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cating with what the settlers call Frederik Hen- sion for winter provender in the shape of hay or drik's Bay, is the more considerable settlement other artificial food; and, notwithstanding the of Pittwater, the chief granary of the island. It greater severity of the winters, every description of is watered by two streams, and presents to view stock attains a larger size here than in the neigha vast extent of naturally clear ground. On the bourhood of Port Jackson. The only advantage road from Hobart Town to Port Dalrymple, which the large island seems to enjoy over this, there is a plain extending, in one direction, for consists in the fineness of its wool, and the great twenty miles, and clear land is frequent excellence and variety of its fruits; particularly on that side of the island. To the north- the grape, which promises to yield as good wine west of Pittwater is the Coal River settlement. as any that is made in France, Spain, or PorAbout twelve miles higher up are several farms; tugal. The temperature of Van Diemen's Land midway, stands Mount Direction, a remarkably is not sufficiently high for the cultivation of the picturesque hill. There are several scattered vine; but, by the introduction of the Merino farms in this quarter, and on the east of the Der- sheep, the wool has been already so much imwent, as far as New Norfolk. Above the falls proved, as to leave no doubt it will soon become at this place the Derwent receives many rivulets; a valuable article of export to the motherand a most beautiful and fertile country lies on country. Mr. Wentworth supposes, that twenty its banks. All these settlements form together a years hence, this single article will raise the cocounty, under the name of Buckinghamshire, lonists of New South Wales and Van Diemen's comprising about half the island, the other half Land, to as high a pitch of happiness and prosbeing called the county of Cornwall.
perity as is enjoyed by any portion of his maThe chief settlement near Port Dalrymple is jesty's subjects in any quarter of the globe; and Launceston, situated forty miles up the Tamar, that they may be enabled to ship, for Great at the confluence of two small streams, called Britain, every year, at least to the value of a the North and South Esk. This town is about million sterling. The exports, at present, consist 120 miles across the island from Hobart Town. of cattle, sheep, wool, flour, corned meats, hams, The Tamar, not admitting large vessels more tongues, dried fish, hides, tallow, barilla, bark than seven or eight miles, George Town has been for tanning leather, seal-skins and oil, whale-oil, recently laid out near the mouth of the river, and and spars. The markets hitherto opened to the governor Macquarie speaks of it being already colonists are England, the Cape of Good Hope, in a flourishing state.
Mauritius, and the East Indies. They have also Port Macquarie and Port Davey are on the sent considerable supplies of butcher's meat,
The channel inwards, of the corn, and potatoes to Port Jackson.'—Quarterly former, is made between an island and the west Review. head of entrance; it is very deep, but not more The wild animals are, the kangaroo, opossum, than thirty yards wide; the basin is navigable, wombat, squirrel, kangaroo-cat, &c., and (rarely) but shoally for about eight miles, after which the hyæna opossum. Horned cattle, and particuthere is deep water. In its cliffs are veins of larly sheep, thrive excellently well, the ewes coal, and on its shores abundance of useful and generally dropping lambs twice a year. Goats valuable timber, particularly a sort of cedar and pigs run wild. Few indigenous plants were called the Huon pine, much esteemed in the co-found here, but nearly all the European fruits lony and in India, for its peculiar property of have cultivated with success. repelling insects. Port Davey is more to the Van Diemen's Land has a lieutenant-governor southward, and is a spacious port, with an open and judge-advocate of its own, commissioned by entrance; but the country is rocky and barren, his majesty; but it has not obtained the benefit and the timber difficult of access. Into these of a separate criminal jurisdiction, so that pritwo ports fall Gordon's and several other rivers. soners for trial, prosecutors and witnesses, are
The mineralogical productions of this island compelled to make the voyage to Port Jackson. are iron, copper, slate, alum, limestone, asbestos, Its civil jurisdiction is contined to causes of £50 and basalt; together with crystal, cornelian, value; but the judge of the supreme court of jasper, marble, and various petrifactions. The New South Wales has lately made a circuit to first is most abundant towards Launceston, where the island for the trial of causes of greater value. entire mountains of this mineral, yielding twenty The colony is peopled by free settlers and convicts per cent. of ore, are said to be found. Its bo- from England as well as from New South Wales. tany, and general natural history, resemble those The remaining natives are few in number conof New South Wales. All kinds of European sidering the extent of country which they yet grain flourish; the harvests have never failed, it hold free, and in that state of extreme wretchedis said, for want of rain. Barley and oats pro ness which probably forbids their increase. They duce most abundantly, and the wheat is superior are, at present, hostilely inclined to Europeans; to that which is grown in New South Wales ; so a circumstance ascribed to a fatal quarrel at the greatly, indeed, that the difference of price which first settling, in which several of them were killed it bears in Sydney market will generally pay the by the rash command of a young officer, and the expense of transport thither; and the average memory of which has been kept alive by occaproduce is generally greater, with the exception, sional encounters in the interior. The stockperhaps, of the flood-lands on the banks of the keepers of the settlers are often assaulted by them Hawkesbury and Nepean. The natural grasses with spears and stones; but a more friendly afford abundance of pasturage at all seasons of the intercourse has been effected on the Western year, and sur sede the necessity of making provi- Coasts.
The following Tables show:-1. The progress of POPULATION in this Colony, from 1818
to 1820 (omitting the military). 2. The IMPORTS and Exports of the capital at the
OCTOBER 1818 AND 1820.
Hobart Toun, Including that part called the
county of Buckingham. In 1818
3529 1354 145 247 97 106 4668 701930680 62909 640 333 483 1114 185 2755 In 1820
6293 409 349 454 158 142 8196 13753 44988 95477 726/392 759 1875 266 4018 Port Dalrymple. Including that part called the!
2982 119 18 63 45 66 2708 4181 12600 29403 255 118 241 712 104 1450 As many artivals took place
during and since the last) Muster may be added
130 20 60 520.
In 1818 50494 214 1484 269 126138 6066929043875 84008 829411 633 138 1 240 3494
lacrease in 2 years
42261 314 2181 248
77 70 4838 864413713 40872 282 119 4271726 130 2684
TABLE II.-OFFICIAL RETURN OF THE IMPORTS AND EXPORTS AT Hobart TowN FOR
THE YEARS 1817 AND 1818.
EXPORTS (esclusive of 250 Tons of Oil taken home by the licensed whaler Anne).
DIEPHOLT, or Diepholz, a county of West I'm partly led to diet my revenge, phalia, belonging to Hanover, bounded on the For that I do suspect the lusty Moor north by the county of Hoya, on the east by Hath leapt into my seat. Shakspeare. Othello. Minden, on the south by the bishopric of Os
When we've stuffed naburg, and on the west by Munster. It is These pipes, and these conveyances of blood, about twenty-four miles long, and twelve broad; With wine and feeding, we have suppler souls, and is full of briers, underwood, and morasses; Than in our priestlike fasts ; therefore I'll watch him
Id. Coriolanus. except along the Dumma Lake. It contains four Till he be dieted to my request. towns and about 16,000 inhabitants. The people
Shew a while like fearful war, are Lutherans, and subsist chiefly by feeding
To diet rank minds sick of happiness, cattle, which they sell to Holland and the coun
And purge the obstructions which begin to stop tries bordering on the Rhine, along with coarse
Our very veins of life.
Id. Henry IV. woollens and linens. This territory was erected He sauced our broth as Juno had been sick, into a country by Maximilian I. In 1585 it And he her dieter.
Id. Cymbeline. passed to the duchy of Zell, and from them to the I commend rather some diet for certain seasons, electorate of Hanover. The inhabitants rear than frequent use of physick ; for these diets alter the cattle and fax.
body more, and trouble it less.
Васи. . DIEPPE, a town of Normandy, in the de He received no other counsel than to refrain from partment of the Lower Seine, with a good har- cold drink, which was but a dietetical caution, and such bour, formed by the mouth of the river Arques. as culinary prescription might have afforded. It has an old castle westward, and two piers.
Browne's Vulgar Erroers. Packet boats pass between this port and Brigh
Time may come, when men ton constantly. They are about sixty-six miles With angels may participate ; and find distant. The church of St. James is a very fine
No inconvenient diet, nor too light fare, Milton structure, and there is a tower from which, in
Henceforth my early care fine weather, the coast of England may be seen.
Shall tend thee, and the fertile burden ease; The principal trade consists in fish, ivory toys,
Till, dieted by thee, I grow mature and laces. It was bombarded, and great part of
In knowledge as the gods, who all things know.
Id. it burnt by the English, in 1694. Here is a navigation school very well conducted. It con- natural, and so agreeable to the stomach, as good and
No part of diet, in any season, is so healthful, so tains about 20,000 inhabitants; and lies thirty- well-ripened fruits.
Temple. four miles north of Rouen, and 100 north-west
Nature delights in the most plain and simple diet. of Paris.
Addison. Dies MARCHIÆ was the day of congress or We have lived upon expedients, of which no meeting of the English and Scotch, annually ap- country had less occasion ; we have dieted a healthy pointed to be held on the marches or borders, in body into a consumption, by plying it with physick inorder to adjust all differences between them. stcad of food.
Swift. DIESIS, in music, is the division of a tone This book of Cheyne's became the subject of conless than a semitone; or an interval consisting of versation, and produced even sects in the dietetick pbi. a less or imperfect semitone. Diesis is the losophy.
Arbuthnot on Aliments. Pref. smallest and softest change or inflexion of the Milk appears to be a proper diet for human bodies, voice imaginable: it is called a faint, expressed where acrimony is to be purged or avoided ; but not thus (X) by a St. Andrew's cross or saltire. where the canals are obstructed, it being void of all DIEŚPÍTER, in antiquity, a name given to saline quality.
Id. Jupiter; and signifying diei pater, father of the As an article of diet, salt seems to act simply as a day.
stimulus, not containing any nourishment, and is the DI'ET, n.s. From dies, an appointed day, only fossil substance which the caprice of mankind Skinner; from diet, an old German word sig- has yet taken into their stomachs along with their
Darwin. nifying a multitude. Junius. An assembly of princes or estates. See the article.
Diet, in medicine, according to some, comAn emperor in title without territory, who can or- prehends the whole regimen of life, with regard dain nothing of importance but by a diet, or assembly to air, meat, drink, sleep, watching, motion, rest, of the estates of many free princes, ecclesiastical and the passions, retentions and excretions. Others temporal.
Raleigh. restrict the term to eating and drinking alone. Di'et, v. a., v. th & 2.8.) Fr. Germ. and Dut. See Food. The natural constitution of the body Dieta'ry, adj.
diete ; Span. Port. of man is such, that it can easily bear some Di'ETER, N. s.
and Ital. dieta ; changes and irregularities without much injury. Dr'ETICAL, adj. from Gr. diai ra, the Had it been otherwise, we should be almost con
Di’ET-DRINK, 1. s. manner of living. stantly put out of order by slight causes. This To feed or live by rule; to give food to; as a advantage arises from those wonderful communeuter verb, to feed; eat : diet as a substantive nications of the inward parts, whereby, when one is food, generally, or allowance of food. Dietary part is affected, another comes immediately to and dietic, pertaining to diet.
its relief. Thus, when the body is too full, naFor bis diet, there was a continual diet given him fure causes evacuations through some of the outby the king.
Jeremiah. lets : and for this reason, diseases from absolute She diets him with fasting every day,
inanition are generally more dangerous than The swelling of his wounds to mitigate,
from repletion, unless the latter be excessive; And made him pray both early and eke late. because we can more expeditiously diminish than
Faerie Queene. increase the juices of the body. Upon the same
account, though temperance be beneficial to all than that which arises from the extent of his men, the ancient physicians advised persons in dominions within the limits of the confederacy. good health, now and then to eat and drink Two new kingdoms were created in the north, more plentifully than usual. But of the two, and two in the south. These were Hanover and intemperance in drinking is safer than in eating. Saxony, in the former; and Bavaria and WirIf a man be obliged to fast, he ought to avoid temburg, in the latter. all laborious work. From satiety it is not proper The great powers of this new confederation "to pass directly to sharp hunger, nor from hunger are Austria, Prussia, Hanover, Saxony, Bavaria, to satiety: neither will it be safe to indulge ab- and Wirtemburg. In the diet, each member of solute rest immediately after excessive labor, nor the confederacy has an equal vote.
The memsuddenly to fall to work after long idleness. In bers, as constituted by the act of congress, are a word, all changes in the way of living should seventeen, composed of the following separate be made by degrees. The softer and milder kinds
or combined powers : of aliment are proper for children, and for youth the stronger. Old people ought to lessen the 1. Austria. quantity of their food, and increase that of their 2. Prussia. drink : but some allowance is to be made for 3. Bavaria. custom, especially in cold climates like ours: 4. Saxony, kingdom (not the duchies). for as in these the appetite is keener, so is the 5. Hanover. digestion better performed. The article All 6. Wirtemberg. MENT presents a regular table of all the ordinary 7. Baden. articles of human food, or diet: in that of Di 8. The electorate of Hesse. GESTION more remarks on this subject occur. 9. The grand duchy of Hesse.
DIET, GENERAL, OF THE GERMAN EMPIRE, 10. Denmark for Holstein and Lauenburg. was usually held at Ratisbon, It consisted of 11. The Netherlands for Luxemburg. the emperor, the nine electors, and the ecclesias 12. The grand ducal, and the ducal houses of tical princes; viz. the archbishops, bishops, ab
Saxony. bots, and abbesses; the secular princes, being 13. Brunswick and Nassau. dukes, marquises, counts, viscounts, or barons; 14. Mecklenburg, Schwerin and Strelitz. and the representatives of the imperial cities. It 15. Oldenburg, Anhalt, and Schwartzburg. met on the emperor's summons, but any of the 16. Hohenzollern, Lichtenstein, Reuss, Shaumprinces might send deputies. Peace and war, burg-Lippe, Lippe, and Waldeck. the levying of general taxes, and the assessment 17. The free towns of Lubeck, Frankfort, of different states, were among the principal sub
Bremen, and Hamburg. jects submitted to the deliberation of the diet. But it required the consent of the emperor to This list therefore exhibits the present political give their determinations the force of laws. The division of Germany, and the states included unimperial dignity, though not hereditary, was der the same number vote in the diet conjointly. possessed for several ages, without interruption, The deliberations of this body embrace all ordiby the house of Austria. The Confederation of nary discussions; but when general laws are to the Rhine, during the domination of Buonaparte, be enacted, or changes made in the fundamental completely dissolved this ancient system, and rules or principles of the confederation, the diet compelled the house of Austria to resign the forms itself into a general assembly, in which style and title of emperor of Germany, which it each state votes separately. But as it would has not since resumed.
evidently have been an unequal partition of At the congress of Vienna, however, the con- power to have given each an equal voice in this stitution of Germany was so far remodelled on assembly, the number of votes possessed by the the former plan, that a new diet was created to several states are regulated by their territorial watch over the interests of what was now called extent and importance. For this purpose, the the Germanic Confederation. By this confede- whole of the confederacy is divided into four ration, although the title of elector ceases, all the classes, which, with the population of each state, states have a vote in the diet according to their according to the official returns of 1818, and the respective territories, and the population. The number of votes it possesses in the general asetaperor of Austria has no other preponderance sembly, are as follow, viz :
7,923,439–4 3. Saxony, kingdom of
. 1,200,000— 4 4. Bavaria, do.
3,560,000—4 5. Hanover, do.
1,305,350 - 4
• 1,395,463— 4
1,000,000 - 3
540,000—3 3. Hesse-Darmstadt, grand duchy of
619,500 3 4. Holstein and Lauenburg, duchies of
360,000-3 5. Luxemburg, grand duchy of
This federative body keeps up a military ar- simo is to be chosen by the diet, and who is to mament, composed in time of peace of 120,000 be accountable to them alone for his conduct. men, including 96,000 infantry, 18,000 cavalry, DIETRICH, or DIETRICY (Christian Wiland 6000 artillery. In war the contingent is to liam Ernest), a modern artist, born at Weimar be increased; the forces being one in every hun- in 1712. He resided chiefly at Dresden, where dred of the population, which, according to the he was professor of the Academy of Arts. He preceding scale, would be 301,000. A reserve succeeded both in history and landscape, and of one in every 200 is also to be maintained; painted above 150 small subjects, which he enwhich would therefore at present amount to graved in the style of Salvator Rosa. Some of 150,000 men. Of this army
these etchings are exceedingly rare.
DIEU ET MON Droit, Fr. i. e. God and my
94,822 right. The motto of the arms of England, first
79,234 assumed by Richard I. to intimate that he did Bavaria
35,600 not hold his empire in vassalage of any mortal. Wirtemburg
23,955 It was afterwards taken up by Edward III. and Hanover
13,054 was continued without interruption to the time Saxony, kingdom of 12,000 of king Williain III. who used the motto Je Baden
10,000 inaintiendray, though the former was still retained The other states
32,335 upon the great seal. After him queen Anne
used the motto Semper eadem, which had been 301,000 before used by queen Elizabeth ; but ever since
queen Anne, Dieu et mon droit has been the
royal motto. The pecuniary contributions of the several DIEU ET SON Acte, in common law, a maxim members of the confederacy have also been voted that the act of God shall hurt no man : so that if a for five years; after which the proportions are house be beat down by a tempest, the lessee shall subject to revision. The fortresses that are con not only be free from an action of waste, but sidered as essential to the defence of the domi- also have a right to take the timber to rebuild nions, belong in common to the confederation, the house. and are to be repaired and supported at the ge Dieu, Islf. De, an island in the Atlantic, near neral expense. Germersheim, as commanding the the coast of France, about seven miles long, and passage of the Rhine, is to be made a place of two wide, fifteen miles S.S.W. of Noirmoutier. great strength; as well as Homburg and Ulm. Long. 15° 17' E. of Ferro,, lat. 46° 42' N. For completing the fortifications of the last of DIEZ (Juau or John Mårtin), better known these places, the sum of £800,000 was voted by as the Empecinado of modern Spanish guerilla the diet in 1818. In time of war, a generalis- warfare, was the son of a peasant of Valladolid,