Himalayan Migration: A Study of the Hill Region of Uttar Pradesh
The hill regions of Uttar Pradesh have for decades been marked by a substantive out-migration. This study of the economic backwardness of the region focuses on out-migration and associated capital flows through an analysis of data. The sample survey of villages in different regions of the Uttar Pradesh hills, coupled with detailed interviews with the migrants in both their original settings and current location, helps provide new insights into the causes, patterns and implications of the migration phenomenon. R S Bora studies the impact of out-migration on land and labour productivity, income distribution through transfer income, and on the shifting pattern of work burdens between the sexes.
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Sample Population Characteristics
Socioeconomic Situation of the Sample Households
Its Causes and Pattern
5 other sections not shown
according accounted activities actual age group agriculture Appendix Table average backwardness better Caste causes cent chapter characteristics cities compared costs and benefits cultivated decision Delhi dependency destination Distribution districts earnings economic employment Excluding expectations expenditure females followed force foregone earnings Garhwal given Government higher highest Hill Region holdings House household income important in-migrants increased India interior villages labour land landholdings less living lower lowest major males migrant workers migration months move noted occupation OM households origin out-migration Particulars pattern pension Percentage peri-urban villages period persons population positive present productivity propensity to migrate proportion push factors ratio reasons relatively remaining remittances reported respect result returned migrants RM households rural sample selected share shows social sources status survey Total transfer U.P. hills unemployed urban wage workers