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Carians, Phrygians, Cilicians, and Paphlago- prophets; and had foretold that he should build nians, were preparing to attack. Cyaxares and a temple to him at Jerusalem. Cyrus is exCyrus prevented them, by falling upon them and pressly styled in scripture, “the Lord's anointed, dispersing them. The latter now advanced as and the shepherd of Israel,' (Isaiah xlv. 1, and far as Babylon, and spread terror throughout the xliv. 28.); and God says of him (Isa. xlv. 5) country.

'I girded thee, though thou hast not known me.' From this expedition he returned to his uncle, Daniel is supposed to allude to this prince. towards the frontiers of Armenia and Assyria, Chap. viii. v. 3—20, under the figure of the ram. and was received by Cyaxares in the tent of the The taking of Babylon by Cyrus was clearly Assyrian king whom he had defeated. After foretold by the prophets. See BABYLONIA and this, Cyrus carried the war into the countries BELSHAZZAR. Archbishop Usher fixes the birth beyond the river Halys, entered Cappadocia, of Cyrus to A. M. 3405; his first year at Babv and subdued it entirely. From thence he lon to 3466, and his death to 3475. marched against Cræsus king of Lydia, defeated CYRUS THE Younger, son of Darius Nothus, him in the first battle; then besieged him in and brother of Artaxerxes. He was sent by his Sardis the capital; and after a siege of fourteen father at the age of sixteen, to assist the Lacedædays obliged him to surrender. See Crasus. monians against Athens. Artaxerxes succeeded After this Cyrus, having almost reduced all Asia, to the throne at the death of Nothus; and Cyrus, repassed the Euphrates, and made war upon the mad with ambition, attempted to assassinate him. Assyrians. He marched directly to Babylon, He was discovered, and would have been puptook it, and there prepared a palace for his uncle ished with death, had not his mother Parysatis Cyaxares. After these expeditions Cyrus re saved him by her tears and intreaties. This cir. turned to his father and mother in Persia, where cumstance did not check the ambition of Cyrus; they were still living; and some time after vi- he was appointed over Lydia and the sea coasts, siting Cyaxares in Media, he married his cousin where he secretly fomented rebellion and levied the only daughter and heiress of his uncle's do- troops under various pretences. At last he took minions, and returned with her to Babylon. the field with an army of 100,000 barbarians, He is now stated to have again engaged in several and 13,000 Greeks, under the coinmand of Clearwars, and subdued all the nations which lie be- chus. Artaxerxes met him with 900,000 men tween Syria and the Red Sea. He died at the near Cunaxa. The battle was long and bloody; age of seventy years, after a reign of thirty: but and Cyrus might have perhaps obtained the authors differ much concerning the manner of victory, had not his rashness proved his ruin. his death. Herodotus, Justin, and Valerius It is said that the two royal brothers met in Maximus relate, that he died in a war against person, and their engagement ended in the death the Scythians ; that falling into an ambush, which of Cyrus, 401 years before the Augustan age; their queen Tomyris had laid for him, she or and Artaxerxes, having boasted that his brother dered his head to be cut off, and cast into a had fallen by his hand, put to death two of his vessel full of blood, saying, “Thou hast always subjects for declaring that they had killed him. thirsted after human blood, now glut thyself with The Greeks, who were engaged in the expediit.' Diodorus the Sicilian states, that he was tion, obtained much glory in the battle; and no taken in an engagement and hanged. Ctesias less by their retreat, which is particularly reassures us, that he died of a wound which he cordei by Xenophon, one of their leaders. See received in his thigh : but by Xenophon's ac XENOPHON. count he died peaceably in his bed, amidst his CYST, or

Kusis. A bag containfriends and servants; and certain it is, that in CY'stis, n. s. ing morbid matier. ConAlexander's time his monument was shown at CY'stick, adj. tained in a bag. The art Pasagarda in Persia. From all this it is obvious, CystoʻTOMY, n. s. or practice of opening or that we are but imperfectly acquainted with the extirpating encysted tumors. history of this great prince, the founder of the

In taking it out, the cystis broke, and shewed itself Persian, and destroyer of the Chaldæan empire. by its matter to be a meliceris. Wisemun's Surgery. Cyrus was monarch of all the east; or as he

There may be a consumption, with a purulent spithimself speaks (2 Chr. xxxvi. 22, 23; and Ezra ting, when the vomica is contained in a cyst or bag; i. 1, 2,) • of all the earth, when he permitted upon the breaking of which the patient is commonly the Jews to return into their own country; A.M. suffocated.

Arbruhnot. 3466, and A. A.C. 538. The enemies of the The bile is of two sorts : the cystick, or that conHebrews, making use of this prince's affection tained in the gall-bladder, a sort of repository for the to his own religion, prevailed with him to coun- gall; or the hepatick, or what flows immediately from termand his orders for the building of the temple the liver. at Jerusalem (Ezra iv. 5). The prophets fre CYTHERA, in ancient geography, an island quently foretold the coming of Cyrus; and Isa. opposite to Malea a promontory, and to Boæ a (xliv. 28) mentious him by name 200 years before town of Laconia; sacred to Venus, with a very he was born. Josephus (Antiq. I. II.c. 2) says, ancient temple of that goddess, who was exthat the Jews of Babylon showed this passage hibited in armour, as in Cyprus. It is now calof the prophet to Cyrus, which is extremely led Cerigo. probable; and that this prince, in the edict CYTHERÆA, in mythology, the surname of which he granted them for their return, acknow- Venus, so called from Cythera, her birth-place, ledged that he received the empire of the world where she had a temple, and on the shores of from the God of Israel; that the same God had which she was believed to be wasted by the Zedescribed him by name in the writings of the phyrs, surrounded by the Cupids, the Graces

Id.

the Tritons, and the Nereides, reclining m a lan

His czarish majesty dispatched an express.

The Tatler. gushing posture in a sea-shell.

CYTINUS, in botany, a genus of the dode The czarina was satisfied with introducing them, candria order, gynandria class of plants; natural for slie found it impossible to render them polite. order eleventh, sarmentaceæ : CAL. quadrifid, su

Goldsmith. perior: Cor. none; the antheræ are sixteen, and

CZASLAU, or Tzaslav, a town of Bohemia, sessile; the fruit an octolocular polyspermous the capital of a circle of the same name, on the berry. Species one, a Cape shrub.

Crudinka. It is said to possess the highest spire CYTISUS, tree treefoil

, a genus of the de- in Bohemia; and within the beautiful church is candria order, and diadelphia class of plants; interred the famous Zisca. The circle of Czaslau, natural order thirty-second, papilionaceæ : Cal.

or Csaslau, is enclosed by Moravia, the circle of bilabiated, with the upper lip bifid; inferior, Tabor, Caurzim, Bitschow and Chrudim. The tridentate; the legume attenuated at the base. soil is productive, but the manufactures are not There are eleven species ; of which the most re- flourishing. It contains eight towns, thirty-three markable are, 1. C. Austriacus, the Austrian, boroughs, and 829 villages. or Tartarian evergreen cytisus, has a shrubby CZERNIGOV, or Tschernigov, a governstem, dividing low into many greenish branches, ment of European Russia, erected in the year forming a bushy head three or four feet high, 1781, and lying between those of Mohilev, having smooth whitish-green leaves, and bright Smolensko, Orel, Kursk, Pultava, Kiev, and yellow flowers in close umbellate heads at the Minsk. The soil is very fertile. It has been ends of the branches, having a cluster of leaves augmented beyond its original boundaries by under each head. These flowers appear in May. the addition of the government of Novgorod2. C. laburnum, or large deciduous cytisus, has Sieverskoi; and now contains, according to offia large upright tree-stem, branching into a full cial returns, 741,850 inhabitants. Czernigov, spreading head, twenty or thirty feet high, having or Tchernigow, the capital, situated on the smooth greenish branches, oblong oval entire right bank of the Desna, is fortified, and is the leaves, growing by threes on long slender foot

see of a Greek archbishop. Population 5000. stalks; and from the sides of all the branches Seventy-five miles north of Kiev, and 344 numerous yellow flowers collecting into long south-west of Moscow. spikes, hanging loosely downward, and appearing CZERNOVICZ, or TschernOWITZ, a town of un May.

Austria, the capital of the Bucharvine, or, more CYZICENI, CYZICENIANS, the people of properly, of a circle in Galicia. It is situated at (yzicum, who were noted by the ancients for the foot of mountains, on the south bank of the their timidity and effeminacy. Hence the pro- Pruth, on the highroad from Lemberg to verb in Zenodotus and others, tinctura Cyzicenica, Jassay, 140 miles south-east of the former, and applied to persons guilty of an indecency through ninety-five north-west of the latter.

It was fear; but 'stateres Cyziceni, nummi Cyziceni, much enlarged and improved in 1771, and condenote things executed to perfection.

tains 5400 inhabitants. Here is a Greek bishop, CYZICU M, in ancient geography, an island of a custoin-house, a criminal court, a provincial the Propontis, on the coast of Mysia; joined to and a charity school. The population of the the continent by two bridges, the first of which circle, in 1803, was 195,268. was built by Alexander the Great.

CZIRKNITZ ZEE, a very extraordinary lake Cyzicum, or Cyzicus, one of the noblest of Austria, in Carniola, five miles long and cities of the Hither Asia; situated in the above three broad, which annually produces both fish island. It was a colony of the Milesians, and is and corn: for, being dry in summer, its bottom famous for its siege by Mithridates, which was is cultivated, and it produces corn, grass, &c.; raised by Lucullus. The inhabitants were but about the 29th of September the water made free by the Romans, but forfeited their rushes in from several subterraneous passages, frelom under Tiberius. It was adorned with which, with the rains and streams that fall from a citadel and walls; had a port and marble the mountains, quickly fill it again for the winter towers; and three magazines, one for arms,

These subterraneous passages are proanother for warlike engines, and a third for bably connected with some gulf

, the ebbing or

flowing of whose waters depend upon periodical CZAR, n. s. Sclav. czar, tzar, from Perwinds or currents. CZARI'Sa, 11. s. tajur, a crown; taijzar, a CZONGRAD, a market town of Hungary, in

Cza'risu, adj. S monarch. The emperor of a county of the same name, situated at the conRussia. Czarina is the feminine. Relating to flux of the Korosch and the Theyss. the czar.

CONGRAD, a county of Hungary, enclosed There were competitors, the czur of Muscovy's son,

by the counties of Hewesch, Bekesch, Chonad, the duke of Newburg, and the prince of Lorraine. Batsch, Pesth, and Little Cumania. It is

Browne. thirty miles in length and eighteen in breadth.

season.

corn.

D.

D. The fourth letter of the Hebrew, Syriac, text, I have had more reverence for the writer and Greck, Latin, and French languages, is traced by the printer, and have left every thing standing, Minsheu in its shape to the Heb 7 daleth, sig

Atterbury to Pope.

A dab-chick waddles through the copse nifying, says he, a gate, which the figure of this letier partly resembles. Hence, with a slight On feet and wings, and wades, and fies, and hops.

Pope. alteration, came the Greek A, and by rounding two of the angles of the delta, the Roman D. DA CAPO, (Ital. from the head), in music, an

D is generally ranked among the lingual let- Italian term signifying that the beginning of the ters, having a middle sound between i and th, tune is to be repeated to complete the piece. formed by a stronger impulse of the tongue to

DACCA JELALPORE, an important and prothe roof of the mouth than the former letter. ductive district of Bengal, situated for the In Latin words the t and d are often changed for greater part between the twenty-third and one another, as at for ad, set for sed, haut for twenty-fourth degrees of northern latitude. It haud, &c. And in the formation of words from is bounded on the north by Mymunsingh, on the Latin, di frequently assumes the shape of gi the east by Tipperah, on the south by Backeror j, as journal for diurnal. English the gunge, and on the west by Ranjeshahy and sound of d never varies, nor is it ever mute. D, Jessore. It contains a great number of valuable as a numeral, signifies five hundred; T), fivé zemindaries or estates, and is every where interthousand. See ABBREVIATIONS.

sected by the Ganges and Brahmapootra, and

their various branches, so that every town of DAB, v.a. & n. Gr. oevw, OUTTW; consequence has its river or canal. These rivers, DA'BBLE, v. a. & n. Chald. dub; Ger, dogg- however, frequently occasion considerable daDa'BBLER, n. s wa, dopa ; Sax. da pan, mage by their inundations. In this district it DA'B-CHICK. dippan; Scot. dub;

is not uncommon to find fields of rice covered Belg. dabben, dabbelen; Fr. douber. All pro- with water, six or eight feet deep.

Rice is its bably, as Minsheu suggests, from the sound principal produce, and has been sold, in cheap of mud, when struck. To dab is to apply years, at the rate of 640 lbs. the rupee.

Its something soft or moist, as to a sore; to strike a

other productions of consequence are the betel soft blow. Dab, as a substantive, is a low word nut, tobacco, and cotton; but it imports large for a man expert at something: also a small quantities of the last article, which is manufish. Mr. Todd thinks it a corruption of adept, factured in every town and village. Its muslins adab. To dabble is to move about; to strike,

are very fine and delicate. A deputy of the or strike in water or mud; and, by consequence, nabob, called the naib nazim, was the chief of to smear, daub, or bespatter: metaphorically, to this district during the Mahom medan governmeddle without mastery,' as Dr. Johnson well

ment: the last person who held this office was says; and hence a dabbler is 'a superficial Jessarut Khan, wbo having been ordered in 1763, meddler.' A dab-chick is a small water-fcwl. by the nabob Cossim Aly Khan, to put all the We first illustrate dab.

English at Dacca to death, kindly put them on A sore should never be wiped by drawing a piece board boats, and sent them under the protection of tow or rag over it, but only by dabbing it with fine of a guard to Calcutta; in reward for which he lint.

Sharp.

was appointed, after the expulsion of his master, Of flat fish there are rays, fowks, dabs, plaice. to act in his former office on behalf of the Bri

Carew.

tish, and, on his decease, a pension was settled One writer excels at-a title-page ; another works on his family, and the eldest son honored with away at the body of the book; and the third is a

the title of nabob. The principal towns of this dab at an index.

Goldsmith's Essays. district are Dacca, Narraingunge, Supergong, A shadow, like an angel, with bright hair

and Rajanagur. It contains nearly 1,000,000 inDabbled in blood. Shakspeare. Richard III.

habitants, most of whom are Mahommedans. The little one complained of her legs, that she Dacca, a considerable city of Bengal, capital could neither swim nor dabble with them.

of the foregoing district, and for eighty years the L'Estrange.

capital of Bengal, when it was called JehanNeither will a spirit, that dwells with stars, dabble gireanagur. It is the residence of a judge, colin this impurer mind.

Glanville's Apol. lector, &c., and is situated on the north bank of I scarified, and dabbled the wound with oil of tur- the Boor Gunga (Old Ganges), which is here pentine.

Wiseman's Surgery.

very deep and broad, at the distance of about But when he found the boys at play,

100 miles from the sea. The best houses are And saw them dabbling in their clay,

built of brick, but the bazaars are often thatched; He stood behind a stall to lurk,

and every vacant spot is filled with trees. The And mark the progress of their work. Swift. French, Dutch, and English East India ComHe dares not complain of the tooth-ach, lest our panies had factories here at an early period; dabblers in politicks should be ready to swear against those of the two former are gone to decay. The him for disaffection.

ancient citadel at the west end of the town is in Shakespeare shall be put into your hands, as clean ruins, but the palace or Pooshteh is in good reand as fair as it came out of them : though you, I pair. In this city are manufactured beautiful think, have been dabbling here and there with the muslins, and sheli bracelets much worn by the

Id.

name

Hindoo ladies. The ho: winds which pervade Latin authors for the use of the dauphin. She alipost all other parts of India, are, through the now, therefore, undertook an edition of Florus, abundant irrigation of the neighbourhood, little published in 1674. Her reputation being soon felt here. The months of September and Octo- after spread over Europe, Christina, queen of ber are, however, unhealthy. The neighbour- Sweden, ordered count Konigsmark to complibood abounds with game of all sorts, from the ment her, and offer her a settlement' at Stocktiger to the quail. Provisions and fish are also holm, in return for which Mademoiselle le Fevre here very cheap and abundant. Distant by land sent the queen a Latin letter, with her edition of from Calcutta, 180 miles.

Florus. In 1683 she maried M. Dacier; and DACE, 1. s., called also Dace and Dart, soon after declared her design of reconciling provincially. Sax. dagian, from dag to shine as herself to the church of Rome. Both she and in Lat. luciscit, luciscus ; a small fish.

her husband made their public abjuration in Lut ne live harmlessly, and near the brink 1685. In 1693 she applied herself to the eduOf Trent or Avon have a dwelling place ;

cation of her son and daughter; the former, howWhere I may see my quill or cork down sink ever, died in 1694, and the daughter, after makWith eager bite of pearch, or bleak, or dace. Walton. ing great attainments, became a nun in the

Dace, in ichthyology, a species of Cyprinus, abbey of Longchamp. Her mother has imwhich see.

mortalised her memory in the preface to her DACIA, in ancient geography, a country translation of the Iliad. Madame Dacier was which Trajan, who reduced it to a province, in a very infirm state of health the last two joined to Moesia by an admirable bridge. This years of her life; and died, after a painful sickcountry lies extended between the Danube and ness, August 17th, 1720, aged sixty-nine. the Carpathian Mountains, from the river Tibis DACOLITHUS, in ichthyology, a cus, quite to the north bend of the Danube; so given by zoologists to a small fish, supposed to as to extend thence in a direct line to the mouth be a species of loache, and called by Ray and of the Danube and to the Euxine; being on the some others cobitis barbatulea aculeata. It is dorth next the Carpates, terminated by the river a very small fish, seldom exceeding two or at Hierasus, now called the Pruth; on the west by most ihree inches in length. The head is broader the Tibiscus or Teiss; and comprising a part of and flatter than the body : its back is of a dusky Upper Hungary, all Transylvania and Walachia, brown color spotted with black, and its belly yeland a part of Moldavia.

low. It has two heards on each side of the Dacia AURELIANa, a part of ancient Illyri- upper jaw; and on the coverings of the gills, cum, which was divided into the eastern and on each side, two prickles, or a double-pointed Western ; Sirmium being the capital of the latter, sharp hook, whereby it moves itself among the and Sardica of the former.

stones. It delights in shallow waters, with a DACIER (Andrew), was born at Castres in stony bottom, and spawns in May and June. Upper Languedoc, 1651, and studied at Saumur

DACʻTYLE, n. s. Gr. daktylos, a finger, uoder Tannegui le Fevre, then engaged in the

Dac'tiler, -(from celkw to point) beinstruction of his celebrated daughter, who be

Dactyl'ic, adj. cause composed of three came Madame Dacier. The duke of Montausier, hearing of his merit, engaged him in an edition parts, the first longer than either of the others; of Pompeius Festus, which he published in 1681. long syllable and two short, like the joints of a

A poetical foot, consisting of one His edition of Horace printed at Paris in ten finger; as candidūs. Bishop Hall uses daculet volumes, 12mo., and his other works, raised

as a diminutive. him to great reputation. He was made a mem

The nimble dactils, striving to outgo ber of the Academy of Inscriptions in 1695. When the history of Louis XIV. by medals was

The drawling spondees, pacing it below :

The lingering spondeos, labouring to delay finished, he was chosen to present it to his ma

The breathlesse dactils, with a sudden stay. jesty; who settled upon him a pension of 2000 Whoever saw a colt, wanton and wilde, livres, and appointed him keeper of the books Yoked with a slow-foote oxe on fallow field, of the king's closet. When that post was united Can right areed how handsomly besets to that of library keeper to the king, he was not Dull Spoudees with the English dactilets. only continued in the privileges of his place

Bp. Hall. Satires, 1. 6. during life, but the survivance was granted to

A dactyl has the first syllable accented, and the bis wife, a favor of which there had been no two latter unaccented : as, labourer, possible. former instance. The death, however, of Ma

Murray. On Prosody. dame Dacier in 1720, rendered this grant, which

The dactylic measure being very uncommon, we was so honorable to her, ineffectual. He died shall give only one example of one species of it. Sevteinber 18th, 1722, of an ulcer in the throat.

From the low pleasures of this fallen nature, Daciar (Anne), daughter of Tannegui le Rise we to higher, &c. Ferre, professor of Greek at Saumur in France,

Id. went after her father's death to Paris, whither DACTYLE. The dactyle is said to have been her fame had already reached : she was then the invention of Dionysius or Bacchus, who preparing an edition of Callimachus, which she delivered oracles in this measure at Delphos, published in 1674. Having shown some sheets before Apollo. The Greeks call it molitikoç. of it to M. Huet, preceptor to the dauphin, and The dactyl and spondee are the most considerable to several other men of learning, the work was of the poetical feet; as being the measures used so highly admired, that the duke of Montausier in heroic verse, by Homer, Virgil, &c. made a proposal to her of publishing several two are of equal time, but not equal motion.

DACTYLETHRA, or DACTYLITHRA, digi- a genus of the digynia order, and triandria clas talis, among the ancient physicians, a medicine of plants; natural order fourth, gramina : CAL. used to excite vomiting. It was a sort of topi- bivalved and compressed, with the one valve cal application, and is described at large by longer than the other, carinated, or having the Oribasius.

rachis prominent and sharp. There are two Dactylic Verses are hexameter verses, end- species, both natives of Britain ; viz. 1. D. ing in a dactyle instead of a spondee; as spon- cynosuroides, the smooth cock's foot grass, which daic verses are those which have a spondee grows in marshy places; and 2. D. glomeratus, in the fifth foot instead of a dactyle. An in- the rough cock's foot grass, which is common in stance of a dactylic verse occurs in Virgil : Æn. meadows and pasture grounds. It is eaten by vi. 33.

horses, sheep, and goats; but refused by cows. Bis patriæ cecidere manus : quin protinus omnia. DACTYLONOMIA, or DactyLONOMY, from

DACTYLI (DÆl, q. d. the Fingers of Mount dactylos, and vouos, a rule, the art of numberIda, in pagan mythology, personages very dif- ing by the fingers. The rule is this; the left ferently described by ancient authors. The thumb is reckoned one; the index or fore finger Cretans paid divine worship to them, as to two: and so on to the right thumb, which stands those who had nursed and brought up the god for the cypher. Jupiter; whence it appears, that they were the DACTYLUS, in zoology, a name given hy same as the Corybantes and Curetes. Neverthe- Pliny to the pholas. In Toulon harbour, and less Strabo makes them different; and says, that the road, are found solid hard stones, perfectly the tradition in Phrygia was, that the Curetes entire ; containing, in different cells, secluded and Corybantes were descended from the Dactyli from all communication with the air, several Idæi: that there were originally 100 men in the living shell-fish, of an exquisite taste, called island, who were called Dactyli Idæi; from whom dactyli, i. e. dates : to come at these fish the sprang nine Curetes, and each of these nine pro- stones are broken with mauls. Along the coast duced ten men, as many as the fingers of a of Ancona, in the Adriatic, are stones usually man's two hands; and that this gave the name weighing about fifty pounds, and sometimes even to the ancestors of the Dactyli Idæi.' He re

more, the outside rugged and easily broken, but lates another opinion, which is, that there were he inside so hard as to require a strong arm but five Dactyli Idæi ; who, according to Sopho- and an iron maul to break them; within them, cles, were the inventors of iron : that these five and in separate niches, are found small shellbrothers had five sisters, and that from this num- fish, quite alive and very palatable, called solenes ber they took the name of fingers of Mount Ida, and cappe laughe. These facts are attested by because they were in number ten; and that they Gassendi, Blondel

, Mayol, the learned bishop of worked at the foot of this mountain. Diodorus Sulturara, and more particularly by Aldrovandi, Siculus says, 'the first inhabitants of the island

a physician of Bologna. The two latter speak of Crete were the Dactyli Idæi, who had their of' iť as a common fact, which they themselves residence on mount Ida : that some said they saw. were 100; others only five, in numbers equal

DADUCHI, Gr. dadwxes, torch-bearers, in to the fingers of a man's hand, whence they had antiquity, priests of Ceres. The goddess having the name of Dactyli: that they were magicians,

ost her daughter Proserpine, say mythologists, and addicted to mystical ceremonies : that Or- began to make search for her at the beginning of pheus was their disciple, and carried their mys- the night. In order to do this in the dark, she teries into Greece: that the Dactyli invented the lighted a torch, and thus set forth on her travels use of iron and fire, and that they had been re- throughout the world : for which reason she is compensed with divine honors.' Diomedes the represented with a lighted torch in her hand. In grammarian says, the Dactyli Idæi were priests commemoration of this pretended exploit, it of the goddess Cybele : called Idæi, because became a custom for the priests, at the feasts and that goddess was chiefly worshipped on Mount sacrifices of this goddess, to run about in the Ida in Phrygia ; and Dactyli, because that, to temple with torches after this manner :-one of prevent Saturn from hearing the cries of infant them took a lighted torch from off the altar, and, Jupiter, whom Cybele had committed to their holding it with his hand, ran with it to a certain custody, they used to sing certain verses of their part of the temple, where he gave it to another, own invention, in the Dactylic measure. Strabo

saying to him, tibi trado: the second ran after gives us the names of four of the Dactyli Idæi; the like manner to another part of the temple, viz. Salaminus, Damnanæus, Hercules, and and gave it to the third, and he to another and Acmon. See CORY BANTES, CRETE, and Cu

DAD, n. s.

Heb. 777, dodh, beloved; Gr. DACTYLIOMANCY, or DactyLION ANTIA

Dad'dy. S

αττα; from darrullos, a ring, and uavrela, divination, atta ; Fr. papa. One among those familiar words

; Hind. ata; Lat. tata ;Goth. a sort of divination performed by means of a ring. It consisted in holding a ring, suspended their father; and which are universally com

with which, in all languages, children first salute by a fine thread, over a round table, on the edge of which were made divers marks with the letters pounds of a and t or d; or a and 5 or p.

I was never so bethumpt with words, of the alphabet. The ring in shaking, or vibra

Since first I called my brother's father dad. ting over the table, stopped over certain of the

Shakspeare. letters, which, being joined together, composed His loving mother left him to my care, the answer required.

Fine child, as like his dad as he could stare. DACTYLIS, botany, cock's foot grass ;

Gay.

SO on

RETES.

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