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“ First. That the opposition to the Boeuf floodway by the citizens of these parishes is as widespread and intense as it could possibly be; that the objections shown in the hearings had heretofore as is shown by the records of such hearingsobjections to the Boeuf floodway-were energetically urged, and these objections fairly teem with legal and practical considerations from the parishes above named, why the said Boeuf River floodway is objectionable.

" Second. That the Markham plan floodway east of Bayou Macon Ridge is now recognized and scientifically known to be the most feasible and practical method of controlling the floods of the Mississippi River.

“ Third. That under the Boeuf floodway plan, a totality of 1,200,000 acres of the most fertile lands of the United States of America would be subject to use and destruction, whereas under the Markham plan, a totality of only 723,600 acres would be subject to use, and that under the said Markham plan, of this area 225,000 is in the Tensas Basin, and embraced within the plan known as the “Boeuf River floodway.'

“ Fourth. That under the Boeuf floodway plan, costly drainage projects in southeast Arkansas and natural drainage and watersheds in northeast Louisiana will be ruined and disrupted. That under the Markham plan no such drainage projects will be disturbed, as said plan follows a natural watershed, namely, the Tensas and Bayou Macon Basins.

“ Fifth. That the approximate cost of the Boeuf plan or floodway to the United States Government will be $194,000,000, as compared with an approximate cost of the Markham plan of $106,000,000; that the cost of the Boeuf plan, as given above, does not include any amounts for purchase of flowage rights, which were not provided for in said plan; that under the Markham plan the cost given above includes a sum to be paid for flowage rights, which, although deemed inadequate, is, nevertheless, provided.

Sixth. That under the Boeuf plan, the largest natural-gas field in the world, including pumping stations, networks of pipe lines and gathering lines, evaporation plants, and many other such facilities for the production and marketing of natural gas, and byproducts as well as a vast number of public utilities, including railroads, high- power transmission electric lines, telephone and telegraph lines, as well as numerous public schools, many of these having been erected within recent years, at a vast cost to the taxpaying citizens, public roads, etc., will be completely ruined and destroyed.

“ Seventh. That under the Boeuf plan, a region settled by more than 100,000 persons will be ruinously involved.

“ Eighth. That under the Boeuf plan, such prosperous and populous centers and towns as Oak Ridge, Collinston, Mer Rouge, in Morehouse Parish ; Girard, Start, Alto, Bucker, Charlieville, Rayville (the parish site), Mangham, Archibald, all in Richland Parish ; Liddieville, Gilbert, Wisner, and Winnsboro (parish site), in Frankin Parish; Bosco and Riverton in Ouachita Parish; and Sicily Island in Catahoula Parish will be directly or indirectly affected, and those towns, for the most part, will be utterly ruined and inundated.

“Ninth. That lack of wisdom of the feasibility, from an engineering standpoint of a fuse-plug system and an uncontrolled spillway, as are suggested in the Bouef plan, as compared with a controlled, well-defined floodway, as provided for in the Markham plan, has heretofore been thoroughly demonstrated by interested parties to Congress and to the heads of all departments as well as United States Army Engineers at previous hearings, and are part of the record ; Be it further

" Resolved. That the board of mayor and aldermen of the town of Mangham specifically concurs in the actions and the resolutions of the Tensas Basin Levee Board in the recommendation of the Mississippi that the Markham plan be utilized instead of the Boeuf floodway plan." Read and considered and passed, on this, the 29th day of March 1935.

W. R. GRAVES, Mayor, Mangham, La. Attest:

H. B. CHAMBERS, Clerk.

RESOLUTION PASSED BY THE POLICE JURY OF THE PARISH OF FRANKLIN, WINNS

BORO, LA,

Whereas under date of March 23, 1935, certain resolutions were adopted by a meeting of the public representing East Carroll, Madison, and Tensas Parish, and

131791-35-24

Whereas said resolutions were spread in all the newspapers of the Fifth Congressional District, and served upon all of the United States Representatives and Senators from the State of Louisiana, upon the Heads of Departments of the United States Government, and the President of the United States, and Whereas said resolutions contain the following statement,

Be it further resolved, That local opposition to this floodway (Markham plan), is more widespread and intense than the local opposition west of us, to the Boeuf floodway ", and

Whereas what is known as “the Boeuf floodway" embraces various portions of the Parishes of Morehouse, West Carroll, Ouachita, Richland, Franklin, and Catahoula ; therefore be it

Resolved

First. That the opposition to the Boeuf floodway by the citizens of these parishes is as wide-spread and intense as could possibly be; that the records in hearings heretofore held where objection to the Boeuf floodway energetically urged fairly teem with legal and practical reasons and considerations from the praishes above named why the Boeuf floodway is objectionable.

Second. That the Markham plan floodway east of Bayou Macon Ridge, is now recognized and scientifically known to be the most feasible and practical method of controlling the floods of the Mississippi River.

Third. That under the Boeuf floodway plan a totality of 1,200,000 acres of the most fertile land in the United States of America, would be subject to use and destruction, whereas under the Markham plan a totality of only 723,600 acres would be subject to use, and that under said Markham plan, of this area, 225,000 acres is in the Tensas Basin and embraced within the plan known as the “ Boeuf floodway."

Fourth. That under the Beouf floodway plan costly drainage projects in southeast Arkansas and natural drainage and water sheds in northeast Louisiana will be ruined and disrupted. That under the Markham plan no such drainage projects will be disturbed as said plan follows a natural watershed, namely, the Tensas and Bayou Macon Basins.

Fifth. That the approximate cost of the Boeuf plan of flood control to the United States Government would be $194,000,000, as compared with an approximate cost of the Markham plan of $106,000,000; that the cost of the Boeuf plan given above does not include any amounts for the purchase of flowage rights, which were not provided for in such plan; that under the Markham plan the cost given above includes a sum to be paid for flowage rights, which although deemed inadequate, is nevertheless provided.

Sixth. That under the Boeuf plan the largest gas field in the world, including pumping stations, networks of gas lines, evaporation plants, and many other facilities for the production and marketing of natural gas, as well as a vast number of public utilities, including railroads, high-power transmission lines, and telephone and telegraph lines, as well as numerous public schools, public roads, and other projects, will be completely ruined and destroped.

Seventh. That under the Boeuf plan a region settled by 100,000 persons will be involved.

Eighth. That under the Boeuf plan such prosperous and populous centers and towns as Oak Ridge, Collinston, Mer Rouge, in Morehouse Parish ; such towns as Girard, Start, Alto, Buckner, Charlieville, Rayville (parish site), Mangham, Archibald, in Richland; and such towns as Fort Necessity, Liddieville, Gilbert, Wisner, and Winnsboro (parish site), in Franklin Parish; and such towns as Bosco, and Riverton in Ouachita Parish; and Sicily Island in Catahoula Parish, will be directly or indirectly affected, and these towns for the most part, will be utterly ruined and inundated.

Ninth. That the lack of wisdom and feasibility from an engineering standpoint of a fuse-plug system and uncontrolled spillway as are suggested in the Boeuf plan as compared with a controlled, well-defined floodway as suggested in the Markham plan, has heretofore been thoroughly demonstrated by interested parties to Congress, to the Mississippi River Commission, and to the heads of all governmental departments, as well as United States Army Engineering Corps at previous hearings and are presently part of the record; be it further

Resolved, That the Police Jury of Franklin Parish specifically concurs in the actions and resolutions of the Tensas Basin Levee Board in the recommendation of the Mississippi River Commission that the Markham plan be utilized in lieu of the Boeuf Floodway Plan; and be it further

Resolved, That copies of this resolution be handed to the Shreveport Times, Monroe News Star, Times Picayune, Monroe Morning World, and Commercial Appeal, and that copies hereof be forwarded to the President of the United States, the United States Engineering Corps, the Mississippi River Commission, the Senators and Representatives of the State of Louisiana in the United States Congress, and to the heads of all interested Departments of the United States Government; be it further

Resolved, That the police juries of each interested parish be requested to provide a sufficient appropriation to send not less than two delegates to the hearing to be conducted in Washington, D. C. by House Committee on Flood Control, commencing April 1.

That said delegates be instructed to meet together in Washington and perfect an organization for the purpose of best presenting their side of the controversy to the appropriate committee, and especially their objection to the Boeuf floodway plan; be it further

Resolved, That the parishes of Ouachita, Morehouse, Richland, West Carroll, Franklin, and Catahoula, are unalterably and intensely opposed to the Boeuf floodway, and that the statement hereinabove first set forth relative to the objection not being intense is untrue; and,

Whereas it has been brought to our attention, and we have been advised, that under the Markham floodway plan protection and compensation has not been provided for lower Catahoula and Concordia Parishes : Therefore be it

Resolved, That this body is in favor of our sister parishes of Catahoula and Concordia having equal protection in the floodway and equal compensation for lands used in said floodway as has been provided for the other parishes affected by the Markham Floodway Plan. Attest:

B. D. PARDUE, President Franklin Parish police jury.

C. L. MOORE, Secretary-treasurer Franklin Parish police jury. I, C. L. Moore, Secretary of the police jury of Franklin Parish, do hereby certify that the above and foregoing resolution is a true and correct copy adopted by the police jury of Franklin Parish at a regular meeting held on the 2d day of April, A. D. 1935.

RAYVILLE KIWANIS CLUB CONTROVERTS ACTION OF DELTA CITIZENS

At a regular meeting of the Kiwanis Club, of Rayville, Richland Parish, Louisiana, a committee was appointed known as the special floodway committee", to devise ways and means to bring to the attention of all parties interested, the controversy precipitated by the recommendation of the Mississippi River Commission, of what is known as “the Markham plan."

That said committee met on March 27, and the following resolution was unanimously adopted :

“Whereas under date of March 23, 1935, certain resolutions were adopted by a meeting of the public representing East Carroll, Madison, and Tensas Parishes; and

" Whereas said resolutions were spread in all the newspapers of the Fifth Congressional District, and served upon all of the United States Representatives and Senators from the State of Louisiana, upon the heads of the depart. ments of the United States Government, and the President of the United States; and

“Whereas said resolutions contain the following statement:

"Be it further resolved, That local opposition to this floodway (Markham plan), is more wide-spread and intense than the local opposition west of us to the Boeuf floodway; and

Whereas what is known as “the Boeuf floodway' embraces various portions of the parishes of Morehouse, West Carroll, Ouachita, Richland, Franklin, and Catahoula : Therefore, be it

* Resolved, First. That the opposition to the Boeuf floodway by the citizens of these parishes is as wide-spread and intense as could possibly be; that the records in hearings heretofore held where objection to the Boeuf Floodway was energetically urged, fairly teem with legal and practical reasons and considerations from the parishes above named why the Boeuf floodway is objectionable ;

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" Second. That the Markham plan floodway east of Bayou Macon Ridge, is now recognized and scientifically known to be the most feasible and practical method of controlling the floods of the Mississippi River;

“ Third. That under the Boeuf floodway plan a totality of one million two hundred thousand acres of the most fertile land in the United States of America would be subject to use and destruction, whereas under the Markham plan a total of only seven hundred twenty-three thousand and six hundred acres would be subject to use, and that under saia Markham plan, of this area, twenty-five thousand acres is in the Tensas Basin and embraced within the plan known as the ‘Boeuf floodway";

* Fourth. That under the Boeuf floodway plan costly drainage projects in southeast Arkansas and natural drainage and watersheds in northeast Louisiana will be ruined and disrupted. That under the Markham plan no such drainage projects will be disturbed, as said plan follows a natural watershed, namely, the Tensas and Bayou Macon Basins ;

" Fifth. That the approximate cost of the Boeuf plan of flood control to the United States Government would be $194,000,000, as compared with an approximate cost of the Markham plan of $106,000,000; that the cost of the Boeuf plan given above does not include any amounts for the purchase of flowage rights, which were not provided for in such plan; that under the Markham plan the cost given above includes a sum to be paid for flowage rights, which although deemed inadequate, is nevertheless provided ;

“Sixth. That under the Boeuf plan the largest gas field in the world, including pumping stations, networks of gas lines, evaporation plants, and many other facilities for the production and marketing of natural gas, as well as a vast number of public utilities, including railroads, high-power transmission lines, and telephone and telegraph lines, as well as numerous public schools, public roads, and other projects will be completely ruined and destroyed;

Seventh. That under the Boeuf plan a regjon settled by one hundred thousand persons will be involved.

Eighth. That under the Boeuf plan such prosperous and populous centers and towns as Oak Ridge, Collinston, Mer Rouge, in Morehouse Parish; such towns as Girard, Start, Alto, Buckner, Charlieville, Rayville (parish seat), Mangham, Archibald, in Richland Parish; and such towns as Fort Necessity, Liddieville, Gilbert, Wisner, and Winnsboro (parish seat), in Franklin Parish; and such towns as Bosco and Riverton in Ouachita Parish; and Sicily Island in Catahoula Parish; will be directly or indirectly affected, and these towns for the most part will be utterly ruined and inundated ;

“ Ninth. That the lack of wisdom and feasibility from an engineering standpoint of a fuseplug system and uncontrolled spillway as is suggested in the Boeuf plan as compared with a controlled, well-defined floodway as suggested in the Markham plan, has heretofore been thoroughly demonstrated by interested parties to Congress, to the Mississippi River Commission, and to the heads of all governmental departments, as well as United States Army Engi. neering Corps at previous hearings and are presently part of the record; be it further

Resolved, That the Kiwanis Club of Rayville, Louisiana, specifically concurs in the actions and resolutions of the Tensas Basin levee board and in the recommendation of the Mississippi River Commission that the Markham plan be utilized in lieu of the Boeuf floodway plan; and be it further

Resolved, That copies of this resolution be handed to the Shreveport Times, Monroe News-Star, Times-Picayune, Monroe Morning World, Commercial Appeal, local press, and that copies hereof be forwarded to the President of the United States, the United States Engineering Corps, the Mississippi River Commission, the Senators and Representatives of the State of Louisiana, in the United States Congress, and to the heads of all interested departments of the United States Government; and be it further

Resolved, That the police juries of each interested parish, be requested to provide a sufficient appropriation to send not less than two delegates to the hearing to be conducted in Washington, D. C., by House Committee on Flood Control, commencing April 1; that said delegates be instructed to meet together in Washington and perfect an organization for the purpose of best presenting their side of the controversy to the appropriate committee, and especially their objection to the Boeuf floodway plan; be it further

" Resolved, That the parishes of Ouachita, Morehouse, Richland, West Carroll, Franklin, and Catahoula are unalterably and intensely opposed to the

Boeuf floodway, and that the statement hereinabove first set forth relative to the objection not being intense is untrue. “Adopted at Rayville, Louisiana, March 27, 1935.

“ WARREN Hunt, Chairman.
"A. J. COOK,

GEO. B. FRANKLIN,
“ W. A. COOPER,
“FRED MORGAN,
" W. D. COTTON,
"A. A. ABELL,
E. B. TODD,

Committee. "Attest:

66

“ E. G. BROWN, Secretary."

At a regular meeting of the police jury of Richland Parish, La., the following resolution was unanimously adopted :

" Whereas under date of March 23, 1935, certain resolutions were adopted by a meeting of the public representing East Carroll, Madison, and Tensas Parishes; and

* Whereas said resolutions were spread in all the newspapers of the Fifth Congressional District, and proposed to be served upon all of the United States Representatives and Senators from the State of Louisiana, upon the heads of the departments of the United States Government, and the President of the United States; and

"Whereas said resolutions contained the following statement :

* Be it further resolved, That local opposition to this floodway (Markham plan), is more wide-spread and intense than the local opposition west of us to the Boeuf floodway'; and

. Whereas what known as the Boeuf floodway embraces, among others, various portions of the parishes of Morehouse, West Carroll, Ouachita, Richland, Franklin, and Catahoula, therefore, be it

Resolved:

“First. That the opposition to the Boeuf floodway by the citizens of these parishes is as wide-spread and intense as could possibly be; that the records in hearings heretofore held where objection to the Boeuf floodway was energetically urged fairly teem with legal and practical reasons and considerations from the parishes above named, why the Boeuf floodway is objectionable.

" Second. That the Markham plan floodway east of Bayou Macon Ridge is now recognized and scientifically known to be the most feasible and practical method of controlling the floods of the Mississippi River.

“ Third. That under the Boeuf floodway plan a totality of 1,200,000 acres of the most fertile land in the United States of America would be subject to use and destruction, whereas under the Markham plan a total of only 723,000 acres would be subject to use, and that under said Markham plan, of this area, 225.000 acres is in the Tensas Basin and embraced within the plan known as the Boeuf floodway.

“Fourth. That under the Boeuf floodway plan costly drainage projects in southeast Arkansas and natural drainage and watersheds in northeast Louisiana will be ruined and disrupted. That under the Markham plan no such drainage projects will be disturbed, as said plan follows a natural watershed, namely, the Tensas and Bayou Macon Basins.

“ Fifth. That the approximate cost of the Boeuf plan of flood control to the United States Government would be $194,000,000, as compared with an approximate cost of the Markhạm plan of $106,000,000; that the cost of the Boeuf plan given above does not include any amounts for the purchase of flowage rights, which were not provided for in such plan; that under the Markham plan the cost given above includes a sum to be paid for flowage rights, which although deemed inadequate is nevertheless provided.

Sixth. That under the Boeuf plan the largest gas field in the world, including pumping stations, networks of gas lines, evaporation plants, and many other facilities for the production and marketing of natural gas, as well as a vast number of public utilities, including railroads, high-power transmission lines, and telephone and telegraph lines, as well as numerous public schools, public roads, and other projects will be completely ruined and destroyed.

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