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these animals, and say their flesh resembles a of the same length; the female wants the false hare. They are easily tamed, and will then re- belly of the last; but on the lower part the skin fuse no kind of food. 3. D. cayopollin, the forms on each side a fold, between which the Mexican opossum of Buffon and Pennant, is of teats are lodged. It inhabits the hot parts of an ash color on the head and upper parts of the South America; agrees with the others in its body: the belly and legs are whitish : the tail food, manners, and the prehensile power of its is long and pretty thick, varied with brown and tail. Count de Buffon, from inspection, says yellow; it is hairy near an inch from its origin, the female has fourteen teats, and brings froin ten the rest naked: the length of the animal from to fourteen young ones at a time; they affix themnose to tail, about seven inches and a half; of selves to the teats as soon as they are born, and the tail, more than eleven. It inhabits the moun- remain attached like inanimate things, till they tains of Mexico, and lives in trees, where it attain growth and vigor to shift a little for thembrings forth its young: when in any fright, they selves. 6. D. opossum, the sarigue of Buffon, embrace the parent closely. Her belly has no or Molucca opossum of Pennant, has long, oval, pouch. The tail is prehensile, and serves in- and naked ears: the mouth is very wide ; thé stead of a hand. 4. D. gigantea, the kangaroo. lower side of the upper jaw, throat, and belly, This animal has a small head, neck, and shoul- is of a whitish ash color; the rest of the hair a ders ; the body increasing in thickness to the cinereous brown, tipt with tawny, darkest on the rump. The head is oblong, formed like that of back : the tail is as long as the body; near the a fan, and tapering from the yes to the nose; base covered with hair ; the rest naked; the end of the nose naked black; the upper lip claws are hooked. On the belly of the female divided. The nostrils are wide and open; the is a pouch, in which the young shelter. Marclower jaw is shorter than the upper; and the grave found six young within the pouch. It has aperture of the mouth small: there are whiskers ten cutting teeth above, and eight below. Over on both jaws, those on the upper longest; and each eye is an oblong white spot. The length strong hairs above and below the eyes. The of the animal from nose to tail is ten inches ; eyes are not large; the irides are dusky ; the and the tail exceeds the length of the head and pupil is of a bluish black. The ears are erect, body. Its whole figure is of a slender and oblongly ovated, rounded at the ends, and thin, elegant make. This species is found in great covered with short hairs, four inches long. There numbers in Aroe and Solor. It is called in the are no canine teeth, but six broad cutting teeth Indies pelandor Aroe, or the Aroe rabbit. They in the upper jaw; two long lanceolated teeth in are reckoned very delicate cating, and are very the lower, pointing forward; and four grinding common at the tables of the great, who rear the teeth in each jaw, remote from the others. The young in the same places in which they keep belly is convex and great. The fore legs are their rabbits. It inhabits also Surinam, and the very short, scarcely reaching to the nose, and hot parts of America. 7. D. tridactyla, Philuseless for walking. The hind legs are almost lip's opossum, or the kangaroo rat, is described as long as the body, and the thighs are very as similar, both in the general shape of the body thick : on the fore feet are five toes, with long and the conformation of the legs, to the kanconic and strong claws; on the hind feet only garoo ; but the visage having a strong resemthree; the middle toe is very long and thick, blance to that of the rat, and the color of the like that of an ostrich; the two others are placed whole not ill resembling that animal, it has obvery distinct from it, and are small; the claws tained the name of the kangaroo rat. It is an are short, thick, and blunt: the bottom of the inhabitant of New Holland; and two of the feet, and hind part, black, naked, and tubercu- species were seen alive at the exhibition of anilated, as the animal rests often on them. The mals over Exeter 'Change in 1790, where one tail is very long, extending as far as the ears; of them brought forth young. This species has. thick at the base, tapering to a point. The two cutting teeth in front of the upper jaw, with scrotum is large and pendulous. The hair on three others on each side of them; and at a disthe whole animal is soft, and of an ash color. tance one false grinder, sharp at the edge, and lightest on the lower parts. It inhabits the channelled or fluted on the sides; and close to western side of New Holland, and has as yet these, two true grinders: in the lower jaw there been discovered in no other part of the world. are two long cutting teeth, formed like those of It lurks among the grass, and feeds on vege. the squirrel, with three grinders corresponding tables; it goes entirely on its hind legs, making with those in the upper jaw. 8. D. volans, the use of the fore feet only for digging, or bringing flying opossum, a beautiful species, and clothed its food to its mouth. The dung is like that of with fur of the most exquisite texture, is an ina deer. It is very timid; at the sight of men habitant of New South Wales. In length, from it flies from them by amazing leaps, springing the tip of the nose to the root of the tail, it is over bushes seven or eight feet high, and going twenty inches; the tail itself is twenty-two inprogressively from rock to rock. It carries its ches; at the base, quite light, increasing gratail quite at right angles with its body when it dually to black at the end : the ears are large is in motion ; and when it alights, often looks and erect: the coat or fur is of a rich and most back. 5. D. murina, the murine opossum, has delicate texture, appearing on the upper parts of the face and upper parts of the body of a tawny the body at first sight, of a glossy black; but on color; the belly of a yellowish white : the tail a nicer inspection, is found to be mixed with is slender, and covered with minute scales to gray; the under parts are white, and on each the very rump: the length of the animal from hip is a tan-colored spot, nearly as big as a shilcose to tail, about six inches and a half; the tail ling; at this part the fur is thinnest, but at the
poot of the tail it is so rich and close tlfat the the Encyclopedie, he was obliged to dispose of hide cannot be felt through it. The fur is also his library. The empress of Russia became a continued to the claws. On each side of the purchaser; the price which the philosopher rebody is a broad flap or membrane (as in the ceived was 50,000 livres; while he was to be flying squirrels), which is united to both the fore allowed the use of it during his life. Diderot and hind legs. The jaws are furnished with was a member of the Academy of Sciences at teeth, placed as in some others of this genus : Berlin. He died suddenly as he rose from table, in the upper jaw forwards are four small cutting July 31st, 1784. His works have been collected teeth, then two canine ones, and backwards five and published in 6 vols. 8vo. grinders: the under jaw has two long large DİDO, or Elissa, a daughter of Belus, king cutting teeth and five grinders, with no inter- of Tyre, who married Sichæus or Sicharbas her mcdiate canine ones, the space being quite va- uncle, priest of Hercules. Her brother, Pygmacant. The fore legs have five toes on each lion, who succeeded Belus, murdered Sichæus, foot, with a claw on each ; the hinder ones four to get possession of his immense riches; and toes, with, claws (the three outside ones without Dido, disconsolate for the loss of her husband, any separation), and a thumb without a claw, whom she tenderly loved, and by whom she was enabling the animal to use the foot as a hand, equally esteemed, set sail in quest of a settleas many of the opossum tribe are observed ment, with a number of Tyrians, to whom the to do.
cruelty of the tyrant had become odious. AcDIDEROT (Denys), a celebrated French cording to some writers, she threw into the sea writer, born at Langres in 1713. He was edu- the riches of her husband, which Pygmalion $0 cated among the Jesuits, with a view to the greedily desired ; and by that artifice compelled church, and received the tonsure; but, disliking those ships to fly with her that had come by orthe profession, he was placed with a lawyer. der of the tyrant to obtain the riches of Sichæus.
This pursuit, however, he also abandoned, and But it is more probable that she carried the thereby incurred his father's displeasure. Ile riches along with her, and by their influence predid not devote himself particularly to any one vailed on the Tyrian seamen to follow her. object of study; hut his attention was at dif- During her voyage, Dido visited the coast of ferent times engrossed by geometry, metaphysics, Cyprus, where she obtained fifty wives for her and the belles lettres. In 1745 he published Tyrian followers. A storm drove her fleet on Principles of Moral Philosophy, 12mo. which the African coast, where she bought of the infirst brought him into public notice as an author. habitants as inuch land as could be surrounded Next year he published a piece, entitled Pensées by a bull's hide cut into thongs. Upon this land Philosophiques, a work which gained him con- she built a citadel, called Byrsa ; and the insiderable fame, and was highly applauded by crease of population, and the rising commerce the partizans of the new philosophy, among among her subjects, soon obliged her to enlarge whom he had now enrolled himself, and to the her city, and the boundaries of her dominions. propagation of which he applied in the most Her beauty, as well as the fame of her enterzealous manner. He afterwards gave a second prise, gained her many admirers; and her subedition of this work, under the title of Etrennes jects wished to compel her to marry Iarbas, king aux Esprits Forts, which was eagerly read. About of Mauritania, who threatened them with a dreadthis period, having been concerned in a Medical ful war. Dido begged three months to give her Dictionary, it gave rise to the idea of the Dic- decisive answer; and during that time she tionnaire Encyclopédique; and, in conjunction erected a funeral pile, as if wishing by a solemn with his friend d'Alembert, the plan of this vast sacrifice to appease the manes of Sichæus, to undertaking was formed. Diderot's share in this whom she had promised eternal fidelity. When work was large, for, besides many articles in va- all was prepared, she stabbed herself on the pile rious departments of science, the whole of the in presence of her people; and by this uncomarts and trades were furnished by him. Between mon action, obtained the name of Dido, 'valiant the years 1751 and 1767, the first edition of the woman,' instead of Elissa. According to Virgil dictionary was completed ; and although Diderot and Ovid, the death of Dido was caused by the had labored almost twenty years upon it, he sudden departure of Æneas, of whom she was received but a small consideration. During this deeply enamoured, and whom she could not obperiod, however, he composed various other tain as a husband. This poetical fiction repreworks, particularly A Letter on the Blind, for sents Æneas as living in the age of Dido, and the use of those who See ; a work for which the introduces an anachronism of nearly 300 years. author was confined six months at Vincennes, on Dido left Phænicia 247 years after the age of account of the free sentiments it contained. Æneas, and about A.A.C. 953. This chronoloAbout two years after, he published A Letter on gical error proceeded not from the ignorance of the Deaf and Dumb, for the use of those who the poets, but from a voluntary fiction. While Hear and See, 2 vols. 12mo. His next produc- Virgil describes, in a beautiful episode, the destions were two comedies, in prose, Le Fils Na- perate love of Dido, and the submission of Æneas turel, 1757; and Le Pere de famille, 1758, to the will of the gods, he traces the origin of the which latter has been thought one of the best hatred between the republics of Rome and Carsentimental comedies that ever appeared on the thage, and pretends that it was kindled by a more
Besides the above-mentioned remote cause than the jealousy and rivalship of works, Diderot wrote A Panegyric on Richard- two flourishing empires. Dido, after her death, son; and An Essay on the Life and Writings of was honored as a deity by her subjects. Seneca, which was published in 1779, and was DIDOT (Ambrose), a celebrated French tythe last work of his pen. At the conclusion of pographer, was born at Paris in 1730. Ilis
father was a printer and bookseller, and, having is of a proportionable length, and the eye black received a classical education, he materially im- and lively: the head is not crested, and the general proved various branches of his business, and the color of the plumage is gray and brown mixed : trades connected with it. The manufacture of it has scarce any tail, and the bastard wing fine paper received his early attention, and he swells out into a round knob: the wings are too invented many machines and instruments in aid short for flight; and the hind parts are rounded of stereotyping. His edition of the Delphin clas- like a horse's rump, being clothed with feathers, sics, and various other works, will long distin- which may be termed coverts. The females are guish his name. One of his sons became a covered with sometimes brown, and sometimes celebrated type-founder, another shared with his light yellow feathers, and appear very beautiful. father the reputation of being one of the first The feathers on each side of the breast enlarge printers in Europe. His anxiety for accuracy into two white tufts, somewhat resembling the is said to have been so great, that at the age of bosom of a woman. Those of the thighs are seventy-three, he read five times over each sheet rounded at the end like shells; and, according to of his son's edition of Montaigne. He died at Leguat, the bird has altogether a noble and eleParis in 1804.
gant gait. It is an inhabitant of the Isle of Ro. DIDUCTION, n. s. Lat. diductio. Separa- drigue, where it is not uncommon; but not met tion by withdrawing one part from the other. with in flocks, scarcely more than two being He ought to shew what kind of strings they are
found together. It makes its nest in by-places, which, though strongly fastened to the inside of the of the leaves of the palm, a foot and a half in receiver and superacies of the bladder, must draw as thickness; and lays one egg, bigger than that of forcibly one as another, in comparison of those that a goose. The male sits in his turn; and does within the bladder draw so as to hinder the diduction not suffer any bird to approach within 200 yards of its sides.
Boyle. of the spot while the hen is sitting, which is seven DIDUS, or Doda, in ornithology, a genus be- weeks. They are chased in the winter season, longing to the order of gallinæ. The bill is viz. from March to September, being then fat; contracted in the middle by two transverse and the young birds are much esteemed for the fugæ ; each mandible is inflected at the point; table. and the face is bare behind the eyes. Only one DIDYMUS, of Alexandria, an ecclesiastical species, viz. the ineptus, is mentioned by Lin- writer of the fourth century; who though he is dæus: three are described by Buffon, viz. : said to have lost his sight at five years of
age, 1. D. ineptus, the dronte of Buffon, or hooded when he had scarcely learned to read, yet apdodo, is somewhat bigger than a swan, and nearly plied so earnestly to study, that he was thought three feet in length. The bill is strong, large, worthy to fill the chair in the famous divinity and hooked at the end ; the gape stretches be- school at Alexandria. He was the author of a yond the eyes : the color is a very pale blue, great number of works: but all we have now except the end of the upper mandible, which is remaining are, a Latin Translation of his book yellowish, and a red spot on the bend of it; the upon the Holy Spirit, in the works of St. Jerome, end of the lower is blackish; the irides are who was the translator; Short Strictures on the white. The general color of the plumage is Canonical Epistles ; and a book against the einereous, and soft to the touch ; the belly and Manichees. thighs are whitish. The head is large, and seems DIDYNAMIA; from δις, twice, and δυναμις, as it were covered with a black hood or cowl. power; the name of the fourteenth class in LinThe wings are very short, and of a yellowish ash- næus's sexual method ; consisting of plants with color: the tail feathers are curled, stand up on hermaphrodite flowers, which have four male the rump, and incline to yellow. The legs have organs, two long and two short. See BOTANY. four toes, three before and one behind; are DIE, v. n. Goth. deia ; Sax. daedian; Dan. very stout, short, and yellowish; the claws are and Swed. do; from Gr. delow, to fear, because black. It inbabits the islands of Mauritius and death is generally an object of fear, says Minsheu, Bourbon in the Indian Ocean.
ingeniously. To lose or depart from life; taking 2. D. Nazarenus, the Nazarene dodo is bigger by before an instrument of death ; of before a than a swan. The bill is a little bent downwards disease, or a positive cause of death ; and for beand large : instead of feathers, the whole is covered fore a privative; to sink or faint; grow vapid; over with a black down ; but the wings are feather- to vanish ; perish; be doomed to hell. ed, and it has some frizzled ones upon the rump, For wher we lyuen, we lyuen to the Lord, and which serve instead of a tail : the legs are long whether we dien, we dien to the Lord, therefore wher and scaly, and there are three toes on each foot. we lyuen or dien we ben of the Lord. This was met with in the Isle of France, and
Wiclif. Romayns. 14. described as above by Fr. Cauche; who adds,
His heart died within him, and he became as a that the female lays only one egg, which is
I Samuel. white, and as big as a penny loaf, and that there
Except a corn of wheat fall into the ground, and is always found with it a white stone of the size die, it abideth alone; but if it die, it bringeth forth
John. of a hen's egg; that it makes its nest of leaves and dry herbs, in the forests, on the ground ;
If I die for it, as no less is threatened me, the king and that there is likewise found a gray stone in my old master must be relieved. the gizzard of the young bird.
Shukspeare. King Lear 3. D. solitarius, the solitaire of Buffon, or so
How now, my lord, why do you keep alone
Of sorriest fancies your companion making, litary dodo, is a large bird, and the male is said Using those thoughts which should indeed have died te weigh sometimes forty-five pounds. The neck With them they think on.
This battle fares like to the morning's war, thiow in play. Tlence hazard, chance; and geneWhen dying clouds contend with growing light. Id. ally any small cube. 0, thou great power, in whom we move,
Eftsoons his cruel hand Sir Guyon sta id,
Tempering the passion with advisement slow,
And mustering right on enemy dismayed;
For the equal die of war he well did know.
Faerie Qucene. die. Hakewill on Proviilence.
I have set my life upon a cast, At first she startles, then she stands amazed ;
And I will stand the hazard of the die. At last with terror she from thence doth fly,
Shakspeare. Richard III. And loaths the watery glass wherein she gazed,
To put it to the chance and try, And shuns it still, although for thirst she die.
I'the ballot of a box and dye,
Davies. Whether his money be his own, Oh let me live my own, and die so too!
And lose it, if he be o'erthrown. Buller. To live and die is all I have to do. Denham. Thine is the adventure, thine the victory :
The dira only served to confirm bim in his first Well has thy fortune turned the die for thee. opinion, that it was his destiny to die in the ensuing
He knows which way the lot and the die shall fall,
as perfectly as if they were already cast. South. If any sovereignty, on account of his property, had been vested in Adam, which in truth there was Young creatures have learned spelling of words by not, it would have died with him, Locke. having them paste:d upon little flat tablets or dies.
Watts. The young men acknowledged in love-letters, that they died for Rebecca.
Die, n. s., plural dies. The stamp used in
coinage. He in the loaden vineyard dies for thirst,
Such variety of dies made use of by Wood in stampAddison.
ing his money, makes the discovery of counterfeits Hipparchus being passionately fond of his own more difficult.
Swift. wife, who was enamoured of Bathyllus, leaped and DIEMEN (Anthony Van), governor of the died of his fall,
Dutch East India possessions, was born at KuiThe smaller stains and blemishes may die away and lenberg, of which place his father was burgodisappear, amidst the brightness that surrounds them ;
master. He went out to India in an inferior but a blot of a deeper nature casts a shade on all station, but was employed there as accountant to the other beauties, and darkens the whole character.
the government; and in 1625 became a member Trembling, hoping, lingering, Aying,
of the supreme council. In 1631 he returned to
Holland as commander of the India fleet, but Oh the pain the bliss of dying!
the following year went out again as director Talk not of life or ransom, he replies ;
general; and not long after was appointed goverPatroclus dead, whoever meets me, dies : In vain a single Trojan sues for grace;
nor general, in which slation he greatly extended But least the sons of Priam's hateful race;
the Dutch interest and power in the east. In Die then, my friend! what boots it to deplore ?
1642 he sent Abel Tasman on a voyage to the The great, the good Patroclus is no more !
south, the consequence of which was the discoHe, far thy better, was foredoomed to die;
very of the island near the south coast of New And thou, dost thou, bewail mortality ?
Holland, which Tasman named Van Diemen's
Pope's Homer. Land. He died in 1645. They often come into the world clear, and with the DIEMEN'S (Van) Land, an island of Ausappearance of sound bodies; which, notwithstandtralasia, to the south of New Holland, from ing, have been infected with disease, and have died which it is separated by Bass's Straits ; having of it, or at least have been very intirm. Wiseman. its north coast in $. lat. 40° 41', and its southern
Thy body dies ; but thou, thou must live for ever, promontory in 43° 38' S. Its length is about and thine eternity will take its tincture from tho man
170 miles, and breadth about 154. It was first ner of thy behaviour, and the habits thou contractest, seen by the Dutch commander, Tasman, in 1642, during this thy short co-partnership with Aesh and who, mistaking it for a part of what was then blood.
Mason. called the Great South Land, or New Holland, If the man who turnips cries,
gave it its present' name, in honor of the Dutch Cry not when his father dies,
governor-general of Batavia, Anthony Van Die'Tis a proof that he had rather
men. But the Dutch did not land here at this llave a turnip than his father. Dr. Johnson.
time ; Tasman's carpenter only swam through 'Tis solitude should teach us how to die;
the surf, with the prince's flag, and a post, to It hath no flatterers ; vanity can give
set up as a memorial of their visit, to the posteNo hollow aid ; alone-man with his God must strive. rity of the inhabitants of this country. Our
own enterprising navigators, Furneaux, Cook, Like the figures on arras, that gloomily glare, Hayes, and above all Mr. Bass, the companion Stirred by the breath of the wintry air
of captain Flinders, have far better pretensions So seen by the dying lamp's fitful light,
to be called its discoverers. Furneaux and Lifeless, but life-like, and awful to sight. Id.
Cook anchored in Adventure Bay, and the latter Die, n. s. Fr. dé; Ital. Span. and Portug. dádo; had some communication with the island ors; Lat. tessera (dice), from Gr. reggapa, four, because subsequently, Bligh and captain Cox put into four sided. A small cube, marked on its faces Adventure and Oyster Bay; and, in 1794, capwith numtere from one to six, which gamesters tain Hayes, of the Bombay marine, sailed up
what he named the Derwent River. But none The autumn is generally a serene and delightful of these navigators, nor yet the French, under season, and the weather continues fine and open d'Entrecasteaux, who discovered Storm Bay, to the middle or end of May. In June, rain, supposed this to be an island; a fact which Mr. sleet, and, in elevated situations, snow, set in, Bass first announced in the close of 1798, after with strong southerly gales; but, even in winter, tracing 600 miles of the coasts in this neighbour- fine weather intervenes, and neither wind nor hood, in a small decked whale-boat. Together rains can be said to be periodical. Slight frosts with captain Flinders, he also first visited Port occur at night, but neither ice nor snow remains Dalrymple.
throughout the day in the valleys and plains. The general appearance of this island is diver. In September the spring rapidly advances, and sified by ranges of moderate hills and broad in October the weather resembles the faithless vaileys, having a fine soil. The hills, the ridges of April of an English May.' which 'form,' according to Mr. Evans, “ irregular
Van Diemen's Land has four principal ports, circles, are for the greater part wooded ; and, connected with its rivers: Storm Bay, terminating from their summits, are to be seen levels of good with the Derwent; Port Dalrymple, or the pasture-land, thinly interspersed with trees, the Tamar; Port Macquarie, and Port Davey. The grass growing most luxuriantly. These beau- river Derwent, besides its direct outlet into tiful plains are generally of the extent of 8000 Storm Bay, has a lateral one into Storm Bay or 10,000 acres; and this description is to Passage, canal d'Entrecasteaux, a strait about be considered as common to the whole of the thirty miles long; dividing the large island island.' The southern extremity terminates in a Bruny from the main land, and continuing from promontory, whose shape corresponds with, but two to five miles wide, till it opens to the Souwhose height exceeds, that of the Table Moun- thern Ocean, at Tasman's Head. This large tain, of the Cape of Good Hope, and to which inlet presents every where bold shores and deep has been given the same name. The height of water, perfectly sheltered from all winds, and the Table, behind Hobart Town, is 396-4 feet; forming a noble port. The Derwent, at its enthat of the Cape 3315. The former is covered trance, is two miles broad, and takes a northerly with snow for seven or eight months in the year. course, which varies in breadth from one to two To the eastward of the Tamar is a considerable miles, expanding, occasionally, into large basins mountain, named Ben Lomond, whose height equally deep and safe for the distance of twentyhas not been ascertained; and another called five miles, to which point ships of 500 tons Tasman's Peak. There is also a lofty mountain burden can navigate with ease. Here the river on the north-western part of the island, and a begins to freshen, and continues hence for the range of hills, called the Asbestos Hills, from the distance of forty miles, narrowing gradually, but great quantity of that substance found in them. affording a safe passage for vessels of fifty tons In the south-west part of the island, at the dis, as far as New Norfolk, where a ridge of rocks tance of about sixty miles to the north-west of forms a rapid, and abruptly terminates the naHobart Town, are the Western Mountains, vigation. whose height is computed to exceed 3000 feet. Twelve miles up the Derwent, on the western A beautiful lake, in the midst of the last-men- bank, stands Hobart Town, the capital of the tioned range, was visited, for the first time, in island, picturesquely placed under the Table 1817, by Mr. Beaumont, the provost-marshal of Mountain already named. Down its side erill the island. The principal branch of the Der- several rivulets, one of the most considerable of went is supposed to flow from it, and he which passes through the town, and discharges describes it as about fifty miles in circumference, itself into Sullivan's Cove. The town is laid out and having its banks moderately clothed with on an extensive and regular plan, and has many wood. About the middle of the island are salt- handsome brick houses; but the majority of the pan plains, on which are several small lakes, the buildings are of wood and plaster. There are waters of which are strongly impregnated with very few that are not white-washed (for lime salt, and from which many tons of this article abounds in the neighbourhood), and glazed; and are annually extracted. On all the lakes and each has a paled garden. Several respectable rivers are water-fowl in abundance.
public buildings are either completed or in The climate is described as exceedingly fine progress; as a large church of brick and stone, and congenial to Englishmen. 'It is in fact,' a government-house, a county-jail, store and says the Quarterly Review, ‘ England with a finer commissariat offices, a barrack for 100 men, and sky, with less of its winter frosts and of its au a small hospital, fenced in together; a battery, tumnal and spring moisture; all the fruits and guard-house, magazine, &c. The farms of setvegetables of an English kitchen-garden are, tlers extend principally along the banks of the without difficulty, raised here.' During summer Derwent, from the entrance of the river from the ordinary course of the weather is the alter- Storm Bay Passage; for the shores of Van Dienate land and sea breeze, the former commencing men's Land have often a rich black mould close early in the morning, and prevailing till noon, to the edge of the cliff. On the Hobart side, the when it is succeeded by the latter, which usually most considerable group of settlements is New lasts till after sun-set.' Occasionally, however, Town, about two miles from Hobart Town, and a hot wind blows from the north or north-west, is watered by a fine stream. A little below Howhich, though resembling that of New South bart Town, on the opposite bank, is the settleWales, which there raises the thermometer to ment of Clarence Plains. 106' in the sliade, is greatly mitig in Van To the castward, upon the north and east Diemen's Land, by passing across Bass's Straits. sides of an extensive salt-water inlet, communi