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DENTATUS (Sicinius), a hero of ancient Rome, DENUNCIA’TION, n. s.1 Lat. denunciatio. of the plebeian order, who flourished about DENUNCIA'Tor, n. s. See DENOUNCE A.UC. 300. When disputes ran high between The act of denouncing; the proclamation of a the patricians and plebeians, concerning the Agra- threat; a public menacer. nan law, Dentatus addressed the people, and In a denunciation or indiction of a war, the war is expatiated upon his achievements and his hard
not confined to the place of the quarrel, but is left at ships. He had served his country in the wars large.
Bucon. forty years; he had been an officer thirty; first. Christ tells the Jews, that, if they believe not, a centurion and then a tribune; he had fought they shall die in their sins ; did they never read those in 120 battles, and by the force of his single arm
Ward, had gved the lives of a multitude of his fellow
Midst of these denunciations, and notwithstanding citizens. He had gained fourteen civic, five
the warning before me, I commit myself to lasting
Congreve. mural, and eight golden crowns; besides eightythree chains, sixty bracelets, eighteen gilt spears, judgment as the accuser does.
The denunciator does not make himself a party in
Ayliffe's Parerg. and twenty-three horse-trappings, of which nine DENY', v.a. Fr. nier ; Span. denegar ; were for killing the enemy in single combat :
DENIAL, N 3. Ital. and Lat. negare ; from and he had received forty-five wounds, all before,
DENI'er, Done behind. These were his honors; yet not- do. To refuse; contradict; and hence to dis
Lat. ne and ago, to refuse to withstanding all this, he had never received any regard; denounce. share of those lands which were won from the
If we denyen he schal denye us; if, we bileeuen not caemy, but continued to drag on a life of poverty he dwellith feithful he mai not denye himsilff
. and contempt, whilst others possessed those very
Wiclis, 2 Tymo. 2. territories which his valor had won, without any It shall be therefore a witness unto you, lest you merit to deserve them, or ever having contributed deny your God.
Joshua xxiv. 27. to the conquest. The people unanimously de And therfor, though he had thus made a realme, manded that the law might be passed, and that holy Scripture denyid to cal hym a kyng. Fortesque. such high merit should not pass unrewarded.
The denial of landing, and hasty warning us away,
Bacon. Some of the senators attempted to speak, but
troubled us much, were overpowered by the cries of the people.
My young boy At last a number of resolute young patricians
Hath an aspect of intercession, which
Great nature cries-deny not. Shakspeare. rushing furiously, amongst the crowd, broke the
Here comes your father; never make denial : balloting urns, and dispersed the multitude. For
I must and will have Catherine to my wife. Id. this riot they were fined by the tribunes, but they gained their object for the time, by getting myself to discharge my duty to God as a priest, though
It may be I am esteemed by my denier sufficient of the Agrarian law postponed.
Such was the
King Charles. justice of the Roman patricians, at one of the
How unworthy is he of life, who with the same nost virtuous periods of that celebrated republic. breath that he receives, denies she Giver of it. DENTELLA, in botany, a genus of the mo
Bishop Hall. Contemplations. nogynia order, and pentandria class of plants : The negative authority is also deniable by reason. Cal. a five-parted perianth. with small subulated
Browne. leares; Stam. five short subulated filaments;
Ah, charming fair, said I, ASTH. small; PERICARP. globuler; CAPs. bilocu- How long can you my bliss and yours deny? lar; SEED, egg shaped, and very numerous.
Dryden. Species one only, a native of New Caledonia. We may deny God in all those acts that are capaDENTE'LLI, n. s. Ital. Modillons,
ble of being morally good or evil : those are the
proper scenes in which we act our confessions or deThe modillions, or dentelli, make a noble show by niuls of him.
South. qaceful projections.
Spectator, No. 415. The best sign and fruit of denying ourselves, is DENTILES, or Dentils, in architecture, an
mercy to others.
Our Saviour assures us, that if a tender mother Orcament in cornices bearing some resemblance
cannot deny the son of her love any reasonable reto letth, particularly used in the Ionic and Corin- quest, much less will God deny his Holy Spirit to thian orders.
them that ask him.
Clarke's Sermons. DENTISCALPRA, in surgery, an instrument
more impudent to deny, where proofs for scouring yellow, livid, or black teeth ; to were not manifest; no man more ready to confess, which being applied, near the gums, it scrapes with a repenting manner of aggravating his own evil, of the foul morbid crust.
where denial would but make the fault fouler. DENTITION. See ODONTOLOGY.
Sidney. DENU'DE, v. a. Lat. denudo, from de
By the word Virtue the affirmer intends our Dext'DATE, D.a. and nudo (ne and duo
whole duty to God and man, and the denier by the Desuda’TION, n. 6. S the root of induo to
word Virtue means only couiage, or, at most, our
duty towards our neighbour, without including the clothe). To strip; to make naked.
idea of the duty which we owe to God. Watts. Till he has denudated himself of all incumbrances, If you had been contented to assist him indirectly, be is unqualified.
Decay of Piety.
without a nutorious denial of justice, or openly insult
ing the sense of th“ nation, you might have satisfied Not a treaty can be obtained, unless we would de
every duty of political friendship.
Junirus. de ourselves of all force to defend us. Clarendon.
It has been asserted, that, if you alter her symbols, li in smmer-time you denude a vine-branch of its you alter the being of the church of England. This, leaves, the grapes will never come to maturity. for the sake of the liberty of that church, I must alRay on the Creation. solutely deny.
Burke, VOL. VII.
I have gnashed
In 1771 doubts were entertained concerning My teeth in darkness till returning morn,
his sex, and bets were laid to a great amount Then cursed myself till sun-set ;-I have prayed that D'Eon was a woman. In one instance this For madness as a blessing--'tis denied me. Byron.
produced an action at law, that ended in a nonDENYS (St.) a town of France, in the depart- suit. The chevalier in the mean time returned to ment of Paris, famous for a magnificent church, France,' where he assumed (compulsorily it is built by king Dagobert, in 632; in which were said) the female dress, but for what reason exthe tombs of many of the French kings, of the ac!ly has never been ascertained; his conduct in constable Guesclin, and of marshal Turenne. In this respect was certainly sanctioned by his court, the treasury, among other curiosities, were the which continued his pension, and suffered him swords of St. Lewis, and the Maid of Orleans, to retain the cross of his order. and the sceptre of Charlemagne. The abbey of In 1785 D'Eon came to England, where, still the Benedictines, a magnificent piece of modern appearing as a woman, he gave lessons in fencing; architecture, has more the appearance of a palace but when the Revolution deprived him of his than a convent. In 1793 the republican popu- pensions, he presented in June 1792 a petition lace broke into the royal tombs, and greatly to the National Assembly, in which he comdilapidated the buildings. In 1806 Bonaparte plained of being obliged to wear a cap and petcaused them to be repaired, selected the church ticoats, and asked permission to resume bis milias the burying-place for his own family, and tary uniform. His petition remained unnoticed. founded a chapter here of ten canons, which He now again sought an asylum in London, the Bourbons have retained with some modifica- where he passed the latter part of his life in tions. The late prince of Condé has been in- poor circumstances; and died in New Millmanterred here since the return of Louis XVIII. street, May 21st, 1810. His confessor, father St. Denys is seated on the river Crould, near the Elysée, discovering that the chevalier was of the Seine, five miles north of Paris, and contains male sex, after his decease invited some medical 6000 inhabitants.
and other gentlemen to examine the corpse. He DEOBSTRUCT, v. a. 7 From de privative, was interred in St. Pancras church-yard, where he DeobstRU'ENT, adj.
and OBSTRUCT, is registered, ‘Charles Genevieve Louise Auguste which see. To clear away obstacles; deobstruent Andre Timothee D'Eon de Beaumont.' He is is, having the power to remove obstructions, said to have been the author of L'Espion Chinois, It is a singular good wound-herb, useful for deob.
6 vols. 12mo.; Loisirs, 13 vols. 8vo.; Lettres, structing the pures of the body.
Mémoires, et Negociations particulières. More's Antidote against Atheism. DEOʻPPILATE, v. a. Lat. de and oppilo. Such as carry off the fæces and mucus, deobstruct To clear a passage; to free from obstructions. the mouth of the lacteals, so as the chyle may have a
Though the grosser parts be excluded again, yet free passage into the blood. Arbuthnot on Diet.
are the dissolubie parts extracted, whereby it becomes All sopes are attenuating and deobstruent, resolving effectual in deoppilutions. Browne's Vulgar Errours. viscid substances.
Id. on Aliments.
A physician prescribed him a deoppilative and purDEODAND, n. s. Lat. Deo dandum. A thing gative apozem.
Harvey. given or forfeited to God.
DEOSCULA'TION, n. s. Lat. from de and Deodands are forfeitures which the ignorance and osculum (os, oris, the mouth). Kissing superstition of ancient times introduced and called by
We have an enumeration of the several acts of the name of deodands, from the application of them to pious uses.
worship required to be performed to images, viz. pro
cessions, genufluxions, thurifications, and deosculations D’EON (the Chevalier), born in 1728, at
Stillingfleet. Tonnere, in Burgundy, of a respectable family, is principally distinguished for consenting to ap
DEPA'INT, v. a. or DepEinCT, as Spenser pear half his life as a woman. He received
also writes it. Fr. depeint ; de, and Paint, which liberal education; and, becoming an orphan, the
see. To picture; to describe by colors; to show Prince de Conti procured him a commission as
by resemblance. comet of dragoons. He was employed in 1755
He did unwilling worship to the saint, on a mission to Petersburg, after which he joined
That on his shield depainted he did see. his regiment, and served with considerable credit
The red rose medlied with the white y fere, in the campaigne of 1762, as aid-de-camp to
In cither cheek depeincten lively here. Id. Marshal Broglio. The year following he was invested with the order of St. Louis, and accom
Such ladies fair would I depaint.
Gay. panied the duke de Nivernois to England as secretary. On the duke's leaving England, D'Eon
DEPART, v. a. & n.& n. s. Fr. departer; remained in the character of minister plenipo
Span. partirse; tentiary, until he was superseded by the count de
DEPART’ING, n. s.
It. partisi ; from Guerchy, to whom he was appointed secretary:
Lat.purs, partis; At this arrangement he was very indignant, and
a part; Heb. published in revenge an account of the negocia- Ono (to divide). To separate; to part. As a tions in which he had been engaged; wherein neuter verb, to quit a place, taking from after it; he stigmatized the conduct of the count. He to desert; to fall away; to be lost; to die; hence was prosecuted by de Guerchy for a libel in the to desist from a practice and to revolt. DepartCourt of King's Rench, in July, 1764, and being ing and departure both express the act of going found guilty absconded, and was outlawed. away, and abapdoning, or death. Department
is principally a continental division of territory, departed or sailed from; or it is the difference hat has also a general application.
of longitude, either east or west, between the And alle folkis schulen be gederid bifore him ; and present meridian the ship is under, and that he schal departe hem atwynne, as a scheparde de where the last reckoning or observation was partith scheep fro kid.s.
Wiclif. Matt. 25. made. This departure, any where but under I N. take thee N. to my wedded wife, to love and the equator, must be counted according to the to cherish, till death us depart.
number of miles in a degree proper to the paOld Family Prayer Book, (1661). rallel the ship is under. The departure, in plane As her soul was in depurting ; foi she died.
and Mercator's sailing, is always represeated by
Gen. xxxv. 18. the base of a right-angled plane triangle, where They departed quickly from the sepulchre, with the course is the angle opposite to it, and the disfear and great joy, and did run to bring his disciples tance sailed is the hypothenuse; the perpendiword.
Matt. xxviii. cular or other leg being the difference of latitude. Lord, now lettest thou thv servant depart in peace, And then the theorem for finding it is always according to thy word.
Luke xxix. this: as radius to the sine of the course; so is The chymists have a liquor called water of de pari, the distance sailed, to the departure sought.
DEPASTURE, v. a. Lat. depuscor; de and He, which hath no stomach to this fight, pasco, from Gr. taw.
To feed; to eat ap. Let him depart; his passport shall be made. They keep their cattle, and live themselves, in
Shakspeare. bodies pasturing upon the mountains, and removing As you wish Christian peace to souls departed, still to fresh land, as they have depastured the former, Stand these poor people's friend.
Spenser. When your brave father breathed his latest gasp,
DEPAU'PERATE, v. a. Lat. depaupero; Tidings, as swiftly as the post could run, Were brought me of your loss ana his depart.
de and pouper. To make poor; to impoverish; Id. Henry VI.
to consume. ou've had dispatch in private by the consul ; To represent God in a carved stone, or a painted You are willed by him this evening
table, does depauperate our understanding of God, and To depart Rome.
Ben Jonson. dishonours him below the painter's art. Bp. Tuylor. What besides
Great evacuations, which carry off the nutritious Of sorrow, and dejection, and despair,
humours, depauperate the blood.
Arbuthnot. Our frailty can sustain, thy tidings bring; Departure from this happy place. Millon.
DEPE'CTIBLE, adj. Lat. depecto. Tough; His majesty prevailed not with any of them to de- clammy; tenacious; capable of being extended. fart from the most unreasonable of all their demands.
be also, that some bodies have a kind of
Clarendon. lentor, and are of a more depectible nature than oil, The fear of the Lord, and departure from evil, are
as we see it evident in coloration; for a small quanphrases of like importance.
tity of saffron will tinct more than a very great quantity of brazil or wine.
Bacon. And couldst thou leave me, cruel, thus alone; Not one kind kiss from a departing son!
DEPEND', v. a.
> Fr. dependre, deNo look, no last adieu!
Dryden. DEPEND'ANCE, n. 8. pendance; Span. and Happy was their good prince in his timely depar
DEPEND'ANT, adj. & n. s. Port. depender ; of ture, which barred him from the knowledge of his DEPEN'DENCE,
Lat, dependere ; de son's miseries. Sidney. DEPEN'DENCY,
and pendeo. To hang The Roman fleets, during their command at sea,
DEPEN'DENT, adj. & n. s. ) down, bad their several stations and departments ; the most hence, to be connected with, so as to be subject considerable was the Alexandrian feet, and the se to the will of, or be supported by, anothier ; and was the African.
and to be in suspense, wbether of interest or The gentlemen, his particular friends, in various attention. Dependance and dependence, the departments of ministry, &c.
one from the older French and the other from the Burke. Character of Lord Chatham. Latin verh, are both used in the literal as well as For a departing being's soul
figurative sense. The death-hymn peals, and the hollow bells knoll.
On God, as the most high, all inferior causes in the world are dependent.
Hooker. DEPARTMENT. This word was adopted by
Never be without money, nor depend upon the the national assembly of France instead of pro- courtesy of others, which may fail at a pinch. Bacon. vince, when the ancient provinces of that kingdom were divided into departments, of which,
Never was there a prince bereaved of his dependanincluding Corsica, there were eighty-three. either an over-greatness in one counsellor, or an over
cies by his council, except where there hath been These departments were much more equal in strict combination in divers.
Id. point of extent than the provinces; some of the old extensive provinces being divided into four
By no means be you persuaded to interpose youror five departments, whilst some of the smaller self in any cause depending, or like to be depending, in
Id. ones constitute exactly one, and in some instances any court of justice. two provinces are included in one department.
We work by wit and not by witchcraft ;, Each department has been subdivided into dis And wit depends on dilatory time. Shakspeare. tricts, and each district again into cantons.
Her madness hath the oddest frame of sense; DEPARTURE, in navigation, is the easting or Such a dependency of thing on thing, #esting of a ship in respect of the meridian it As ne'er I heard in madness.
A great abatement of kindness appears as well in the spirit of wine, depends much upon the strength of the general dependants, as in the duke himself also, the former liquor, and the dephlegmedness of the latter. and your daughter. Shakspeare.
Id. What shalt though expect,
DEPHLOGISTICATED AIR. See OxyTo be depender on a thing that leans ? Id. How dependant and servile is the life of man, that
DEPICT; Lat. depingo, depictus, from de and cannot either want one element, or endure it corrupted. pingo, pictus ; to paint; describe. Bishop Hall. Contemplations.
The cowards of Lacedemon depicted upon their For a six-clerk a person recommended a dependant shields the most terrible beasts they could imagine. upon him, who paid six thousand pounds ready
Clarendon. When the distractions of a tumult are sensibly From the frozen beard
depicted, every object and every occurence are so preLung icicles depend, and crackling sounds are heard. sented to your view, that, while you read, you seem Dryden. indeed to see them.
Felton. They slept in peace by night,
In a cottage by night may I pass the soft time, Secure of bread, as of returning light;
In the field and the meadows all day ; And with such firm dependance on the day,
With the wife of my heart, whose charms, in their That need grew pampered, and forgot to pray.
prime, Every moment we feel our dependance upon God, Depict her as blooming as May. Brerewood. and find that we can neither be happy without him,
Lat. de privative nor think ourselves so.
DEPI'Lous, adj. J and pilus, the hair. In all sorts of reasoning, the connexion and deper. That which takes off the hair. Without hair. dance of ideas should be followed, till the mind is
This animal is a kind of lizard, or quadruped, corbrought to the source on which it bottoms. Locke.
ticated and depilous ; that is, without wool, fur, or We speak of the sublunary worlds, this earth, and hair.
Browne. its depenlencies, which rose out of a chaos about six
DEPILATORY MEDICINES, those applied to thousand years ago.
take off the hair; such are lime, and other The expectation of the performance of our desire, is caustic substances, which ought to be used with that we call dependence upon him for help and assist- great caution. Unless they destroy the skin, the
roots of the hair remain unaffected, and it will There is a chain let down from Jove, So 'strong, that from the lower end,
grow again. They say, all human things depend. Swift.
DEPLETION, n. s. Lat. depleo, depletus. The
act of emptying. The judge corrupt, the long depending cause, And doubtful issue of misconstrued laws. Prior.
DEPLORE', v. a. Fr. deplerer; Sparid
Deplor'able, adj. The direful monster was afar descried,
Port.deplorar ; It. and Two bleeding babes depending at her side. Pope.
DEPLOR’ABLENESS,n.s. Lat. deplorare, from
DEPLOR'ABLY, adv. de and ploro, to weep. But if you're rough, and use him like a dog,
To lament; mourn; Depend upon it—he'll remain incog. Addison.
Deplora'tion. bemoan ; deplorable, We are indigent, defenceless beings; the creatures of his power, and the dependents of his providence.
and deplorate, lamentable; that which is to be
Rogers. This is uot like the tribute which earthly kings
This was the deplorable condition to which the king was reduced.
Clarendon. exact; who as much depend upon their subjects for the support of their power, as their subjects do upon
The bill of all weapons gives the most ghastly and them for the protection of their property.
But chaste Diana who his death deplored,
With Æsculapian herbs his life restored. Dryden.
The case is then most deplorate when reward goes Man. Think'st thou existence doth depend on time?
over to the wrong side.
L'Estrange. It doth ; but actions are our epochs, Byron.
Notwithstanding all their talk of reason and philoDEPERDI'TION, n. s. Lat. deperdo; de and sophy, God knows, they are deplarably strangers to perdo; Gr. nepow; to lose or waste. Loss; destruc- them.
It will be considered in how deplorable a state learnIt may be unjust to place all cfficacy of gold in the ing lies in that kingdom.
Swift. non-omission of weights, or deperdition of any ponder- A third's all pallid aspect offered more ous particles.
Bruwne. The traits of sleeping sorrow, and betrayed, DEPILEPGM, or
Low Lat. de- Through the heaved breast, the dream of some far
shore DEPALEGʻMATE, v. a.
phlegmo. To clear
Byron. aqueous insipid matter.
DEPLUME', v. a. ? Lat. deplumatio. To
DeplumA'TION, n. s. ) pluck ; offend. We have sometimes taken spirit of salt, and care
A fully dephlegmed it.
pluming, or plucking off the feathers: in surIn divers cases it is not enough to separate the aque- gery, a swelling of the eyelids, accompanied with ous parts by dephlegmation ; for some liquors contain the fall of the hairs from the eye-brows. also an unsuspected quantity of small corpuscles, of
DEPONE', v. a.2 Lat. depono, de and pono, somewhat an carthy nature, which, being associated DEPO'NENT, n. s. S to lay down. To state on with the saline ones, do clog and blunt them, and oath, in law. To pledge or adventure any thing thereby reaken their activity.
on some scheme of success. A particular kind The proportion betwixt the coralline solution and of verb. See the extract.
In chancery—such witness (who answers interro First, of the king ; what shall of him become?
Cowell. The duke yet lives that Henry shall depose.
Containing the deposing of a king.
According to our law,
Depose him in the justice of his cause. Id.
Love straight stood up and deposed, a lie could not come from the mouth of Zelmane.
Sidney. DEPOPULA'TOR, n. s.
peupler; It. DEPOPULA'Tion,
Its shores are neither advanced one jot farther into from Lat, depopulare (de and populo), to ravage.
the sea, nor its surface raised by additional mud deTo destroy the people of a country; to ravage. posed upon it by the yearly inundations of the Nile.
Woodward. As a neuter verb, to become dispeopled. A
If you will examine the veracity of the fathers by depopulator is a destroyer or waster of inhabited those circutustances usually considered in depositions, countries.
you will find them strong on their side.
Sir K. Digby. lie turned his arms upon unarmed and unprovided people, to spoil only and depopulate, contrary to the
A witness is obliged to swear, ornerwise his deposition lars both of war and peace. Bacon. is not valid.
Ayliffe. Where is this viper,
His [James II.) conduct and the passage of Charles That would depopslate the city, and
the Second's reign, might rankle still at the hearts of Be every man himself ?
but could not be set to account among the causes of his deposition.
DEPOʻSITE, v. a. & n. s.
For etymon, Depapulation! thee another flood,
see Depose. To Oi tears and sorrow a flood, thee also drowned
The And sunk thee as thy sons.
place of deposit is a depository; and a person in A land exhausted to the last remains,
trust is a depositary. Depopulated towns and driven plains. Dryden.
gave you all. Grim death in different shapes
--Made you my guardians, my depositaries, Depopulates the nations.
But kept a reservation to be followed
With such a number.
Id. The Jews themselves are the depositories of all the This is not the place to enter into an enquiry prophecies which tend to their owu confusion.
Addison. wbether the country be depopulating.
They had since Marsellies, and fairly left it : they DEPOʻRT, 0. a. & n. s. Fr. deporter, de- had the other day the Valtoline, and now have put ie Sportment ; Ital. de- in deposite.
Bacon. portamento, from Lat. portare ; Gr. poptw, to God commands us to return as to him, to the poor, carry one's self. To behave, demean; generally his gifts, out of mere duty and thankfulness : not to used with a compound pronoun.
deposit them with him, in hopes of meriting by them.
The difficulty will be to persuade the depositing of
Milton. those lusts, which have, by I know not what fascinaThe coldness of his temper, and the gravity of his tion, so endeared themselves. Decay of Piety. deportment, carried him safe through many difficulties, DEPOSITION. The proof in the high court of and be lived and died in a great station. Swist.
chancery is by the depositions of witnesses; and Let the ambassador deport bimself in the most the copies of such regularly taken and published, graceful manner before a prince.
are read as evidence at the hearing. For the What's a fine person, or a beauteous face, purpose of taking deposition in or near London, Unless deportment gives them decent grace ? there is an examiner's office appointed; but for Blessed with all other requisites to please, such as live in the country, a commission to Some want the striking elegance of ease. examine witnesses is usually granted to four
commissioners, two named on each side, or any DEPORTATION, Lat. deportatio, of de and three or two of them to take the depositions parlare.
there. And if the witnesses reside beyond sea, An abjuration, which is a deportation for ever into a commission may be had to examine them there a foreign land, was anciently with us a civil-death.
upon their own oaths; and if foreigners, upon the Ayliffe.
oaths of two skilful interpreters. The commisFr.deposer ; Ital. deporre; sioners are sworn to take the examinations truly, DEPOS'Ing, n. s. Span. deponer; Lat. depo- and without partiality, and not to divulge them DEPOSI’tion.
nere, depositus, from de and till published in the court of chancery; and jamo, to place. Hence, to swear, because by so their clerks are also sworn to secrecy. The witdoing a man deposits or pledges his faith to the nesses may be compelled, by a process of subtruth of his declaration. To lay down, lodge; pæna, as in courts of common law, to appear to degrade, deprive of; and generally, to lay and submit to examination; and when their de
positions are taken, they are transmitted to the
DEPORT'MENT, 1. s.
DEPO'SE, v. a.)
aside, lay up.