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son.

Sax, don;

are

How fearful

Liman. The lower part of its course has been And diszy 'tis to cast one's eyes so low! the scene of many conflicts between the Turks Shakspeare. King Lear,

and Russians, and the upper part, in the neighNot the dreadful spout,

bourhood of Smolensko, was the scene of some Which shipmen do the hurricano call,

severe conflicts in Buonaparte's retreat in NovemShall diszy with more clamour Neptune's car ber 1812. Its principal tributary streams are In his descent, than shall my prompted sword

the Berezyna, the Priepitz, the Rose and the Bog. Falling on Diomede. Id. Troilus and Cressida.

The water, though often unfit for domestic use, All on a sudden miserable pain

abounds in fish, particularly shad, sturgeon, pike, Surprised thee, dim thine eyes and dizzy swam

and carp. The chief towns which it passes are In darkness. Milton's Paradise Lost.

Smolensko, Orcha, Mohilev, Bobryow, Kiev, Fixed seriousness heats the brain in sonue to dis- Crementchong, Ekaterinoslav, Nicopol, and Chertraction, and causeth an aching and dizziness in sounder heads.

Glanville.

DNIESTER, or Niester, the ancient Tyras, You who have stood all storms and never sunk, a fine river of Europe, which rises in Austrian And climbed up to the pinnacle of power,

Galicia, and running south-east visits Choczim, And never fainted by the way, and stand

dividing Podolia from Moldavia: it then sepaLpon it, and can look down steadily

rates the Turkish province of Bessarabia, from Along the depth beneath, and ne'er feel dizzy.

Byron.

the Russian government of Catherinenslaf, and

after watering Egerlik, Bender, &c., falls into the DLUGOSS (John Longinus), a Polish divine, Black Sea, between the mouths of the Dnieper was born in 1415. Having received his educa- and the Danube. At its mouth it forms a large tion at Cracow, he was taken into the service of bay, and though somewhat dangerous to navigate, the bishop, who gave him some considerable on account of rocks, the improvements lately preferments, and appointed him one of his ex- made in it by the Russian government have inecutors. In 1450 Dlugoss went to Palestine, duced the Poles to send a considerable portion and became on his return tutor to the sons of of the produce of their soil through its medium, Casimir IV. He was at one time disgraced, to the port of Odessa. but recalled at the end of three years, and em DO, v. a. & v. n.

Teut. thuen; ployed on many state affairs. Ai length he be

Do'er, n. s.

-Goth. doga, from Goth. came archbishop of Leopold, but died in 1480,

Do ING.

tuujan ; Gr. Tevxw, to before consecration. His principal work is build. Coming into our language in modern Historia Polonica, 1615, folio; and 1712. His times from the same root as to, Mr.. Tooke other writings 1. Vita St. Stanislai, (Diversions of Purley) contends that it is the 1611. 2. Polocensium Episcoporum Vitæ, fol.

same word; and that, as we still put to before 3. Vitæ Episcoporum Postpasiensium, 4to.

the infinitive, do used formerly to mark other DMITROU, a town and circle of European parts of a verb not distinguished by their termiRussia, in the government of Moscow, on the nations. See To. We still, indeed, often say, river Jachroma. The environs are celebrated for when we wish to speak emphatically or formally, yellow and white apples, as also for a beautiful I do love; I did go, &c. Its present office, as palace of the counts of Soltikof, to which the an auxiliary verb, is, however, as Mr. Tyrwhitt French set fire in 1812. Here are manufactories observes, not very easy to define. But if a disof cloth, leather, porcelain, and a yearly fair for tinguishing termination is used with a verb, it is horses on the 5th of September, which lasts a always omitted. It has a peculiar expletive use: fortnight. It is thirty-two miles north of Moscow. thus it will perform the office of a substitute for

DNIEPER, Dneper, or Niever, the ancient other verbs, expressed or understood, as, I shall Boristhenes, a large river of Europe, rising in go, but if I Do not, will you? and beside giving the government of Smolensko, running a long emphasis on other occasions, as we have noticed, course in a south direction, and falling into the it adds vehemence to a command or entreaty, Black Sea, between Cherson and Ockzakov. as, Do come, do; and strength to a question From its source to its mouth, it flows entirely or negative, as, Do you love him? I do not through the Russian dominions, a course of above believe him. As an active verb it signifies to 800 miles, and its navigation is only once inter- practise; perform ; execute with any degree rupted by a series of cataracts which begin below of success; as also to finish and complete : Spenthe mouth of the Samara, and continue for about

ser uses it for to cause to be done. As a neuter forty miles. They are not so dangerous but they verb it signifies behave in any manner; to may be passed in spring by loaded barks. At fare in regard to health ; to succeed ; to cease. other seasons, the goods are landed at Kemensk, The meaning of the nouns obviously follows. and transported by land to Kitchkase, six miles

Therfore whanne thou doist almes, nyle thou from Alexandrowsk, where they are again embarked and descend the river to Cherson. These trumpe bifore thee as ypocrites don in synagogis and

stretis, that thei be worschippid of men. cataracts might be rendered navigable at all

Wiclif. Matt, vi. seasons; and, although the expense would be To him not without desert was ghouun power to considerable, the navigation would soon repay write the doyngis of apostlis in her

mynysterie. it. In 1784 the empress Catherine II. caused

Wiclif. Prologe to Dedis. some of the rocks which occasioned these water

Unto this day they do after the former manners : falls to be blown up, but without any material they fear not the Lord, neither do they after the law benefit to the navigation. Above its mouth the and commandment which the Lord commanded the

2 kings. river widens into a kind of lake or marsh, called children of Jacob.

2 B 2

Id.

nature.

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What will ye do in the end thereof? Jer, v, 31. abide in them that are born of God, than to the seed Do thy diligence to come shortly unto me.

of the devil in our corrupt nature and flesh. 2 Tim. iv. 9.

Manuscript Note of Bradford the Martyr. We do you to wit of the grace of God bestowed on To will implies delay, therefore now do. Donne. the churches of Macedonia. Bible. 2 Cor, viii. l.

The same act varies in the manner of doing and in He for despit, and for his tyrannie,

the intention of the doer. Bp. Hall. Conteinplations. To don the ded bodies a vilanie,

No sooner he does

peep

into Of alle our lordes, which that ben yslavee,

The world, but he has done his doe. Hudibras. Hath alle the bodies on an hepe ydrawe.

Go to the reading of some part of the New Testa. Chaucer. Cant. Tales.

ment, not carelessly, or in haste, as if you bad a My lute, adieu ! perform the last

mind to have done ; but attentively, as to be able Labour that thou and I shall waste,

to give some account of what you have read, And end that I have now begun;

Duppa. For when this song is sung and past,

But God like his unwearied bounty flows; My lute, be still, for I have done.

Wyatt. First loves to do, then loves the good he does. For steward was excessive Gluttony,

Denham. Cooper's Hill. That of his plenty poured forth to all :

At length a reverend sire among them came, Which doen, the chamberlain Slowth did to rest them

And of their doing great dislike declared,
call.
Spenser. Faerie Queene. And testified against their ways.

Milton. A fatal plague which many did to dye. Spenser. Thus painters Cupids paint, thus poets do

In this we shew ourselves weak, and unapt to be A naked god, blind, young, with arrows two. doers of his will, in that we take upon us to be con

Sidney. trollers of his wisdom.

Hooker. Doing good is the only certainly happy action of a Dangerous it were for the feeble brains of man to

man's life.

Id. wade far into the doings of the most High.

I have been deterred by an indisposition from They are great speakers but small doers ; greater in having much to do with steams of so dangerous a show than in deed. Knolles's History.

Boyle.

Men are many times brought to that extremity, Thou canst not say I did it.

Shakspeare.

that, if it were not for God, they would not know Off with the crown, and with the crown his head : what to do with themselves, or bow to enjoy them. And whilst we breathe take him to do him dead. Id. selves for one hour.

Tillotson. May one, that is a herald and a prince,

When all is done, there is no man can serve his own Do a fair message to his kingly ears?

interest better than by serving God. Id. Troilus and Cressida.

No men would make use of disunited parties to If there be any good thing to be done,

destroy one body, unless they were sure to master That may to thee do ease, and grace to me, them when they had done with them. Stillingfleet. Speak to me.

Id. Hamlet.

It may be indeed a public crime, or a national misThe lord Aubrey Vere

chief; yet it is but a private act, and the doer of it Was done to death.

Id.
Henry VI.

may chance to pay his head for his presumption. Good woman, how dost thou ?

South. -The better that it pleases your good worship As every prince should govern as he would desire to ask.

Shakspeare. to be governed, so every subject ought to obey as he Perdition catch soul

would desire to be obeyed, according to the maxim of But I do love thee; and when I love thee not, doing as we would be done by.

Temple. Chaos is come again.

Id. Othello.

-Loose me. I will free thee, Fear not, my lord, we will not stand to prate;

-Do, and I'll be thy slave. Taikers are no good doers : be assured,

Dryden's King Arthur. We go to use our hands and not our tongues.

When did his pen on learning fix a brand,

Shakspeare. Or rail at arts he did not understand ? Dryden. I have but killed a fly.-

Gigantick hinds, as soon as work was done, --But how if that fly had a father and mother? To their huge pots of boiling pulse would run. Id. How would he hang his slender gilded wings,

Though lending to foreigners, upon use, doth not And buz lamented doings in the air!

Id.

at all alter the balance of trade between those counNo man, who bath to do with the king, will think tries, yet it does alter the exchange between those himself safe, unless you be his good angel and guide countries.

Locke. him.

Bacon.

What had I to do with kings and courts ? The jury prayed of the senate a guard, that they My humble lot had cast me far beneath them. mnight do their consciences. Id.

Rowe. The Turks do acknowledge God the Father creator 'Tis true, I did so ; nor was it in vain : of beaven and earth, being the first Person in the

She did me right, and satisfied my vengeance. Id. Trinity, though they deny the rest.

Come, 'tis no matter; we shall do without him. Bacon's Holy War.

Addison. Too much thinking doth consume the spirits; and You may ramble a whole day, and every moment oft it falls out, that while one thinks too much of discover something new; but when you have done, doing, he leaves to do the effect of his thinking. you will have but a confused notion of the place. Sir P. Sidney.

Spectutor.

Prior. Hitherto appertaineth the saying of St. John, how They did their work and dined. that the children of God cannot sin; speaking not What is the reason a man's arm wont smile and of the present time only, but finally and perpetually, frown, and do all the intellectual postures of the no less attributing to God's seed, which he saith doth countenance ?

Collier.

my

Acts of mercy done to the poor, shall be accepted Sutuleje and Beyah rivers, and for the most part and rewarded as done to our Saviour himself. between the thirtieth and thirty-first degrees of

Atterbury. north latitude. This is the most fruitful of all You do her too much honour : she hath neither sense the possessions of the seiks. The soil is light, nor taste, if she dares to refuse you. Swift. but well watered and very productive; and the After such miraculous doings, we are not yet in a

country, which is open and level, abounds in condition of bringing France to our terms. Id. grain. The principal towns are Jalindra and

Sultanpoor. This territory is principally occuExpletives their feeble aid do join.

Pope. pied by the Malawa Singh Seiks, who are called Having done with such amusements, we give up the Doabeh Singhs, or Singhs who dwell betwixt what we cannot disown.

Id. two rivers. Part of the work being already done, more care is

DOAT, v.n. See Dote. naturally bestowed on the other part. Johnson.

DOBSON (William), an eminent English O my soul, look back but a few years, and thou 1610. He served an apprenticeship with cne

portrait and historical painter, born at London in wast nothing - And how didst thou spring out of that Peck, a stationer and picture dealer; and owed nothing ?-Thou couldst not make thyself. Mason.

his improvement to the copying some pictures of What I have done is done ; I bear within Titian and l'an Dyck, whose manner he always A torture which could nothing gain from thine :

retained. A picture of Dobson's being exposed The mind which is immortal makes itself

at a shop in Snowhill, Van Dyck passing by was Requital for its good or ill.

Byron.

struck with it; and enquiring after the author, DO, in music, a note of the Italian scale, cor- found him at work in a garret. Van Dyck responding to ut of the common gamut. See generously equipped him in a manner suitable Music,

to his merit; and presented him to king Charles DOAB; a name which, according to Mr. I. who took him under his protection, kept him Hamilton, should include all the territory between with him at Oxford all the time he continued in the Jumna and the Ganges; but the term is that city, and not only sat to him several times usually restricted to the southern portion of it, for his picture, but caused the prince of Wales, comprehended, for the most part, in the province prince Rupert, and most of the lords of his court, of Agra, and, during the Mogul government, to do so too. Dobson, however, being extravasubdivided into the districts of Furruckabad, gant, did not improve the many opportunities he Kanoge, Etaweh, Korah, Currah, and Allahabad. had of making his fortune; and died very poor There are several Doabs in Hindostan, the name in 1647, at his house in St. Martin's Lane. meaning any tract of country included between DOBUNI, or BODUNI, an ancient people of two rivers.

Britain, who possessed the territory which now The cultivated part of this country is very fer- forms the counties of Oxford and Gloucester, tile. Tamarind and mango trees abound every Both the names of this British people seem to where; the millet is also raised, and, although a have been derived from the low situation of a small-eared grain, furnishes straw ten feet long, great part of the country which they inhabited : which is of great use as provender. Barley and for both Duvn and Bodun, signify profound, or the sugar-cane are likewise cultivated ; and, in low, in the ancient language of Gaul and Britain. the neighbourhood of Kanoge, considerable The Dobuni are not mentioned among the British quantities of tobacco. Indigo is found in a wild nations who resisted the Romans under Julius state, and of superior quality. The cattle are Cæsar, which was probably owing to the distance generally small. The climate of the Doab is of their country from the scene of action; and excessively sultry in April and May, before the before the next invasion under Claudius, they had commencement of the rains; and even in the been so much oppressed by their ambitious winter season it is the morning only that is cool. neighbours the Cattivellauni, that they willingly The natives manufacture a coarse cotton cloth, submitted to the Romans. Cogidunus, who was dyed red with cheap materials. Dowlet Row at that time prince of the Dobuni, recommended Sindia on the 30th December 1803, ceded his part himself so effectually to the favor of Claudius, by of this country to the British. The southern part his ready submission, that he was not only conof the Doab was ceded, during the administration tinued in the government of his own territories, of the marquis Wellesley, in 1801, by the reign- but had other states put under his authority. ing Nabob of Oude, Saadet Ali.

This prince remained so steady a friend and ally DOABEH Barry, or BARI RESIDENCE, a to the Romans, that his subjects never revolted, district in the province of Lahore, situated be nor stood in need of forts or forces to keep them tween the Beyah and Ravey rivers, and the in subjection. So that we meet with very few thirtieth and thirty-first degrees of north latitude. Roman towns and stations in the country anciIn modern maps this territory is placed in Mool- ently inhabited by the Dobuni. The Durocortan; but, according to Abul Fazel's arrangement, novium of Antoninus, and the Corinium of in 1582, says Mr. Hamilton, it belonged to Ptolemy, are believed by antiquaries to have Labore. This country, named also Manjha, been the same place, the capital of the Dobuni, contains the cities of Lahore and Amritseer; aud situated at Cirencester, in Gloucestershire, and becomes, in consequence, the great centre where there are many marks of a Roman station. of the power of the seiks. It is of the same Clevum or Glevum, in the thirteenth iter of general climate and soil as

Antoninus, stood where the city of Gloucester DOABEI JALLINDER, another district in now stands; and one, in the fourteenth iter, the province of Lahore, included between the was probably situated at Avinton on the Severn,

The country of the Dobuni was comprehended tuous buildings. It had its name from Docimein the Roman province, Britannia Prima. nos, a city of Phrygia, near which it was dug,

DOCE Rio, a river of Brasil, which rises and whence it was sent to Rome. It was acnear the town of Villa Rica, and after a north counted little inferior to the Parian in color, but course, through a fine country, turns eastward not capable of so elegant a polish; whence it and discharges itself into the Atlantic, in lat. 19° was less used by the statuaries, or in the 30' S. It has a course of about 500 miles. smaller works. Adrian used this marble in Until lately the fertile neighbourhood of this river building the temple of Jupiter; and many other has been totally neglected : otherwise the abun- of the great Roman buildings are formed of it. dance of timber, coiton, and sugar, it is capable DOCK, n. s. Sax. docca. A plant; a weed. of yielding, would long since have found their

Nothing teems way to European markets. There is another But hateful docks, rough thistles, kecksies, burs, river of this name, which falls into the ocean in Losing both beauty and utility. lat. 8° 10' S.

Shakspeare. Henry V. DOCETÆ, from dokev, to appear, in eccle

My love for gentle Dermot faster grows siastical history, the followers of Julius Cassia

Than yon tall dock that rises to thy nose :

Cut down the dock, 't will sprout again ; but know, nus, one of the Valentinian sect, towards the

Love rooted out again will never grow. Swifi. close of the second century, who revived a notion that had been adopted by a branch of the Gnos- several of them being used in medicine, and the

The species are seventeen, ten of which grow wild, tics, against whom St. John, Ignatius, and Poly- sort called the oriental burdock, is said to be the true carp, had asserted the truth of the incarnation. rhubarb.

Miler. They believed and taught, as their name imports, that the actions and sufferings of Jesus Christ

Dock, in botany. See Rumex.

Dock, v. a. & n.s. / From Fr.ecouer, decouer, were not in reality, but only in appearance. Dock'et, n. s.

À to dock, à Lat.cauda, a tail. DOCIL'ITY, n. s. fr. docile ; Span. and

To cut short, or trim : as a substantive, the thing Do'cile, adj. Portug. docil ; Ital. and trimmed or cut short: a docket is an abridged Do'cible, adj. Lat. docibile, docile, from DO'CIBLENESS, n. s. ) facilis easy, and doceo

writing, a summary of legal proceedings. to teach ; Gr. boxew, to judge, p17, à Chald. to

The Reve was a slendre colerike man,

His berd was shave as neighe as ever he can, observe. Teachableness ; aptness to receive in

His here was by his eres round yshorne ; struction. The adjectives and substantives are

His top was docked like a priest beforne. respectively, synonymous.

Chaucer. Prologue to Cant. Tales The asinine feast of sow-thistles and brambles is

The tail of a great rhinoceros is not well described commonly set before them, as all the food and enter- by Bontius. The dock is about half an inch thick, tainment of their tenderest and most docible age.

and two inches broad, like an apothecary's spatula. Milton.

Grew's Museum. I might enlarge in commendation of the noble

One or two stood constant century, who docked all hound, as also of the docibleness of dogs in general.

favours handed down; and spread a huge invisible Walton's Angler.

net heiween the prince and subject, through which What is more admirable than the fitness of every nothing of value could pass. Swift's Eraminer. creature for our use ? the docility of an elephant, and the insitiency of a camel for travelling in deserts ?

Dock, n. s. & v. a. Flem. dok ; Teut. dock; Grew.

Swed. docka ; Suid-Goth. docka; perhaps from All the perfection they allowed his understanding dekken, to cover, protect, secure; and ail these was aptness and docility, and all that they attributed from Gr. ĉoxilov, a receptacle; vewòtolog (the to his will was a possibility to be virtuous. South. ship-house), a dock. An enclosed receptacle Soon docile to the secret acts of ill,

for ships: see the article. Also an enclosed With smiles I could betray, with teinper kill.

place for prisoners in a court of justice. As a

Prior, verb, to put in dock. Dogs soon grow accustomed to whatever they are The boatswain and mariner may bring religion to taught, and, being docile and tractable, are very useful. what dočk they please.

Houel. Ellis's Voyage. There are docks for their gallies and men of war, DOCIMASIA, in Greek antiquity, a proba- as well as work-houses for all land and Daval prepation of the magistrates and persons employed in rations.

Addison, public business at Athens. It was performed Dock, in the manege, is used for a large case publicly in the forum, where they were obliged of leather, as long as the dock of a horse's tail, to give account of themselves and their past lives which serves it for a cover. The French call the before certain judges. Among several questions dock troussequeue. It is made fast by straps to proposed to them, we find the following: whether the crupper, and has leathern thongs that pass they had been dutiful to their parents, had served between his thighs, and along his fanks to the in the wars, and had a competent estate? saddle straps, in order to keep the tail tight, and

DOCIMASTIC Art, a name given to the to hinder it from whisking about. art of assaying by operations in small, the nature Docks, for shipping, are enclosed excavaand quantity of meiallic or other matters which tions or basins formed in rivers and harbours, may be obtained from mineral or other com- for the receiving, building, or repairing of ships. pound bodies. See METALLURGY and Refining. They are constructed of brick, stone, or timber;

DOCIMENUM Marmor, a name given by with locks or flood-gates, pointed to or from the the ancients to a species of marble of a bright tide, to keep the water in or out, as the object and clear white, much used in large and sump- and nature of the docks require.

Wer Docks are for the reception of ships for thirty years. The corporation again gave to lie afloat while loading or unloading, with some lands, and they were empowered to make gates pointed from the tide, to keep the water two additional docks, and other docks; with liin at low water. Locks are attached to them, berty to raise the sum of £120,000, and to dougenerally with double gates, for the more easy ble the former tolls. admission and egress of shipping; and, to Under the authority of these various acts of aid the operation of opening and shutting these parliament the several docks have been congates, sluices are made within to regulate the structed, and it has been found that each sucwater, until the same level is produced within cessive improvement, by affording additional as without. A wet dock without gates is called, convenience to foreign trade, has been followed both by the French and ourselves, a basin ; a by its increase, and prepared the way for the dry dock is with them une forme, and a slip, further extension of this excellent system of acun calle. Wet docks are in fact artificial bar- commodation. In the course of the last century bours for the keeping a vessel afloat at all pe- there were established within this port six wet riods of the tide ; and to no other modern im- and three dry docks, and five graving or repair. provement do our great commercial towns owe ing docks, independent of the Duke of Bridgeso much of their general superiority and opu- water's dock, for canal purposes. In the ten lence. Liverpool, as it has been often remarked, years, ending with 1808, the number of ships might still have remained a poor fishing village that entered these docks was 48,497, tonwithout them.

nage 4,954,204; and the dock duties received Basins, or docks open to the tide, are called £329,566; in the following ten years, ending in Dry Docks, because the vessels frequenting them 1818, the number of ships was 60,200, the ground at low water, and lie dry on the ebb tide, tonnage 6,375,560, and the amount of duties and float again on the next rise of the tide. They £666,438. Hull, Bristol, and Leith, have sucare used at Liverpool as entrances to the wet cessfully emulated this example. docks, and are frequented by coasters, and small In 1794 a general meeting of merchants was or light vessels, that do not injure by lying on convened, to consider the great inconveniences the shore. Dry as well as wet docks are en of the port of London, arising from the crowded closed with gates which exclude the tide as cir- state of the river, and the confined extent of the cumstances may require; and often have the legal quays; when a committee was appointed interior water completely pumped out by means to consider of the best mode of relief, who took of horses and machinery, or the steam engine. into consideration all the plans which had been Here ships are conveniently built and floated out: suggested, when they approved of the plan for though generally there are places set apart for making wet docks in Wapping with wharfs and this purpose, called slips. The port of Liverpool, warehouses on their borders, as the most effecfrom the badness of its harbour, the rapidity of tual means of remedying the evils of the port. the river Mersey, and the shifting of its sands, In consequence of this determination, Mr. Daniel resorted to the construction of docks in 1708. Alexander, an ingenious architect and surveyor, The management of the first undertaking of this who was conversant with operations connected kind was invested in the corporation for the term with the tide, was directed to make a survey, and of twenty-one years, which gave for this purpose prepare plans and estimates for forming docks at four acres of land, and they were empowered Wapping, with the addition of a cut or canal to borrow the sum of £6000. In 1717 the term leading to them, from that part of Blackwall was prolonged for fourteen years, and they were where the present East India docks are now authorised to borrow £4000 more. In 1737 situated, and a long line where the West India the term was further extended to thirty-one docks have been since constructed. The plan years, and powers given to make an additional and estimates were laid before a meeting of merdock, to build a pier in the open harbour, and to chants, held 220 December, 1795, and the sum light the docks. The corporation on this occa. of £800,000 subscribed towards their complesion gave seven acres of land, and they were tion in a few hours. A committee was appointed empowered to borrow £6000. In 1761 the to make application to parliament, who precommerce of Liverpool was so much increased, sented a petition in January 1796, which was and its shipping had become so numerous, and referred to a select committee of the house of so enlarged in size, that further accommodation commons, who were directed to enquire into was wanting. The term of the corporation's the best mode of providing sufficient accommomanagement was again extended for twenty-one dation for the increased trade and shipping of years, with powers to make another dock, and the port of London.' The project of the merto erect a light-house for the benefit of the port; chants experienced great opposition both from for these purposes they were authorised to bor- the corporation of the city of London and from row the sum of £25,000, and to raise the further private interests ; and a great variety of plans sum of £2000 on the light-house duties. In and projects were brought forward for the exten1784'the powers of all the former acts were en- sion of the legal quays above and below the larged, and the term extended to forty-one years, bridge, and the improvement of the river with with liberty to make two additional docks and or without docks. At length, through the piers, and to borrow for this purpose £70,000. great exertions and perseverance of William In 1799 an act was passed to alter and enlarge Vaughan, esq. assisted by several other highly the powers of former acts, and to render the respectable mercantile characters, the various docks and the port more commodious and safe ; obstacles to the plan of the London docks were by which a further extension of term was granted successively overcome, and in August, 1798,

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