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In the Imperial Chamber, the term for the prose DER’OGATE, v. 2., v. n. & adj.) Fr. dero. cution of an appeal is not circumscribed by the term Der'GATELY, adv. of one or two years, as the law elsewhere requires in
ger; Span DEROG A'TION, n. s.
and Port. the empire ; this being the dernier resort. Ayliffe. DEROGʻATIVE, adj.
derogar;lt. The court of dernier resort is the peerage of Eng
and Latin, land.
from de and rogo, to demand. To act so as to DERMESTES, in zoology, a genus of insects diminish the legal force of a prior act, law, or belonging to the order of coleoptera. The antennæ custom; hence to disparage generally : and, as a are clavated, with three of the joints thicker than neuter verb, to detract; lessen reputation; degenethe rest; the breast is convex; and the head is rate. The adjective means degenerated; de inflected below the breast. Many varieties of graded. Derogative and derogatory mean this genus, as well as their larvæ, are to be met detractious; dishonorable. with in dried skins, bark of trees, wood, seeds, flowers, the carcases of dead animals, &c. There
So surely he is a very brave man, neither is that are eighty-seven species, of which the following are
any thing which I speak to his derogation; for in that the inost remarkable: D. domesticus varies greatly
I said he is a mingled people, it is no dispraise.
Spenser on Ireland. in size and color, some being found of a dark brown, others of a much lighter hue. The form
We should be injurious to virtue itself, if we did of it is oblong, almost cylindrical. The elytra derogate from them whom their industry hath made
Hooker. are striated, the thorax is thick and rather gibbous.
Is there no derogation in it? This little animal, when touched, draws in its
-You cannot derogate, my lord. head under its thorax, and its feet beneath its
Shakspeare. abdomen, remaining so inotionless that one would Into her womb convey sterility ; think it dead. This is the insect which makes
Dry up in her the organs of increase, in wooden furniture those little round holes that And from her derogate body never spring reduce it to powder. D. ferrugineus is the largest A babe to honour her. Id. King Lear. of the genus; its color is a rusty iron, having The wisest princes need not think it any diminumany oblong, velvet black spots upon the elytra, tion to their greatness, or derogation to their sufi. which give the insect a gloomy, yet elegant ciency, to rely upon counsel.
Bacon. appearance. D. Iardarius, of an oblong form
By several contrary customs and stiles used here, and of a dim black color, easily distinguishable by many of those civil aud canon laws are controuled a light brown stripe that occupies transversely and derogated.
Hale. almost the anterior half of the elytra. That That spirits are corporeal, seems to be a conceit color depends on small gray hairs situated on derogative to himself, and such as he should rather that part. The stripe is irregular at its edges, labour to overthrow; yet thereby he establisheth the and intersected through the middle by a small doctrine of lustrations, amulets, and charms. transversal streak of black spots, three in number,
Browne's Vulgar Erriurs. on each of the elytra, the middlemost of which is That which enjoins the deed is certainly God's somewhat lower than the rest, which gives the law; and it is also certain, that the scripture, which black streak a serpentine form. Its larva, which allows of the will, is neither the derogation por relaxis oblong, somewhat hairy, and divided into seg- ation of that law.
Svuth. ments alternately dark and light colored, gnaws These deputed beings are derogatory from the wisand destroys preparations of animals preserved dom and power of the Author of Nature, who doubtin collections, and even feeds upon the insects; less can govern this machine he could create, by more it is also to be found in old bacon. This species direct and easy methods than employing these sub
servient divinities. may be destroyed by arsenic. D. violaceous, a
Cheyne. beautiful little inseci : its elytra are of a deep None of these patriots will think it a derogatim violet blue. The thorax is covered with greenish from their merit to have it said, that they received hairs, the legs are black. The whole animal's many lights and advantages from their intimacy with
Addison. being of a glittering brilliancy renders it a pleas- my lord Somers. ing object. The larva, as well as the perfect DEHOGATONY Clause, in a testament, is a cerinsect, inhabits the bodies of dead animals. tain sentence, cipher, or secret character, which
DERMODY (Thomas), an English poet, was the testator inserts in his will, and of which he born in the south of Ireland in 1775. İlis father reserves the knowledge to himself alone, adding was a schoolmaster at Ennis, and employed him, a condition, that no will he may make hereafter when only nine years old, in teaching the Latin is to be reckoned valid, if this lerogatory clause and Greek languages. Ile, however, ran away is not inserted expressly and word for word. It from home at an early age, and enlisted as a is a precaution invented by lawyers against laiter common soldier. Having obtained the notice of wills extorted by violence or obtained by sugo the present marquis of Hastings, that nobleman gestion. procured him a commision; but his conduct DERRY, a township of the United States, in was most dissipated, and rendered all efforts to Dauphin county, Pennsylvania, situated on the serve him abortive. A volume of his poems east side of Swatara Creek, two miles above its appeared in 1800; and another was published in confluence with the Susquehannah, and cele1802, in which year he died, at Sydenham in brated for its curious cave. Its entrance is Kent, of disease brought on by his vices. His under a high bank, nearly twenty feet wide, and pieces have since been collected and published about eight or ten feet in height. It descends by Mr. Raymond.
gradually nearly to a level with the creek. Its
apartments are namerous, of different sizes, and ence; but if they choose to go out and marry, adorned with stalactites curiously diversified in they are always allowed. The generality of dersize and color.
vises are mountebanks: some apply themselves DER'VIS, n. s. Fr. dervis, from Per. dervish. to legerdemain, postures, &c., to amuse the people ; See the article below. A priest or monk among others pretend to sorcery and magic: but all of the Turks.
them, contrary to Mahomet’s precept, are said to
drink wine, brandy, and other strong liquors, to Even there, where Christ vouchsafed to teach,
give them the degree of gaiety their order requires. Their derrises dare an impostor preach. Sandys.
The dervises are great travellers; and, under
preThe dertis at first made some scruple of violating tence of preaching, and propagating their faith, his promise to the dying brachman; but told him, at
are continually passing from one place to another: last, that he could conceal nothing from so excellent
on which account they have been frequently used 'a prince.
as spies. Dervis, or Dervich, a name given to a sort Derwent, a rapid river of the county of Cum-' of monks among the Turks, who lead a very berland, rising in Borrowdale, from whence it austere life, and profess extreme poverty; though emerges to form a lake. It receives the Cocker they are allowed to marry. The word originally at Cockermouth, after which it falls into the Irish signifies a beggar, or a person who has nothing; sea at Workington. and because the religious, and particularly the Derwent, a second river of England, which followers of Mevelava, profess not to possess runs into the Ouse, five miles south-east of Selby, any thing, they call both the religious in general, in the county of York. 3. A river of England, and the Mevelavites in particular, dervises. which rises in Northumberland, and flows into There are in Egypt several kinds: those that are the Tyne, about three miles above Newcastle. in convents are a kind of religious order and live 4. A river of England which rises in the northern retired; though there are of these some who part of the county of Derby, and is formed of travel and return again to their convents. Some several streams, one of which issues from the take this character, and yet live with their fami cavern of Castleton. It forms one of the princilies, and exercise their trades: of this kind are pal ornaments of the magnificent seat of Chatsthe dancing dervises at Damascus, who go once worth and afterwards falls into the Trent, eight or twice a week to a little uninhabited convent, miles E.S. E. of Derby. and perform their extraordinary exercises. There Derwent Fells; a chain of mountains in is a third sort of them who travel about the Cumberland, reckoned among the loftiest in country, and beg, or rather oblige people to give, England. One of them is celebrated for its mines for whenever they sound their horn something of black lead, from which, for its superior quality, must be given them. The people of these great part of Europe and America are supplied. orders, in Egypt, wear an octagonal badge, of a În travelling through the valley of Borrowdale, greenish white alabaster, at their girdles, and a amongst these mountains, they exhibit to the high stiff cap without any thing round it. The adınirer of nature's romantic beauties, the repredervises in Persia, are called abdals, servants sentation of a stormy ocean; the numerous disof God. See ABDALS. The dervises called tant hills appearing like so many waves rising Merelavites are a Mahommedan order of religi- and undulating behind each other. The immense ous; the chief or founder of which was one Meve masses of rugged rocks, however, abruptly broken lava. They are very numerous. Their chief off here and there, occasionally start up to dispel monastery is that near Cogni in Natolia, where the illusions of fancy; and, together with the the general makes his residence, and where all trees, villages, farms, and cattle, which he disthe assemblies of the order are held; the other covers as he proceeds, serve to convince the trabouses being all dependent on this, hy a privi- veller that he is still on terra firma. lege granted to this monastery under Oitoman I. DERWENT WATER, or the Lake of KESWICK, These dervises affect humility and charity. They a beautiful lake of Cumberland, in the vale of always go bare-legged and open-breasted, and Keswick, lying between the mountain of Skiddaw frequently burn themselves with hot irons, to on the north and the craggy hills of Borrowdale on inure themselves to patience. They always fast the south, whence it derives its chief supplies of on Wednesdays, eating nothing on those days water. See CUMBERLAND. till after sun-set. Tuesdays and Fridays they DESAGULIERS (John Theophilus), a Prohold meetings, at which the superior presides. testant divine, born at Rochelle in 1683. Не One of them plays all the while on a flute, and was educated at Christ Church, Oxford ; where the rest dance, turning their bodies round and he succeeded Dr. Keill in reading lectures on round with the greatest swiftness imaginable. experimental philosophy at Hart Hall. The This practice they observe with great strictness, duke of Chandos made Dr. Desaguliers his in memory, it is said, of Mevelava their patriarch chaplain, and presented him to the living of Edgturning miraculously round for the space of four ware, near his seat at Cannons : he was afterdays, without any food or refreshment, his com- wards chaplain to Frederic prince of Wales. papion Hamsa playing on the flute; after which He introduced the practice of reading public he fell into an ecstacy, and therein received lectures on experimental philosophy, in London, revelations for the establishment of his order. and continued them with great success to the They believe the flute an instrument consecrated time of his death in 1749. He communicated by Jacob and the shepherds of the Old Testa- many curious papers to the Philosophical Transment, because they sang the praises of God upon actions; published a valuable Course of Expeit. They profess poverty, chastity, and obedi- rimental Philosophy, in 2 vols, 4to; and edited VOL. VII.
an edition of Gregory's Elements of Catoptrics A virtuous man should be pleased to find people and Dioptrics, with an Appendix on Reflecting descanting upon his actions, because, when they are Telescopes, 8vo. He was also a member of thoroughly canvassed and examined, they turn them
to his honour.
Addison. several foreign academies.
DESAIX (Louis Charles Anthony), a cele Descant, in music, signifies the art of combrated French general, born near Riom, in 1768. posing in several parts. Descant is three-fold, At an early age he made choice of the military life, viz. double, figurative, and plain. Double and before the revolution had arisen to the rank of descant is when the parts are so contrived, that lieutenant. In the republican army he was first the treble, or any high part, may be made the employed as aid-de-camp to general Custine. He bass; and, on the contrary, the bass the treble. displayed great bravery at the battle of Lauter- Figurative or florid descant is that part of an bourg, where, though severely wounded, he kept air of music wherein some discords are con-, the field, rallying the disordered battalions. Hav- cerned, as well, though not so much, as concords. ing been successively created general of brigade This may be termed the ornamental and rhetoand of division, he contributed, very considerably, rical part of music, in regard that there are into the famous retreat of Moreau. At the battle of troduced all the varieties of points, syncopes, Rastadt he commanded the left wing of the diversities of measure, and whatever is capable French army, obliging the archduke Charles to of adorning the composition. Plain descant is fall back; and he afterwards heroically defended the ground-work and foundation of all musical the bridge of .Kehl, where he was severely compositions, consisting altogether in the orderly wounded. He accompanied Buonaparte into placing of many concords answering to simple Egypt, where he was appointed governor of the counterpoint. upper part of the country. Having signed the DESCEND', v. a. & v. n.
Fr. descendre, treaty of El Arish with the Turks and English, DESCEND'ANT, n. S.
Span. descender, he returned to Leghorn, but was detained there DESCEND'ENT, adj.
Ital. discendere ; as a prisoner of war by admiral lord Keith. DESCEND'IBLE,
Lat. descendere, Upon obtaining his parole he returned to France, DEscEN'SION, n. S.
from de privative, and accompanied Buonaparte to Italy. He was DESCEN'SIONAL, adj.
and scandere, to killed at the battle of Marengo, June 14th, 1800. DESCENT', n. s.
clamber. To walk DESAQUADERO, a river of South America, downwards; or cling as to a rope, going downin Peru, over which the Ynca Huana Capac built wards. As a neuter verb, to fall, or sink, or go a bridge of flags and rushes, to transport his downwards: hence, to bé derived from, and to army to the other side, and which remained a come in order of inheritance. A descendant is few years since.
applied to offspring, near or remote: descendent, DESART, or Desert, a large extent of falling, sinking; derived from: descendible, that country entirely barren, and producing nothing. which may be descended, or may descend. DeIn this sense some are sandy desarts; as those scension, figuratively, a degradation, or a deof Lop, Xamo, Arabia, and several others in clension. Asia; in Africa, those of Libya and Zara: others
He shall descend into battle and perish. are stony, as 'the desart of Paran in Arabia
1 Sam. xxvi. 10. Petræa. The Desart, peculiarly so called in
The rain descended, and the foods came,
and the Scripture geography, is that part of Arabia south winds blew, and beat upon that house ; and it fell of the Holy Land, where the children of Israel not, for it was founded upon a rock. wandered forty years. See Desert.
Matthew vii. 25. DEʻSCANT, v. n., & n. s. Span. and Ital. discanto, from Lat. de and canto, to sing. The verb
Then all the sons of these five brethren reigned, seems formed in our language from the noun,
By due success, and all their nephews late,
Even thrice eleven descents the crown retained, which signifies a song or tune, in parts; a har Till aged Heli by due heritage it gained. mony for different voices or instruments: hence,
Faerie Queette. a discourse consisting of various parts; and to sing in various parts. To discourse; declaim; ge- Adam himself.
No man living is a thousand descents removed from
Hooker. nerally used in the latter sense, contemptuously.
The descendants of Neptune were planted there. Nay, now you are too flat,
I give my voice on Richard's side,
God knows, I will not do it.
Shakspeare. And stand between two churchmen, good my lord ;
From a god to a bull! a heavy descension. For on that ground I'll build a holy descant. Id.
It was Jove's case. From a prince to a 'prentice
a low transformation : that shall be mine.
He ended, and they both descend the hill;
Descended Adam to the bower, where Eve
Milton. Comest thou for this, vain boaster, to survey me, The care of our descent perplexes us most, To descant on .my strength, and give thy verdict ? Which must be born to certain woe. Id
The duke was general himself, and made that unKindness would supplant our unkind reportings, and fortunate descent upon the Isle of Rhee, which was severe descunts upon our brethren.
attended with a miserable retreat, in which the flower Government of the Tongue. of the army was lost.
Descrier'ivs, adj. )
According to the customs of other countries, those from the grandfather to the father, from the honorary fees and infeudations were descendible to the father to the son, and from the son to the grandeldest, and not to all the males.
Hale's Common Law of England. DESCENT OF DIGNITIES. A dignity differs There is a regress of the sap in plants from above from common inheritances, and goes not acdownwards; and this descendent juice is that which cording to the rules of the common law: for it principally nourishes both fruit and plant.
descends to the half blood : and there is no coRay on the Creation.
parcenership in it, but the eldest takes the whole. A foreign son upon the shore descends,
The dignity of peerage is personal, annexed to Whose martial fame from pole to pole extends.
the blood ; and so inseparable, that it cannot be
Dryden. He cleft his head with one descending blow.
transferred to any person, nor surrendered even to Id.
the crown: it can move neither forward nor 0, true descendant of a patriot line,
backward, but only downward to posterity; and Vouchsafe this picture of thy soul to see. Id.
nothing but corruption of blood, as if the ancestor Turnus, for high descent and graceful mien, be attainted of treason or felony, can hinder the Was first, and favoured by the Latian queen. Id. descent to the heir.
Should we allow that all the property, all the estate DESCRIBE', v. a. Fr. descrire; Span: of the father ought to deseend to the eldest son; yet DESCRIB'er, n. S.
descriver ; Ital. descrithe father's natural dominion, the paternal power, DESCRIP'tion, n. s. vere; Lat. describere, cannot descend unto him by inheritance. Locke.
from de, concerning, and Observing such gradual and gentle descents down
', va. scribere, to write. Το wards, in those parts of the creation that are beneath delineate; trace out; distribute a thing or country men, the rule of analogy may make it probable, that into its parts : description is both the act and it is so also in things above.
form of describing. Descrive is used for deFoul with stains
scribe by Surrey. Of gashing torrents and descending rains.
Men passed through the land, and described it by Addison,
cities into seven parts in a book, Jos. xviii. 9. In the midst of this plain stands a high hill, so very steep, that there would be no mounting or descending
Speedy of foot, of wing likewise as swift : it, wore not it made up of a loose crumbled earth.
A monster huge and dreadful to descrive. Surrey. Id.
pray thee overname them; and, as thou namest Oblique descension is the arch of the equator, which them, I will describe them; and according to my des
Shakspeare. descends with the sign below the horizon of an oblique cription, level at my affection. spbere.
Ozcnam. I'll pay six thousand, and deface the bond, Why do fragments, from a mountain rent, Before a friend of this description Tend to the earth with such a swift descent ?
Shall lose a hair. Id. Merchant of Venice.
Blackmore. From a plantation and colony, an Island near Spain He revealed his own will, and their duty, in a more was by the Greek describers named Erythra. ample manner than it had been declared to any of my
Browne. descendants before them.
Atterbury. A poet must refuse all tedious and unnecessary More than mortal grace
descriptions ; a robe which is too heavy, is less an orSpeaks thee descendant of etherial race. Pope. nament than a burthen.
Dryden. Despair descends from a mean original; the off He that writes well in verse will often send his spring of fear, laziness, and impatience.
thoughts in search, through all the treasure of words Collier against Despair. that express any one idea in the same language, that Descend from heaven, immortal Dove, 80 he may comport with the measures of the rhyme, Sirop down and take us on thy wings. Watts.
or with his own most beautiful and vivid sentiments of the thing he describes.
Watts. And now a fourth with seraph-beauty bright, Descends, accosts them, and outshines the light !
In all societies, consisting of various descriptions of Darwin. citizens, some descriptions must be uppermost.
Burke. DESCENT, in heraldry, is used to express the Some of our best critics scout and reprobate your coming down of any thing from above; as, a lion Yahous with the most marked energy; complain, that en descent is a lion with his head towards the they feel squeamish, when they think of them; and base points, and his heels towards one of the have the idea, 'that descriptions of that description corners of the chief, as if he were leaping down can be agreeable to readers of no description. from some high place.
Beattie. DESCENT, or hereditary succession, in law, is
The most capital descriptive poem in our own, and the title whereby a man, on the death of his an- perhaps in any language, ancient or modern, is cestor, acquires his estate by right of repre
Mator. sentation, as his heir at law. An heir, therefore, DESCRY', v.a. &n.s.? Fr. descrier. To is he upon whom the law casts the estate imme Descri'er, n. s. į give notice of any diately on the death of the ancestor; and an thing suddenly discovered : hence to spy out; estate so descending to the heir is in law called detect; discover. the inheritance. See INHERITANCE. Descent is And the house of Joseph sent to descry Bethel. either lineal or collateral. Collateral descent is
Judges i. 23. that springing out of the side of the line or
Thus dight, into the court he took his way ; blood; as from a man to his brother, nephew, Both through the guard, which never bim descried, or the like. See CONSANGUINITY. Lineal And through the watchmen, who him never spied desceat is that conveyed down in a right line
Edmund, I think, is gone to descry
me, looking round on every side, beheld The strength o' the enemy. Shakspeare. A pathless desert, dusk with horrid shades.
Milton. How near 's the other army? --Near, and on speedy fout, the main descry
[It is) as vain to go about to compel (the unhappy Stands in the hourly thought.
Id. pair) into one flesh as to weave a garment of sand, The glad descrier shall not miss
Cleave to a wife, but let her be a wife, not an adver.
Hosts of deserters, who your honour sold, Lo! now from the tops of the mountains they descry the ark foating upon the waters, and behold
And basely broke your faith for bribes of gold,
Dryder. with envy that which they before beheld with scorn. Bishop Hall. Contemplations.
Christ hears and sympathises with the spiritual
agonies of a soul under desertion, or the pressures of Although the motion of light be not descried, no
sonie stinging affliction.
South. argument can be made from thence to prove that light is not a body.
Digby. What is it that bolds and keeps the orbs in fixed But him the Baptist soon stations and intervals, against an incessant and inhe
Bentley Descryed, divinely warned, and witness bore rent tendency to desert them ? As to his worthier, and would have resigned The members of both houses, who at first withdrew, To him his heavenly office.
Milton. were counted deserters, and outed of their places in
parliament. Once more at least look back, said I;
King Charles. Thyself in that large glass descry. Prior. Thou, false guardian of a charge too good, No more the caviller could say,
Thou, mcan deserter of thy brother's blood. Pope. No further faults descry ;
A deserter, who came out of the citadel, says the For upwards gazing as he lay,
garrison is brought to the utmost necessity. An acorn loosened from its spray
Tatler. No. 59. Fell down upon his eye.
Deserted is my own good hall, DESEADA, DESIRADA, or DESIDERADA, the
Its hearth is desolate; first of the Caribbee Islands, discovered by Co Wild weeds are gathering on the wall; lumbus in his second voyage, in 1494, when he
My dog howls at the gate. Byron. gave it that name. It is ten miles long and five
DESERTER. A deserter is, by the articles of broad, and looks at a distance like a galley, with a low point at the north-west end. The soil is war, punishable by death; which, after conin some places black and good, in others sandy
viction, is executed upon him at the head of the and unproductive. It lies twelve miles cast of written on his breast. A reward of twenty
regiment he formerly belonged to, with his crime Guadaloupe.
Deseada, or Cape Desire, the south point of shillings is given to every person who apprehends the Straits of Magellan, at the entrance of the
a deserter, and persons concealing, harboring, or
buying the clothes, arms, &c. of such person, are South Sea. Long. 74° 18' W., lat. 53° 4' S.
liable to very heavy penalties. No non-comDES'ECRATE, v.a.) Lat. desacro, from
missioned officer or soldier shall enlist himself DesecrA'TION. de, privative, and sa
in any other regiment, troop, or company, without cro, to consecrate; although the Latin compound a regular discharge from the regiment, troop, or desacro also signifies to hallow. To apply to
company, in which he last served, on the penalty common or profane purposes, that which has
of being reputed a deserter, and suffering acbeen consecrated.
cordingly: and in case any officer shall knowingly The founders of monasteries imprecated evil on receive and entertain such non-commissioned those who should desecrate their donations.
officer or soldier, or shall not, after his being
Salmon's Survey. discovered to be a deserter, immediately confine DESERT', v. a., r. s. & adj. Fr. deserter; him, and give notice thereof to the corps in DESERT'ER,
from Lat. dese which he last served, he, the said officer so DESER'TION,
desertum, offending, shall, hy a court-martial, be cashiered. DESER'TRICE, n. s. Fem. To leave, for DESERT", n. s. 2 Old Fr. deserte, or a sake, abandon. A desert is a solitary, forsaken DESERT'LESS, adv. S participial form of Deplace; hence, as an adjective, wild, unfrequented, SERVE, which see. Merit or demerit; title to uninhabited : a deserter, he who forsakes his reward or punishment: desertless is used by post of duty; and Milton has afforded us a fe- Dryden for without merit. minine substantive of this meaning.
Being of necessity a thing common, it is, through And it is written in the book of salmys, the ab the manifold persuasions, dispositions, and occasions stacioun of hem be maad desert, and be there noon
of men, with equal desert both of praise and dispraise, that dwelle in it, and anothir take his bishopriche.
shunned by some, by others desired. Hooker.
Wiclif. Dedis. I. He found him in a desert land, and in the waste
every man after his desert, and who shall howling wilderness. Deuteronomy, xxxii. 10. 'scape whipping ?
Shakspeare. For light she hated, as the deadly bale,
She said she loved, Ay wont in desert darkness to remaine,
Loved me desortless ; who with shame confest Where plain none might her see, nor she see ony
Another fame had seized upon my breast. Dryden. plaine.
Spenser. Faerie Queene. All desert imports an equality between the good I have words
conferred, and the good deserved, or made due. That would be lowled out in the desert air,
South. Where hearing should not catch them.
I was determined to be advanced in my profession Shakspeure.; by force of desert, or not at all. Bishop Watson.