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DESERVE', v. a. Fr. deservir ; Lat. de DESIGN', v. a. & n. s. Fr. desiner; Span DESER'ver, n. s. sirrire, to be useful, from DESIGN'ABLE, adj. desinar; Ital.
deDESER'VEDLY, de and servus, to be a DESIGNA’TION, n. s. segnare ; Lat. desigDESER'VING, n. s. slave. To be worthy of Design'EDLY, adv.
To show a good or ill: all the derivatives from this root DESIGN'ER, 11. s.
thing by signs or are applied to both by respectable writers. But Design'ING part. adj. tokens; to purpose; when used absolutely, to be deserving, &c.,
DESIGN'less, ad; to form or order it commonly expresses merit.
DESIGN'LESSLY, adv. with a particular Those they honoured, as having power to work or
DESIGN'MENT, n. s.
purpose in view, cease, as men deserved of them.
taking for after it; to devote, taking to; to plan, Their love is never linked to the deserver,
project. As a substantive a design is the scheme Till his deserts are passed.
or plan of an undertaking in the mind, or in any
form of development: and designment is syno-, All friends shall taste
nymous with design : désignable is distinguishThe wages of their virtue, and all foes The cup of their deservings.
able: designation, the act or form of pointing or
marking out : designedly, purposely, with some Heavy, with some high minds, is an overweight of proposed object in view : designing is generally obligation ; or otherwise great deservers do, perchance, used in an iủ sense. Designless is without plan grow intolerable presumers.
or scheme, purposeless; designlessly is inadverYet well, if here would end The misery : I deserved it, and would bear
tently. My own deservings.
Leave these sad designs
To him that hath more cause to be a mourner. Il deserving of others can be no excuse for our in
Shakspeare. justice, for our uncharitableness. Bp. Hall. Contemplations.
News, lords ! our wars are done : Courts are the places where best manners flourish,
The desperate tempest hath so banged the Turks, Where the deserving ought to rise.
That their designment balts.
R. Otway. A mother cannot give him death : thongh he
William the Conquero: forebore to use that claim Deserves it, he deserves it not from me.
in the beginning, but mixed it with a titulary preDryden.
tence, grounded upon the will and designation of Since my Orazia's death I have not scen
Edward the Confessor.
Bacon, A beauty so deserving to be queen.
We are to observe whether the picture or outlines According to the rule of natural justice, one man be well drawn, or, as more elegant artizans term it, may merit and deserve of another. South. well designed; then, whether it be well coloured; which
Wotton. A man deservedly cuts himself off from the affec. be the two general heads. tions of that community which he endeavours to sub That Providence, which keeps the whole from
Addison, destruction, will also keep all its necessary parts from Annex to each bishoprick some portion of the royal corruption, lest the work of God become insufficient
to the end of its designation. Bishop Taylor. ecclesiastical patronage, which is now prostituted by the Chancellor and the Minister of the day to the
One of those places was designed by the old man purpose of parliamentary corruption, that every Bi
to his son.
Clarendon. shop may have means sufficient to reward all the de In this great concert of his whole creation, the serving clergy of his diocese.
Bp. Watson. designlessly conspiring voices are as differing as the DESIC-CATE, v. a. & n.
conditions of the respective singers.
Boyle. Lat. desicco, de DESIC'CANTS, n. s. and siccus; Heb.
'Tis a greater credit to know the ways of captivating DESICCA'TION. Soos dry (Min- vignments, than to have learned all the intrigues of sheu). To dry up; to exhaust; to grow dry; policy.
Glanville. Desiccants are applications that dry up sores. Is he a prudent man, as to his temporal estate, that
Where there is moisture enough, or superfluous, lays designs only for a day, without any prospect to their wine helpeth to digest and desiccate the moisture, the remaining part of his life?
Tillotson. Bacon's Natural History,
The acts of religious worship were purposely deIf the spirits issue out of the body, there followeth signed for the acknowledgment of a Being, whom the daiccation, induration, and consumption.
most excellent creatures are bound to adore as well as Seminal ferments were elevated from the sea, or
Stillingfleet. tome desiccated places thereof, by the heat of the sun.
You are not for obscurity designed,
Hale. But, like the sun, must cheer all human kind. This, in the beginning, may be prevented by desic
Dryden. cants, and wasted.
Wiseman. He was born to the inheritance of a splendid forIf tea be a desiccative, according to Paulli, it can
tune; he was designed to the study of the law. Id. not weaken the fibres, as our author imagines; if it
A sedate settled design upon another man's life, be emetick, it must constringe the stomach, rather puts him in a state of war with him against whom he
Locke. DESIDEʻRATE, v. a.?
Lat. desidero. To
'Tis not enough to make a man a subject, to conDESIDEBA'TUM, n. s.
vince him that there is regal power in the world ; but
want or desire in there must be ways of designing and knowing the perabsence. A desideratum is that which is much, son to whom this regal power of right belongs.
Id, or has been long, desired.
The power of all natural agents is limited: the Eclipses are of wonderful assistance toward the so- mover must be confined to observe these proportions, lation of this so desirable and so much desiderated and cannot pass over all these infinite designable deCheyne. grees in an instant.
than relax it.
Uses made things; that is to say, some things were little strings, with slip-knots, to the top of the made de signedly, and on purpose, for such an use as simblot, which he had laid down to the bottom: they serve to.
Ray on the Creation. this he is to repeat as often as is necessary ull There is a plain designation of the Duke of Marl- the whole is manufactured. The ribbon weavers borough: one kind of stuff used to fatten land is have likewise a design, but far more simple than called marle, and every body knows that borough is that now described. It is drawn on paper with a name for a town.
Swift. lines and squares, representing the threads of There is a great affinity between designing and the warp and woof. But instead of lines, whereof poetry; for the Latin poets, and the designers of the the figures of the former consist, these are conRoman medals, lived very near one another, and stituted of points only, or dots, placed in certain were bred up to the same relish for wit and fancy.
of the little squares formed by the intersection Addisun.
of the lines. These points mark the threads of The hand strikes out some new design,
the warp that are to be raised, and the spaces Where life awakes and dawns at every line. Pope.
left blank denote the threads that are to keep "Twould shew me poor, indebted, and compelled, their situation: the rest is managed as in the Designing, mercenary; and I know
former. You would not wish to think I could be bought.
Design, in music, is defined by Rousseau to Southern.
be the invention and the conduct of the subject, It has therefore always been both the rule and practice for such designers to suborn the publick inter- order of the whole. See Music.
the disposition of every part, and the general cst, to countenance and cover their private.
Decay of Piety.
Design is particularly used, in painting, for Spectators only on this bustling stage,
the first idea of a large work, drawn roughly, We see what vain designs mankind engage.
with an intention to be executed and finished in
Churchill. large. In this sense it is the simple contour or Would I describe a' preacher, such as Paul, outlines of the figures intended to be represented, Were he on earth, would hear, approve,
or the lines that terminate and circumscribe Paul should himself direct one, I would trace them : such design is sometimes drawn in crayons His master-strokes, and draw from his design. on ink, without any shadows at all : sometimes
Cowper. it is hatched, that is, the shadows are expressed Design, in manufactories, expresses the figures by sensible outlines, usually drawn across each with which the workman enriches his stuff, or other with the pen, crayon, or graver. Somesilk, and which he copies after some painter or times the shadows are made with the crayon eminent draughtsman, as in diaper, damask, and rubbed so as that there do not appear any lines: other flowered silk and tapestry, &c. In un at other times, the grains or stroke of the crayon dertaking of such kinds of figured stuffs, it is appear, as not being rubbed; sometimes the denecessary, says Mons. Savary, that before the sign is washed, that is, the shadows are done with first stroke of the shuttle, the whole design be a pencil in Indian ink, or some other liquor; and represented on the threads of the warp; we do sometimes the design is colored, that is, colors not mean in colors, but with an infinite number are laid on resembling those intended for the of little packthreads, which being disposed so as grand work. to raise the threads of the warp, let the workman DESIGNATION of an estate is made by the see, from time to time, what kind of silk is to be tenants, butments, and boundings. Among the put in the eye of the shuttle for woof. This Romans there were designations of the consuls method of preparing the work is called reading and other magistrates, some time before their the design, and reading the figure, which is per- elections. formed in the following manner: a paper is DESIGNATOR, a Roman officer, who asprovided, considerably broader than the stuff, signed and marked each person his place and and of a length proportionate to what is intended rank in public ceremonies, shows, processions, &c. to be represented thereon. This they divide He was a kind of master of the ceremonies, who lengthwise, by as many black lines as there are regulated the seats, march, order, &c. There intended threads in the warp; and cross these were designators at funeral solemnities, and at lines by others drawn breadthwise, which, with the games, theatres, and shows, who not only the former, make little equal squares ; on the assigned every one his place, but also led him to paper thus squared, the draughtsman designs his it; as appears from the prologue to the Pænulus figures, and heightens them with colors as he sees of Placetus. fit. When the design is finished, a workman Designing, the art of delineating or drawing reads it, while another lays it on the simblot. the appearance of natural objects, by lines, on a To read the design is to tell the person who plane. To design, according to the rules of mamanages the loom the number of squares or thematics, makes the object of perspective. See threads comprised in the space he is reading, in- PERSPECTIVE. timating at the same time, whether it is ground DESIRE', v. a. & n. s. Fr. desirer ; Span. or figure. To put what is read on the simblot Desir'aele, adj. dessear ; Lat. desideis to fasten little strings to the several pack DESIR'ably, adv. rare, which Minsbeu threads, which are to raise the threads named ; DESIR'A BLENESS, n. S.
thinks derived from and this they continue to do till the whole design Desir'er,
de sideribus, the stars is read. Every piece being composed of several Desir'ous, adj. having been the first repetitions of the saine design, when the whole Desn'ously, adv. objects of worship and design is drawn, the drawer, to re-begin the de- admiration. To wish ; to long for; intreat of, or sign afresh, has nothing to do but to raise the for; demand. As a noun it generally expresses
a strong or earnest wish. That is desirable which Men usually give freeliest where they have not is wished with earnestness ; pleasant; delightful. given before : and make it both the motive and exDesirous is full of desire.
cuse of their desistance from giving any more, that
Boyle. And be seide to hem with desier I have desirid to they have given already.
There are many who will not quit a project, though ete this pask with you bifore that I suffre.
Wiclif. Luk. 22. they find it pernicious or absurd; but will readily
desist from it, when they are convinced it is imprac. Be not desirous of his dainties ; for they are deceitful
Prou. xxiii, 3. For possible is, sin thou hast hir presence,
DESITIVE, adj. Lat. desitus. Ending; And art a knight, a worthy and an able,
concludent; final. That by some cas, sin Fortune is changeable,
Inceptive and desitive propositions are of this sort ; Thou maiest to thy desir sometime atteine.
the fogs vanish as the sun rises; but the fogs have Chaucer. Cant. Tales. not yet begun to vanish, therefore the sun is not yet risen.
Watts. A doleful case desires a doleful song, Without vain art or curious compliments.
DESK, n. s. Dut. disch, a table; Teut. tisch. Spenser.
An inclining table for the use of writers or
readers, made commonly with a box or reposiThe same piely which maketh them that are in au
tory connected with it. thority desirous to please and resemble God by justice,
Tell her in the desk, infameth every way men of action with zeal to do good.
That's covered o'er with Turkish tapestry,
There is a purse of ducats. Shakspeare. I will counterfeit the bewitchment of some popular
He is drawn leaning on a desk, with his bible before man, and give it bountifully to the desirers.
Walton's Angler. Shakspeare.
I have been obliged to leave unfinished in my desk Sir, I intrcat you home with me to dinner,
the heads of two essays.
Pope. -I humbly do desire your grace of pardon;
Sweet sleep enjoys the curate in his desk, I must away this night.
The tedious rector drawling o'er his head ; Men are drowsy and desirotus to sleep before the fit And sweet the clerk below.
Cowper. of an ague, and yawn and stretch.
DESMOULINS (B. C.), one of the dema Adam the while,
gogues of the French revolution, was born at Waiting desirous her return, had wove
Guise, in Picardy, in 1762, and is said to have Of choicest flowers a garland.
Milton. been a descendant of the celebrated Charles DuJove beheld it with a desiring look. moulin. Educated with Robespierre, for the
Dryden. bar, he became a counsellor of parliament, and Desire's the vast extent of human mind; commenced his career, as an advocate, by pleadIt mounts above, and leaves poor hope behind. ing against his father, on a charge for his board.
Id. From the commencement of the revolution he Desire is the uneasiness a man finds in himself upon the editor of a journal, in which he styled him
was connected with Robespierre, and became the absence of any thing, whose present enjoyment carries the idea of delight with it.
Locke. self attorney-general of the Lantern. He was She then let drop some expressions abont an agate
the great director of the factious mob of Paris, snuti-box : I immediately took the hint, and bought but at one time was esteemed by La Fayette. one; being unwilling to omit any thing that might In a denunciation against him to the Constituent make me desirable in her eyes.
Addison. Assembly, in 1790, for his virulent abuse of the This desire of knowledge, like other affections king, Desmoulins was warmly defended by all planted in our nature, will be very apt to lead us the jacobins. After the unhappy flight of Louis wrong, if it be not well regulated.
Mason, XVI. to Varennes, he was one of the instigators Fiction raises the mind by accommodating the of the meeting of the Champ de Mars; and was images of things to our desires, and not, like history June, 1792, as well as in that of the 10th of
conspicuous in the insurrection of the 20th of and reason, subjecting the mind to things.
August. He now became secretary to Danton, DESIRE, Port, a harbour on the eastern coast the minister .of justice, and was chosen a deputy of South America, so called by Sir Thomas Ca- from Paris to the convention, in which, of course, vendish, in 1586. On the south side of its he voted for the death of the king. Robespierre, Entrance is a remarkably steep rock, which is an however, was jealous of his connexion with excellent sea-mark. The harbour was found, by Danton; he was arrested March 31st, 1794, and commodore Byron, to be narrow for nearly four on the 5th of April suffered by the guillotine. miles, with a tide running at the rate of eight Beside a great number of political pamphlets, miles an hour. There were also various rocks Desmoulins published Leg Revolutions de and shoals; but they were all above water. France et de Brabant; Le Vieux Cordelier ; Long. 64° 25' W., lat. 47° 7' S.
Histoires des Brissotins; Satires; and Opuscules DESIST', v.n.
Fr. desister ; Span. de- de Camille Desmoulins. DESISTANCE, n. s. ) sister ; Ital. and Lat. de DES'OLATE, v. a. & adj. Fr. desoler; Sp. sistere, from de (from), and sisto, sto; Gr. oraw, to DES'OLATELY, adv. dessolar ; Italian stand. To stand off, or cease from any thing; DESOLA'TION, 1. s.
and Lat. desolare, lo stop. Desistance is cessation.
from de and solus. Desist, thou art discerned, To depopulate; make desert; solitary ; uninhaAnd toil'st in vain ; nor me in vain molest.
bited. Desolation is the or consumma Millon, of ruin or destruction; desolater, he who accom
plishes it. Wiclif makes a curious use of the ments, held secret meetings with them at different verb for being removed from.
places, to which no persons were admitted with And britheren, we desolat fro ghou for a tyme bi
out a treasonable oath. Various plans were mouth and in beholdyng but not in herte, han highed agitated in this club for the murder of the king more plenteuousli to se ghoure face with greet desier. and other desperate undertakings; but, some of
Wiclif. 1 Tessal. ii. the conspirators having discovered the plot, the How is Babylon become a desolation among the colonel, and several others, were apprehended, nations !
Jer. 1, 23. and brought to trial by a special commission, The lion would not leave her desolate, February 5th, 1803. Despard and nine others But with her went along, as a strong gard were found guilty, on the clearest proof, and Of her chast person.
Spenser. Facrie Queene. executed on Monday, the 21st. What with your praises of the country, what with DESPAIR', v. n. & n. s. Fr. desesperer ; your discourse of the lamentable desolation thereof DESPAIR'ER, n. s.
Span. and Port. made by those Scots, you have filled me with a great DESPAIR'FUL, adj. desesperar; Lat. compassion. Spenser's State of Ireland. DESPAIR'INGLY, adv.
desperare ; from de Let us seek some desolate shade, and there (privative) and spero to hope; Heb. 930. To Weep our sad bosoms empty. Shakspeare.
be hopeless; to despond, taking of, in modern Without her follows to myself and thee, usage, before the object. Despair is hopelessness; Herself, the land, and many a Christian soul, confirmed despondency; and sometimes expresses Death, desolation, ruin, and decay.
the cause of such a state of mind, The island of Atlantis was not swallowed by an
We are troubled on every side, yet not distressed; earthquake, but was desolated by a particular deluge,
we are perplexed, but not in despair. 2 Cor. iv. 3. Bacon.
Other cries among the Irish savor of the Scythian Thick around
barbarism; as the lamentations of their burials, with Thunders the sport of those, who with the gun,
Spenser. And dog impatient bounding at the shot,
Strangely visited people,
All swoln and ulcerous, pitiful to the eye;
The mere despair of surgery, he cures ;
Hanging a golden stamp about their necks, their projected good but by the road of some evil.
Put on with holy prayers.
Shakspeare. Their imagination is not fatigued with the contemplation of human suffering, through the wild waste
We commend the wit of the Chinese, who despair of of centuries, added to centuries of miseries and deso- making of gold, but are mad upon making of silver. lation.
Bacon. Burke. He calls for famine, and the meagre fiend
He speaks severely and despairingly of our society.
Boyle. Blows mildew from between his shrivelled lips, And taints the golden ear. He springs his mines,
That sweet but sour despairful care. Sidney. And desolates a nation at a blast. Cowper. Equal their fame, unequal was their care ; The desolater desolate!
One loved with hope, one languished with despair. The victor overthrown!
Dryden. The arbiter of others' fate
He cheers the fearful, and commends the bold, A suppliant for his own!
And makes despairers hope for good success. DESPARD (Edward Marcus), was a native good, which works differently in men's minds; some
Despair is the thought of the unattainableness of any of Queen's county, in Ireland, where his family times producing uneasiness or pain, sometimes rest maintained considerable respectability. When and indolence.
Locke. but nineteen, he entered into the army as an en
Are not all or most evangelical virtues and graces sign, and soon became distinguished for his skill in danger of extremes ? As there is, God knows, loo as an engineer. About the close of the American often a defect on the one side, so there may be an exwar, he served in the West Indies, where his cess on the other : may not hope in God, or godly sor. talents appeared particularly conspicuous in an be perverted into presumption or despair? Sprat. expedition on the Spanish Main. He was pro
Enlivening Hope, and fond Desire, moted to the rank of lieutenant-colonel for his
Resign the heart to Spleen and Care ; achievements on this occasion, and, in 1784, was Scarce frighted Love maintains her fire, appointed English superintendant in the Bay of And rapture saddens to despair. Ilonduras; but his conduct proving offensive to
Johnson. Winter's Walk. the settlers, they complained to the government DESPATCH', v. a. & n. s. ? Fr. despecher ; at home; in consequence of which he was sus DESPATCH'Ful, adj. I Span. despachar. pended. He arrived in England in 1790, ard to send off or away in haste; hence to perform made application to government for an investi- business quickly, and to assassinate. The subgation of his conduct, but his claims were re- stantive is used not only for prompt performance ected; upon which he became a violent demo- of business, but intelligence, or news, supposed crat, and, in consequence of his inflammatory to be sent with despatch ; and in the plural for conduct, was apprehended, during the suspension official or public intelligence or papers. Desof the Habeas Corpus Act, and sent to Cold patchful is, sent in haste. The e of the first sylBath-fields prison; and finally to Tothill-fields lable has become of late almost universal. bridewell. He was afterwards liberated on his
And the company shall stone them with stones, own recognisance. Soured, apparently, by his and despatch them with their swords. Esek. xxii. 47. disastrous fate, he now endeavoured to seduce What are the brothers parted ? and corrupt some of the lowest of the soldiery; -They have despatched with Pompey; he is gonc. aod, having collected some few of similar senti
Edmund, I think, is gone,
DESPICABLE, adj. See DESPISE. ConIn pity of his misery to despatch
DE'SPICABLENESS, n. s. Stemptible; His knighted life,
Shakspeare. DE'SPICABLY, adv. low. Long and curious speeches are as fit for despatch as
Our case were miserable, if that wherewith we most a robe or mantle, with a long train, is for a race.
endeavour to please God were in his sight so vile and Bacon.
despicable as men's disdainful speech would make it. So saying, with despatchful looks in haste
Hooker. She turns, on hospitable thoughts intent. Milton.
All the earth he gave thee to possess and rule, Bashes are of so quick despatch, that the joy of the No despicable gift.
Milton. wicked is compared to a fire of thorns.
Not less even in this despicable hero,
Than when my name shook Africk with affright, Doctor Theodore Coleby, a saber man, I despatched And froze your hearts beneath your torrid zone. immediately to Utrecht, to bring the moxa, and learn
Dryden. the exact method of using it.
Here wanton Naples crowns the happy shore,
The town in soft solemnities delights,
And gentle poets to her arms invites. Addison. No sooner is one action despatched, which, by such a determination as the will, we are set upon, but an
We consider the great disproportion between the inother uneasiness is ready to set us on work. Locke.
finity of the reward and the despicableness of our service.
Decay of Piety. Let one despatchful bid some swain to lead,
There is, indeed, no employment, however despicaA well-fed bullock from the grassy mead. Pope.
ble, from which a man may not promise himself more You'll could you her inward motions watch, than competence, when he sees thousands and myriads Feigning delay, she wishes for despatch;
raised to dignity, by no other merit than that of conThen to a woman's meaning would you look, tributing to supply their neighbours with the means Then read her backward.
of sucking smoke through a tube of clay, &c. DESʻPERATE, adj. & n. s. Lat. despera
Adventurer. DES'PERATELY, adv.
lus. See Des
DESPI'SE, v. a.
Span. despreciar, from
Lat. despicere, from de, DESPERA’TION.
Despis'er, n. s. down and specio; Gr. ed to sorrow; without care of consequences ;
To look irretrievable; hence rash; mad; and expressing OKETTW; Heb. 7pm, to look or see. an extreme degree of any thing bad.
upon with contempt, to scorn; abhor: despisa
ble is contemptible. Were it not the part of a desperate physician to wish his friend dead, rather than to apply the best
God chees the feble thingis and despisable thingis endeavours of his skill for his reeovery ?
of the world to confounde the stronge thingis. Spenser's State of Ireland.
Wiclif. 1 Cor. 1 Since his exile she hath despised me most ;
Behold ye despisers, and wonder, and perish. Porsworn my company, and railed at me,
Isaiah. That I am desperate of obtaining her. Shakspeare. However yet they me despise and spight,
These debts may be well called desperate ones ; for I feed on sweet contentment of my thought. à mad man owes them.
Spenser. The Tears of the Muses. The going on not only in terrors and amazement of
Let not your ears despise my tongue for ever, conscience, but also boldly, hopingly, confidently, in
Which shall possess them with the heaviest sound wilful habits of sin, is called a desperateness also; and
That ever yet they heard.
Shakspeare. the more bold thus, the more desperate. Hammond.
As the wicked have no peace with God, so the godly As long as we are guilty of any past sin, and have
have no peace with men ; for if they prosper not they Do promise of remission, whatever our future care be,
are despised ; if they prosper they are envied. tbis desperation of success chills all our industry, and
Bp. Hall. Contemplations. we sin on because we have sinned.
All cold, but in her breast, I will despise ;
And dare all heat but that in Celia's eyes,
I am obliged to you for taking notice of a poor old
distressed courtier, commonly the most despisable thing For where your case can be no worse,
in the world.
Arbuthnot to Pope. The desperatest is the wisest course! Hudibras.
Admire, exult-despise laugh, weep,-for here In a part of Asia, the sick, when their case comes
There is such matter of all feeling :
:-Man! to be thrught desperate, are carried out and laid on the
Locke. earth, before they are dead, and left there.
Thou pendulum betwixt a smile and tear,
Ages and realms are crowded in this span. Byron. She fell desperately in love with him, and took a voyage into Sicily in pursuit of him. Addison.
DESPITE', v. a. & n. s. Fr. dépit ; Dutch Concluding all mere desperate sots and fools,
spijt; Ital. despitto, That durst depart from Aristotle's rules. Pope.
DESPITE'FULLY, adv. from Lat. despectus,
DESPITEʻFULNESS, n. s. de and specio, specBeware of desperate steps, the darkest day, Live till to-morrow will have passed away.
DESPIT'eous, adj. tus. See DESPISE, Couper.
DESPIT’EOUSLY, adv. To vex, to do a I cannot find my bero; he is mixed
malicious act to : malice; malignity; and hence With the beroic crowd that now pursue
defiance. Despiteful is malicious, mischievous, The sugitives, or batile with the desperate. splenetic. Despitefulness, synonymous with desWhat have we here?
pite; and despiteous, despiteously, with despite