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DISIMPROVEMENT, n. s. Dis and im If he stood upon his own title of the house of Lan provement. Reduction from a better to a worse caster, inherent in his person, he knew it was a title state; the contrary to melioration ; the contrary condemned by parliament, and generally prejudged in to improvement.
the common opinion of the realm, that it tended di
rectly to the disinherison of the line of York. The final issue of the matter would be, an utter
Bacon's Henry VII. neglect and disimprovement of the earth. Norris.
The chief minister of the revenue was obliged to I cannot see how this kingdom is at any height of prevent, and even oppose, such disinherison. improvement, while four parts in five of the planta
Clarendon. tions, for thirty years past, have been real disimprove
In respect of the efects and evil consequences, the Swift.
adultery of the woman is worse, as bringing bastardy DISINCAR'CERATE, v. a. Dis and incar- into a family, and disinherisons or great injuries to the cerat. To set at liberty; to free from prison. lawful children.
Taylor. The arsenical bodies being now coagulated, and Is it then just with us to disinherit kindled into faming atoms, require dry and warm air, The unborn nephews for the father's fault? to open the earth for to disincarcerate the same venene
, ye faint stars; and thou, fair moon, DISINCLI'NE, v. a. ? Dis and incline.
Stoop thy pale visage through an amber cloud,
And disinherit chaos that reigns here Disinclina'tion, n. s. $ To produce dislike to; In double night of darkness, and of slander. Milton. to make disaffected; to alienate affection from. Want of affection or alienation.
Of how fair a portion Adam disinherited his whole
posterity by one single prevarication ! South. They were careful to keep up the fears and appre Nor how the Dryads and the woodland train, hensions in the people of dangers and designs, and to Disherited, ran howling o'er the plain. disincline them from any reverence or affection to the
Dryden's Fables. queen, whom they begun every day more implacably DISINTER', v. a. From dis and inter. To to hate, and consequently to disoblige. Clarendon.
unbury; to take as out of the grave. Hisappointment gave him a disinclination to the fair sex, for whom he dues not express all the respect pus- the good, or the great man, very often lie hid and
The philosopher, the saint, or the hero, the wise, sible.
Arbuthnot and Pope.
concealed in a plebeian, which a proper education What are those duties which we read or hear of might have disinterred.
Addison. from the word of God, to which we find ourselves
DISINTERESSED, adj. Disand Fr. interessé. most disinclined? This, in all likelihood, will help us
Written disinterested generally, and more proto detect some of our peculiar sins of omission.
perly. Without regard to private advantage; DISINGENU’ITY, n. s. From disingenuous.
not biassed by particular views; impartial. Meanness of artifice; unfairness.
Not that tradition's parts are useless here,
When general, old, disinteressed, and clear. They contract a habit of ill-nature and disingenuity
Dryden. necessary to their affairs, and the temper of those upon whom they are to work.
DISIN’TERESSMENT, n. s. Dis and Fr.
interessement. Disregard to private advantage; DISINGEN'UOUS, adj. Dis and ingenu- disinterest; disinterestedness. This word is Disingen’UOUSLY, adv. ous. Unfair; mean- merely a Gallicism. DisingenʻUOUSNESS, n.s. Sly artful; subtle;
He has managed some of the charges of the king. sly; illiberal.
dom with known ability, and laid them down with en"Tis disingenuous to accuse our age
Prior's Postscript. Of idleness, who all our powers engage
DISINTEREST, n. s. Dis and interest. In the same studies, the same course to hold,
Disin’terested, adj. What is contrary to Nor think our reason for new arts too old.
Disin’TERESTEDLY, udv. one's interest, desire, Denham.
Disin’TERESTEDNES8,n.s.) or prosperity; that It was a disingenuous way of proceeding, to oppose a
which any one is concerned to prevent: indifferjudgment of charity concerning their church, to a
ence to one's own advantage. judgment of reason concerning the nature of actions.
Stillingfleet. These expressions of selfishness and disinterestedness
have been used in a very loose and indeterminate There cannot be any thing so disingenuous and mis
Browne. becoming any rational creature, as not to yield to
They judge it the great disinterest to Rome. plain reason, and the conviction of clear arguments.
As disinterested as you appear to the world, no man I might press them with the unreasonableness, the is more in the power of that prevailing favourite pasdisingenuousness of embracing a profession to which
sion than yourself.
Swift. their own hearts have an inward reluctance. Government of the Tongue.
It is usual with persons who mount the stage for the
cure or information of the crowd about them, to make DISINHER’IT, v. a. All from dis and in- solemn professions of their being wholly disinterested DISINHER'ISON, n. s. herit. To cut off he- in the pains they take in public good.
Steele. DISHER'IT, 0. a.
DISINTITLED, part. adj. Dis and intitled DISHER'isow, n. s.
Not entitled. two words are only the older mode of spelling.
Yet J. S. and his little convention of four er five He tries to restore to their rightful heritage such brothers of the tradition have clearly disintitled them good old English words as have been long time ou of selves to any use of these (the Scriptures, &c.) use, almost disherited. Spenser.
Sreditary succession of
DISI'NTRICATE, v. a. Dis and intricate. part justly supplies the part of the soul; and the vioTo disentangle.
lent separation of this from the other, does as certainly DISJO’IN, v. a. Fr. disjoindre ; dis and join. infer death and dissolution, as the disjunction of the
South. To separate ; to part froin each other; to dis- body and the soul in the natural. unite; to sunder.
Such principles, whose atoms are of that disjuncNever shall my harp thy praise
tive nature, as not to be united in a sufficient number to make a visible mass.
Grew. Forget, nor from thy father's praise disjoin.
Milton. A disjunctive proposition, in logic, is when the parts Lest different degree
are opposed to one another by disjunctive particles.
The truth of disjunctives depends on the necessary and Disjoin us, and I then too late renounce
immediate opposition of the parts.
Watts's Logick. Pcity for thee, when fate will not permit. Id.
There are such words as disjunctive conjunctions. Happier for me, that all our hours assigned
Id. Together we had lived; even not in death disjoined.
What he observes of the numbers disjunctively and Dryden.
apart, reason suggests to be applicable to the whole Never let us lay down our arms against France, till body united. Causes of the Decay of Piety. we have utterly disjoined her from the Spanish monarchy.
DISK, n. s. Lat. discus. A quoit. The face of
the sun, or any planet, as it appears to the eye. DISJOI’NT, v. Q., v., n., & part. Dis and
The disk of Phæbus, when he climbs on high, joint. To put out of joint. As a neuter verb, to fall in pieces.
Appears at first but as a blood-shot eye. Dryden.
The crystal of the eye, which in a fish is a ball, in Young Fontinbras,
any land animal is a disk or bowl ; being hereby fitted Holding a weak supposal of our worth,
for the clearer sight of the object.
Grew. Thinks by our late dear brother's death
It is to be considered, that the rays, which are Our state to be disjoint and out of frame.
equally refrangible, do fall upon a circle answering to the sun's disk.
Newton. The constancy of your wit was not wont to bring
In areas varied with mosaic art, forth such disjointed speeches.
Some whirl the disk, and some the jav'lin dart. Be all their ligaments at once unbound,
Pope. And their disjointed bones to powder ground.
Sandys. Can scarce be caught by philosophic eye, Yet what could swords or poison, racks or fame, Lost in the near effulgence.
Thomson. But mangle and disjoint the brittle frame?
Where finds philosophy her eagle eye More fatal Henry's words : they murdered Emma's
With which she gazes at yon burning disk fame.
Undazzled, and detects and counts his spots. I asked a gentleman the other day that is famous
Cowper. for a good carver (at which acquisition he is out of DISKIND'NESS, n. s. Dis and kindness. countenance, imagining it may detract from some of Want of kindness or benevolence; injury; mahis more essential qualifications) to help me to some- lignity. thing that was near him; but he excused himself, and
This discourse is so far from doing any diskindness blushing told me, of all things he could never carve
to the cause, that it does it a real service. in his life ; though it can be proved upon him that he
Woodward. cuts up, disjoints, and
uncases, with incomparable dex. DISLIKE', v. a. & n. s. Dis and like. To terity.
S disapprove; to All things which on the rapid orb appear;
gard without affectior. ; to regard with ill will or And if no power that motion should controul,
disgust. It must disjoint and dissipate the whole. Blackman. He then them took, and tempering goodly well, Mouldering arches, and disjointed columns. Irene.
Their contrary dislikes with loved means,
Did place them all in order, and compel Rocks reared on rocks in huge disjointed piles
To keep themselves within their sundry reigns, Form the tall turrets, and the lengthened aisles;
Together linked with adamantine chains. Spenser. Broad ponderous piers sustain the roof, and wide Branch the vast rainbow ribs from side to side.
I think it best, by an union of manners and conDarwin.
formity of minds, to bring them to be one people, and DIŠJU’DICATION, n. s. Lat. dijudicatio.
to put away the dislikeful conceit of the one and the other.
Id. Ireland. Judgment; determination : perhaps only mis
What most he should rislike, seems pleasant to taken for dijudication.
The disposition of the organ is of great importance What like, offensive Shakspeare. King Lear. in the disjudications we make of colours.
Your dislikes, to whom I would be pleasing,
Boyle on Colours. Do cloud my joys with danger and with sorrow. DISJUNCT", adj.
Id. 2 Lat. disjunctus. DisDisjunc'tion, n. s. joined ; separate : dis- him continual dişlike to sin.
God's grace, that principle of his new birth, gives Disjuncʻrive, adj. Sunion; incapable of
Hammond's Practical Catechism. union.
True love to the person cannot long agree with
dislike of the religion. Bp. Hall's Contemplations. Enjoy your mistress now, from whom you see
This said Aletes, and a murmur rose There's no disjunction to be made, but by
That shewed dislike among the Christian peers. Your ruin.. Shakspeare. Winter's Tale.
Fairfax. There is a great analogy between the body natural Whosoever dislikes the digressions, or grows weary and politic, in which the ecclesiastical or spiritual of them, may throw them away.
Sorrow would have been as silent as thought, as DISLOY'AL, adj. Fr. desloyal, dis and severe as philosophy. It would have rested in in
Disloy'ally, adv. loyal. Not true to alleward senses, tacit dislikes.
South. Dislor'ALTY, n. s. S
giance; faithless ; false The jealous man is not angry if you dislike another; to a sovereign; disobedient. but if you find those faults which are in his own cha When that tumultuous rage and fearfull deene racter, you discover not only your dislike of another,
Of northerne rebels ye did pacify, bue of himself,
And their disloiall powere defaced clene, There is a point, which whoever can touch, will The record of enduring memory.
Spenser, Sonnets. never fail of pleasing a majority, so great that the
The lady is disloyal. dislikers will be forced to fall in with the herd.
Disloyal ! The word is too good to paint out Swift. her wickedness.
Shakspeare. DISLIK'EN, v. a. Dis and liken. To make
There shall appear such seeming truths of Hero's unlike. Unusual.
disloyalty, that jealousy shall be called assurance. Mume your face,
Id. Dismantle you; and, as you can, disliken
Let the truth of that religion I profess be repreThe truth of your own seeming.
sented to judgment, not in the disguises of levity, Shakspeare. Winter's Tale.
schism, heresy, novelty, and disloyalty. DISLIKENESS, n. s. Dis and likeness.
Foul distrust and breach
Disloyal ; on the part of man, revolt
Milton. but itself, can never be capable of a wrong represen
Disloyal town! tation, nor mislead us from the true apprehension of
Speak, didst not thou any thing by its dislikeness to it; and such, excepting
Forsake thy faith, and break thy nuptial vow? those of substances, are all our own complex ideas.
DIS'MAL, adj. Lat dies malus, an evil DISLIMB', v. a. Dis and limb. To dila
Dis’mally, adv. day. Sorrowful; dire; niate; to tear limb from limb.
Dis'MAINESS, n. s. ) horrid; melancholy; unDISLIMN', v. a. Dis and limn. To unpaint; comfortable; unhappy ; dark. to strike out of a picture.
The thane of Cawder 'gan a dismal conflict. That which is now a horse, even with a thought
Shakspeare. The rack dislimns, and makes it indistinct
On all sides from innumerable tongues
Nor yet in horrid shade or dismal den, DI'SLOCATE, v.a.7 Lat. dis and locus. To
Nor nocent yet ; but on the grassy herb
The dismal situation waste and wild,
Id. To let these hands obey my boiling blood,
Such a variety of dismal accidents must have broken They ’re apt enough to dislocate and tear
the spirits of any man.
Clarendon.. Thy flesh and bones. Shakspeare. King Lear.
On the one hand set the most glittering temptations l'he posture of rocks, often leaning or prostrate, to discord, and on the other view the dismal effects of shews that they had some dislocation from their natu it.
Decay of Piety. ral site.
Pope. It might go awry either within or without the upper, as often as it is forcibly pulled to it, and so Disyal, GREAT, or DISMAL SWAMP, a large cause a dislocation, or a strain. Grew's Museum,
swamp, or bog, extending from north to south After some time the strata on all sides of the globe nearly thirty miles, and from east to west, at a were dislocated, and their situation varied, being medium, about ten miles, partly in Virginia and elevated in some places, and depressed in others. partly in North Carolina. No less than five na
vigable rivers, besides creeks, rise out of it; two She neither broke nor dislocated any bones; but of which run into Virginia, viz. the south branch received such a contusion below the hip, as crippled of Elizabeth, and the south branch of Nansemond her completely. Cowper. Private Correspondence. river, and three into North Carolina, namely,
DISLODGE', v. a. & n. Dis and lodge. To North River, North West River, and Perquimons. remove from a place; to go away.
All these hide their heads, properly speaking, in The ladies have prevailed,
the Dismal, there being no signs of them above The Volscians are dislodged, and Marcus gone. ground. There must, for this reason, be plenti
Shakspeare. ful subterraneous stores of water here, or else the Soon as midnight brought on the dusky hour, soil is so replete with this element, poured down Priendliest to sleep, and silence, he resolved from the high lands that surround it, that it can With all his legions to dislodge.
Milton. abundantly afford these supplies. This is, perThese senses lost, behold a new defeat,
haps, most probable, as the ground of the swamp The soul dislodging from another seat.
is a mere quagmire, trembling under the feet of Dryden's Juvenal. those who walk upon it, and every footstep
The skirts of The shell-fish which are resident in the depths live being instantly filled with water. and die there, and are never dislodged or removed by the swamp, towards the east, are overgrown storms, por cast upon the shores; which the litto- with reeds, ten or twelve feet high interspersed rales usually arc.
Woodward. with strong bamboo briars. Among these grow
here and there a cypress or white cedar, com- strip him of his other garrisons, having already dismonly mistaken for the juniper. Towards the possessed him of his strongest, by dismantling him of south end of it is a large tract of reeds, which, his honour, and seizing his reputation. South. being constantly green and waving in the wind, Sees dancing slaves insult his martial plains is called the Green Sea. In many parts, espe
Parts with chill stream the dim religious bower cially on the borders, grows an ever-green shrub,
Time-mouldered bastion, and dismantled tower.
Darwin. very plentifully, called the gall-bush. It bears a herry which dies a black color like the gall of
DISMA’SK, v. a. Dis and mask. To divest an oak, whence its name. Near the middle of of a mask; to uncover from concealment. this swamp the trees grow much thicker, both Fair ladics masked are roses in the bud, cypress and cedar, and, being always green and Or angels veiled in clouds ; are roses blown, loaded with very large tops, are much exposed Dismaskrd, their damask sweet commixture shewn. to the wind and easily blown down. Neither
Shakspeare. beast, bird, insect, nor reptile, approach the
The marquis thought best to dismask his beard ; and
Wotton. heart of this horrible desert; perhaps deterred by told him that he was going covertly. the everlasting shade, occasioned by the thick DISMAY', v. a. & n. s. 2 Sp.desmayer; old Fr. shrubs and bushes, which the sun can never pe
DISMAY’EDNESS, n. S. esmayer.
Minsheu netrate to warm the earth : nor indeed, on ac after Sebastian, a Spanish etymologist, says, fancount of the noisome exhalations, do any birds cifully enough, 'from the moneth of Maye, for in fly orer it. These noxious vapors infect the air that moneth the flowers of the field hang their all around. On the west border is a pine swamp, heads and fade away :' to discourage ; divert of above a mile in breadth, great part of which is self-possession; terribly. covered with water, knee-deep; the bottom, how He will not fail thee ; fear not, neither be dismayed.
Deut. ever, is firm, and the pines grow very tall. With all these disadvantages Dismal Swamp is, in
Nought could she say,
But suddeine catching huld, did her dismay many places, pleasing to the eye, though disagreeable to the other senses. It was judged im
With quaking hands, and other signes of feare.
Spenser. Faerie Queene. passable, till the line, dividing Virginia from
Their mighty strokes their haberjeons dismayed. North Carolina, was carried through it, in lat.
Spenser. 36° 28' N., in 1728, by order of king George II.
Enemics would not be so troublesome to the wesAlthough this was undertaken in a very dry
tern coasts, nor that country itself would be so often season, the men who were employed were ten whole days before they could accomplish their dismayed with alarms as they have of late years been.
Raleigh's Essays. work. In the middle is a lake about seven
All sate mute, miles long, called Drummond's Pond, whose Pondering the danger with deep thoughts; and each waters run south into Pasquotank River, which In others countenance read his own dismay. falls into Albemarle Sound; and on the north
Milton. into Elizabeth and Nansemond Rivers, which
The valiantest feels inward dismayedness and yet fall into James River. A navigable canal has, the fearfullest is ashamed fully to shew it. Sidney. with immense labor, been cut through this
Nothing can make him remiss in the practice of his swamp, connecting the waters of the Pasquo- of danger dismay him.
duty; no prospect of interest can allure him, no fear tank, which fall into Albemarle Sound, and
Atterbury. those of the Elizabeth, which is connected by DI'SME, n. s. Fr. A tenth ; the tenth part; means of James River with Chesapeak Bay. Aš tythe. the Dismal Swamp lies so near Norfolk, where
Since the first sword was drawn about this question, there is a constant demand for shingles, staves, Every tithe soul 'mongst many thousand dismes, &c., for exportation; and as the best of these ar
Hath been as dear as Helen. ticles are made from the trees growing upon the
Shakspeare. Troilus and Cressida swamp, it is on this account a valuable pro- compliance with king Edward, in granting him two
The pope began to exercise his new rapines by a perty.
Ayliffe's Parergon. Virginia Company, who possess 100,000 acres of years disme from the clergy. it, and the North Carolina Company, who possess divide member from member; to dilacerate; to
DISMEM'BER, v. a. Dis and member. To 40,000. DISMANTLE, v. a.
cut in pieces. Dis and mantle. To
Hlim booteth not resist, nor succour call, deprive of a dress; to strip; to denude.
His bleeding hart is in the venger's hand,
Who streight him rent in thousand pieces small,
Spenser. Faerie Queene.
I am with both, each army hath a hand;
And in their rage, I having hold of both,
They whirl asunder and dismember me. the dismantling and demolishing of our enemies.
A state can never arrive to its period in a more His eyeballs, rooted out, are thrown to ground; deplorable crisis, than when some prince lies hovering, His nose dismantled in bis mouth is found;
like a vulture, to devour or dismember its dying care His jaws, cheeks, front, one undistinguished wound.
Swift. Dryden. Fowls obscene dismembered his remains, He that makes his prince despised and undervalued, And dogs bad torn him on the naked plains. and beats him out of his subjects' hearts, may easily
Those who contemplate only the fragments or DISNEY (John), an English divine and mapieces of science dispersed in short unconnected dis- gistrate, born at Lincoln, in 1677. He received courses, can never survey an entire body of truth, but the early part of his education at the grammar must always view it as deformed and dismembered.
school in his native city, after which, his father Watts.
being a dissenter, he was sent to an academy of DISMISS', v.a. ? Lat. dimissus. To send that persuasion. From this he removed to the Dismission, n. s. 3 away; despatch.
Middle Temple, where he studied the law, He dimnissed the assembly. Acts, xix, 41.
though he never followed it as a profession; but We commit thee thither,
when he retired to his paternal estate, he distinUntil his army be dismissed from him.
guished himself greatly as an active magistrate, Shakspeare. Henry IV. particularly in the laudable but unpopular.meaYou must not stay here longer'; your dismission sures he took for the suppression of vice and imIs come from Cæsar. Id. Ant. and Cleop. morality, for which he repeatedly received the Not only thou degrad'st them, or remit’st
thanks of the judges on the circuits. When To life obscure, which were a fair dismission; about forty-two years of age he took orders in But throw'st them lower than thou didst exalt them the church, and was presented to the vicarage of high.
Milto's Agonistes. Croft, and the rectory of Kirby-Super-Baine, If our young lälus be no more,
in Lincolnshire. In 1722 he was preferred to Dismiss our navy from your friendly shore. the living of St. Mary, in Nottingham, where he
Dryden's Virgil. died in 1730. He published, 1. Two Essays Dismiss, as soon as may be, all angry and wrathful upon the Execution of the Laws against Immothoughts. These will but canker and corrode the rality and Profaneness, 8vo. 2. Primitiæ Sacræ, mind, and dispose it to the worst temper in the the Reflections of a devout Solitude, 8vo. 3. world.
Flora, prefixed to a Translation of Rapin's Puff not your cheeks, fond youths! dismiss the Poem on Gardens. 4. Remarks upon a Serfute !
mon preached by Dr. Sacheverell. 5. A View Hushed be the harp, the soft guitar be mute :
of ancient Laws against Immorality and ProfaneSuch signs of passion in contempt I hold :
ness. But there's substantial proof of love-in gold.
DISOBEY', v. u.
Dis and obey. To
DISOBEDIENCE, n.s. break commands, or DISMISSION OF A Bill, in chancery. If the DisoBEŠDIENT, adj. transgress prohibitiplaintiff does not attend on the day fixed for the DISOBE'DIENTLY, udv.
out of hearing, his bill is dismissed with costs. It may order, or cease to follow a previous impulse. be also dismissed for want of prosecution, which
The man of God was disobedient unto the word of is in the nature of a nonsuit at law, if he suffers the Lord.
1 Kings xiii. 26. three terms to elapse without moving forwards in
The offence is holy that she hath committed; the cause.
And this deceit loses the name of craft,
Disobedient children, if preserved from the gallows, He dismortgaged the crown demesnes, and left behind a mass of gold.
Howel's Vocal Forest.
are reserved for the rack, to be tortured by their own
posterity. One complaining, that never father had DISMOUNT', v.a. & v. n. Fr. demonter. To so undutiful a child as he had ; Yes, said his sonne, throw off a horse, or from an elevation : to
with less grace than truth, my grandfather had. alight from a horse ; to descend.
Fuller. The champion stout
Of man's first disobedience, and the fruit Eftsoones dismounted from his courser brave,
Of that forbidden tree, sing heavenly muse. And to the dwarfe awhile his needless spere
a general notion antecedently to laws. Stillingfleet. Bellerophon, though from a lower clime,
She absolutely bade him, and he durst not know Dismounted, on the Aleian field I fall. Milton.
how to disobey.
Sidney. The Turks' artillery, planted against that tower, He's loth to disobey the god's command, was by the Christian cannoneers dismounted with shot Not willing to forsake this pleasant land. from the tower, and many of the gunners slain.
Denham. Knolles. This disobedience of the moon will prove When he came within sight of that prodigious The sun's bright orb does not the planets move. army at Agincourt, he ordered all his cavalry to dis
Blackmore. norint, and implore upon their knees a blessing.
This disobedience of the fibres of age to their usual Addison's Freeholder. stimuli, has generally been ascribed to repetition or DISNATURALIZE, v.a. Dis and natural- habit, as those who live near a large clock, or a mill, ize. To alienate; to make alien; to deprive of
or a waterfall, soon cease to attend to the perpetual the privileges of birth.
noise of it in the day, and sleep during the night undisturbed.
Darwin. DISNATURED, adj. Dis and nature. UnDatural; wanting natural tenderness; devoid of
DISOBLIGE', v. a. Dis and oblige. Datural affection. Unusual.
DisoblI'GING, part, adj. To offend; disIf she must teem,
DisoblI'GINGLY, adv. gust; give slight Create her child of spleen, that it may live,
DISOBLI'GINGNESS, n. s.
offence to. All And be a thwart disnatured torment to her.
the derivatives folShakspeare. King Lear.
low this sense.