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action agents amount appears applied appointed argument assessment authority benefit bill bonds borrow buildings cause charged charter cited claim collected common condition conferred consideration constitution construction contract court created damages debt decision defendant direct district duty effect election enforce established execution exercise existence expenses express fact fire follows funds give given grant ground held hold imposed indebtedness individual inhabitants injury interest issued judgment Justice land legislative legislature levy liability limits maintained Mass Mayor means municipal corporation nature necessary neglect objects obligation officers opinion paid parties passed payment perform persons plaintiff possession present principle purchase question railroad reason received recover referred relation remedy respect rule statute streets subscription sufficient suit taxation territory tion tort town township vote
Page 25 - That all political power is inherent in the people, and all free Governments are founded on their authority, and instituted for their benefit; and that they have at all times an undeniable and indefeasible right to alter their form of government in such manner as they may think expedient.
Page 238 - It is a maxim not to be disregarded that general expressions, in every opinion, are to be taken in connection with the case in which those expressions are used. If they go beyond the case, they may be respected, but ought not to control the judgment in a subsequent suit when the very point is presented for decision.
Page 201 - No county, city, township, school district, or other municipal corporation, shall be allowed to become indebted in any manner or for any purpose, to an amount, including existing indebtedness, in the aggregate exceeding five per centum on the value of the taxable property therein, to be ascertained by the last assessment for the state and county taxes, previous to the incurring of such indebtedness.
Page 214 - No county, city, town, township, school district or other political corporation or subdivision of the state shall be allowed to become indebted in any manner, or for any purpose, to an amount exceeding in any year the income and revenue provided for such year, without the assent of two-thirds of the voters thereof, voting at an election to be held for that purpose...
Page 36 - Judicial officers of cities and villages shall be elected, and all other officers shall be elected or appointed at such time and in such manner as the legislature may direct.
Page 204 - ... years; Provided, That no debt shall be contracted under this section, unless all questions connected with the same, shall have been first submitted to a vote of the people, and have received threefifths of all the votes cast for and against the same.
Page 60 - The conclusion to be deduced from the authorities is, that where power is given to public officers, in the language of the act before us, l Skinner, 370. " 2 Salkeld, 609. 8 3 Hill, 614. < 9 Howard, 248. or in equivalent language — whenever the public interest or individual rights call for its exercise — the language used, though permissive in form, is in fact peremptory.
Page 223 - the obligation to do justice rests upon all persons, natural and artificial, and if a county obtains the money or property of others without authority, the law, independent of any statute, will compel restitution or compensation.
Page 248 - But it lies for money paid by mistake, or upon a consideration which happens to fail, or for money got through imposition, (express or implied,) or extortion, or oppression. or an undue advantage taken of the plaintiff's situation, contrary to laws made for the protection of persons under those circumstances.
Page 30 - The townships are only subordinate to the states in those interests which I shall term social, as they are common to all the citizens. They are independent in all that concerns themselves ; and among the inhabitants of New England, I believe that not a man is to be found who would acknowledge that the state has any right to interfere in their local interests.