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levee president, Mr. Kells; he is fighting it. The others are fighting it. The State authorities are fighting it. The president of our State levee association, Mr. Wade Martin, is fighting it. Our State engineers are fighting it. There is nobody down there that would help it that I know of.

Mr. JACOBS. May I make a statement on the point Mr. Whittington's question raised awhile ago about the operation of the 1927 flood!

Mr. WHITTINGTON. Are you finished, Mr. Ransdell ?

Mr. RANSDELL. Yes; I am finished, unless you want to ask me something more.

Mr. WHITTINGTON. The chairman asked you if the Chief did not recommend the Eudora floodway. He did with the very distinct understanding that the fuseplug would not be either constructed in the back levee area or built up in any wise until the Eudora had been constructed.

Mr. RANSDELL. The backwater?
Mr. WHITTINGTON. The back levee would not be constructed.

Mr. RANSDELL. Yes; that is in his report. That is plainly stated in the report-must not build that back levee until you get the Eudora floodway complete. And the fact they are not building that floodway would permit that water to flow every way in the future, just as it has in the past, if we have a break.

RESOLUTION OF THE POLICE JURY AND SCHOOL BOARD OF EAST CARROLL PARISH

ON THE PROPOSED MACON-TENNESSEE FLOODWAY

Whereas the Federal authorities in charge of flood control on the Mississippi propose to construct a floodway through the fifth Louisiana levee district 50,000 feet wide and 20 feet deep, carrying 700,000 second-feet of water, which would constitute a great river during big floods, destroying substantially all improvements in its channel and causing inestimable damage to the parishes of East Carroll, Madison, Tensas, and Concordia; and

Whereas the report of the Mississippi River Commission on said floodway and the letter of the Chief of Engineers transmitting it to Congress do not show public necessity of such supreme importance as to warrant the practical ruin of four northeast Louisiana parishes, having an assessed value of about thirty millions, especially East Carroll, more than half of the area of which would be taken, and which could not maintain its separate political entity if this floodway is made; and

Whereas said Commission report as approved by the Chief of Engineers does not advocate full and fair financial compensation for the awful sacrifice that would be exacted not only from the dwellers and property rights within the limits of the floodway but also from the entire area of the four parishes, but suggests payment of the pitiful sum of one and one-half times the assessed value of the land to be taken, with no payment for the improvements thereon nor for schoolhouses, railroads, highways, bridges, intercepted drainage, bonded debts of schools, highways, drainage and levee districts, etc.; and

Whereas said Commission report shows that “substantially complete protection from floods except backwater areas” might be obtained by a tributary reservoir system which would furnish material local benefits; also that cutoffs in the main river have occurred recently or been constructed at Leland Neck, Worthington Point, Willow Point, Marshal Point, Diamond Point, Yucatan Point, Giles Bend, and Glasscock Point, experiments on which indicate that these cut-offs “should increase substantially the discharge capacity of the main river"; and

Whereas to our judgment the aforesaid reservoirs and cut-offs offer reasonable prospect of flood control in connection with further enlarged levees: Therefore be it

Resolved by the police jury and the school board of the parish of East Carroll in joint meeting assembled, That we are opposed to the construction of said Macon-Tensas floodway; that we earnestly request the members of the Fifth Louisiana Levee Board to oppose it; and we respectfully urge our Congressman, Hon. Riley J. Wilson, and our two United States Senators, Hon. Huey P. Long and Hon. John H. Overton, to use their influence to prevent any legislation for the construction of said floodway; be it further

Resolved, That certified copies of these resolutions be forwarded to the presi. dent of the fifth district levee board, to our Representative in Congress, and our two Senators, and also to the press.

We certify that the within and foregoing is a true and correct copy of a resolution adopted by the police jury and school board of East Carroll Parish at a joint meeting held in Lake Providence, La., on Thursday, March 28, 1935.

Witness our hands and duly authenticated by the seal of said police jury and school board on this the 28th day of March 1935.

F. A. BABB,
Secretary East Carroll Police Jury.

ASHLEY W. WARLICK,
Secretary East Carroll Parish School Board.

RESOLUTIONS ADOPTED BY THE MAYOR AND BOARD OF ALDERMEN OF THE TOWN OF

LAKE PROVIDENCE, PARISH OF EAST CARROLL, STATE OF LOUISIANA

Be it resolved by the mayor and board of aldermen of the town of Lake Provin dence, La., whose names are signed hereto, That this board is unauterably opposed to the construction of the proposed Eudora spillway running through the parish of East Carroll, and having a proposed width of more than 9 miles, which width will place within the confines of said spillway more than half of the area of this parish; be it further

Resolved, That this board is opposed to the construction of the proposed Eudora spillway for the further reason that the construction of same will in all probability cause the destruction or abandonment of a large portion of the most fertile and productive lands in said parish and make said lands valueless for resale and for commercial purposes, and further removing said property from the tax rolls or having the taxes so reduced on same that it will be impossible for the parish to continue its parochial government; be it further

Resolved, That this board further opposes the construction of the said Eudora spillway for the further reason that improvements costing hundreds of thousands of dollars, spent not only by private owners but by Government agencies, will be destroyed or made valueless, and for the further reason that the property holders and owners will not be able to pay the assessments for various bond issues now outstanding ; be it further

Resolved, That it is the opinion of this body that the commercial possibilities for expansion and development of the town of Lake Providence will be so curtailed due to the loss of the splendid trade area existing within the confines of the said proposed spillway that it will cause financial ruin of our business interests and the ultimate extinction of the town of Lake Providence as a corporate entity; be it further

Resolved, That this body go on record as opposing the passage of any legis. lation that will enable the construction of said proposed Euroda spillway, and that a copy of these resolutions be sent to the Members of Congress, to the board of commissioners of the fifth Louisiana levee district, and to the press.

In witness whereof we, the mayor and the following board of aldermen, have hereunto set our hands on this 29th day of March, A. D. 1935.

T. G. BIGGS, Mayor.
G. S. LEVY,
C. B. ELLY,
J. P. ALLMAN,
H. L. HARKEY,
C. W. RICHARDS,

Aldermen.

RESOLUTION OF THE CHAMBER OF COMMERCE, LAKE PROVIDENCE, LA.

The following resolution was offered by N. C. Williamson, seconded by Ed Schneider, to wit:

Be it resolved by the Chamber of Commerce of Lake Providence, La., That this organization go on record as being opposed to the construction of the Eudora spillway to be run through the parish of East Carroll, and having a width of more than 9 miles, and placing within the confines of said spillway more than 60 percent of the area of East Carroll Parish; be it further

Rcsolved, That this organization go on record as opposing the construction of the said Eudora spillway for the further reason that such construction will destroy, or cause to be destroyed or abandoned, some of the most fertile lands in our parish and removing said lands from commerce and further removing said property within said spillway from the tax rolls, or so reducing the taxes on said property that the government of the parish will be unable to function; be it further

Resolved, That this organization go on record as opposing the said Eudora spillway for the further reason that it will destroy improvements amounting to thousands of dollars that have been made by the various owners within said area and through which area graveled roads, bridges, and school buildings have been built and which area is rapidly being settled by hard-working, conscientious citizen farmers of the best class; be it further

Resolved, That this organization go on record as opposing the said Eudor: spillway for the further reason that it will greatly impair the ability to pay the road-bond issues, school-bond issues, and drainage-bond issues; be it further

Resolved, That this organization go on record as opposing the said Eudora spillway for the further reason that the increased burden of taxes on what is called “the protected areas" will add an additional burden that will be unbearable, and that for the reasons above given, it is the opinion of this chamber of commerce that the construction of the Eudora spillway must ultimately cause the complete destruction of East Carroll Parish on an entity ; be it further

Resolved, That this organization go on record as opposing the passage of any legislation authorizing the construction of said spillway and that a copy of this resolution be sent to the Meinbels of Congress, to the board of commissioners of the Fifth Louisiana Levee District, and to the press.

I certify that the above and foregoing is a true and correct copy of a resolution adopted by the chamber of commerce, at Lake Providence, La., on Thursday, March 28, 1935.

(Signed) FRANK VOELKER, Secretary.

RESOLUTIONS ADOPTED BY THE MAYOR AND BOARD OF ALDERMEN OF THE TOWN OF

LAKE PROVIDENCE, PARIBH OF East CARROLL, STATE OF LOUISIANA

Be it resowed by the mayor and board of aldermen of the Town of Lake Providence, La., whose names are signed hereunto, That this board is unalterably opposed to the construction of the proposed Eudora spillway running through the parish of East Carroll and having a proposed width of more than 9 miles, which width will place within the confines of said spillway more than half of the area of this parish; be it further

Resolved, That this board is opposed to the construction of the proposed Eudora Spillway for the further reason that the construction of same will in all probability cause the destruction or abandonment of a large portion of the most fertile and productive lands in said parish, and make said lands valueless for resale and for commercial purposes, and further removing said property from the tax rolls, or having the taxes so reduced on same that it will be impossible for the parish to continue its parochial government; be it further

Resolved, That this board further opposes the construction of said Eudora Spillway for the further reason that improvements costing hundreds of thousands of dollars, spent not only by private owners but by Government agencies, will be destroyed or made valueless, and for the further reason that the property holders and owners will not be able to pay the assessments for various bond issues now outstanding; be it further

Resolved, That it is the opinion of this body that the commercial possibilities for expansion and development of the town of Lake Providence will be so curtailed due to the loss of the splendid trade area existing within the confines of the said proposed spillway that it will cause the financial ruin of our business interests and the ultimate extinction of the town of Lake Providence as a corporate entity; be it further

Resolved, That this body go on record as opposing the passage of any legislation that will enable the construction of said proposed Eudora spillway, and that a copy of these resolutions be sent to the Members of Congress, to the board of commissioners of the Fifth Louisiana Levee District, and to the press.

In witness whereof, we, the mayor and the following board of aldermen, have hereunto set our hands on this 29th day of March, A. D. 1935.

T. G. BIGGS, Mayor.
G. S. LEVY,
C. B. ELLIS,
J. S. FREEMAN,
H. L. HARKEY,
C. W. RICHARDS,

Aldermen.

RESOLUTION POLICE JURY OF MADISON PARISH, LA.

Whereas it is proposed by the United States engineers, Mississippi River Commission, board of State engineers, and the Fifth Louisiana Levee Board to construct what is to be known as “ Bayou Macon-Tensas Basin spillway" in place of the Boeuf River spillway as proposed in the Jadwin plan for flood control in the Mississippi River; and

Whereas after carefully considering all that has been told to the public at the various spillway meetings that have been held here and elsewhere regarding the above-mentioned spillway, it is our belief that said spillway to be known as the “ Bayou Macon-Tensas Basin spillway" would be of inestimable harm to Madison Parish and would practically ruin this parish in particular and the adjacent parishes of East Carroll and Tensas located above and below Madison Parish: Therefore be it

Resolved by the police jury of the parish of Madison in regular session convened, That we do hereby go on record as being opposed to the Bayou MaconTensas Basin spillway being constructed; be it further

Resolved, etc., That a copy of this resolution shall be given to the Fifth Louisiana Levee Board before its spillway meeting to be held in Tallulah, La., on Thursday, March 7, 1935.

Certified: A true copy of a resolution that was unanimously adopted by the police jury of Madison Parish at its regular meeting held in Tallulah, La., at the courthouse on Wednesday, March 6, 1935.

P. O. BENJAMIN, Secretary Madison Parish Police Jury.

RESOLUTION OF SCHOOL BOARD OF MADISON PARISH, LA.

At a special meeting of the Madison Parish school board, held at its office in Tallulah, La., on the 16th day of March 1935, at which meeting a quorum was present and voting, the following resolution was offered by Mrs. W. R. Gilfoil and seconded by Mrs. Ednah M. Yerger, to wit:

Be it resolved by the Madison Parish school board, That this board go on record as being opposed to the construction of the spillway known as the " Tensas-Bayou Macon spillway’, and that the members of the board of commissioners for the Fifth Louisiana Levee District, particularly those from Madison Parish, be earnestly requested to oppose the construction of said spillway, and that the Honorable Riley J. Wilson, Chairman of the Flood Control Committee of Congress, be requested to use his influence to prevent any legislation of Congress authorizing the construction of said floodway, and that a copy of this resolution be sent to the said Hon. Riley J. Wilson, that a copy be sent to the board of commissioners for the Fifth Louisiana Levee District, and that a copy be sent to the Madison Journal."

I hereby certify that the above and foregoing is a true and correct copy of a resolution passed by the Madison Parish school board at a meeting held in Tallulah on Saturday, March 16, 1935.

Witness my hand and the seal of said corporation, at Tallulah, La., this 16th day of March 1933.

JAMES R. LINTON, Secretary Madison Parish School Board.

RESOLUTION OF BOARD OF ALDERMEN OF TALLULAH, LA.

Be it resolved by the mayor and board of aldermen of village of Tallulah in special session convened, That this board views with alarm the prospect of the construction of the floodway or spillway known as the “ Tensas-Bayou Macon spillway," running through Madison Parish for a width of approximately 10 miles and practically destroying more than 40 percent of the area of Madison Parish; be it further

Resoled, That this board opposes the construction of said spillway because it will destroy, take out of commerce, and out of taxing capacity, more than 40 percent of the area of Madison Parish; because it will destroy all improvements now existing in said area, which is rapidly settling up with the better class of farmers; because it will put out of existence the schools and the churches now functioning in said area; because it will seriously impair the drainage of the whole parish; because it will destroy all, save a few, of the very necessary public roads traversing this section east and west ; because it will drive out of Madison Parish hundreds of its good citizens now located in said area ; because it will place for many years to come a largely increased burden of taxation on those residing out of said floodway area to make up for the deficiency caused by the loss of taxes from lands in said area ; because it would place Madison Parish between two dangers, the Mississippi River at flood on one side and the floodway at flood on the other, thereby practically subjecting the whole parish to damage from seepage water; because, if said floodway originally proposed to be constructed west of the Macon Ridge was unanimously considered by the people of the Tensas Basin a destructive menace and abandoned by the United States Engineers, in our opinion the shifting of said floodway from the west to the east side of the Macon Ridge does not decrease in any manner said destructive menace, but simply transfers its destruction from the Tensas Basin to the Fifth Louisiana Levee District; be it further

Resolved, That we go on record as opposing the passage of any legislation by Congress authorizing the construction of said floodway and that a copy of this resolution be sent to Congressman Riley J. Wilson, chairman of the Flood Control Committee of Congress, and a copy be sent to the Vicksburg Herald, the Monroe News-Star, the Board of Commissioners for the Fifth Louisiana Levee District, and the Madison Journal.

Adopted March 7, 1935, by unanimous vote of the board.
Attest :

A. L. SEVIER,
Clerk, Village of Tallulah, La.

RESOLUTION OF BUSINESS MEN'S CLUB OF TALLULAH, LA.

At a regular meeting of the Business Men's Luncheon Club of Tallulah, La., held at its regular meeting place in Tallulah on Wednesday, the 6th day of March 1935, at which meeting the following members were present and voting: J. L. Anderson, Abe Bloom, M. M. Bloom, R. K. Boney, Zack Chambless, Dr. G. W. Gaines, W. A. Gilpin, R. C. Gaines, J. A. Gilbert, 0. E. Hester, J. R. Linton, Dr. J. Roy Medlin, L. Z. Naylor, Dr. A. T. Palmer, W. L. Rountree, A. J. Sevier, Henry (. Sevier, W. P. Sevier, Jr., R. R. Spiegener, W. C. Starrett, C. A. Sparling, W. S. Weaver, R. N. Ware, Jr., M. A. Wroten, Maxwell Yerger, Rev. C. K. Smith, and J. B. Snyder, the following resolution was offered by Dr. G. W. Gaines and seconded by Mertie M. Bloom, to wit:

"Be it resolved by the Business Men's Luncheon Club of Tallulah, La., That this club go on record as being unalterably opposed to the construction of the floodway or spillway known as the “Tensas-Bayou Macon spillway’, running through Madison Parish for a width of approximately 10 miles, and destroying approximately 47 percent of the area of Madison Parish; be it further

" Resolved, That this club go on record as opposing the construction of said spillway because it will destroy, and cause to be destroyed, or abandoned, thereby taking the same out of commerce and practically taking said land off of the tax rolls practically 47 percent of the area of Madison Parish, in which is included some of the most fertile alluvial land in the State of Louisiana, on which a great amount of money has been expended in improvements by the various owners, and through which areas the parish of Madison has con

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