Page images

The several degrees of angels may probably have to it, and threw himself into the flames; upon larger views, and be endowed with capacities able to which Dejanira killed herself in despair. set before them, as in one picture, all their past


From Lat. deus and cædo

DE'ICIDE, n. s. ledge at once.


A barbarism of Prior's, meant, we suppose to Poesy Admits of no degrees; but must be still

express the death of Christ as being both God Sublimely good, or despicably ill. . Roscommon. and man. Fully believing that such he was, we But is no rank, no station, no degree,

cannot think that a sober theology will warrant

this term. From this contagious taint of sorrow free? Prior. Exulting in triuinph now swell the bold notes;

Explaining how Perfection suffered pain,
In broken air, trembling, the wild musick floats Almighty languished, and Eternal died;
Till by degrees remote and small,

How by her patient victor Death was slain,
The strains decay,

And earth profaned, yet blessed with deicide! Prior.
And melt away,

DEJECT', v.a. & adj. Old Fr. déjecter ; Lat. In a dying, dying fall.

Pope. DEJECT'EDLY, adv. dejicere, from de, and The unusual extension of my muscles on this occa DEJECT’EDNESS, n. s. jacio, to cast. To cast sion, made my face ache on both sides to such a de DEJECTION,

or throw down; degree, that nothing but an invincible resolution and DEJECT'URE.

press; debase : hence perseverance could have prevented me from falling to afflict in any way; to mar with grief. The back to my monosyllables.

Spectator. adjective signifies cast down ; depressed ; low in A person who is addicted to play or gaming, spirits and manner : dejecture, that which is thoughi he took but little delight in it at first, by de- thrown down in a particular way. grees contracts a strong inclination towards it.

Id. No. 447. No man in that passion doth look strongly, but deMen's prejudices, I was sensible, could only be jectedly: and that repulsion from the eyes diverteth lessened by degrees; and I was firmly of opinion that the spirits, and gives heat more to the ears, and the

Bacon. no change ought ever to be made in quiet times, till parts by them. the utility of the change was generally acknowledged.

I am of ladies most deject and wretched,
Bishop Watson.
That sucked the honey of his music vows.

Shakspeare. Without hinting the abolition of the order, [I] strongly insisted on the propriety of obliging them to

The lowest, most dejectea thing of fortune, keep exercises in the schools, as the other candidates

Stands still in esperance ; lives not in fear ! Id. for degrees did.


What besides How numerous were the instances in which juries

Of sorrow, and dejection, and despair, found a compassionate verdict, in direct contradiction

Our frailty can sustain, thy tidings bring.

Milton. to the plain facts clearly established before them, we do not know; but that these evils inust all have The liver should continually separate the choler existed to a considerable degree, no man can doubt.

from the blood, and empty it into the intestines; Sir Samuel Romilly.

where there is good use for it, not only to provoke de. Degree, in universities, denotes a quality con

jection, but also to attenuate the chyle.

Ray on the Crention. ferred on the students or members thereof, as a

Oh! If I did but steadfastly believe, I could not be testimony of their proficiency in the arts or sciences, and entitling them to certain privi- mind any inferior consolation to supply this loss,

dejected; for I will not injure myself to say, I offer my leges.

Lady Russell's Letters. DEGREE OF LATITUDE. See LATITUDE.

Eneas here beheld, of form divine, DEGREE OF LONGITUDE. See LONGITUDE.

A godlike youth in glittering armour shine, DEHOR'T, v. a. Lat. dehurtor ; of de and With great Marcellus keeping equal pace, hortor; Gr. opw, wprar, to incite. To dissuade. But gloomy were his eyes, dejected was his face. One severely dehorted all his followers from prosti

Dryden. tuting mathematical principles unto common appre Nor think to die dejects my lofty mind; hension or practice.

Wilkins. All that I dread is leaving you bebind! The apostles vehemently dehort us from unbelief. The effects of an alkalescent state, in any great de


gree, are thirst and a dejection of appetite, which putrid The author of this epistle, and the rest of the things occasion more than any

other. apostles, do every where vehemently and earnestly

Arbuthnot on Aliments. dehort from unbelief : did they never read these de A disease opposite to spissitude is too great fluidity, hortations ?

Id. on Infidelity. the symptoms of which are excess of animal secretions; DEJANIRA, in fabulous history, daughter of

as of perspiration, sweat, urine, liquid dejectures, leanness, weakness, and thirst

Id. Oeneus, king of Ætolia, and wife of Hercules. The centaur Nessus, endeavouring to ravish her, tion ; and even hope itself is swallowed np in despair.

Deserted and astonished, he sinks into utter dejecwas slain by Hercules with a poisoned arrow.

Rogers. Nessus, when dying, gave his bloody shirt to De

She was dejected; she learned an humbler language, janira ; assuring her that it was a sovereign re

and seemed, if she did not trust in God, at least to medy io cure her husband, if he proved unfaith- have renounced her confidence in herself. ful. Some time after, Dejanira, suspecting his

Cowper. Private Correspondence. fidelity, sent him the shirt, which he put on, and

Or fondly gay, with unambitious guile, was seized with the most excruciating torments. Attempt no prize but favouring Beauty's smile; Being unable to support his pains, he retired to Or bear dejected to the lonely grove Mount Oeta, and erecting a pile of wood set fire The soft despair of unprevailing love. Sheridan




DEJERATION, n. s. From Lat. dejero. A DEISCAL, or Deishbal, in the ancient aking of a solemn oath.

British customs, a ceremony originally used in DEIFORM, adj. From Lat. deus and forma. the druidical worship. The temples of the anOf a godlike form.

cient Britons were all circular; and the druids DEIFY, v.a. Fr.deifier;

Lat. deus, and fio to in performing the public offices of their religion, be made. To make like God; to treat as a never neglected to make three turus round the deity; to praise excessively.

altar, from east to west, accompanied by all the He did again so extol and deify the pope, as made worshippers. This was called the deischal, from all that he had said in praise of his master and mis- deas, the right hand, and sul, the sun. tress seen temperate and passable.

Bacon. DEʻISM, 7. s.

Fr. deisme ; from Lat. Persuade the covetous man not to deify his money. DE'ist, n. s.

deus, God. See Deity. and the proud man not to adore himself. South. Deistical, adj. S Strictly, a belief in God,

Daphnis, the fields' delight, the shepherds’ love, or one God; but generally applied to those who, Renowned on earth, and deified above. Dryden. professing such a belief, reject Revelation. See

The seals of Julius Cæsar, which we know to be the following article, antique, have the star of Venus over them, though In the second epistle of St. Peter, certain deists, as they were all graven after his death, as a note that be they seem to have been, have laughed at the prowas deified.

phecy of the day of judgment.

Burnet. Half of thee

Deism, or the principles of natural worship, are Is deified before thy death. Prior,

only the faint remnants or dying fames of revealed Thas by degrees, self-cheated of their sound religion in the posterity of Noah.

Dryden. And sober judgment, that he is but man,

Weakness does not fal. only to the share of ChrisThey demi-deify and fume him so,

tan writers, but to some who have taken the in That in due season he forgets it too.

zand to support the deistical or anti-christian scheme Cowper's Task. of our days.

Watts. One noble stroke with a whole life may glow,

Deism may properly be used to denote Or dafy the canvass tiil it shine

natural religion, as comprehending those truths With beauty so surpassing all below,

which have a real foundation in reason and That they who kneel to idols so divine Break no commandment, for high Heaven is there

nature; and in this sense it is so far from being Transfused, transfigurated.

Byron. opposite to Christianity, that it is one great DEIGN, v. 9.& n. Fr. daigner ; Lat. dignor. In this sense some of the deistical writers have

design of the gospel to illustrate and enforce it. As a verb 'active, to vouchsafe ; to think worthy affected to use it. But deism popularly signifies (with some condescension). To grant ; allow; that system of religion and morals which is supperonit.

posed to be derived, by the mere force of reason, Now Sweno, Norway's king, craves composition ; from the contemplation of the works of nature, Nor would we deign him burial of his men,

and which rejects revelation. In the article Til he disbarsed ten thousand dollars. Shakspeare. Revelation, we shall present the reader with a

Degn to descend now lower, and relate complete view of the entire argument on this What may no less perhaps avail us known. momentous subject.

DEʻITY, n. s.

Fr. deité ; Span. and Port. O deign to visit our forsaken seats,

dietad; Arm. dei, from Lat. deitus, deus ; Gr. The mossy fountains, and the green retreats. A10c, God. Applied also to fabulous gods, and


the supposed qualities of a divinity. Yet nature's care, to all her children just,

They on their former journey forward pass, With richer treasures and an ampler state

With pains far passing that long wandering Greek, Endows at large whatever happy man

That for his love refused deity.

Spenser. Will deign to use.

A kenside,

Some things he doth as God, because his deity alone Ners have I none that I can deign to write, is the spring from which they flow; some things as Save that it rained prodigiously last night.

man, because they issue from his mere human nature; Cowper. Private Correspondence, some things jointly as both God and man, because DEI NTEGRATE, v. a. Lat. froin de and

both natures concur as principles thereunto.

Hooker. ulegro. To take from the whole; to spoil; to dimiaish.

By what reason could the same deity be denied unto

Laurentia and Flora, which was given to Venus ? DEIPHON, in fabulous history, a brother of

Raleigh. Triptolemus, and son of Celeus and Metanira.

Give the gods a thankful sacrifice when it pleaseth When Ceres travelled over the world, she stopped their deities to take the wife of a man from him. at his father's court, and undertook to nurse him

Shakspeare. and bring him up. To reward the hospitality of Heard you not what an humble suppliant Celeus, the goddess, to make his son immortal, Lord Hastings was to her for his delivery? Every evening placed him on burning coals, to --Who humbly complaining to her deity, purify him from his mortal particles. The un

lord chamberlain his liberty.

Id. curumon growth of Deiphon astonished Metanira,

With what arms #bo wished to see what Ceres did to make him We mean to hold what anciently we claim 50 vigorous. She was frightened to see her son Of deity, or empire.

Milton. ou burning coals; and her shrieks disturbing the How many millions of wonders doth the


face mysterious operations of the goddess, Deiphon of the carth offer me ; which of these herbs, flowers, perished in the flames.

trees, leaves, seeds, fruits, is there ; what beast, what


[ocr errors]

In his eye



I Id.

worm, wherein we may not see the footsteps of a College, Dublin, which he entered in the characdeity ?

Bp. Hall. Contemplations. ter of a sizer, and afterwards becaine a fellow. Will you suffer a temple, how poorly built socver, Under the patronage of lord Carteret he obtained but ye: a temple of your deity, to be razed ? Sidney preferment in the church; and in 1732 published

in London a work entitled Revelation Examined And nostril beautiful disdain, and might,

with Candor. In 1738 he published his ReAnd majesty, fash their full lightnings by, flections upon Polygamy; and, not long after, the Developing in that one glance the Deity. Byron.

Life of David, King of Israel, a work display.. DE JURE. See De Facto.

ing much ingenuity and labour. In 1743 he DELACAPEDE (Bernard Germain Stephen married a second wife, the widow of a Cornish Laville, count), a French naturalist, of noble gentleman, and the following year obtained the family, was born at Agen, December 16th, deanery of Downe. In 1754 he published 1756. He was originally destined for the army, Observations on Lord Orrery's Remarks on the and entered while a youth into the Bavarian Life and Writings of Swift, in which there are service. But his love of science soon procured many curious anecdotes of the latter. Dr. him the post of keeper of the cabinets in the Delany continued writing for the public till a Jardin du Roi at Paris, for which he abandoned short time before his death; and his Sermons on the army, and which he held to the period of the Social Duties are still in estimation He died at revolution. He composed, as a continuation of Bath in 1768. the great work of Buffon, the Natural History of DELA'PSED, adj. Lat. delapsus, with physiOviparous Quadrupeds and Serpents. He much cians. Bearing or falling down. It is used in improved the royal cabinet; and in 1798 pub- speaking of the womb, and the like. lished the Natural History of Fishes, 5 vols., DELATE,' v. a. Lat. delatus, defero. To 4to. But the events of the revolution now dis DELA'TION, n. S. -carry, convey, or spread. tracted his attention. He became a member of DELA’tor, n. s. S Applied both literally, and the department of Paris, and in 1791 one of the to the carrying intelligence, or an accusation, deputies of that city. He was successively A delator is an accuser; an informer. secretary and president of the National Assem Try exactly the time wherein sound is delated. bly; and was one of the very few conspicuous

Bacon. men who steered in safety through the public In delation of sounds, the inclosure of them prestorms. He was chosen one of the first members serveth them, and causeth them to be heard further. of the National Institute, and on the 20th of

Id. January, 1796, carried up an address from a

It is certain that the delation of light is in an indeputation of that body to the council of five hundred, declaring its hatred of royalty. Buona- depopulated earth was to be replanted, come forth of

No sooner was that small colony, wherewith the parte nominated him in 1799 a member of the

the ark, but we meet with Cham, a delator to his own Conservative Senate ; in 1801 he was president father, inviting his brethren to that execrable spectacle of that body, in 1803 grand chancellor of the of their parent's nakedness. legion of honor, and in 1804 senator of Paris.

Government of the Tongue. He had frequent intercourse with the emperor, What were these harpies but flatterers, delators, and to whom he manifested much attachment; but in inexpleably covetous ?

Sandys's Travels, January, 1814, when the power of his master DELATIN, a market town of Austrian Galwas tottering, he assumed a new tone, and at the licia, in the circle of Stanislawow. Near this head of the senate recommended peace. At the town are extensive quarries of alum slate. It is restoration of the Bourbons, he returned to his twenty-four miles from Stanislawow. studies. His lectures at the Garden of Plants DELAVAL (Edward Hussey), a chemist and were numerously attended. Ile published several natural philosopher, F.R.S. of London and tracts, and contributed to the Annales du Muse- Gottingen, was a brother of lord Delaval, and um d'Histoire Naturelle, and other periodical died at his house in Parliament-place, Westminworks. His History of Cetaceous Animals, ster, August 14th, 1814, aged eighty-five. He which appeared in 1804, was his last work of particularly directed his studies to the chemistry importance. He died of the small-pox, October of optics, on which he published many excellent 6th, 1825, and his funeral was attended by papers in the Philosophical Transactions. He several peers of France, members of the Insti- was the author of An Experimental Enquiry tute, &c.

into the Cause of the Changes of Colors in DELACERATION,n.s. From Lat.delacero. Opaque and Colored Bodies, with an Historical A tearing in pieces.

Preface relative to the Parts of Philosophy DELACRYMATION, n.s. Lat.delacrymatio. therein examined, and to the several Arts and A falling down of the humors; the waterish- Manufactures dependent on them, 1777, 410.; a ness of the eyes, or a weeping much.

work which was translated into French and DELACTATION, n. s. Lat. delactatio. A Italian. weaning from the breast.

DELAWAR, a town of Virginia, in King DELAMERE Forest, a forest of England, William's county, situated on the peninsula in Cheshire, north of Chester, near the Weever; formed hy the confluence of the Pamunky and abounding with wood on its hills, fine pasture Mattapony. Twenty miles north by west of in its valleys, and fish in its waters.

Williamsburg. DELANY (Patrick), a learned divine, and DELAWARE, one of the United States of ingenious author, was born in Ireland about North America, situated between 38° 29'30", 1680. He received his education at Trinity and 39° 54' N. lat., and between 73° and 75° 48'

among the

W. long. being in length ninety miles, and land between the sea and the bay, whence the in breadth twenty-five, contains 1700 square Pokomoke descends on the one side, and Indian miles, or 1,088,000 acres. It is bounded on the River and St. Martin's on the other. It contains Dorth by Pennsylvania, on the south and west a great variety of plants, trees, wild beasts, by Maryland, and on the east by Delaware Bay birds, and reptiles. and the Atlantic Ocean. It is divided into three Few minerals are found in this state, except counties, Newcastle, Kent, and Sussex ; of which iron; but large quantities of bog iron ore, fit for the chief towns are Wilmington, Dover, and casting, are obtained in Sussex cou Georgetown. The state of Delaware, the upper branches of Nanticoke River. parts of the county of Newcastle excepted, is The coast of this state is indented with a large generally low and level. Large quantities of number of creeks, or small rivers, which genestagnant water, at particular seasons of the year, rally have a short course, soft banks, and numerOverspreading a great portion of the land, render ous shoals; and are skirted with very extensive it equally unfit for the purposes of agriculture, marshes. In the southern and western parts and injurious to health. The spine, or highest spring the head waters of Pocomoke, Wicomico, ridge of the peninsula, runs through the state of Nanticoke, Choptank, Chester, Sassafras, and Delaware, inclining to the eastern, or Delaware Bohemia rivers, all falling into the Chesapeake; side. In Sussex, Kent, and part of the county some of them are navigable twenty or thirty of Newcastle, there is a remarkable chain of miles into the country, for vessels of fifty or sixty swamps, from which the waters descend on each ions. side, passing on the east to the Delaware, and In the beginning of the seventeenth century, on the west to the Chesapeake. Many of the the Dutch, under the pretended purchase made shrubs and plants, growing in these swamps, are by Henry Hudson, took possession of the lands similar to those found on the highest mountains. on both sides the river Delaware, and as early Delaware is chiefly an agricultural state. It as 1623 built a fort at a place since called Glouincludes a very fertile tract of country; and cester. In 1627, by the influence of William scarcely any part of the United States is better Useling, a respectable merchant in Sweden, a adapted to the different purposes of agriculture, colony of Swedes and Finns came over, furnished or in which a greater variety of the most useful with all the necessaries for beginning a new productions can be conveniently and plentifully settlement, and landed at Cape Henlopen; at reared. The soil along the Delaware River, and which time the Dutch had wholly quitted the from eight to ten miles into the interior country, country. The latter however returned in 1630, is generally a rich clay, producing large timber. and built a fort at Lewistown, called by them From thence to the swamps above-mentioned, Hoarkill. The year following, the Swedes built the soil is light, sandy, and of an inferior qua- a fort near Wilmington, which they called lity. The surface of the country is very favor- Christian, or Christiana. Here also they laid able for cultivation. The heights of Christiana out a small tuwn, which was afterwards deare lofty and commanding; some of the hills of molished by the Dutch. The same year they Brandywine are rough and stony; but descend- erected a fort higher up the river, upon Tenecum ing from these, and a few others, the lower Island, which they called New Gottenburgh, country is so little diversified as almost to form and about the same time built forts at Chester, one extended plain. In the county of Newcastle Elsingburgh, and other places. In 1655 the the soil consists of a strong clay; in Kent there Dutch, under the command of Peter Stuyvesant, is a considerable mixture of sand; and in Sussex arrived in Delaware River, from New York, then the quantity of sand altogether predominates. called New Amsterdam, in seven vessels, with Wheat is the staple of this state. It grows here 600 or 700 men. They dispossessed the Swedes in such perfection, as not only to be particularly of their forts on the river, and sent the officers songht by the manufacturers of flour throughout and principal inhabitants prisoners to Holland. the Union, but also to be distinguished and pre- The rest submitted to the conquerors, and fetred, for its superior qualities, in foreign remained in the country. On the 1st of Octomarkets. It possesses an uncommon softness ber, 1664, Sir Robert Carr obtained the submisand whiteness, very favorable to the manufactu- sion of the Swedes on the Delaware. Four years TETS of superfine flour, and in other respects far after, colonel Nicholls, governor of New York, exceeds the hard and flinty grains raised in with his council, on the 21st of April, appointed general on the higher lands. This state also six persons to assist captain Carr in the governproduces plentiful crops of Indian corn, barley, ment of the country. In 1672 the town of re, oats, flax, buck-wheat, and potatoes. It Newcastle was incorporated by the state of New abounds too in natural and artificial meadows. York, to be governed by a bailiff and six assistHemp, cotton, and silk, if properly attended to, ants.' They were to have a free trade, without thrive well.

being obliged to make entry at New York, as had The county of Essex exports very large formerly been the practice. Wampum was at quantities of lumber, obtained from a swamp, this time the principal currency of the country; called the Indian River, or Cypress Swamp, lying In 1674 Charles 11., by a second patent, dated partly within this state, and partly in the state 29th of June, granted to his brother

, the duke of of Maryland. This morass extends six miles York, all that country called by the Dutch from east to west, and nearly twelve from north New Netherlands, of which the three counties of to south, including an area of nearly 50,000 Newcastle, Kent, and Sussex were a part. In acres of land. The whole is a high and level 1683 the duke of York sold to William Penn basin, very wet, though undoubtedly the highest

. the town of Newcastle, with the whole of the


[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

territory which, till the revolution, was called

II. Kent COUNTY. the Three Lower Counties. These three counties

Population in 1820. were considered as a part of Pennsylvania in Duck Creek hundred

3951 matters of government. The same governor St. Jones hundred

1590 presided over both : but the assembly and courts Little Creek hundred

1963 of judicature were different, as to their constituent Murderhill hundred

7558 members, though in form nearly the same. At Mispillion hundred

5731 the revolution they became a distinct territory, called the Delaware State. See AMERICA,

Tota. of Kent county 20,793 North.

III. Sussex COUNTY. The population of the three counties of Delaware, subdivided into hundreds, was thus

Cedar Creek hundred

2280 returned, under the last census :

Broad Kiln hundred


Lewes and Rehoboth hundred 1657 1. NEWCASTLE COUNTY.

Indian River hundred

1887 Nanticoke hundred

2335 Population in 1820. North-west Fork hundred

3456 Brandywine hundred

Baltimore hundred

Borough of Wilmington


Dagsborough hundred
Christiana hundred

Broad Creek hundred

2599 Newcastle hundred

Little Creek hundred

2851 Mill Creek hundred

3046 White Clay Creek hundred 1904

Total of Sussex county 24,057 Red Lion hundred

929 Pencader hundred 1876

Grand total 72,749 St. George's hundred

2934 Appoquinimink hundred 3388

The following table shows the population of

Delaware, at each of the four national enumeTotal of Newcastle county 27,899

rations :

[ocr errors]




[blocks in formation]

Delaware, a river of the United States, turage; and are guarded from inundations by which rises at two principal heads in the state of mounds of earth or dykes. Great numbers of New York. It runs towards the south, and in cattle are brought here from the western parts of its course forms the boundary line between Virginia and North Carolina, to be fattened for Pennsylvania, New York, and Jersey; a few supplying the Philadelphia market. miles below Philadelphia it separates the state DELAWARE COUNTY, a county in the state of of Delaware from Jersey, and afterwards loses New York, on the head waters of Delaware itself in Delaware Bay. The bay and river are River, taken from Otsego county. It is bounded navigable for 155 miles from the sea, up to the on the north by Otsego county, east by Schohagreat or lower falls at Trenton. A seventy-four rie and Green counties, south by Ulster and Sulgun ship may ascend to Philadelphia; and livan counties, and west by the state of Pennsylsloops thirty-five miles further.

vania, by Broome county, and a small part of Delaware Bay, a large bay or arm of the Chenango county. Its greatest length is fiftysea, between the Delaware and New Jersey four miles, ils greatest breadth thirty-five; the states, and formed by the mouth of the Delaware area 1425 square miles, or 912,000 acres ; river, and several other small ones. The bay is between 41° 51' and 42° 1' north lat. It is about sixty miles long, and thirty miles across of a broken and diversified surface, containing in the centre. It opens into the Atlantic north- rugged and lofty mountains, with low plains and west and south-east, between Cape Henlopen rich valleys. It sends two members to the house on the right and Cape May on the left, and its of assembly. mouth is twenty-one miles broad.

DELAWARES, a nation of North American DELAWARE COUNTY, in Pennsylvania, is south- Indians, formerly numerous and powerful, and west of Philadelphia county, on Delaware River. who possessed part of Pennsylvania, New Jersey, It is about twenty-one miles in length, and and New York. This name was given them by fifteen in breadth, containing 115,200 acres, and the Europeans; for they call themselves Lennisubdivided into nineteen townships; the chief of lenape, that is, Indian men; or Woapanachky which is Chester. The number of inhabitants is which signifies a people living towards the rising 9,483. The lands bordering on the Delaware sun. They are now, however, much reduced in are low, and afford excellent meadows and pas- number.

« PreviousContinue »