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Let us consider whether our approaches to him ing sound, yet being struck together they make a are sweet and refreshing, and if we are uneasy under harsh and troublesome noise. Boyle on Colours. any long discontinuance of our conversation with him. Discord, like that of music's various parts,
Atterbury. Discord that makes the harmony of hearts; Upon any discontinuation of parts, made either by Discord that only this dispute shall bring, bubbles, or by shaking the glass, the whole mercury
Who best shall love the duke and serve the king. falls. Newton.
All nature is but art unknown to thee; That discontinuity of parts is the principal cause of
All chance, direction which thou canst not see ; the opacity of bodies, will appear by considering that
All discord, harmony not understood ; opaque substances become transparent by filling their
All partial evil, universal good.
Pope. pores with any substance of equal, or almost equal, density with their parts.
Id. Discord, in music, every sound which, joined The effect of discontinuance of possession is, that a with another, forms an assemblage disagreeable man may not enter upon his own land or tenement to the ear; or, rather, every interval whose exalienated, whatsoever his right be unto it, or by his tremes do not coalesce. Now, as there are no own authority ; but must seek to recover possession other concords, or consonances, except those by law. The effect of discontinuance of plea is, that which form amongst themselves, and with their the instance may not be taken up again, but by a new
fundamental sound, perfect chords, it follows that writ to begin the suit afresh.
every other interval must be a real dissonance or DISCONVENIENCE, n. S. Dis and con- discord : even the third and sixth were reckoned Fenience. Incongruity; disagreement; opposi- such among the ancients, who excluded them tion.
from the number of consonant chords. The term Pear ariseth many times out of natural antipathies dissonance, which is synonymous with discord of nature ; but, in these disconveniencies of nature, both in a literal and metaphorical sense, signifies deliberation hath no place at all.
disagreement or disunion. In reality, that which Bramhall's Answer to Hobbes. renders dissonances grating is, that the sounds DIS'CORD, v. n. & n. s. Fr. discord; Sp.
which form them, far froin uniting in the ear, Discor'DANCE, n. S. Ital. and Lat. dis- seem to repel each other, and are heard each by Discor'DANCY,
cordia ; from dis itself as two distinct sounds though produced at DiscoR'DANT, adj.
the same time. This repulsion or violent oscillaDiscor’DANTLY, adv. the heart'; an ad- tion of sounds is heard more or less as the verse heart. To disagree; not to accord with. vibrations which produce it are more or less freAs a substantive, disagreement; opposition ; quently coincident. When two vocal strings are jangling; contrariety of, or ill agreement be- gradually tuned, till they approach a consonant tween, sounds. Discordance and discordancy interval, the pulsations become slower as the both seem synonymous with discord.
chord grows more just, till at last they are
scarcely heard, if heard at all; whence it appears These things doth the Lord hate, the false witness certain that the pleasure, produced in us by harbat speaketh lies, and he that soweth discord among mony, results from the more or less exact and brethren.
frequent coincidence of vibrations; though the See what a scourge is laid upon your hate, reason why this coincidence should give pleasure, That heaven finds means to kill your joys with love! more than any other modification or combination And I, for winking at your discords too,
of sounds, appears to us inscrutable. The agreeHave lost a brace of kinsmen.
able effects of dissonance, in harmony, are no Shakspeare. Romeo and Juliet.
objection to this theory: since it is allowed that It is sound alone that doth immediately and incor- the sensations excited by discord are not in themporeally affect most; this is most manifest in music, selves immediately and necessarily pleasing, but and concords and discords in music : for all sounds, only please by auricular deception.
The ear is whether they be sharp or fiat, if they be sweet, have surprised with the shock it receives ; and, in a roundness and equality; and if they be harsh, are unequal : for a discord itself is but a harshness of proportion as it is harsh and grating, we feel the divers sounds meeting.
Bacon. pleasure of returning harmony enhanced, and the This is the slowest, yet the daintiest sense ;
disappointment of being artfully and insensibly For even the ears of such as have no skill
extricated more agreeable. The name of dissoPerceive a discord, and conceive offence;
nance is given sometimes to the interval, and And knowing not what's good, yet find the ill.
sometimes to each of the sounds which form it.
Davies. Bu though two sounds equally form a dissoHow doth music amaze us, when of discords she
nance between themselves, the name is most fremaketh the sweetest harmony !
quently given to that sound in particular which Hither conscience is to be referred; if by a com
is most extraneous to the chord. The number parison of things done with the rule there be a con
of possible dissonances is indefinite; but as in sonancy, then follows the sentence of approbation ; if music we exclude all intervals which are not discordant from it, the sentence of condemnation.
found in the system received, the number of disHale's Origin of Mankind. sonances is reduced to a very few : besides, ir Two strings of a musical instrument being struck practice, we can only select from those few such together, making two noises that arrive at the ear at
as are agreeable to the species, and the mode, in the same time as to sense, yield a sound differing which we compose; and from this last number from either of them, and as it were compounded of we must exclude such as cannot be used consistboth; insomuch, that if they be discordantly tuned, ently with the rules prescribed. But what are though each of them struck apart would yield a pleas- these rules? Have they any foundation in nature
or are they merely arbitrary ? This is what Rous DISCOUN'SEL, 2. a. Dis and counsel. To seau has endeavoured to investigate and to deduce, dissuade; to give contrary advice. Obsolete. with more ingenuity than success, from principles But him that palmer from that vanity purely mechanical.
With temperate advice discounselled. Spenser. DISCOV'ER, v. a.
Fr. découvrir; dis DISCOUNT, v. a. & n. s. From dis and Discov'erable, adj. and cover. To see or count. To count back; to pay back again. InDiscov'ERER, 1, s. explore; to show; terest so counted after a principal given. Discov'Ery. 'disclose; bring to
My father's, mother's, brother's death I pardon : light; make plain or visible.
My prayers and penance shall discount for these, He discovereth deep things out of darkness, and
And beg of heaven to charge the bill on me. bringeth out to light the shadow of death.
Dryden. Job xii. 22. When we had discovered Cyprus, we left it on the
The farmers, spitefully combined, 'eft hand.
Force bim to take his tithes in kind;
And Parvisol discounts arrears
By bills for taxes and repairs. Swift. And daily how through hardy enterprize His whole intention was, to buy a certain quantity Many great regions are discovered.
of copper money from Wood, at a large discount, and Spenser. Faeric Queene. sell them as well as he could.
Id. The utter waulls of it yet stond. The kepe is exceaing fair and strong ; and in the waulles be certein merchants, and bankers. It is used by the two
Discount, in commerce, a term among traders, strong towers. The lodgings that were within the area of the castelle be discovered and faul to ruine.
former on occasion of their buying commodities
Leland. on the usual time of credit, with a condition that Here stand my lords, and send discoverers forth, the seller shall allow the buyer a certain discount, To know the numbers of our enemies. Shakspeare. at the rate of so much per cent. per annum,
for What, must I hold a candle to my shame? the time for which the credit is generally given, They in themselves, good sooth, are too, too light. upon condition that the buyer pays ready money Why 'tis an office of discovery, love,
for such commodities, instead of taking the time And I should be obscured. Id. Merchant of Venice.
of credit. Traders and merchants also frequently Some high climbing hill,
taking promissory notes for moneys due, payable Which to his eye discovers unaware
to them or order at a certain time, and sometimes The goodly prospect of some foreign land, First seen, or some renowned metropolis
having occasion for inoney before the time is With głistering spires and battlements adorned. elapsed, procure these notes to be discounted by
Milton. bankers before the time of payment. Bills of exMan with strength and free will armed change are also discounted by bankers; and in Complete, to have discovered and repulsed this consists one article of the profits of banking.
Whatever wiles of foe or secming friend. Id. See Banx. They were deceived by Satan, and that not in an
DISCOUN'TENANCE, v. a. & 1 from dis invisible situation, but in an open and discoverable
DISCOUN’TENANCER, n. s. sn. s. ) and counapparition, that is, in the form of a serpent. Browne's Vulgar Errours.
tenance. To discourage by cold treatment: one
who If more be found out, they will not recompense
discourages. the discoverer's pains, but will be fitter to be cast out. Rumours of scandal and murmurs against the king
Holder. and his government, taxed him for a great taxer of his The cover of the coach was made with such joints, people, and discountenancer of his nobility, that as they might, to avoid the weather, pull it up
Bacon. close, so they might put each end down, and remain He thought a little discountenance upon those peras discovered and open-sighted as on horseback. sons would suppress that spirit.
He came, and with him Eve, more loth, tho' first Of all who since have used the open sea, To offend ; discountenanced both, and discomposed. Than the bold English none more fame have won ;
Milton. Beyoud the year, and out of heaven's high way, The truly upright judge will always countenance They make discoveries where they see no sun. right, and discounten ince wrong.
Atterbury. Dryden. In expectation of the hour of judgment, he patiThings that appeared amiable by the light of this ently bears all the difficulties of duty, and the discutinworld, appear of a different odious hue in the clear tenance be meets with from a wicked and prophane discoveries of the next. South, world.
Rogers. An old maiden gentlewoman is the greatest disco
Present time and future may be considered as riverer of judgments; she can tell you what sin it was
vals; and he who solicits the one, must expect to be that sct such a man's house on fire.
discountenanced by the other. Sir Joshua Reynolds.
Addison's Spectator. It is concluded by astronomers, that the atmos
DISCOUR'AGE, v. a. Fr. décourager. phere of the moon hath no clouds nor rains, but a Discour'AGER, n. s.
Dis and courage. perpetual and uniform serenity; because nothing Discou R'AGEMENT. To depress; deprive discoverable in the lunar surface is ever covered and of confidence ; dastardise; deter; taking from : absconded by the interposition of any clouds or mists. discouragement is the cause of depression, or
fear. Places receive appellations, according to the language of the discoverer, from observations made upon Wherefore discourage ye the heart of the children the people.
of Israel from going over into the land? Numbers. Revelation may assert two things to be joined, I might neither encourage the rebels' insolence, whose connection or agreement is not discoverable by nor discourage the protestants loyalty and patience. reason, *"alls.
You may keep your beauty and your health, unless Flowers of rhetoric in sermons and serious disyou destroy them yourself, or discourage them to stay courses are like the blue and red flowers in corn, with you, by using them ill.
Temple. pleasing to those who come only for amusement, but To things we would have them learn, the great and prejudicial to him who would reap profit from it.
Pope. only discouragement is, that they are called to them.
When a man's capacity does not enable him to en.
tertain or animate the company, it is the best he can The apostle with great zeal discourages too unrea
do to render himself inoffensive, and to keep his teeth sonable a presumption.
clean; but the person who has talents for discourse, The books read at schools and colleges are full of and a passionate desire to enliven conversation, ought incitements to virtue, and discouragement from vice. to have many improprieties excused, which in the Swift. other were unpardonable.
Shenstone. Most men in years, as they are generally discou
DISCOUR'TEOUS, adj. Dis and courteous. ragers of youth, are like old trees, which, being past Uncivil; uncomplaisant; defective in good bearing themselves, will suffer no young plants to
manners. fourish beneath them.
Dis and courtesy. The obscurity of the prophecies, great as it is in Discocr’TEOUS, adj, S Incivility; rudesome parts, is not such as should discourage the
ness ; act of disrespect. Christian Laic from the study of them, nor such as will excuse bim under the neglect of it.
Be calm in arguing; for fierceness makes
Error a fault, and truth discourtesy. Herbert. Bp. Horsley.
As if chearfulness had been tediousness, and good DISCOURSE', v.2., v. n. &
entertainment had been turned to discourtesy, he would DISCOURSER', n. s.
Sidney. Discours'IVE, adj.
He made me visits, maundering as if I had done Lat. discurrere, dis and curro, to wander about ; him a discourtesy.
Wiseman. because in discourse the mind travels from ob He resolved to unborse the first discourteous knight ject to object. To treat of by speech or writing; he should meet.
Motteur's Don Quirote. to discuss : as a neuter verb, to talk; relate; DIS'COUS, adj. From Lat. discus. Broad; converse; reason.
flat; wide. Used by botanists to denote the By reason of that original weakness in the instru- middle, plain, and flat part of some flowers, such ments, without which the understanding part is not as the flos solis, &c. able in this world by discourse to work, the very con DISCRED'IT, v. a. & n. s. Fr. décrediter. ceit of painfulness is a bridle to stay us. Hooker.
To deprive of credibility ; to make not trusted; Sure he that made us with such large discourse, to disgrace; distrust : as a substantive, reproach; Looking before and after, gave us not
disgrace; lower degree of infamy; imputation of That capability and godlike reason
fault; ignominy. To rust in us unused.
He, like a privileged spy, whom nothing can
Discredit, libels now 'gainst each great man. Donne. And let us there at large discourse all our fortunes.
You had left unseen a wonderful piece of work, Id.
which not to have been blest withal, would have disThe tract of every thing
Shakspeare. Would by a good discourser lose some life, Which action's self was tongue to.
Had I been the finder out of this secret, it would
not have relished among my other discredils. He waxeth viser than himself, more by an hour'a
Shakspeare. discourse, than by a day's meditation. Bacon.
Idlers will ever live like rogues, and not fall to Brutes do want that quick discoursing power. work, but be lazy, and then certify over their country Davies. to the discredit of a plantation.
Bacon. In thy discourse, if thou desire to please,
He is commended that makes a saving voyage, and All such is courteous, useful, new, or witty; least discredits his travels, who returns the same man Usefulness comes by labour, wit by ease, he went.
Wotton. Courtesy grows in court, news in the city.
'Tis the duty of every Christian to be concerned Herbert.
for the reputation or discredit his life may bring on his The soul profession.
Rogers. Reason receives, and reason is her being,
Alas, the small discredit of a bribe Discoursive, or intuitive ; discourse
Scarce hurts the lawyer, but undoes the scribe. Is oftest yours, the latter is most ours. Milton.
Pope. Philologers and critical discoursers, who look be Reflect how glorious it would be to appear in counyond the obvious exteriors of things, will not be angry tenance of discredited duty, and by example of piety at our narrower explorations. Browne. revive the declining spirit of religion.
Id. The act of the mind which connects propositions,
DISCREET', adj. Fr. discret; Span, and deduceth conclusions from them, the schools call
Discreet'ly, adv Port. and Ital. dis, discourse ; and we shall not miscall it, if we name it
DISCREET'NESS, r. s. creto; Lat. discretus, Glanville. Discretion,
from discerno,to judge. Of various things discoursing as he passed,
Discre’TIONARY, adj. ) Prudent; wary; cautiAnchises hither beads.
Dryden. ous; sober; modest. Discretion and discreetness The discourse here is about ideas, which, he says, are synonymous substantives. Discretionary are real things, and seen in God.
Locke. means unlimited, except by discretion. The general maximns we are discoursing of are not But now parfourme ghe in dede, that as the discreknown to children, ideots, and a great part of man- cioun of wille is redi so be it also of parfourmyng of kind.
Id. that that ghe han.
Wiclif. ii Cor. 8.
The greatest parts without discretion, as observed by Discretive propositions are such wherein various, an elegant writer, may be fatal to their owner. and seemingly opposite, judgments are made, whose
Hume. variety or distinction is noted by the particles but, Honest, discreet, quiet, and godly learned men, wil, though, yet, &c, as, travellers may change their clinot be withdrawn by you.
Whitgifte. mate, but not their temper; Job was patient, though his grief was great.
Watts. Nothing then was further thought upon for the manner of governing ; but all permitted unto their wisdom Discrete, or DISJUNCT, PROPORTION is that and discretion which were to rule.
Hooker. in which the ratio between two or more pairs of Less fearful than discreet,
numbers is the same, and yet the proportion is Yon love the fundamental part of state,
not continued, as the ratio between 3 : 6 is the More than you doubt the charge of 't. Shakspeare. same as that between 8 : 16, and therefore the
It is not good that children should know any wicked- numbers are proportional; but it is only disness: old folks have discretion, and know the world. cretely or disjunctly, for 3 is not to 6 as 6 to 8;
that is, the proportion is broken off between 8 Discretion is the victor of the war,
and 3, and is not continued as in the followWith lenity, and our directions followed
ing continual proportionals > With cheerfulness, a prosperous end must crown Our works well undertaken.
3:6 : : 12 : 24. Poets lose half the praise they should have got, DISCRIM'INATE, v.a. & adj. ) Lat. discriCould it be known what they discreetly blot.
mino, from Waller. DISCRIM'INATELY, adv.
Gr. dig and The labour of obedience, loyalty, and subjection, is DISCRIMI'NATENESS, n. s.
to no more but for a man honestly and discreetly to sit DISCRIMINA’TION,
judge. To South. DISCRIM'INATIVE, , adj.
mark a difThe major being a person of consummate experience, Discrim'inOUS.
) ference;diswas invested with a discretionary power.
Tatler. tinguished by tokens; select; separate. It is the discreet man, not the witty, nor the learned, adjective, distinguished by marks. Discriminanor the brave, who guides the conversation, und gives ble is distinguishable. Discriminous is an obsomeasures to society.
Addison's Spectutor. lete word for critical, hazardous. There is no talent so useful towards rising in the
Oysters and cockles and muscles, which move not, world, or which puts men more cut of the reach of
have no discriminate sex.
Bacon. fortune, than discretion, a species of lower prudence.
Take heed of abetting any factions, or applying
any publick discriminations in matters of religion. The dullest brain, if gently stirred,
King Charles, Perhaps may waken to a humming bird ; The most recluse, discreetly opened, find
There are three sorts of it differing in fineness from Congenial object in the cockle kind.
each other, and discriminated by the natives by three Pope's Dunciad. peculiar names.
Discriminative Providence knew before the nature A deacon may have a dispensation for entering into orders before he is twenty-three years of age ; and it
and course of all things. is discretionary in the bishop to admit him to that order
More's Antidote against Atheisin. at what time he thinks fit. Ayliffe's Parergon. There
be ways of discriminating the voice; as Dear youth, by fortune favored, but by love,
by acuteness and gravity, the several degrees of raisAlas! not favoured less, be still as now
ing and falling from one tone or note to another. Discreet. Thomson.
Holder. To Jeffrey go, be silent and discreet,
Any kind of spitting of blood imports a very distri His pay is just ten sterling pounds per sheet :
minous state, unless it happens upon the gaping of a Fear not to lie, 'twill seem a lucky hit,
vein opened by a plethory.
Harvey. Shrink not from blasphemy, 'twill pass for wit. There is a reverence to he shewed them on the ac
Byron. count of their discrimination from other places, and seDISCREP'ANCE, n. s.? Lat. discrepantia. paration for sacred uses.
Stilling fieet. DISCREP'ant, adj. $ Difference; contra
The right hand is discriminated from the left by a riety; disagreement.
natural, necessary, and never to be confounded dis. Diversity of education, and discrepancy of those tinction.
South. principles where with men are at first imbued, and The only standing test and discriminative charactewherein all our after reasonings are founded.
ristick of any metal or mineral, must be sought for in Lord Digby to K. Digby. the constituent matter of it.
Woodward. DISCRETE, v. a. & adj. Lat. discretus. By that prudent discrimination made between the
Discreʼtive, adj To separate; to offenders of different degrees, he obliges those whom discontinue; distinct; disjoined. For discre- he has distinguished as objects of mercy. Addison. tive, see the instance.
DIS'CROWN, v. a. From dis and crown. To As for its diaphaneity, it enjoyeth that most emi- deprive of a crown. Dently; as having its earthly and salinous parts so
Through storm and darkness yawns the reading exactly resolved, that its body is left imporous, and
ground, not discreted by atomical terininations. Browne.
The gulf is thick with phantoms, but the chief Discrete quantity, or different individuals, are Seems royal still, though with her head discrowned, measured by number without any breaking continuity; And pale, but lovely, with maternal grief that is, in things that have continuity, as continued She clasps a babe, to whom her breast yields no relief. quantity and motion. Hale's Origin of Mankind.
DISCU'BITORY, adj. Lat. discubitorius. Fit His usage was to commit the discussing of causes ted to the posture of leaning.
privately to certain persons learned in the laws.
Ayliffe's Parergon. After bathing they retired to bed, and refreshed themselves with a repast; and so that custom, by de
If by the liberty of the press, we understand merely grees, changed their cubiculary beds into discubitory.
the liberty of discussing the propriety of public meaBrowne's Vulgar Errours. sures and political opinions, let us have as much of it as you please.
Franklin. DISCUM’BENCY, n.s. Lat. discumbens. The act of leaning at meat, after the ancient manner. DISCU’TIENT, n. s. Lat. discutiens. A meSee ACCUBATION.
dicine that has power to repel or drive back the The Greeks and Romans used the custom of discum
matter of tumors in the blood. It sometimes bency at meals, which was upon their left side ; for so means the same as carminative. their right hand was free and ready for all service.
The swellings arising from these require to be Browne's Vulgar Errours. 'reated, in their beginning, with moderate repellents DISCUM'BER, v. a. Dis and cumber. To
Wiseman. disengage from any troublesome weight; to dis DISCUTIENTS, in surgery, are such exterengage from impediment.
nal remedies as, by their subtilty, dissolve or His limbs discumbered of the clinging vest, disperse a stagnating or coagulated Auid in any He binds the sacred cincture round his breast, part of the body.
Pope. DISDAIN', v.a., v. n. &n. s. Fr. dedaigner; DISCURE', v. a. Fr. decouvrir. To discover; Disdain'FUL, adj.
Sp. desdignar ; to reveal.
DISDAIN'FULLY, adv. Lat. dedignari; I will, if please you, it discure, assay
DISDAINFULNESS, n. s. (de privative, To ease you of that ill.
Faerie Queene. and dignor.) To esteem unworthy. As an acDISCUR'SIVE, adj. Fr. discursif; from tive verb it signifies to scorn: as a substantive, DISCURSIVELY, adv. Lat. discurro, Moving contempt; scorn; indignation united with conDiscue'sory, adj.
S here and there; rova tempt. Disdainfulness is synonymous with ing; desultory; as a corruption of discoursive.
disdain. Proceeding by gradation from premises to con Children being haughty, through disdain and want sequences; and thus discursory is argumenta- of nurture, do stain the nobility of their kindred. tive.
Ecclus. Some noises help sleep; as the blowing of the wind, A proud disdainfulness of other men. and the trickling of water : they move a gentle atten
Ascham. tion; and whatsoever moveth attention, without too His angry steede did chide his foaming bitt, much labour, stilleth the natural and discursive motion As much disdayning to the curbe to yield: of the spirits.
Bacon. . Full jolly knight he seemed 'and faire did sitt, There is a sanctity of soul and body, of more effi As one for knightly giusts and fierce encounters fitt. cacy for the receiving of divine truths, than the great
Spenser. Faerie Queene. est pretences to discursive demonstration.
There will come a time when three words, uttered More's Divine Dialogues. with charity and meekness, shall receive a far more There hath been much dispute touching the know blessed reward, than three thousand volumes, written ledge of brutes, whether they have a kind of discursive
with disdainful sharpness of wit.
Hooker. faculty, which some call reason. Hale's Origin of Mankind.
The queen is obstinate, We have a principle within, whereby we think, and
Stubborn to justice, apt to' accuse it, me know we think; whereby we do discursirely, and
Disdainful to be tried by 't. Shakspeare. by way of ratiocination, deduce one thing from ano
Either greet him not, ther.
Or else disdainfully, which shall shake him more. DIS'CUS, 13. s. Lat. A quoit; a heavy piece
Id. of iron thrown in the ancient sports. See Disc.
Can I forget, when they in prison placing her, From Elatreus' strong arm the discus fies, With swelling heart, in spite and due disdainfulness, And sings with unmatched force along the skies. She lay for dead, till I helped with unlacing ber. Pope.
Sidney. DISCUSS', v. a. Fr. discuter; Span. and The disdainful soul came rushing through the Discus'ser, n. s. Port. discutir; İtal, and
Dryden. Discus'sive, udj
It is not to insult and domineer, to look disdainDiscussion, n. s.) tio, to shake down or at- fully, and revile imperiously, that procures esteem tack by battering. To examine, or clear by dis- from any one.
South. quisition; to ventilate; to clear up; to disperse
Tell him, Cato matter or humors of the body.
Disdains a life which he has power to offer. Many arts were used to discuss the beginnings of
Addison. new affection.
But against you, ye Greeks, ye coward train, Consider the threefold effect of Jupiter's trisulk, Gods ? how my soul is moved with just disdain ! to barn, discuss, and terebrate.
Pope's Odyssey. Browne's Vulgar Errours.
But no one ever heard her speak or shriek, Truth cannot be found without "some labour and Although her paroxysm drew towards its close : intention of the mind, and the thoughts dwelling a Hers was a phrensy which disdained to rave, considerable time upon the survey and discussion of Even when they smote her, in the hope to savc. each particular. Souch.
Byrun. Vol. VII.
dis and qua