« PreviousContinue »
any of its members, was addressed to the Coun Betrothed beauty bending o'er his bier cil of Five Hundred. If, after deliberation, the Breathes the loud sob, and sheds the incessant tear; Council admitted the denunciation, it declared Pursues the sad procession, as it moves it in these terms: the denunciation against-for Through winding avenues and waving groves ; the fact of — dated— signed by— is admitted. Hears the slow dirge amid the echoing aisles, The party was then cited, and heard in the inte
And mingles with her sighs discordant smiles.
Darwin. rior place of the Council of Five Hundred; who declared whether there was ground for examining
DIRIBITORES, among the Romans, officers his conduct. He was then heard by the Council appointed to distribute tablets to the people at of Ancients at the bar; and, if he was deemed the comitia. See Comitia. culpable, the Council proceeded to accusation,
DIR'IGENT, adj. Lat. dirigens. which was followed by suspension, when the ac The dirigent line in geometry is that along which cused was sent before the High Court of Justice, the line describent is carried in the generation of any which was to proceed to trial without delay. If figure.
Harris. the party was acquitted, he resumed his func DIRK, n. s. Goth. dorg ; Sax. dork; Isl. tions.
turric. A kind of dagger used in the Highlands The Legislative Body could not cite the Di- of Scotland. rectory, nor any of its members, except in the
In vain thy hungry monntaineers case above specified. The accounts and infor Come forth in all their warlike geers, mation demanded of the Directory by the Le The shield, the pistol, dirk, and dagger, gislative Body were furnished in writing. On the In which they daily wont to swagger.
Tickell. opening of a session of the Legislative Body, the And in the fire his recent rags they scattered, Directory were obliged to present to it an estimate And dress'a him, for the present, like a Turk, of expenses, the state of the finances, pensions, &c., Or Greek—that is, although it not much mattered, with the abuses that had come to its knowledge. Omitting turban, slippers, pistois, dirk. · It might invite the Legislative Body to take a
Byron. Don Juan. subject into consideration ; but could not pro DIRKE, v. a. To spoil; to ruin. Obsolete. pose legislative dispositions, except with regard Thy waste bigness but cumbers the ground, to peace and war. No member of the Directory And dirkes the beauties of my blossoms round. durst be absent more than five days, nor re
Spenser. move above four myriametres, or ten leagues,
Dut. an. Goth dryt ; from his usual residence, without being autho
Dirt'ily, adv. Islandic, dirt. Mud; rised by the Legislative Body. The members of
DIRT'INESS, n. s.
filth; mire; any thing the Directory could only appear in an appro
Dirtsy, v. a. & adj. S that sticks to the clothes priate dress. They had a constant guard of 120
or body; any thing mean. infantry and 120 cavalry, who attended them in public processions, in which they had always the
For whom I made all thingis peyrement and I first rank. Each member was attended out of
deeme as dyrt, that I
Wiclif. Filipensis, 3. doors by two guards; and was entitled to the
Their fell contention still increased more, superior military honors from every post of And more thereby increased furor's myght, armed force. The Directory resided in the same That he his foe has hurt and wounded sore, commune with the Legislative Body, at the ex And him in blood and dirt deformed quight. pense of the republic. The salary of each was
Spenser. Faerie Quecne. fixed at the value of 50,000 myriagrammes, about Or were it such gold as that wherewithal 10,000 quintals of wheat.
Almighty chimiques from each mineral, DIREPTION, n. s. Lat. direptio. The act Having by subtile fire a soul out-pulled, of plundering.
Are dirtily and desperately gulled, Dunne, DIRGE, n. s.
This is from the Teutonic Thy Dol and Helen of thy noble thoughts dyrke, laudare, to praise and extol, says Dr. Is in base durance, and contagious prison, Johnson, after Verstegan, “whence it is possible Hauled thither by mechanic, dirty hands. their dyrke, and our dirge, was a laudatory song
Shakspeare. to commemorate and applaud the dead. Bacon
Such employments are the diseases of labour, and apparently derives it from dirige.' A mournful the rust of time, which it contracts not by lying still,
but hy dirty employment. Taylor's Holy Living. ditty; a song of lamentation.
Marriages would be made up upon more natural The imperial jointress of this warlike state
motives than mere dirty interests, and increase of Have we, as 'twere, with a defeated joy,
riches without measure or end.
Temple. With mirth in funeral, and with dirge in marriage. In equal scale weighing delight and dole,
Numbers engage their lives and labours to heap Taken to wife. Shakspeare. Hamlet. together a little dirt that shall bury them in the end.
Wake. Meanwhile, the body of Richard, after many indignities and reproaches, the diriges and obsequies of
Pound an almond, and the clear white colour will the common people towards tyrants, was obscurely be altered into a dirty one, and the sweet taste into an buried.
Locke. All due measures of her mourning kept,
They come at length to grow sots and epicures, Did office at the dirge, and by infection wept.
mean in their discourses, and dirty in their practices
Sunith. Dryden. What though no sacred earth allow thee room,
Is yellow dirt thc passion of thy life, Nor hallowed dirge be muttered o'er thy tomb,
Look but on Gripus, or on Gripus' wife. Pope. Yet shall thy grave with rising flowers be drest, Ill company is like a dog, who dirts those mosi And the green turf lie lightly on thy breast, Pope.
whom he loves best.
The god of day
Foiled, bleeding, breathless, furious to the last, A tripod gives, amid the crowded way,
Full in the centre stands the bull at bay, To raise the dirty foot, and ease his toil. Gay. Mid wounds, and clinging darts, and lances brast,
And foes disabled in the brutal fray. Byron. The lords Strutts lived generously, and never used to dirty their fingers with pen, ink, and counters. Disability, in law, is when a man is dis
Arbuthnot. abled, or made incapable to inherit any lands, or DIRUPTION, n. s. Lat. diruptio. The act
take that benefit which otherwise he might have or state of bursting or breaking.
done. This may happen four ways: 1st, by the DIS, in mythology,' a god of the Gauls, the act of an ancestor : 2d, of the party: 3d, by the same as Pluto, the god of hell. The ancient act of God: or, 4th, of the law. 1. Disability inhabitants of Gaul supposed themselves de- by the act of the ancestor is where the ancestor scended from that deity.
is attainted of high treason, &c., which corrupts DISA, in botany, a genus of the diandria the blood of his children, so that they may not order and gynandria class of plants. The spatha inherit his estate. 2. Disability by the act of is univalvular; the petals three; the third the party is where a man binds himself by obsmaller than the rest, bifid, and gibbous, at the ligation, that, upon surrender of a lease, he will base. Species four, all Cape plants.
grant a new estate to a lessee; and afterwards
he grants over the reversion to another, which DISA'BLED, v.a. Of dis, and ABLE, puts it out of his power to perform it. 3. DisDISABIL'ITY, n. s. I which see. To deprive ability by the act of God is where a man is non of force or power; to disqualify; impair; to
sanæ meinoriæ, whereby he is incapable to make declare deficient. Disability is the want of
any grant, &c. So that, if he passes an estate power, aptitude, or legal right to do a thing.
out of him, it may, after his death, be made Our consideration of creatures, and attention unto void; but it is a maxim in law, that a man of scriptures, are not in themselves things of like disa- full age shall never be received to disable his bility to breed or beget faith.
Hooker. own person.' 4. Disability by the act of the law Many withdrew themselves out of pure faintness,
is where a man, by the sole act of the law, withand disability to attend the conclusion, Raleigh.
out any thing by him done, is rendered inca.
pable of the benefit of the law; as an alien I have disabled mine estate,
born, &c. By shewing something a more swelling port
L ISABUSE', v.a. Dis and ABUSE, which Than my faint means would grant continuance.
To deliver from mistake or delusion. Farewell, Monsieur Traveller; lock you lisp, and
The imposture and fallacy of our senses impose not wear strange suits; disable all the benefits of your own
only os common heads, but even more refined mer. country.
curies, rho have the advantages of an improved rea. son to disabuse you.
Glanville's Scepsis. The invasion and rebellion did not only disable
Those teeth fair Lyce must not show, this king to be a conqueror, but deprived him both of If she would bite : her lovers, though his kingdom and life.
Like birds they stoop at seeming grapes, I will not disable any for proving a scholar, nor yet
Are disabused when first she gapes. Waller. dissemble that I have seen many happily forced If by simplicity you meant a general defect in those upon the course to which by nature they seemed that profess angling, I hope to disabuse you. much indisposed. Wotton.
Chaos of thought and passion, all confused; Nor so is overcoma
Still by himself abused or disabused. Pupe. Satan, whose fall from heaven, a deadlier bruise Disabled not to give thee thy death's wound.
DISACCOMMODA'TION, n. s. Dis and
Milton. accommodation. The state of being unfit or A Christian's life is a perpetual exercise, a wrest
unprepared. ling and warfare, for which sensual pleasure disables
Devastations have happened in some places more him, by yielding to that enemy with whom he must
than in others, according to the accommodation or firive.
Taylor's Holy Living.
Hale's Origin of Mankind. I have known a great feet disabled for two months, and thereby lose great occasions by an indisposition
DISACCUS'TOM, v.a. Dis and accustom. of the admiral.
T'emple. To destroy the force of habit by disuse, or conYour days I will alarm, I'll haunt your nights,
DISACKNOWL'EDGE, v.a. Dis and acArd worse than age disable your delights. Dryden.
knowledge. Not to acknowledge. He that knows most of himself, knows least of his knowledge, and the exercised understanding is con
The manner of denying Christ's deity here proscious of its disability.
hibited, was, by words and oral expressions verbally to deny and disacknowledge it.
South. The ability of mankind does not lie in the impo DISACQUAINTANCE, n. s.
Dis and actency or disabilities of brutes.
quaintance. Disuse of familiarity. This disadvantage which the dissenters at present Conscience, by a long neglect of, and disacquain lie under, of a disability to receive church prefer- tance with itself, contracts an inveterate rust or soil. ments, will be easily remedied by the repeal of the
South, test. Swift. DISADVANTAGE, v.a.& n. s.
Dis and A suit is commenced in a temporal court for an
advantage. inheritance; and the defendant pleads, in disability, DISADVANTA'GEOUS, adj.
To injure ; that the plaintiff is a bastard. Ayliffe's Parergo.c. DISADVANTA'GEOUSLY, adv. impair,
Loss; injury to interest ; diminution of any thing
To DISAFFOR’EST, v. a. Dis and forest. desirable; a state of weak defence.
To throw open to common purposes; to reduce No fort can be so strong,
from the privileges of a forest. Ne fleshly breast can armed be so sound,
The commissioners of the treasury moved the king But will at last be won with battery long; to disafforest some forests of his, explaining themOr unawares at disadvantage found.
selves of such forests as lay out of the way, not ncar Faerie Queene. any of the king's houses.
Bacon. In clearing of a man's estate, he may as well hurt How happy's be, which hath due place assigned himself in being too sudden, as in letti
it run on To his beasts; and disufforested his mind! Donne. too long; for hasty selling is commonly as disadvan. DISAGREE', v.1.
Dis and agree. tageable as interest.
To differ; to be Chaucer in many things resembled Ovid, and that Disagreeably, adv. in opposition: diswith no disadvantage on the side of the modern author. DISAGREE'ABLENESS, n. s. agreeable is, unDryden. Disagree'MENT.
suitable ; displeaA multitude of eyes will narrowly inspect every sing. Disagreement, dissimilitude; diversity part of an eminent man, consider him nicely in all of sentiment; quarrel. views, and not be a little pleased when they have taken him in the worst and most disadvantageous several opinions about the necessity of sacraments,
They seemed one to cross another, as touching their lights.
whereas in truth their disagreement is not great. Their testimony will not be of much weight to its
Hooker. disadvantage, since they are liable to the common
It containeth many improprieties, disagreeiny almost objection of condemning what they did not under
in all things from the true and proper description. stand. Swift.
Browne. An approving nod or smile serves to drive you on,
Why both the bands in worship disagree, and make you display yourselves more disadvantage
And some adore the flower, and some the tree. ously. Government of the Tongue.
A father will hug and embrace his beloved son, for Mr. Pope's bodily disadvantages must incline him all the dirt and foulness of his cloaths; the dearness to a more laborious cultivation of his talent, without of the person easily apologizing for the disagreeublewhich he foresaw that he must have languished in
ness of the habit.
The mind clearly and infallibly perceives all distinct Methinks I am like a man who, having struck on ideas to disagree ; that is, the one not to be the other. many shoals, and having narrowly escaped shipwreck
Locke. in passing a small firth, has yet the temerity to put
To make the sense of esteem or disgrace sink the out to sea in the same leaky weather-beaten vessel, deeper, and be of the more weight, either agreeable and even carries his ambition so far as to think of
or disagreeable things should constantly accompany compassing the globe under these disadvantageous cir
these different states.
Id. Hume on Human Nature.
Strange it is, that they reject the plainest sense of DISADVENTUROUS adj. Dis and adven- scripture, because it seems to disagree with what they turous. Unhappy; unprosperous.
Atterbury. Now he hath left you here,
Some demon, an enemy to the Greeks, had forced To be the record of his rueful loss,
her to a conduct disagreeable to her sincerity.
Broome. And of my doleful disadventurous death.
Faerie Queene. Do you not sometimes find dull disagreeable ideas
annexed to certain places, seasons, or employments, DISAFFECT, 0.a.
Dis and affect.
which give you a secret aversion to them? Mason. Disaffec’TED, part. adj. / To fill with disconDisaFFEC'TEDLY, adv.
DISALLOW', v.a. & n. s. Dis and allow. tent; to discontent; DISAFFEC'TEDNESS, n. s.
Disallow'Able, adj. To deny in resto make less faithful DISAFFEC'TION.
DISALLOWANCE, n. s. or zealous.
pect to authority, They had attempted to disaffect and discontent bis legality, or propriety; to refuse permission. Dis
allowance is prohibition. majesty's late army.
God doth in converts, being married, allow conlo making laws, princes must have regard to the public dispositions, to the affections and disaffections ful, when they are free, should enter into bonds of
tinuance with infidels, and yet disallow that the faithof the people ; and must not introduce a law will.
wedlock with suca.
Hooker. fablie scandal and displeasure. Taylor's Rule of Holy Living. Neutrality is always a thing dangerous, and disallowable.
Raleigh. By enying civil worship to the emperor's statues,
When, said she, which the custom then was to give, they were pro
Were those first councils disallowed by me? ceeded against as disaffected to the emperor.
Or where did I at sure tradition strike,
Provided still it were apostolic ?
Dryden's Hind and Panther. affection of the part, and not from the peccancy of the humours.
God accepts of a thing suitable for him to receive, Wiseman,
and for us to give, where he does not declare his refusal DISAFFIR’MANCE, n. s. Dis and affirm. and disallowance of it.
South. Confutation; negation.
It was known that the most eminent of those who
professed his own principles, publickly disallowed his That kind of reasoning which reduceth the oppo
Swift. site conclusion to something that is apparently absurd,
proceedings. a a demonstration in disajirmance o! any thing that
DISAN'CHOR, v. a. From dis and anchor. is afirmed.
híale. To drive a ship from its anchor.
DISAN’IMATE, v.a.? Dis and animate. DISAPPOINTMENT ISLANDS, a cluster of small
Disan’IMATION, n. s. To deprive of life; islands in the South Pacific Ocean, discovered by to discourage; deject.
commodore Byron in 1765, who gave them this The presence of a king engenders love amongst his
name from the shores affording no anchorage for subjects and his loyal friends, as it disanimates his his ships. This obliged him to quit them withenemies.
Shakspeare. Henry VI. out landing, or procuring any refreshments for They cannot in reason retain that apprehension his crew. The inhabitants appeared on the beach after death, as being affections which depend on life, armed with spears full sixteen feet long; and and depart upon disanimation.
they every where discovered hostile intentions. Browne's Vulgar Errours.
These islands abound with cocoa trees, and To call the pearly drops from Pity's eye,
turtles are plentiful on the coast. Loog. 145° 4'
W. lat. from 14° 5' to 14° S.
DISAPPOINTMENT Island is also a name given Rich with new taste, with ancient virtue bold. by captain Wilson in 1797 to an island in the
Darwin. South Sea, one of the Duff's group, in E. long. DISANNUL', v. a.
Dis and annui. This 167°, and S. lat. 9° 57'. See Duff. DISANNUL’LINO, n. s. ) word, as Dr. Johnson
DISAPPROVE', v. a. ?
DISAPPROBA'TION, n. s. S To dislike; to cenobserves, is formed, contrarily to analogy and by the needless use of the negative particle. It sure; expressive of dislike. ought therefore to be rejected, as ungrammatical
I reasoned much, alas ! but more I loved ; and barbarous. To annul; to deprive of au
Sent and recalled, ordained, and disapproved.
Prior. thority; to vacate; to make void.
Without good breeding truth is disapproved ; The covenant that was confirmed before of God in
That only makes superior sense beloved. Pope. Christ, the law which was four hundred and thirty
He was obliged to publish his letters, to shex his years after, cannot disannul, that it should make the disapprobution of the publishing of others.
Id. promise of none effect.
Gal. ii. 17. The Jews ordinances for us to resume, were to check
DISARM', v. a. Fr. desarmer. To spoil or our Lord himself, which hath diannulled them.
divest of arms; to deprive of arms.
Hooker, An order was made by both houses, for disarming That gave him power of disannulling of laws, and all the papists in Engl ud.
Clarendon. disposing of inen's fortunes and estates, and the like
I am all the same, points of absolute power, being in themselves harsh
By different ways still moving to one fame; and odious.
And by disarming you I now do more
Dryden. Sandys. Then, where Nemea's howling forests wave, DISAPPEAR', v. n. Fr. disparoitre. To be
He drives the lion to his dusky cave; lost to view; to vanish out of sight; to fly; to
Seized by the throat the growling fiend disarms, go away.
And tears his gaping jaws with sinewy arms.
Darwin. She disappeared, and left me dark! I waked To find her, or for ever to deplore.
Milton. DISARMING, in law, the prohibiting people When the night and winter disappear,
to wear arms. It is an offence by the common The purple morning rising with the year law of England for persons to go or ride armed Salutes the spring.
Dryden. with dangerous and uncommon weapons: though If at your coming princes disappear,
gentlemen may wear common armour, according Comets ! come every day—and stay a year.
to their quality. It is also ordained by statute,
Dr. Johnson's Poems. that no persons shall come before the king's jusDISAPPOINT', v. a.
tices with force of arms, on pain of imprison2
Old Fr. desaDISAPPOINTÔMENT, n.s. S pointer. To defeat ment, &c. We have noticed the introduction of expectation; to delude; cheat ; deprive ; taking Highlands, under the article Clan.
the celebrated disarming act of Scotland into the of before the thing lost hy disappointment.
DISARRAY', v. a. & n. s. Our comfortable expectations in earthly things do To undress any one; to divest of clothes; unnot seldom disappoint us. Bp. Hall. Contemplations. The superior Being can defeat all his designs, and
dress; disorder. disappoint all his hopes.
Tillotson. So, as she bad, the witch they disarrayed. If we are disappointed, we are still no worse than
Faerie Queene. the rest of our fellow mortals; and if we succeed in our expectations, are eternally happy. Burnet.
He returned towards the river, to prevent such dan.
ger as the disarray, occasioned by the narrowness of How many disappointments have, in their consc
the bridge, might cast upon them. Hayward. quences, saved a man from ruin ! Spectator. Whilst the champion, with redoubled might,
Disarray and shameful rout ensue,
And force is added to the fainting crew.
Phrase that time hath fung away,
Ode, and elegy, and sonnet.
Dr. Johnson's Poemi.
Dis and array.
ĐISASSIDU'ITY, n. s.
The ranged powers attention.
Disband, and wandering each his several way
Milton. The Cecilians kept him back; as very well knowing that, upon every little absence or disassiduity, he should
The common soldiers, and inferior officers, should be subject to take cold at his back.
be fully paid upon their disbanding. Clarendon. DISASTER, v.a.& n.s.) Fr. and Span. desas
Pythagoras bids us in our station stand, Disas'trots, adj. tre; Ital. desastro;
Till God, our general, shall us disband. Denham. Disas'TROUSLY, adv.
S from Lat. dis, ad I am content to lead a private life; verse, and astra, the stars, under adverse stars.
Disbund my army to secure the state.
Dryden's Aurengzebe. Misfortune; grief, calamity: disastrous is, unfortunate; portending disaster.
Were it not for some small remainders of piety and
virtue which are yet left scattered among mankind, Stars shone with trains of fire, dews of blood fall;
human society would in a short space disband and run Disasters veiled the sun; and the moist star,
into confusion, and the earth would grow wild and Upon whose influence Neptune's empire stands, become a forest.
Tillotson. Was sick almost to doomsday with eclipse.
Bid him disband his legions. Addison's Cato. These are the holes where eyes should be, which Some imagine that a quantity of water, sufficient pitifully disaster the cheeks.
Id. to make such a deluge, was created upon that occaThe moon,
sion; and, when the business was done, all disbanded In dim eclipse, disastrous twilight sheds
again, and annihilated.
Woodward. On half the nations.
Milton. DISBARK', v. a. Fr. debarquer. To land Ah, chaste bed of mine, said she, which never from a ship; to put on shore. heretofore couldst accuse me of one defiled thought,
Together sailed they, fraught with all the things how canst thou now receive that disastered changeling? To service done by land that might belong,
And, when occasion served, disbarked them. Immediately after his return from this very expedi
Fairfax. tion, such disastrous calamities befel his family, that
The ship we moor on these obscure abodes; he burnt two of his children himself.
Disbark the sheep an offering to the gods. This day black omens threat the brightest fair,
Pope's Odyssey. Ttat e'er deserved a watchful spirit's care ;
DISBELIEVE', v. a.) From dis and beSome dire disaster, or by force or slight;
DISBELIEV'ER, n. S.
Slieve. Not to credit; But what, or where, the fates have wrapt in night.
one who refuses belief; one who denies any poPope.
sition to be true. In his own fields, the swain Disastered stands.
Thomson. The thinking it impossible his sins should be forDISAVOW”, v.a.
Dis and avow. To dis- given, though he should be truly penitent, is a sin, Disavow'al, n. s. own; to deny knowledge
bnt rather of infidelity than despair; it being the disDisavOW'MENT. Sof; to deny concurrence
believing of an eternal truth of God's.
Hammond's Practical Catechism. in any thing, or with any person : denial. But being aged now, and weary too,
Our belief or disbelief of a thing does not alter the nature of the thing.
Tillotson. Of warres delight and worlds contentious toyle,
Such who profess to disbelieve a future state, aro not Tne name of knighthood he did disavow. Spenser. Faerie Queene. always equally satisfied with their own reasonings.
Atterbury. A man that acts below his rank, doth but disavow fortune, and seemeth to be conscious of his own want
An humble soul is frightened into sentiments, bea worth, and doth but teach others to envy him.
cause a man of great name pronounces heresy upon Baron.
the contrary sentiments, and casts the disbeliever out of the church.
Watts. As touching the Tridentine bistory, his holiness will cot press you to any disavowment thereof.
DISBENCH', v. a. Dis and bench. To drive
Wotton. from a seat. He only does his conquest disarow,
Sir, I hope And thinks too little what they found too much. My words disbenched you not?
Dryden. -No, Sir; yet oft, We are reminded by the ceremony of taking an When blows have made me stay, I fled from words. oath, that it is a part of that obedience which we
Shakspeare. learn from the gospel, expressly to disavow all evasions DISBRANCII', v. a. „Dis and branch. To and mental reservations whatsoever.
separate, or break off, as a branch from a tree. Addison's Freeholder.
She that herself will sliver and disbranch An earnest disavowal of fear often proceeds from fcar.
From her maternal sap, perforce must wither,
And come to deadly use. Shakspeare. K'ing Lear. To DISAU'THORIZE, v. a. Dis and autho
Such as are newly planted need not be disbranched rize. To deprive of credit or authority.
till the sap begins to stir, that so the wound may be The obtrusion of such particular instances as these, healed without a scar.
Evelyn's Kalendar. are insufficient to disasthorise a note grounded upon DISBUD', v.a. With gardeners. To take the final intention of nature.
away the branches or sprigs newly put forth, DISBAND', v. a. & v. n. Old Fr. desbander. that are ill placed. To dismiss from military service; to retire; be DISBUR’DEN, v. a.
Dis and burden. To dismissed; broke up.
ease of a burden; to unload. Our navy was upon the point of disbanding, and The river, with ten branches or streams, disburdens many of our men come ashore.
himself within the Persian Sea. Bacon. War with Spain.
Peachum on Drawing.