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despise, disregard, or hate, then undoubtedly we are ledge and learning, and turn himself out stark orted to do good to all. Sprat. in quest afresh of new notions ?
Locke. Those fasts which God hath disregarded hitherto, When the trees are all bare, not a leaf to be seen, he may regard for the time to come. Smalridge. And the meadows their beauty have lost; Studious of good, man disregarded fame,
When Nature's disrobed of her mantle of green, And useful knowledge was his eldest aim.
And the streams are fast bound with the frost. Blackmore.
Brerewood. DISRE'LISH, v. a. & n. s. Dis and relish. DISRU'PTION, n. s. Lat. disruptio. The To make, or feel a distaste: bad taste; nauseous act of breaking asunder : the breach made. ness. Oft they assayed,
This secures them from disruption, which they Hunger and thirst constraining; drugged as oft
would be in danger of, upon a sudden stretch or contortion.
Ray. With hatefullest disrelish, writhed their jaws With soot and cinders filled.
'The agent which effected this disruption, and dislo
cation of the strata, was seated within the earth. Fruits of taste to please
Woodward. True appetite, and not disrelish thirst
If raging winds invade the atmosphere,
Their force its curious texture cannot tear,
Nor make disruption in the threads of air.
Blackmore. are shewn not to be useful to healih, because of an indifferency or disrelish to them.
Dis and satisfy.
content; fail 10 The world is become too busy for me : every body DISSATISFA'CTORINESS, n.s.) please: dissatisis so concerned for the publick, that all private enjoy- faction is the state of being dissatisfied : dissatisments are lost, or disrelished.
Pope. factory, and dissatisfactorinesss, express inability DISREP'UTE, n. s. ? Dis and reputation. to give satisfaction.
DISREPUTA’TION, n. s. Disgrace ; dishonor ; He that changes his condition, out of impatience want of reputation.
and dissatisfaction, when he has tried a new one, I will tell you what was the course in the happy days
wishes for his old again.
L'Estrange. of queen Elizabeth, whom it is no disreputation to fol
I still retain soine of my notions, after your
ship's having appeared dissatisfied with them. The king fearing lest that the bad success might dis
Locke. courage his people, and bring disreputation to himself,
The ambitious man has little happiness, but is subforbad any report to be made.
Hayward. ject to much uneasiness and dissatisfaction. Gluttony is not of so great disreputation amongst
Addison's Spectator. men as drunkenness.
Taylor's Holy Living. How studiously did they cast a slur upon the king's sition, by varying the object: the same dissatisfaction
In vain we try to remedy the defects of our acqai. person, and bring his governing principles under a disrepute.
Rogers. DISRESPECT', n. s. Dis and respect.
The advantages of life will not hold out to the DISRESPECT'FUL, udj. Incivility; want of length of desire; and, since they are not big enough DISRESPECT'FULLY, adv. reverence; irrever
to satisfy, they should not be big enough to dissatisfy. ence; rudeness.
Collier, Any disrespect to acts of state, or to the persons of If we see a universal spirit of distrust and disertisstatesmen, was in no time more penal. Clarendon. faction, a rapid decay of trade, dissensions in all parts Aristotle writ a methodical discourse concerning
of the empire, we may pronounce, without hesitation, these arts, chusing a certain benefit before the hazard
that the government of that country is weak, distracted, that might accrue from the vain disrespects of ignorant
Wilkins. DISSECT', v. a. 2 Fr. disséquer; Lat. dis What is more usual to warriours than impatience
DissecT'ION, N. S. secare, from dis and seco, of bearing the least affront or disrespect ? Pope.
S to carve or cut. To divide We cannot believe our posterity will think so dis
an animal body into its parts : applied also figurespectfully of their great grandmothers, as that they ratively. made themselves monstrous to appear amiable.
Let no man say, the world itself being dead, Addison's Spectator. 'Tis labour lost to have discovered DISROʻBE, v. a. Dis and robe. To undress; The world's infirmities, since there is none to uncover ; 10 strip.
Alive to study this dissection.
Donne. The holy saints of their rich vestiments
She cut her up; but, upon the dissection, found her He did disrobe, when all men carelesse slept,
just like other hens.
L'Estrange And spoileủ the priests of their habiliments.
No mask, no trick, no favour, no reserve; Spenser. Faerie Queene. Dissect your mind, examine every nerve. Kill the villain straight,
Roscommon. Disrobe him of the matchless monument,
Crities to plays for the same end resort, Thy father's triumph o'er the savages.
That surgeons wait on trials in a court : Shakspeare. King John. For innocence condemned they've no respect, These two great peers were disrobed of their glory, Provided they've a body to dissect. Congrede. the one by judgment, the other by violence. Wotton.
Such strict enquiries into nature
so true and so Who will be prevailed with to disrobe himself at perfect a dissection of human kiud, is the work of exence of all his old opinions, and pretences to know traordinary diligence.
Pollowing life in creatures we dissect,
ble, namely, the receipt of it. But all these We lose it in the moment we detect.
Pope. disseisins of hereditaments incorporeal, are only With strict propriety their care's confined so at the election and choice of the party To weigh out words, while passion halts behind : injured ; if, for the sake of more easily trying To syllable-dissectors they appeal,
the right he is pleased to suppose himself disseAllow their accent, cadence,---fools may feel. ised. (Litt. $ 588, 589.) Otherwise, as there can
be no actual dispossession, he cannot be comI shall enter upon the dissection of a coquet's heart, pulsively disseised of any incorporeal hereditaand communicate that curious piece of anatomy. ment. Thus also, even in corporeal hereditaments,
a man may frequently suppose himself to be DISSEISE', v. a. From Fr. dessaisir, i. e. disseised, when he is not so in fact, for the sake actiou; de saisir an action concerning seizing. of entitling himself to the more easy and comTo dispossess; deprive of legal right. See the modious remedy of an assise of novel disseisin, following articles on Disseisin and Dissersor. instead of being driven to the more tedious proHe so disseisd of his griping gross,
cess of a writ of entry. (4 Burr. 110.) The knight his thrillant spear again assayed, The true injury of compulsive disseisin seems In his brass-plated body to emboss.
to be that of dispossessing the tenant, and sub
Faerie Queene. stituting one's self to be the tenant of the land in If a prince should give a man, besides his ancient his stead; in order to which, in the times of . patrimony which his family had been disseised of, an pure feodal tenure, the consent or connivance of additional estate, never before in the possession of his ihe lord, who, upon every descent or alienation, ancestors, he could not be said to re-establish lineal personally gave, and who, therefore, alone could succession.
change the seisin or iuvestiture, seems to have DISSEISIN, in law, an unlawful dispossess- been considered as necessary. But when, in ing a man of his land, tenement, or other im process of time, the feodal form of alienations moveable and incorporeal right. It is a species was off, and the lord was no longer the instruof injury by ouster, or a privation of the free- ment of giving actual seisin, it is probable that hold, consisting in a wrongful putting out of the lord's acceptance of rent or service, from him that is seised of the freehold. It differs him who had dispossessed another, might confrom abatement and intrusion, which denote a stitute a complete disseisin. Afterwards, no wrongful entry where the possession was vacart, regard was had to the lord's concurrence, but by its being an attack upon him who is in actual the dispossesser himself was considered as the possession, and turning him out of it. The sole disseisor; and this wrong was then allowed former were an ouster from a freehold in law, to be remedied by entry only, without any form this is an ouster from a freehold in deed. Dis- of law, or against the disseisor himself; but seisin may be effected either in corporeal inheri- required a legal process against his heir or tances, or incorporeal. Disseisin of things alienee. And when the remedy by assise was corporeal, as of houses, lands, &c., must be by introduced, under Henry II., to redress such entry and actual dispossession of the freehold disseisins as had been committed within a few (Co. Litt. § 181); as if a man enters either by years next preceding, the facility of that remedy force or fraud into the house of another, and induced others, who were wrongfully kept out turns, or at least keeps, him or his servants out of the freehold, to feign, or allow themselves to of possession. Disseisin of incorporeal heredi- be disseised, merely for the sake of the remedy. taments cannot be an actual dispossession; for Blackst. Comm. book iii. ch. 10. the subject itself is neither capable of actual If a feme sole be seised of lands in fee, and bodily possession, nor dispossession; but it is disseised, and then taketh husband; in this depends on their respective natures and various case the husband and wife, as in right of the kinds ; being, in general, nothing more than a wife, have right to enter, and yet the dying disturbance of the owner in the means of coming seised of the disseisor shall take away the entry at, or enjoying them. With regard to freehold of his wife after the death of the husband. (Co. rent in particular, our ancient law-books (Finch. Lit. 246.) If a person disseises me, and, during L. 165, 166. Litt. $ 237, &c.) mention five the disseisin, he or his servants cut down the methods of working a disseisin thereof:-1. By timber growing upon the land, and afterwards I enclosure ; where the tenant so encloseth the re-enter into the land, I shall have action of treshouse or land, that the lord cannot come to dis- pass against him; for the law, as to the disseisor train thereon, or demand it. 2. By forestaller, and his servants, supposes the freehold to have or lying in wait; when the tenant besetteth the been always in me: but if the disseisor be disseway with force and arms, or by menaces of ised by another, or if he makes a feoffment, gift bodily hurt, affrights the lessor from coming. 3. in tail, lease for life or years, I shall not have an By rescous; that is, either by violently retaking action against the second disseisor, or against a distress taken, or by preventing the lord, with those who come in by title: for all the mesne force and arms, from taking any at all. 4. By re profits shall be recovered against the disseisor plevin; when the tenant replevies the distress at himself. (11 Rep. 52. Keilw. 1.) such time when his rent is really due. 5. By By Magna Charta, 9 Henry III., c. 29, no denial; which is, when the rent being lawfully man is to be disseised, or put out of his freedemanded, is not paid. All, or any of these hold, but by lawful judgment of his peers, or by circumstances amount to a disseisin of rent; that the law of the land ; and by stat. 32 Henry VIII. is, they wrongfully put the owner out of the only c. 33, the dying seised of any disseisor of, or in possession, of which the subject matter is capa any lands, &c., having no right therein, shall nu!
be a descent in law, to take away an entry of a DISSEÄMBLE, 0.a. & v. n. Fr. dissimuperson baving lawful title of entry, except the DISSE'MBLER, n. S.
ler; Span. and disseisor hath had peaceable possession five Dissc'MBLING, n. S.
Port. dissimular; years, without entry or claim by the person Disse'MBLINGLY, adv. Ital. and Latin, having lawful title.
dissimulare, from dis privative, and simulare, sigAccording to some writers, disseisin is of nifying to 'feign that not to be which is.' Minthree sorts, viz. simple disseisin, committed by sheu. day, without force and arms: and disseisin by
Ye dissembled in your hearts when ye sent me unto force, and fresh disseisin. Assises are called the Lord your God, saying, Pray for us. writs of disseisin, which lie against disseisors in
Jeremiah xlii. 20. any case : whereof some are termed little writs
Your son Lucentio of disseisin, as being vicontial, that is, suable
Doth love my daughter, and she loveth him, before the sheriff in the county court, because Or both dissemble deeply their affections. determinable by him without assise.
Shakspeare. DISSEISOŘ is he who disseiseth, or puts I that am curtailed of this fair proportion, another out of his land : as the disseisee is he Cheated of feature by dissembling nature, who is put out. If a disseisor, after he has ex Deformed, unfinished. Id. Richard III. pelled the right owner, gains peaceable posses Such an one, whose virtue forbiddeth him to be sion of the lands five years without claim, and base and a dissembler, shall evermore hang under the continues in possession, so as to die seised, and wheel.
Raleigh. the land descends to his heirs, they will have a The French king, in the business of peace, was the right to the possession till the owner recovers at greater dissembler of the two. Bacon. Henry VII. law; and the owner shall lose his estate for
She answered, that her soul was God's; and ever, if he doth not prosecute his suit withiu the
touching her faith, as she could not change, so she time limited by the statute of limitations.
would not dissemble it.
Hayward. And if a disseisor levy a fine of the land whereof he is disseised unto a stranger, the dis
Man is to man all kind of beasts; a fawning dog. seisor shall keep the land for ever; for the a roaring lion, a thieving fox, a robbing wolf, a disdisseisor against his own fine cannot claim, and sembling crocodile, a treacherous decoy, and a rapa
Cowley. the conusee cannot enter, and the right which
Thy function too will varnish o'er our arts, the disseisor had, being extinct by the fine, the
And sanctify dissembling. disseisor shall take advantage of it. (2 Rep. 56.)
Rowe's Ambitious Stepmother. But this is to be understood, where no use is
If the show of any thing be good for any thing, I declared of the fine by the disseisee; when it
am sure sincerity is botter; for why does any man shall enure to the use of the disseisor, &c. (1
dissemble, or seern to be that which he is not, but beLev. 128.) A disseisor in assize, where dama- cause he thinks it good to have such a quality as he ges are recovered against him, shall recover as pretends to ?
Tillotson much as he hath paid in rents chargeable on the In vain on the dissembled mother's tongue lands before the disseisin. (Jenk. Cent. 189.)
Had cunning art and sly persuasion hung; But if the disseisor or his feoffee sows corn on And real care in vain, and native love, the land, the disseisee may take it before or In the true parents panting breast had strove. after severance. (Dyer 31. 173. 11 Rep. 46.)
Prior. Where a man hath a house in fee, &c., and Men will trust no farther than they judge a person locks it, and then departs; if another person for sincerity fit to be trusted : a discovered dissembler comes to his house, and takes the key of the can achieve nothing great and considerable. South. door, and says that he claims the house to him It is true indeed that we should not dissemble and self in fee, without any entry into the house, this Aatter in company; but a man may be very agreeable, is a disseisin of the house, (2 Danv. Abr. 624.) strictly consistent with truth and sincerity, by a pruIf the feoffor enters on the land of the feoffee, dent silence where he cannot concur, and a pleasing and makes a lease for years, &c., it is a disseisin; assent where he can.
Spectator. though the intent of the parties to the feoffment They are the happiest, who dissemble best was, that the feoffee should make a lease to the Their weariness; and they the most polite feoffor for life. (2 Rep. 59.) If lessee for Who squander time and treasure with a smile, years is ousted by his lessor, this is said to be Though at their own destruction. Согрет. . no disseisin. (Cro. Jac. 678.) A man who DISSEMINATE, v. a. From Lat, disseenters on another's land, claiming a lease for DISSEMINA’TION, n. s. mino, dis diversely, years, who hath not such lease, is a disseisor; DISSEMINATOR.
Sand semino, to sow. though if a man enters into the house of another To diffuse, or scatter, as seed. The act of sowby his sufferance, without claiming any thing, ing or diffusing. will not be a disseisin. (9 Henry VI., 21, 31. Ill uses are made of it many times in stirring up 2 Danv. 625.) If a person enters on lands by seditions, rebellions, in disseminating of heresies, and virtue of a grant or lease, that is, void in law, infusing of prejudices.
Hammond. he is a disseisor. (2 Danv. 630.) As the king
Though now at the greatest distance from the bein judgment of law can do no wrong, he cannot ginning of errour, yet we are almost lost in its disebe a disseisor. (1 Ed. V. 8.) A disseisor is to mination, whose ways are bcuudless, and contess 10 be fined and imprisoned ; and the disseiste circumscription.
Browne. restored to the land, &c., by stat. 20, Henry III. There is a nearly uniform and constant fire of heat c. 3. Where a disseisor is disseised, it is called disseminated throughout the body of the earth. disseisin upon disseisin.
The Jews are so disseminated through all the trading cognate legal term, non-conformists, as embracparts of the world, that they are become the instru. ing all who absent themselves from the public ments by which the most distant nations converse with worship of the Church, whether, 1. Through total one another, and by which mankind are knit together irreligion, they attend the service of no other in a general correspondence.
persuasion; or, 2. Through a mistaken zeal, By firmness of mind, and freedom of speech, the
i weakness of intellect,' or
perverseness and gospel was disseminated at first, and must still be main- acerbity of temper, which,' he adds, is often tained.
the case,' they unite in worship with other DISSENT', v. a. & n. s. Fr. dissenter ; It. communities," herding with a party.' This latter Dissen'son, n. s. and Lat. dissentire; class of dissenters is divisible again, according to DISSEN'Sious, adj. from dis (diversely) the same learned authority, in.o the papists,' DISSENTA'NEOUS, adj. and sentio, to per- who divide from the national church, upon ma
DissENT'ER, n. s. ceive or discern. terial though erroneous reasons, and the Pro To disagree in judgment; to differ; applied testant Dissenters, many of whom divide from it particularly to a difference of opinion with the upon matters of indifference ; or, in other words, established church of England. Dissension is upon no reason at all.' disagreement in any degree: dissensious, quar These terms in fact, then, though constantly relsome.
used to describe large bodies of religionists, are We han founden this wicked man stirynge dissen- neither of them, religious terms : they simply noun to alle iewis in alle the world, and auctour of
express the political relation of a heterogeneous dissencioun of the secte of Nazarens.
multitude of their fellow-subjects to the estaWiclif. Dedis. 24.
blished church; a multitude including the wide Either in religion they have a dissensious head, or
extremes of the devout catholic and the avowed in the commonwealth a factious head.
unbeliever; the Painite and the Southcottite; We see a gencral agreement in the secret opinion the ultra-Calvinist and the rational Unitarian. of men, that every man ought to embrace the religion They are terms too, which, unlike the vast mawhich is true, and to shun, as hurtful, whatever dis- jority of those in our Lexicon, we trust, will be senteth from it, but that most which doth farthest dis- found to vary in their meaning according to that
Hooker. particular part or subdivision of our common, You dissensious rogues.
happy country in which these observations may That rubbing tbe poor itch of your opinion, meet the eye of our readers. In England, for Make yourselves scabs. Shkspeite. Coriolanus. instance, his majesty's good and acute subjects Friends now, fast sworn,
of the kirk of Scotland, in common with the Whose hours, whose bed, whose meal, whose exer
other Presbyterians, are dissenters; in Scotland, cise,
the Episcopalian of the ever-loyal church of Are still together; who twine, as 'twere in love
England is a dissenter; in Canada, the ProtesUnseparable, shall within this hour,
tant of whatever denomination; all of them in On a dissension of a doit, break out To bitterest enmity.
their respective situations, in the places afore
said,' and for reasons by them deemed mateLet me not be any occasion to defraud the publick rial or no reason at all, dividing from the estaof what is best, by any morose or perverse dissentings. blished church.
We can only, therefore, in this place affix to
Hudibras. so vague a term its more common and popular Grown
meaning. Connected necessarily with no religion, In wealth and multitude, factious they grow;
as we, after Mr. Justice Blackstone, contend, it But first among the priests dissension springs. has still too much of the savour of piety about
Milton. it to be affiliated by the unbeliever; on the other Debates, dissensions, uproars are thy joy;
hand it has too little of antiquity and dignity to Proynked without offence, and practised to destroy. be acknowledged by the consistent Catholic; to
Dryden. the Protestant dissenters, therefore, whatever the In propositions, where though the proofs in view sages of the law may determine, and whatever are of must moment, yet there are grounds to suspect may be its unhappy or discreditable associations, that there is proof as considerable to be produced on the contrary side ; there suspense or dissent are vo
it seems, at last to belong : they are The Disluntary actions.
SENTERS of common parlance; and we propose, They will admit of matter of fact, and agree with therefore, to offer to our readers in this paper, dissenters in that; but differ only in assigning of rea
1st, Some account of their existing legal situa
Id. tion and rights ; 2dly. Of the principles coma There are many opinions in which multitudes of mon to this body as separatists from the establishmen dissent from us, who are as good and wise as our- ment; and, 3dly. Of their political history. selves.
Addison. 1. Of the legal situation of Dissenters.—The What could be the reason of this general dissent basis of the existing law of England, on the subfrom the notion of the resurrection, seeing that al- ject of separatists, is still to be found in the stamost all of them did believe the immortality of the
tutes of 1 Eliz. c. 2. §. 14.; 23 Eliz. c. 1.; and soul?
29 Eliz. c. 6. The first of these enacts, that every DISSENTERS. Of the comprehensiveness of person, not having reasonable excuse, shall resort this term as designating, in strict language, all to his parish church or chapel, or upon reasonwho differ in opinion from the Established able let thereof to some usual place where comChurch, few of our readers can be altogether ig- mon prayer shall be used, on every Sunday and corant. Mr. Justice Blackstone considers a holiday,' on pain of punishment by the censures
of the church, or of forfeiting, for every offence, magistrate must appear at any dissenting meet12d. The second, that every person above the ing with the ensigns of his office, on pain of disabiage of sixteen, who shall not repair to some lity to hold that or any other office; the legislature church or chapel, or usual place of common judging it a matter of propriety, that a mode of prayer, shall forfeit for every month £20; and worship set up in opposition to the national, if he shall forbear for twelve months, he shall be when allowed to be exercised in peace, should bound to the good behaviour till he conform. be exercised also with decency, gratitude, and The third, that every offender in not repairing to humility. Neither doth the act of toleration exchurch, having been once convicted, shall, with- tend to enervate those clauses of the statutes out any other indictment or conviction, pay half 13 and 14 Car. II. c. 4, and 17 Car. II. c. 2, yearly into the exchequer £20 for every month which prohibit (upon pain of fine and imprisonafterwards till he conform; which if he shall ment), all persons from teaching school, unless omit to do, the king may seize all his goods, and they be licensed by the ordinary, and subscribe two parts of his lands. And by 3 Jac. I. c. 4, §. a declaration of conformity to the liturgy of the 11, the king may refuse the £20 a month, and church, and reverently frequent divine service take two parts of the land at his option. established by the laws of the kingdom.'
By the 3 Jac. I. c. 5, no recusant, not repair Since the time of Blackstone, by stat. 53 Geo. ing to church, being convicted thereof, shall III. c. 160, so much of 1 W. & M. c. 18, as exenjoy any public office ; or shall practise law or cepts persons denying the Trinity, from the bephysic, or be executor, administrator, or guar- nefit of that act, and so much of stat. 9 and 10 dian. And by the 35 El. c. 1., if any person W. III. c. 32, as imposes penalties on persons refusing to repair to church, shall be present at denying the Trinity, are repealed ; 57 Geo. III. any assembly, meeting, or conventicle, under pre c. 70, also repeals the like provisions of the Irish tence of any exercise of religion, he shall be im act 6 Geo. I. c. 5. prisoned till he conform; and if he shall not con So far, therefore, has our statute-book been form in three months, he shall abjure the realm, cleared of all that directly or practically imposes which if he shall refuse to do, or after abjuration penal restrictions on Protestant dissenters in the shall not go, or shall return without license, he exercise of their religion. But important barshall be guilty of felony, without benefit of clergy. riers are still placed around them in regard to And whether he shall abjure or not, he shall for- what they consider as their civil rights. The feit his goods and his lands during life.
statute 13 Car. 2, st. 2, c. 1, usually called the These severe injunctions and penalties are Corporation Act, disqualifies for offices relating suspended, but not repealed, by the celebrated to the government of any city or corporation, Toleration Act, 1 W. & M. st. 1. c. 18, for ex- such as have not, within a twelvemonth before empting their majesty's protestant subjects, dis- their election, received the sacrament of the senting from the church of England, from the Lord's Supper, according to the rites of the penalties of certain laws;' which is confirmed by church of England (enjoining also the oaths of stat. 10 An. c. 2, and declares that neither the allegiance and supremacy); and the 25 Car. II. laws above-mentioned, nor any other penal laws c. 2, commonly called the Test Act, directs all made against popish recusants (except the cor- officers civil and military, to take the oath, and poration and test acts), shall extend to any dis- make the declaration against transubstantiation senters, other than papists, and such as deny the six months after their admission, and also within Trinity: provided, 1. That they take the oaths the same time to receive the sacrament of the of allegiance and supremacy (or make a similar Lord's Supper, according to the usage of the atfirmation, being Quakers--see stat. 8 Geo. I.c. church of England. If, without taking the sa6); and subscribe the declaration against popery. cramental qualification within the time prescribed 2. That they repair to some congregation certi- by the act, a person continues to occupy a civil fied to, and registered in, the court of the bishop office, or to hold a military commission, and is or archdeacon, or at the county sessions. 3. lawfully convicted, then he is disabled from That the doors of such meeting-house shall be thenceforth, for ever, from bringing any action unlocked, unbarred, and unbolted ; in default of in course of law, from prosecuting any suit in which the persons meeting there are still liable any court of equity, from being guardian of any to all the penalties of the former acts.
child, or executor or administrator of any perThe offence of non-conformity is therefore not son, as well as from receiving any legacy. Such to be considered as legally abrogated, although is the legal situation of the dissenting laity. it 'ceases to exist,' as Blackstone says, " with Dissenting teachers in order to be exempted regard to protestant dissenters, during their com- from the penalties of the statutes 13 and 14 Car. pliance with the condition imposed by the act of II. c. 1; 15 Car. II. c. 6, must subscribe the toleration : and, under these conditions, all per- articles of religion mentioned in stat. 13 Eliz. c. sons, who will approve themselves no papists or 12 (which only concern the confession of the oppugners of the Trinity, are left at full liberty true Christian faith, and the doctrine of the to act as their consciences shall direct them in sacraments); with an express exception of those the matter of religious worship. And if any relating to the government and powers of the person shall wilfully, maliciously, or contemptu- church, and to infant baptism; or, if they scruously disturb any congregation, assembled in any ple subscribing the same, are to make and church or permitted meeting-house, or shall mis- subscribe the declaration prescribed by 19 Geo. use any preacher or teacher there, he shall (by III. c. 44, professing themselves to be Chrisvirtue of the same statute), be bound over to the tians and Protestants, and that they believe the sessions of the peace, and forfeit £20. But by Scripture to contain the revealed will of God, statute 5 Geo. 1. c. 4, no mayor or principal and to be the rule of doctrine and practice.