Cile. He who teaches in any faculty; hence, anthem of the Magnificat, and the lessons. one who has taken a high degree in the learned

DocToR OF THE Law, a title of honor among professions, and is an able or skilful man, gene

the Jews. The investiture of this order was rally. The verb is a low word derived from the performed by putting a key and table book in noun. Doctorate and doctorship are the degree their hands; which is what some authors imagine or rank of a doctor.

our Saviour alluded to, when, speaking of the

doctors of the law (Luke xi. 52), he says, 'Woe And prophetis and doctouris weren in the churche unto you doctors of the law, for you have taken that was at Antioche!

Wiclif. Dedis. 13.

away the key of knowledge: you entered not in No woman had it, but a civil doctor,

yourselves, and them that were entering you Who did refuse three thousand ducats of me,

hindered.' And begged the ring.

The establishment of the doctorate, such as Shakspeare. Merchant of Venice.

now in use among us, is ordinarily attributed to By medicine life may be prolonged, yet death

Irnerius, who himself drew up the formulary: Will seize the doctor too.

Id. Cymbeline,

The first ceremony of this kind was performed

at Bologna, in the person of Bulgarns, who beChanging hands without changing measures, as if gan to profess the Roman law, and on that oca drunkard in a dropsy should change his doctors, casion was solemnly promoted to the doctorate, and not his diet.

Saville.

i. e. installed juris utriusque doctor. But the The physicians resorted to him to touch his pulse, custom was soon transferred from the faculty of and consider of his disease doctorally at their depart- law to that of theology; the first instance whereof

Hakewill.

was given in the university of Paris, where Peter From a scholar he became a fellow, and then the Lombard and Gilbert de la Portree, the two president of the college, after he had received all the chief divines of those days, were created doctors graces and degrees, the proctorship and the doctor in theology, sacræ theologiæ doctores. Spelman ship.

Clarendon. takes the title of doctor not to have commenced Then subtle doctors scriptures made their pride, till after the publication of Lombard's sentences, Casuists, like cocks, struck out each other's eyes. about 1140, and affirms, that such as explained

Denham.

that work to their scholars were the first that had To 'pothecaries let the learned prescribe, the appellation of doctors. Others go much That men may die without a double bribe ; higher, and hold Bede to have been the first Let them but under their superiors kill,

doctor at Cambridge, and John de Beverly at When doctors first have signed the bloody bill.

Oxford, which last died A. D. 721. But SpelDryden.

man will not allow doctor to have been the He that can cure by recreation, and make pleasure name of any title or degree in England, till the the vehicle of health, is a doctor at it in good earnest

reign of king John, about 1207. By stat. 37, Collier.

Hen. VIII. c. 17, sect. 4, a doctor of the civil In truth, nine parts in ten those who recovered, law may exercise ecclesiastical jurisdiction, oved their lives to the strength of nature and a good though a layman. constitution, while such one happened to be the

To pass D.D. at Oxford, it is necessary for doctor.

Swift.

the candidate to have been four years bachelor I thank you, my dear Lord, for your congratulations of divinity. For LL.D. he must have been on my advancement to the doctorate; though I doubt it will seem a little incongruous in me to combat the LL. B.'five ycars, after which he may be ad

seven years in the university ; to commence scarlet whore in her own vestments.

Bp. Hurd.

mitted doctor. Otherwise, in three years after DOCTOR, Aldaoralos, in the Greek church, is a taking the degree of M.A, he may take the departicular officer appointed to interpret part of gree of LL.B., and in four years more that o. the Scriptures: he who interprets the gospels is LL.D., which method and time are likewise recalled doctor of the gospels; he who interprets quired to obtain the degree of M.D. At CamSt. Paul's epistles doctor of the apostle; he who bridge, to take the degree of D.D., it is requisite interprets the psalms doctor of the psalter. that the candidate have been seven years B.D.,

Doctor is also an appellation adjoined to seve- though in several of the colleges the taking of the ral specific epithets, expressing the merit of some bachelor's degree is dispensed with, and they of the schoolmen : thus, Alexander Hales is called may go out per saltum. ' To commence LL.D. the irrefragable doctor; Thomas Aquinas, the the candidate must have been five years LL. B., angelic doctor; St. Bonaventure, the seraphic or seven M.A. To pass M. D. he must have docior; Jobp Duns Scotus, the subtle doctor; been five years B.D., or seven years M, A.

men.

DOCTRINE, n. s. 2

Fr.doctrine ; Ital. pointed minister of Hanwell, in Oxfordshire; Doc'rrinal, adj. & n.s. (Span. and Port. whence be removed to Fenny Compton, and DOCTRINALLY, adv.

S dottrina ; Lat. doc to Cannons Ashby, in Northamptonshire. In trina, from doceo, doctus, to teach. See Docile. 1624 he was presented to the living of FawsPrinciples or propositions taught; the act of ley, in the same county, where he died in 1645. teaching: doctrinal has been formerly used He wrote, 1. An Exposition of the Commandsynonymously. As an adjective it signifies ments, 4to., which work procured him the name relating to, or containing doctrine; and doctri- of the Decalogist; 2. An Exposition of the Book nally is the corresponding adverb.

of Proverbs, 4to. Whiche thingis we speken also not in wise wordis

DODART (Denis), a regent of the faculty of of manny's wisdom, but in the doctrine of the spyryt, medicine at Paris, was born in that city in 1634. and maken a liknesse of spyritual thingis to goostli He had an exquisite taste for music and painting,

Wiclif. 1 Cor. ii. was in high esteem at court as a physician, and He said unto them in his doctrine.

a member of the Academy of Sciences. He Mark iv.

wrote Memoires pour servir a l'Histoire de 'To make new articles of faith and doctrine, no man

Plantes ; and a curious work, entitled Medicina

Statica Gallica. He died in 1707. His son, thinketh it lawful: new laws of government, what church or commonwealth is there which maketh not,

Claude John Baptiste Dodart, became physician either at one time or other ?

Hooker.

to Louis XV., and died in 1730.

DODARTÍA, in botany, a genus of the anWhat special property or quality is that, which, being no where found bút in sermons, maketh them giospermia order, and didynamia class of plants; effectual to save souls, and leaveth all other doctrinal natural order fortieth, personatæ : Cal. quinquemeans besides destitute of vital efficacy ? Id.

dentated : CoR. under lip twice as long as the Humility is a virtue all preach, none practise, and upper: CAPS. bilocular and globose. Species two,

natives of Palestine. yet every body is content to hear. The master

DODBROOK, a market town and parish of thinks it good doctrine for his servant, the laity for the clergy, and the clergy for the laity. Selden.

Devonshire, fifteen miles south-west from Dart

mouth, and 207 W.S. W. from London. It is Not such as assent to every word in scripture, can noted as being the first place where white ale was be said in doctrinals to deny Christ.

South,

brewed, of which the rector claims tythe ; but in Scripture accommodates itself to common opinions, lieu thereof receives 10d. from each innkeeper. and employs the usual forms of speech, without Market, third Wednesday in every month. delivering any thing doctrinally concerning these

DODD (Charles), a Roman catholic priest, points.

Ray.

at Harvingion in Worcestershire, where he died Ye are the sons of clergy, who bring all their doc- in 1745. He wiote The Church History of trines fairly to the light, and invite men with freedom England, 3 vols, folio, printed at Brussels, from to examine them.

Atterbury.

,1737 to 1742. That great principle in natural philosophy is the Dodd, (Dr. William), an unfortunate Endoctrine of gravitation, or mutual tendency of bodies glish divine, born in 1729. He was sent in toward each other.

1745, at the age of sixteen, to the university of Watts's Improvement of the Mind. Cambridge. In 1749 or 1750 he took the degree Spirits and doctrines therefore may be considered, of B. A. with considerable honor. Leaving the the latter word as explanatory of the former : and university, he married in 1751; was ordained a error sometimes signifying idolatry, erroneous doc- deacon the same year; priest in 1753, and soon trines may comprehend idolatrous, as well as false became a celebrated preacher. His first preferdoctrines.

Bp. Newton.

ment was the lectureship of West-Ham. In DOCʻUMENT, n. s. ) Fr. document; Ital. 1754 he was also chosen lecturer of St. Olave's,

Document'Al, adj. Span. and Port. docu- Hart-Street; and in 1757 took the degree of mento; Lat. documentum, from doceo, docui, to M. A. at Cambridge. On the establishment of teach. The thing taught: precept; instruction. the Magdalen Hospital in 1758, he was a strenuHence written evidence in law.

ous supporter of that charity, and soon after beIt is a most necessary instruction and document for of bishop Squire, he, in 1663, obtained a pre

came preacher at the chapel. By the patronage them, that as their majesty made them dispensators bend of Brecon, and, by the interest of some city of her favour, so it behoveth them to shew themselves equal distributors.

triends, was appointed one of the king's chap

lains; soon after which he had the care of the It is not unnecessary to digest the documents of education of the earl of Chesterfield. In 1766 cracking authors into several classes.

Harvey on Consumption.

he went to Cambridge and took the degree of

LL.D. Impatient for further advancement, he Gentle insinuations pierce, as oil is the most pene- adopted measures which eventually terminated trating of all liquors; but in magisterial documents nien in his ruin. On the living of St. George, Hanover think themselves attached, and stand upon their guard. Square, becoming vacant, he wrote an anonyGovernment of the Tongue.

mous letter to the lord chancellor's lady, offering Learners should not be too much crowded with a

3000 guineas if by her assistance he was promoted leap or multitude of documents or ideas at one time,

to it. This being traced to him, complaint was Watts.

immediately made to the king, and Dr. Dodd DOD (John), a puritan divine, was born at was dismissed with disgrace from his office of Shotledge in Cheshire, in 1547. He became chaplain. From this period he lived neglected, fellow of Jesus College, Cambridge, and was ap- if not despised; and his extravagance still con

Bacon.

:inuing, he became involved in difficulties, which 3. Sermons on the Education of Children ; 4. tempted him to forge a bond from his late pupil The Rise and Progress of Religion in the Soul; lord Chesterfield, February 4th, 1777, for £4200, 5. The Family Expositor, in 6 vols. 4to., &c.; which he actually received; but, being detected, of which several of the prelates of the church was tried at the Old Bailey, found guilty, and have spoken highly. Among others, the late received sentence of death. Notwithstanding bishop of Durham observes : In reading the numerous and, we believe, unprecedented appli- New Testament, I recommend Doddridge's cations for mercy, he was executed at Tyburn, Family Expositor, as an impartial interpreter, June 27th, 1777. Dr. Dodd was a voluminous and faithful monitor. Other expositions and writer and compiler. He published a Commen- commentaries might be mentioned greatly to the tary on the Bible, 3 vols. folio; Sermons to honor of their respective authors, for their Young Men, 3 vols. 12mo.; Reflections on several excellencies; such as, elegance of comDeath, 12mo.; The Visitor, a periodical paper, position, acuteness of illustration, and copious2 vols. 12mo.; Sermons on the Miracles and dess of erudition : but I know of no expositor, Parables, 4 vols. 8vo.; Several Poems and Mis- who unites so many advantages as Doddridge; cellaneous Pieces; and lastly, he left for the press whether you regard the solidity of his version, Thoughts in Prison.

the fulness and perspicuity of his composition, DOD'DER, n. s. & v.a.) According to the utility of his general and historical informa

DoD'DERED, adj. I Skinner from Dut. tion, the impartiality of his doctrinal comments, touteren, to shoot up; but Mr. Thomson says or, lastly, the piety and pastoral earnestness of from Goth. daudi; Teut. todter, the slayer, his moral and religious applications.' Since because injurious to corn and flax. A plant. the author's death a volume of his Hymns has See the extract from Hill. The verb is derived been published, and his Theological Lectures. from the noun. Doddered is overspread; dodder, Several of his works have been translated into excrescencies.

Dutch, German, and French..

DODE'CAGON, n. s. Δωδεκα and γωνια. The peasants were enjoined

. Sere-wood, and brs, and doddered oaks to find. A figure of twelve sides

Dryden's Fubles. DODECAGON, a regular polygon of twe!:0 Near the hearth a laurel grew,

equal sides and angles. If the side of a dodeDoldered with age, whose boughs encompass round cagon be 1, its area will be equal to 3 times the The household gods, and shade the holy ground. tan. of 75o = 3 x 2 +3=11•1961524 nearly;

Dryden's Æneid.

and, the areas of plane figures being as the Dodder is a singular plant : when it first shoots from squares of their sides, therefore 11.1961524 multhe seed it has little roots, which pierce the earth tiplied by the square of the side of any dodecagon, near the roots of other plants ; but the capillaments of will give its area. which it is formed soon after clinging about these DODECAGYNIA; from dwdera, twelve, and plants, the roots wither away. From this time it pro- yuvn, a woman; the fifth order in the class dodepagates itself

along the stalks of the plant, entangling candria; consisting of plants, which, along with itself about them. It has no leaves, but consists of the general characteristics of the class, have capillaments or stalks, brownish with a cast of red, twelve female organs. See BOTANY. which run to great lengths. They have tubercles,

DODECAHEDRON, in geometry, one of the which fix them fast down to the plant, and by means of which they absorb the juices destined for its Platonic bodies, or regular solids, contained under nourishment.

Hill.

twelve equal and regular pentagons. DODDRIDGE (Philip), D.D., an eminent

DODÈCANDRIA ; from dwoera, twelve, and Independent minister, born in London, 1702. avno, a man; the eleventh class in Linnæus's Ilaving completed the study of the classics, he sexual system, consisting of plants with herwas, in 1719, placed under the tuition of the maphrodite flowers, that have twelve male organs. Rev. John Jennings, who kept an academy at

It is not, however, limited to this number. kibworth in Leicestershire. He was first settled nineteen stamina. The essential character is,

Many genera have sixteen, eighteen, and even as a minister at Kibworth, where he preached to that the stamina, however numerous, are inserted a small congregation of the Independent persua- into the receptacle. See Botany. sion; but, on Mr. Jennings's death, succeeded to the care of his academy; and soon after was

DODECAS, in botany, a genus of the trigychosen minister by a large congregation at Nor- nia order, and dodecandria class of plants : Cal. thampton, to which he removed, and where the half quadrifid, having the corolla above : COR. number of his pupils increased. He instructed quinquefid: caps. unilocular, conjoined with the them with the freedom and tenderness of a father; calyx. Species one only, a Surinam shrub. and never desired that they should blindly follow

DEDECATEMO'RION, n. s. Δωδεκατηhis sentiments. He checked every appearance of popuov. The twelfth part. bigotry and uncharitableness. Yet while thus "Tis dodecatemorion thus described : liberal to the opinions of others, he refused a Thrice ten degrees, which every sign contains, very handsome offer of patronage made him by

Let twelve exhaust, that not one part remains ; the duchess of Bedford, on condition of entering It follows streight, that every twelfth confines the church of England. He died at Lisbon,

Two whole and one half portion of the signs whither he went for the recovery of his health, in

Creech. 1751. He wrote, 1. Free Thoughts on the most DODECATHEON, in botany, meadia; a probable means of reviving the Dissenting In- genus of the monogynia order, and pentandria terest; 2. The Life of Colonel James Gardiner; class of plants; natural order twenty-first, preciz :

it.

cor. verticillated and reflexed : stam. placed in implies old women. In ancient times the oracles the tube : Caps. Unilocular and oblong. Species were delivered by the murmuring of a neighone only, a native of Virginia, with leaves like a bouring fountain; but the custom was afterwards lettuce, but bearing beautiful flowers somewhat changed. Large kettles were suspended in the resembling a cowslip:

air near a brazen statue, which held a lash in its DODGE, v. n. Dr. Johnson says from a cor- hand. When the wind blew strong, the statue ruption of dog, but more probably from Teut. was agitated, and struck against one of the ketducken, dongen, to conceal. To deal craftily; tles, which communicated the motion to all the shift place so as to hide ; treat capriciously. rest, and raised the clattering and discordant din,

[Pharaoh) never prays for himself, but carelessly which continued for a while, and from which the wills Moses and Aaron to pray for him; never yields artifice of the priests drew the predictions. The God his whole demand, but higgleth and dodgeth, like ship Argo was built with wood of the oaks of some hard chapman that would get a release with the Dodona, and some of the beams, it is said, gave cheapest.

Bp. Hall. Contemplations. oracles to the Argonauts, and warned them If in good offices and due retributions we may not against the approach of calamity. Within the be pinching and niggardly, it argues an earthly and forest of Dodona there was a miraculous stream, ignoble mind, where we have apparently wronged, to and a fountain of cool water, which had the higgle and dodge in the amends.

power of lighting a torch as soon as it touched Hale's Contemplations. This fountain was totally dry at noon-day, For he had, any time this ten years full, and was restored to its full course at midnight, Dodged with him betwixt Cambridge and the Bull. from which time till the following noon it began

Milton.

to decrease, and at the usual hour was again The consideration should make men grow weary of deprived of its waters. The oracles of Dodona dodging and shewing tricks with God. South.

were generally delivered by women. No traces of You know my passion for Martha, and what a dance this town have been discovered in modern times; she has led me; she dodged with me above thirty years. but in Mount Tomarus, there is a forest of vast

The chaffering with dissenters, and dodging about extent, spreading far to the westward, which this or t'other ceremony, is but like opening a few

seems to answer to the site. In the higher parts, wickets, and leaving them a-jar, by which no more

where the oak does not thrive, there are immense than one can get in at a time.

Swift.

ranges of pines and firs. Dr. Holland, one of DOʻDKIN, n. S.

the latest travellers in Albania, when describing Dut. duytken. A doitkin or little doit; a conte

the city of Ioannina, enters into the long con

name for a low coia.

troverted point of the site of Dodona, which he I would not buy them for a dodkin.

endeavours to fix between Thesprotia and MoLily's Grammar Construed.

lossia. Strabo distinctly says, that it belonged DOʻDMAN, n. s. The name of a fish.

at first to the Thesprotians, and afterwards to the

Molossians. And we are not aware of its having Fish that cast their shell are the lobster, the crab, been assigned by any writers of the same era to the craw-fish, the hodmandod or dodman, and the these two different nations at the same time. It tortoise.

Bacon.

is singular that Dr. Holland should have overDODO, in ornithology. See Didus. looked one proof of the opinion supported by

DODONA, a town of Thesprotia in Epirus, him, as it occurs in the very passage of Æschyor, as some say, in Thessaly: There was in its lus, to which he refers in the note to p. 143. neighbourhood a celebrated oracle of Jupiter. Æschylus speaks of lo going to the Molossian The town and temple of the god were first built plains and the temple of Thesprotian Jove. by Deucalion, after the general deluge. supposed to be the most ancient oracle of all

έπει γάρ ήλθες πρόσ Μολοσσά γάπεδα, , Greece; and according to the traditions of the

την αιπύνωτόν τ' αμθι Δωδώνην, ίνα Egyptians, mentioned by Herodotus, it was

μαντεία θακός τ' ήστί θεσπρωτού Διός, founded in consequence of an oracular message

τερας τ' άπιστον, αι προσήγοροι δρύες. by a dove. Two black doves, he says, took their

Prom. 854-857. flight from the city of Thebes in Egypt; one of DODONÆUS, DODonian, in antiquity, an which flew to the temple of Jupiter Ammon, epithet given to Jupiter, because he was worand the other to Dodona, where with a human shipped in a temple built in the forest of voice they acquainted the inhabitants that Jupiter Dodona. Dodonides were the priestesses who had consecrated the ground, which in future gave oracles at this temple. would give oracles. The extensive grove which DODSLEY (Robert), an eminent bookseller, surrounded Jupiter's temple was endowed with and ingenious writer, born at Mansfield in Notthe gift of prophecy; and oracles were frequently tinghamshire in 1703. He was originally a delivered by the sacred oaks, and the doves livery servant, but his natural genius, and early which inhabited the place. This fabulous tra- passion for reading, soon elevated him to a dition of the oracular power of the doves is superior station. He wrote an elegant satirical explained by Herodotus, who says, that some farce called The Toy Shop, which was acted Phænicians carried away two priestesses from with great applause in 1735, and which recomEgypt, one of whom went to fix her residence at mended him to the patronage of Pope. The Dodona. The fable might also have been following year he produced the King and Miller founded on the double meaning of the word of Mansfield. The profits of these two farces TEAtlai, which signifies doves in most parts of enabled him to commence bookseller, and bis Greece, while in the dialect of the Epirots it own merit procured him eminence in that pro.

It was

or

fession. He wrote some other dramatic pieces, DOFREFIELD, or DOFRINE, the highest and published a collection of his works in one peak of the mountains which divide Norway vol. 8vo., under the modest title of Trifles; from Sweden. King Christian V. rode over it which was followed by Public Virtue, a poem, in 1686, while his attendants only ventured to in 4to.; he also collected several volumes of go on foot. Ile was saluted with nine pieces well-chosen Miscellaneous Poems and Fugitive of cannon by general Webe; and erected a Pieces, whose brevity would otherwise have pyramid on the peak, in memory or the exploit. endangered their being totally lost to posterity. DOG, n. s. & d.o. Fr. dogue; Dutch He was also the original publisher of the Annual

DoG-BANE, n. s. dogghe; Teut. dagghe, Register, of which Burke was the editor; and he

Dog-Ber’ry, according to Minsheu, first projected the English Dictionary of Dr.

Dog-BOLT,

from Belg. ducken, to Johnson. He died in 1764.

Dog-BRIAR,

shut up, because dogs DODWELL (Henry), a learned controversial DOG-CHEAP, are shut up in the daywriter, born at Dublin in the year 1641. He DOG-DAYS,

time, or from Gr. dakos, wrote a great number of tracts; but bishop Bur

Dog-DRAW,

a biter. See the article. net and others accuse him of doing injury to

Dog-FISH,

A name of contempt Christianity, by bis indiscreet love of paradoxes

Dog-FISHER,

for man,

As a verb it and novelties, and thus exposing bimself to the

DOG-FLY,

signifies to watch scoffs of unbelievers. His pamphlet, On the Doggen, adj. hunt as a dog does. DogImmortality of the Soul, gave rise to the well

DOGGEDLY, udv. bane, dog-berry, dogknown controversy between Mr. Collins and Dr.

DOGGEUNESS, 1. S. briar, dog-rose, and dogClark on that subject. He died in 1711.

Doccisii, adj. wood are plants ; dogDOE, n. s.

From Sax. da; Dan. daa; Lat. Dog-HEARTED, adj. bolt is a coarse fellow, dama. A she deer; the female of a buck.

DOG-HOLE, n. s. as Dr. Johnson thinks, Then but forbear your food a little while,

DOG-KENNEL,

from the coarser part of While, like a doe, I go to find my fawn,

Dog-LOUSE, tlour having been called And give it foud. Shakspeare. As You Like It.

DOG-ROSE,

dog-bolt; dog-cheap, Bucks have horns, does none.

DOG-SLEEP,

cheap as the food of Bucon's Natural History. DOG-STAR,

dogs; dog-days begin The fearful doe

DOG-TEETH,

when the dog-star rises And Aying stag amidst the greyhounds go.

DOG-TRICK,

and sits with the sun; a Dryden's Virgil. Dog-TROT,

dog-draw is, says Cowell, Doe, in zoology. See Cervus.

DOG-WEARY,

a manifest deprehension DOES (Jacob Vender), a painter, born at

Dog-wood,

of an offender against Amsterdam in 1623, died in 1673. He studied Dog's-MEAT. j venison in the forest, at Rome, where he followed the manner of when he is found drawing after a deer by the Bamboccio. His landscapes are dark, but fine, scent of a hound which he leads in his hand. and the figures beautifully executed. He had Dog-fish is another name for the shark; dogtwo sons, Jacob and Simon, both good artists; fisher another and small, but voracious fish ; dogthe first of whom died in 1693, the latter in fly a voracious fly. Dogged and doggish is 1717.

morose, ill-tempered, surly; and doggedly and DOFF, v. a. From do off. To put off dress; doggedness the corresponding adverb and subto shift: divest; delay.

stantive; dog-hearted' is doggish; dog-hole a You have deceived our trust,

mean hole or habitation, sometimes not equalling And made us doff' cur easy robes of peace, that of the dog, or a dog-kennel : dog-louse a To crush our old limbs in ungentle steel.

louse that is frequently found on the dog: dogShakspeare. Henry IV. sleep, pretended sleep: dog-star, Sirius, the star Your eye in Scotland

that gives name to the dog-days, once reckoned Would create soldiers, and make women fight,

unhealthy: dog-teeth are those teeth next the To doff their dire distresses. Id. Macbeth.

grinders, which resemble the dog's : dog-trick is Every day thou doffest me with some device, Iago.

a mischievous or ill turn : dog-trot a gentle trot, Id. Othello.

like that of a dog : dog-weary, excessively weary: Nature, in awe to him, Hath doffed her gaudy trim,

dogs’-meat, a refuse, offal. With her great master so to sympathize.

Milton.
Beware of dogs, beware of evil workers

Phil. iii. 2.
That judge is hot, and doff's his gown.

Dryden's Jwenal. She bringeth me the grete clobbed staves,
Alcides doff's the lion's tawny hide. Rowe. And cryeth, slee the dogges everich on,

And breke hem bothe bak and every bon.
Why art thou troubled, Herod ? What vain fear

Chaucer. Cant. Tales. Thy blood-revolving breast doth move ?

Heaven's king, who doffs himself our flesh to wear, I never heard a passion so confused,
Coles not to rule in wrath, but serve in love.

So strange, outrageous, and so variable,
Crashaw. As the dog Jew did utter in the streets.
Could they doff

Shakspeare. Their hose as they have doffed their hats, 'twould be

I have dogged him like his murtherer.

W. A blessing, as a mark the less for plunder. But let them fly, the crimson kennels now

Your uncle must not know but you are dead; Will not much stain their stockings, since the mire I'll all these pies with false reports. Is of the self-same purple hue. Byron.

Id. King John. VOL VII.

2 C

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