Happy as a Big Sunflower: Adventures in the West, 1876-1880
Oh, I am happy as a big sunflower
That nods and bends in the breezes!
And my heart is as light as the wind that blows
The leaves from off the treeses!
In 1876 Rolf Johnson and his family left Illinois for Phelps County, Nebraska. There they faced the challenges of pioneering on the Great Plains: digging wells, building sod houses, plowing and planting crops, and fighting prairie fires. Johnson's diary goes beyond individual conquest, however, and provides insight into the great cooperative endeavor of plains settlement. Rolf's Swedish family and neighbors worked and socialized with other Swedes just as nearby Danish settlers remained in close physical and cultural contact with other Danish immigrants. A very eligible 19-year-old bachelor, Rolf also offers touching vignettes on the rituals of courting.
Abruptly, with no explanation in his diary, and with no itinerary or prospects, Rolf left home in 1879 "with the intention of going west for a season". His departure may have been sparked by the marital fervor exhibited by a female suitor. Rolf felt he was "not quite prepared to leave the state of single blessedness for that of double misery". In Sidney, Nebraska, he ran with the "sporting" element, who showed him photographs of "fast women of the town stark naked". He found employment with a wagon freighter headed for the Black Hills, where he saw Calamity Jane in action. Rolf's education continued until the diaries end in Cubero, New Mexico, in 1880. He returned to Phelps County in 1882 and remained there for most of his life. Rolf's lively diaries offer an entertaining eyewitness account of pioneer life and an unmatched resource for historians.
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Many easterners were convinced that Indians posed a serious threat to the lives
of Nebraska settlers . Before the Johnsons left Illinois , John ' s sister and her
husband told exaggerated stories about Indian raids that Rolf said " was enough
August Bragg and Ferdinand Johnson lost most everything except their teams
and wagon . A Swedish lady , Mrs . Foreman , was burned to death in Lake
precinct , but the story of the great Indian scare of last Monday beats anything . It
there were Cheyenne Indians in the vicinity , but it is more likely they were
Lakotas from the Sioux Indian Reservation in Dakota . During the summer of
1877 over 900 Cheyennes had been taken from the Sioux Reservation in Dakota
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Happy as a big sunflower: adventures in the West, 1876-1880User Review - Not Available - Book Verdict
This diary is in many ways as charming as its title. With the enthusiasm and innocence of young adulthood, Johnson records several years of his life as a first-generation Swedish American farmer in ... Read full review
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