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DISDIACLASTIC Crystal, in natural his- sult physicians, when they were sick, imputed tory, a name given by Bartholine and some their diseases generally to evil spirits, the exeothers to the pellucid fossil substance, more cutioners of divine vengeance. usually called, from the place whence it was DISEASES OF Dogs. See Dog and HYDROfirst brought, Iceland crystal ; though properly PHOBIA. it is no crystal at all, but a fine pellucid spar, DISEASES OF HORSES. SEE FARRIERY. called by Dr. Hill from its shape parallelopipe
DISEDGʻED, adj. Dis and edge. Blunted; dum.
obtunded; dulled DISEASE' v. a. & n. s. ) Dis and ease. To
I grieve myself Diseas'EDNESS, n. S.
afflict with illness ,
To think, when thou shalt be disedged by her
Whom now thou tirest on, how thy memory lo torment with pain or sorrow; to make morbid;
Will then be panged by me. infect: as a substantive, the malady, sickness,
Shakspeare. Cymbeline. &c., endured.
DISEMBARK', v. a. & v. n. Dis and emIn the world ghe schuler haue disese, but triste ghe, bark. To carry to land; to go on land. I haue ouercome the world. Wiclif. Jon xvi.
I must unto the road, to disembark And Asa, in the thirty and ninth year of his reign,
Some necessaries. was diseased in his feet, and his disease was exceeding
Shakspeare. T'wo Gentlemen of Verona. great; and in his disease he sought not to the Lord, There disembarking on the green sea-side, but to the physicians.
Chron. We land our cattle, and the spoil divide. Full of diseases was his carcas blew,
DISEMBITẤTER, v. a. Dis and embitter,
To sweeten; to free from bitterness; to clear
Encourage such innocent amusements as may dise are all diseased, And with our surfeiting and wanton hours
embitter the minds of men, and make them mutually Have brought ourselves into a burning fever.
rejoice in the samne agreeable satisfactions. Shakspeare.
Addison's Freeholder. Food improperly taken, not only produces original
DISEMBOD'IED, adj. Dis and embodied. diseases, but affords those that are already engendered Divested of the body; discharged from military both matter and sustenance ; 80 that, let the father of service. disease be what it may, intemperance is certainly its Disembodied spirits are generally creatures of the mother.
Burton. imagination, and of old wondering wit. Thomas. A lazar. house it seemed, wherein were laid
DISEMBOGUE', v. a. &v.n. Old Fr. disemNumbers of all diseased, all maladies
boucher.—Skinner. To pour out at the mouth ou Of ghastly spasm, or racking torture. Milton. a river; to vent: to gain vent; flow. Authority is a disease and cure,
Rivers Which men can neither want nor well endure. In ample oceans disembogued, or lost. Butler.
Dryden. Ovid. We cannot be too jealous, we cannot suspect our
By eminences placed up and down the globe, the selves too much to labour under the disease of pride, rivers make innumerable turuings and windings, and which cleaves the closer to us by our belief or confi
at last disembogue in several mouths into the sea. dence that we are quite without it, Clarendon.
Rolling down, the steep Timavus raves, Though great light be insufferable to our eyes, yet And through nine channels disembogues his waves. the highest degree of darkness does not at all disease
DISEMBOS'OMED, part. adj. Dis and ema This is a restoration to some former state ; not that bosom. Taken from the bosom. state of indigency and diseasedness. Burnet's Theory.
Who, disembosomed from the Father, bows
The heaven of heavens to kiss the distant earth. Thomson's Summer,
Young. But he was phrenzied, -wherefore, who may know! DISEMBOW'ELLED, part. adj. Dis and Since cause might be which skill could never find;
embowel. Taken from out the bowels. But he was phrenzied by disease or woe,
So her disembowelled web
Arachne in a hall or kitchen spreads,
Philips. Disease has been variously defined by physi- disentangle; to free from perplexity; to reduce
DISEMBROIL', v. a. Fr. debrouiller. To cians, almost every founder of a new system from confusion. having given a definition of disease, differing
Then earth from air, and seas from earth were in some respects from his predecessors. See
driven, Medicine and NoSOLOGY. Of all animals, man
And grosser air sunk from etherial heaven; is subject to the most diseases ; and of men, the Thus disembroiled, they take their proper place.. studious and speculative are most exposed to
Dryden. them. Other animals have their diseases; but The system of his politicks is disembroiled, and they are in small number, because they live cleared of all those incoherences and independent more according to nature : nor are plants with- matters that are woven into this motley piece. out them; though their known maladies are few.
Addison's Whig Eraminer. The ancient Hebrews, who were versed in the DISENA'BLE, v. a. Dis and enable. To study of natural philosophy, and much ac- deprive of power; to disable; to sink into customed to recur to physical causes, and con- weakness; to weaken.
has overtaken me; and want, a more in A man purposes his schemes of life in a state of sufferable evil, through the change of the times, has abstraction and disengagement, exempt from the enwholly disenabled me.
Dryden. ticements of hope, the solicitations of affection, the DISENCHANT' v. a. Dis and enchant. To importunities of appetite, or the depressions of fear.
Johnson. free from the force of an enchantment; to deliver
DISENTAN'GLE, v. a. Dis and entangle. from the power of charms or spells.
To untold or loosen the parts of a thing; to free Muse, stoop thy disenchanted wing to truth.
from impediment or perplexity ; separate; disDenham.
tinguish Alas! let your own brain disenchant you. Sidney. Haste to thy work; a noble stroke or two
Though in concretions particles so entangle one Ends all the charms, and disenchants the grove.
another, that they cannot in a short time clear themDryden.
selves, yet they do incessantly strive to disentangle themselves, and get away.
Boyle. DISENCUM'BER, v. a. 2
Dis and encum Till they could find some expedient to explicate and DISENCUM'BRANCE, n. s. Šber. To discharge disentangle themselves out of this labyrinth, they made from encumbrances; free from impediment or no advance towards supplying their armies. obstruction; disburden.
The welfare of their souls requires a better judgDim night had disencumbered heaven. Milton.
men than their own, either to guide them in their It will need the actual intention, the particular duty, or to disentangle them from a temptation. stress and application of the whole soul, to disencumber
South, and set it free, to scour off its rust, and remove those Neither can God himself be otherwise understood by hindrances which would otherwise clog and check the us than as a mind free and disentangled from all corfreedom of its operations. Sprat. poreal mixtures.
Wherever I turned my view, there was perplexity The disencumbered soul Flew off, and left behind the clouds and starry pole.
to be disentangled, and confusion to be regulated.
Johnson. Preface to Dictionary.
Dis and Fr. enterrer. To Dreams look like the amusements of the soul, when she is disencumbered of her machine; her sports and unbury; to take out of the grave. recreations, when she has laid her charge asleep. Though the blindness of some fanaticks have
Spectator. savaged on the bodies of the dead, and have been There are many who make a figure below what so injurious unto worms as to disenterre the bodies of their fortune or merit entitles them to, out of mere the deceased, yet had they therein no esign upon the choice, and an elegant desire of ease and disencumsoul.
Browne's Vulgar Errours. brance.
Id. DISENTHRAL', v. a. Dis and enthral. To The church of St. Justina, designed by Palladio, set free; to restore to liberty; to rescue from is the most handsome, luminous, disencumbered build- slavery. ing, in the inside, that I have ever seen.
If religion were false, bad men would set the utAddison on Italy. most force of their reason on work to discover that
South. DISENGAGE', v. a. & v. v.
Dis and en
falsity, and thereby disenthral themselves. DISENGAGED', part. adj.
But God my soul shall disenthral;
For I DISENGAGED'NESS, n. s.
lieve from duty
upon his name will call. Sandys. DISENGAGEMENT.
or 'obligation ;
DISENTHRONE', v. a. Dis and enthrone. to withdraw from duty, obligation, or engage- To depose from sovereignty; to dethrone. ment. Hence disengagement, and disengaged
Either to disenthrone the King of heaven
if war be best; or to regain ness, are applied to any state of freedom or va
Our own right lost.
DISENTRANCE', v a. Dis and entrance. When our mind's eyes are disengaged and free,
To awaken from a trance, or deep sleep. They clearer, farther, and distinctly see. Denham.
Ralpho, by this time disentranced, Some others, being very light, would foat up and
Upon his bum himself advanced. Hudibras. down a good while, before they could wholly disengage themselves and descend.
DISESPOUSE', v.a. Dis and espouse. To
separate after faith pliglated. Providence gives us notice, by sensible declensions,
Such was the rage that we may disengage from the world by degrees.
Of Tarnus, for Lavinia disespoused.
From dis and In the next paragraph, I found my author pretty
DISESTIMATION, n. S.
S esteem. To diswell disengaged from quotations.
regard, or regard slightly: slight regard. The consideration that should disengage our fond
But if this sacred gift you disesteem, Dess from worldly things, is, that they are uncertain
Then cruel plagues shall fall on Priam's state. in their foundation; fading, transient, and corruptible
Denham. in their nature.
When any one, by miscarriage, falls into disesIt is very hard for the mind to disengage itself from
teem, he will fall under neglect and contempt. a subject on wbich it has been long employed.
I would not be thought to disesteem or dissuade the The great use of light to vegetation would appear study of nature.
1d. from this theory to be hy disengaging vital air from
Should Mars see't, the water which they perspire, and thence to facilitate That horrid hurrier of men, or she that betters him, its union with their blood exposed beneath the thin Minerva, nover so incensed, they could not disesteom. surface of their leaves. Darwin.
gage. To re
DISFA'VOR, v. a. & n. s. Dis and favor. DISGORGE, v.a. Fr. degorger, from gorgė, To discountenance; withhold, or withdraw kind- the throat. To discharge by the mouth; vomit; ness : discountenance; slight regard ; unfavor- pour out violently. able circumstance; an unfavored state.
So, so, thou common dog, didst thou disgorge It was verily thought, that had it not been for four Thy glutton bosom of the royal Richard ? great disfavvurers of that voyage, the enterprize had And now thou wouldst eat thy dead vomit up, succeeded.' Bacon.
Shakspeare. While free from sacrilege, he was at peace, as it The deep-drawing barks do there disgorge were, with God and man; but after his sacrilege he
Their warlike fraughtage.
Id. was in disfavour with both.
They move along the banks
Of four infernal rivers that disgorge Might not those of higher rank, and nearer access to her majesty, receive her own commands, and be
Into the burning lake their baleful streams.
Milton. countenanced or disfavoured according as they obey ?
Swift. Countries much annoyed with earthquakes have DISFIGʻURE, v.a.
volcanoes ; and these are constantly all in flames, Dis and figure. To
whenever DISFIGURAÓTION, n. s. deform; to change any that fire which was the cause of the disaster.
any earthquake happens; they disgorging DISFIG'UREMENT. thing to a worse form;
Derham. to mangle.
From the distant shore they loudly laught, You are but as a form in wax
To see his heaving breast disgorge the briny draught. By him imprinted, and within his power
Dryden To leave the figure, or disfigure it. Shakspeare. DISGRACE', v. a. & n. s. Fr. disgrace. Abject is their punishment,
To bring reDisfiguring not fou's likeness, but their own,
proach or disOr, if his likeness, by themselves defaced.
Drs RACE'FULLY, adv.
honor upon; to Millon. DISGRACEFULNESS,
bring to shame, A nose fatter, or a mouth wider, could have con Disgra'cious.
or disfavor. Dissisted, as well as the rest of his figure, with such graceful is, shameful; dishonorable : disgracious, a soul and such parts as made him, disfigured as
unpleasing. he was, capable to be a dignitary in the church.
Locke. We may not so in any one special kind admire her,
that we disgrace her in any other; but let all her That understanding, in which, though little is written, yet nothing is blotted ; that which is not disfigured ways be according unto their place and degree adored.
Hooker. by ill impressions, is a subject most capable of the best.
Like a dull actor, now
I have forgot my part, and I am out Nor would his slaughtered army now have lain, Even to a full disgrace.
I do suspect I have done some offence,
The senate have cast you forth The disfigurement that travel or sickness has be
Disgracefully, to be the common tale stowed upon him, is not thought great by the lady of
Of the whole city. Ben Jonson's Catiline. the isle.
Masters must correct their servants with gentleness, Our foot half sunk in hillocks green and soft,
prudence, and mercy; not with upbraiding and disRaised by the mole, the miner of the soil. He, not unlike the great ones of mankind,
graceful language, but with such only as may express and
reprove the fault, and amend the person. Disfigures earth.
Taylor's Rule of Living Holy. DISFOR’EST, v. a. Dis and forest. To
And he whose affluence disdained a place, reduce land from the privileges of a forest to the Bribed by a title, makes it a disgrace.
Broune. state of common land.
To such bondage he was for so many courses tied DISFRAN'CHISE, v. a.? Dis and fran- by her, whose disgruces to him were graced by her DISRANCHISE'MENT, n. s. S chise. To deprive excelleuce.
Sidney. of privileges or immunities.
And is it not a foul disgrace, DISFU'RNISH, v. a. Dis and furnish. To To lose the boltsprit of thy face? Baynard. deprive; to unfurnish; to strip.
Men's passions will carry them far in misrepresentMy riches are these poor habiliments,
ing an opinion which they have a mind to disgrace. Of which if you should here disfurnish me,
Burnet. You take the sum and substance that I have.
I have given good advice to those infamous disShakspeare. gracers of the sex and calling.
Soift. He durst not disfurnish that country either of 30 To retire behind their chariots, was as little disgracegreat a commander, or of the wonted garrisons. ful then, as it is now to alight from one's horse in a Knolles's History. battle.
Pope. DISGAR NISH, v. a. Dis and garnish. To
Grant me, kind heaven, to find some happier place, strip of ornaments; to take guns from a fortress. Where honesty and sense are no disgrace. DISGLO’RIFY, v. a. Dis and glorify. To
Dr. Johnson's Poems. deprive of glory; treat with indignity.
DISGUISE', v. a. & n. s. Fr. deguiser ; So Dagon shall be magnified, and God,
DISGUI'SER, n. s.
dis and guise. To Besides whom is no god, compared with idos,
conceal by an unDisglorified, blasphemed, and had in scorn. usual guise, or dress : the dress worn in disguise.
Milton. disguiser, he who wears it.
DISING, part. adj. I dysgel; Tentotisch, from
How might we disguise him?
DISH, n. s. & v. a.) Saxon, disch; Goth. Alas! I know not : there is no woman's gown big Dish-CLOUT, N. S. disk; Erse. dysc; Wel. enough for him. Shaksp. Merry Wives of Windsor. We see we've burnt our cheeks; and mine own
; Latà tongue
dikw, to hurl) a round plate of iron, or other metal, Splits what it speaks : the wild disguise hath almost hurled in the games. See Discus. A broad Antickt us.
Id Antony and Cleoputra. vessel used for setting food on a table, or to conDeath's a great disguiser.
Shakspeare. tain liquids : hence the food contained in a dish, The marquis thought best to dismask his beard, and a measure of quantity; and, as a verb, to and told him, that he was going covertly to take a place in a dish, or dishes; to serve up. Dishsecret view of the forwardness of his majesty's fleet : clout, the useful cloth for cleaning disles. Dishthis did somewhat handsomely heal the disguisement. ing, of a hollow, dish-like shape. Dish-washer,
the name of a bird ; mergus. Disguised he camo; but those bis children dear Their parent soon discerned through his disguise.
And sche bifore warnid of hir modir seide give
Milton. thou to me beere the head of Jon Baptist in a dische. Under that disguisement I should find opportunity to
Wiclif. Matt. 14. reveal myself to the owner of iny heart. Sidney.
The earth's face is but a table; there are set Since I in Arcite cannot Arcite find,
Plants, cattle, men, dishes, for death to eat. The world may search in vain with all their eyes,
Donne. But never penetrate through this disguise.
Let's kill him boldly, but not wrathfully;
Dryden's Fables. Let's carve bim as a dish fit for the gods, I hope he is grown more disengaged fro n his intent Not hew him as a carcass fit for hounds. Dess on his own affairs, which is quite the reverse to
Shakspeare. you, unless you are a very dexterous disguiser.
Swift. I know not how it tastes, though it be dished I have just left the right worshipful, and his myr
For me to try.
Id. midops, about a sneaker of five gallons; the whole A dish-clout of Jaquenetta's he wears next his magistracy was pretty well disguised before I gave heart for a favor.
Id. them the slip.
Spectator. They measure block-tin by the dish, which containeth They generally act in a disguise themselves, and
Carcw. therefore mistake all outward show and appearances Who would rob a hermit of his weeds, for hypocrisy in others.
Addison. His few books, or his beads, or maple dish ; Hence guilty joys, distaste, surmises,
Or do his grey hairs any violence ? Milton. False oaths, false tears, deceits, disguises. Pope. Many people would, with reasor., prefer the griping This discovers ourselves to us; pierces into the in
of an hungry belly, to those dishes which are a feast to others.
Locke. most recesses of the mind; strips off every disguise ;
A ladle for our silver dish, lays open the inward part; makes a strict scrutiny into the very soul and spirit.
Is what I want, is what I wish. And is it thus Demetrius meets his friend,
Send them up to their masters with a dish-clout Hid in the mean disguise of Turkish robes ?
pioned at their tails. Swift's Directions to the Cook.
Johnson, Irene. For the form of the wheels, some make them more My temper is naturally open ; and it ought, as- dishing, as they call it, than others; that is, more consuredly, to be without disguise to a manwhom I wish no cave, by setting off the spokes and fellies more outlonger to look upon as an antagonist, but a friend. wards.
Mortimer. Bp. Watson.
'Tis not the meat, but 'tis the appctite, DISGUST, d.a.& n. s.? Fr. degouter; Lat.
Makes eating a delight; DISGUST'FUL, adj. S degusto. To raise aver
And if I like one dish sion in the stomach: hence, to cause distaste, or More than another, that a pheasant is. Suckling. dislike generally. Disgustful is nauseous.
The same care and toil that raise a dish of peas at Pleasure is no rule of good; since, when we fol. Christmas, would give bread to a whole family durlor pleasure, merely, we are disgusted, and change ing six months.
Hume. from one sort to another; condemning that at one time, which at another we earnestly approve.
Suppose the ancient luxury of a dish of peacocks'
brains were to be revived, how many carcasses would
Shaftesbury. The manner of doing is of more consequence than that is made about people who are ruined by extrava
be left to the poor at a cheap rate! and as to the rout the thing done, and upon that depends the satisfac
gance, it is no matter to the nation tha some indivition or disgust wherewith it is received. Locke.
Johnson. Haman were disgusted at marriage, he would never recommend it to his friend.
DISHABILLE', n. s. & adj. Fr. deshabillé. What disgusts me from having to do with answer
Undress; loose, or negligently dressed. jobbers is, that they have do conscience. Swift. Queens are not to be too negligently dressed or
Dryden's Dufresnoy. I have finished the most disgustful task that ever I andertook.
Id. A woman, who would preserve a lover's respect to Those unenlarged souls are disgusted with the wonders her person, will be careful of her appearance before which ihe microscope bas discovered. Watts, him when in dishabille.
Clarissa. Thence dark disgust and hatred, winding wiles,
DISHAB’IT, v. a. To throw out of place; Coward deceit, and ruffian violence. Thomson.
to drive from their habitation. Paltry affectation, strained allusions, and disgusting finery, are easily attained by those who chuse to But for our approach those sleeping wear u.em.
Goldsmith. By the compulsion of their ordinance,
By this time from their fixed beds of lime
He lays it down as a principle, that right and wrong, Had been dishabited, and wide havock made. honest and dishonest, are defined only by laws, and Shakspeare. King Lear. not by nature,
Locke. DISHAR'MONY, n. S. Dis and harmony.
Justice then was neither blind to discern, nor lame Contrariety to harmony.
It was not subject to be imposed upon DISHEART'EN, v. a.
Dis and hearten. To by a deluded fancy, nor yet to be bribed by a glozing
appetite, for an utile or jucundum to turn the balance discourage; to deject; to terrify; to depress.
to a false or dishonest sentence.
South. To dishearten with fearful sentences, as though sal
Their fortune depends upon their credit, and a stain vation could hardly be hoped for, is not so consonant with Christian charity.
of open public dishenesty must be to their disadvantage.
Swift. Be not disheartened then, nor cloud those looks
She saw her sons with purple death expire, That wont be more chearful and serene. Milton.
Her sacred domes involved in rolling fire ; Yet neither thus disheartened nor dismayed,
A dreadful series of intestine wars,
Pope. Shortly, some harsh and unpleasing answer so dis
DISHONOR, v.a. & n. S. ? Dis and hoheartened me, that I resolved to embrace the first op
Snor. To dis portunity of my remove. Bp. Hall's Account of himself.
grace; to bring shame upon; to blast with inIt is a consideration that might dishearten those who famy: a dishonorer is he whó treats another with are engaged against the common adversaries, that indignity. they promise themselves as much from the folly of He that is honoured in poverty, how much more in enemies, as from the power of their friends.
riches ! and he that is dishonourable in riches, how Stilling fleet. much more in poverty !
Ecclus. x. 31. Men cannot say, that the greatness of an evil and
Let not my jealousies be your dishonours, danger is an encouragement to men to run upon it; But mine own safeties. Shakspeare. Macbeth. and that the greatness of any good and happiness
It is no vicious blot, murther, or foulness, ought in reason to dishearten men from the pursuit of it.
No unchaste action, or dishonoured step,
That hath deprived me of your grace and favour. A true christian fervour is more than the alliances
Id. of our potent friends, or even the fears of our disa heartened enemies.
Atterbury. Preaching how meritorious with the gods
It would be, to ensnare an irreligious
Milton. Disher'ison, n. s. )
Take him for your husband and your lord ; DISHEV'EĻ, v. a. Fr. decheveler. To spread
"Tis no dishonour to confer your grace the hair disorderly; to throw the hair of a
On one descended from a royal race. woman negligently about her head.
Dryden's Fables. A gentle lady all alone, With garments rent and hair dishevelled,
He was pleased to own Lazarus even in the disa Wringing her hands, and making piteous moan.
honours of the grave, and vouchsafed him, in that Spenser.
despicable condition, the glorious title of his friend, A troop of Trojans mixed with these appear,
Boyle's Seraphick Love. And mourning matrons with dishevelled hair.
To pay for, personate, and keep in a man's hands a Dryden's Æneid.
greater estate than he really has, is of all others, the You this morn beheld his ardent eyes,
most unpardonable vanity, and must in the end reSaw his arm locked in her dishevelled hair. Smith,
duce the man who is guilty of it to dishonour. Headlong he rushes through the affrighted air
Steele. With limbs distorted, and disheveled hair,
It is a mighty shame and dishonour to employ exWhirls round and round, the flying crowd alarms,
cellent faculties and abundance of wit, to humour and And death receives him in his sable arms !
Sir. R. Blackmore.
But what is most dishonourable of all is, for a man Your ranks more than the enemy.
at once to discover a great genius and an uagoverned mind.
Mason. Dis. and honest.
DOGE. Would'st thou repeat them ? Dishonóestly, adv.
Would'st thou repeat them—thou, a Faliero, of faith; faithless; wicked; fraudulent.
Harp on the deep dishonour of our house,
Dishonoured in its chief-that chief the prince A wise daughter shall bring an inheritance to her
Of Venice, first of cities ? To the sentence. husband; but she that liveth dishonestly is her father's heaviness. Ecc. xxii. 4.
Byron. Mrs. Ford, the honest woman, the modest wife, the
DISHORN', v. a. Dis and horn. To strip virtuous creature, that hath the jealous fool to her hus. of horns. band! I suspect without cause, mistress, do I ?-
We'll dishorn the spirit, Heaven be my witness you do, if you suspect me in
And mock him home to Windsor. any dishonesty. Shakspeare.
Shakspeare. I protest he had the chain of me,
DISHU’MOR, n. s. Dis and humor. PeeTho' most dishonestly he doth deny it. Id. vishness; ill humor; uneasy state of mind.
Dishonest with lopped arms the youth appears, Speaking impatiently to servants, or any thing that Spoiled of his nose, aud shortened of his ears. betrays inattention or dishumour, are also criminal. Dryden.
DISHON’EST, a... } void of probity: void