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Jones, Hon. Langdon R., president of the St. Francis Flood Associa-
tion of Missouri and Arkansas, and State representative of Missouri. 504
Meyer, J. W. Blytheville, Ark.
Mounger, H. P., president of the police jury of Pointe Coupee Parish,
Shaw, E. D., Bastrop, La.
Williamson, Lamar, attorney at law, Monticello, Ark.
Resolution adopted by the police jury of Richland Parish, La., March
Resolution adopted by the Town Council of Rayville, La., April 1,
Resolution adopted March 28, 1935, by the Chamber of Commerce of
Resolution adopted March 25, 1935, by the Police Jury and School
lows: W. A. Kelly, engineer appraiser, the Federal Land Bank of
Letter from Oscar Ameringer, Oklahoma City, Okla.
of the Federal Land Bank of New Orleans and the First National
FLOOD CONTROL IN THE MISSISSIPPI VALLEY
MONDAY, APRIL 1, 1935
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
Washington, D. C. The committee met at 10:30 a. m., Hon. Riley J. Wilson (chairman) presiding.
The CHAIRMAN. Gentlemen of the committee, this hearing is called to consider H. R. 6833, a bill to modify and extend the project for flood control and improvement of the Mississippi River authorized by the Flood Control Act of 1928. (The bill referred to is as follows:)
(H. R. 6833, 74th Cong., 1st sess.) A BILL To modify and extend the project for the flood control and improvement of the
Mississippi River authorized by the Flood Control Act of 1928 Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the first section of the Act entitled "An Act for the control of floods on the Mississippi River and its tributaries, and for other purposes ", approved May 15, 1928, as amended, is amended by adding at the end thereof a new paragraph to read as follows:
“The project adopted and authorized by this section to be prosecuted in accordance with the plan printed in House Document Numbered 90 is hereby modified and extended so as to carry out and comply with recommendations made by the Chief of Engineers, War Department, in his report of February 12, 1935, on flood-control works in the alluvial valley of the Mississippi River, printed in the Flood Control Committee Document Numbered 1, Seventy-fourth Congress. Hereafter such project shall be prosecuted subject to the conditions set forth and in accordance with the plans recommended by the Chief of Engineers in such Committee Document Numbered 1, but shall include the completion of the unfinished portions of such project as originally authorized by this section and not modified by this paragraph. There is hereby authorized to be appropriated for the prosecution of such project as herein modified and extended the sum of $265,000,000, in addition to the sums heretofore authorized by this section."
The CHAIRMAN. The flood-control project, as we all know, for the alluvial valley of the Mississippi River, from Cape Girardeau to the Gulf, was adopted in the Flood Control Act of May 15, 1928, which adopted for the prosecution of the work at that time the engineering plan set forth in House Document No. 90, of the Seventieth Congress. Under that act provision was made, because of the controversial features, that reviews of those projects be made in the final execution of the project, which was under the direction of the Secretary of War and the Chief of Engineers of the Army.
As the work progressed, being now more than 80 percent complete on the undisputed portions, there were certain features in controversy at that time, and that were continuously in controversy. Surveys were made after the flood of 1927 and later. In order to
adjust those differences, if possible, this committee passed a resolution asking the then Chief of Engineers to make a complete review of the entire project, with recommendations for such modifications that might be made therein, leading to its final completion.
The main disputed features were floodways, as to whether the flood waters should be, if necessary, regulated at the outlet, and controlled there; whether compensation should be paid for lands taken and used, if they were found to be absolutely essential.
Under that resolution the Chief of Engineers of the Army, at that time General Brown, appointed a special committee of which Gen. Harley B. Ferguson was chairman. General Ferguson is now president of the Mississippi River Commission.
Later the work passed to General Markham, the present Chief of Engineers, and following a request of the Congress and of this committee practically 3 years have been spent in a study and making experiments at the experimental station at Vicksburg. Every request made by the citizens of the valley and in connection with the action taken by this committee and the Congress has been complied with in studying and experimenting, and recommendations have finally been made, contained in committee document no. 1, Seventyfourth Congress, first session, which contains the report of the Chief of Engineers, with a report of the Mississippi River Commission appended thereto.
These hearings are called to discuss these recommendations prior to the completion of this, the greatest engineering project ever undertaken in this or any other nation.
Of course, I appreciate the interest of those concerned in the Mississippi Valley, and their presence here today.
We will arrange these hearings so that the Chief of Engineers may direct them insofar as his assistants are concerned.
I now introduce General Markham, the Chief of Engineers of the Army, and I suggest that he make a general statement to the committee in reference to this matter, without interruption, and then questions will be asked by members of the committe, beginning at the head of the table. That will be the limit on the procedure of the present time.
General Markham, the committee will be glad to hear you now.
STATEMENT OF MAJ. GEN. EDWARD M. MARKHAM, CHIEF OF
ENGINEERS, UNITED STATES ARMY
General MARKHAM. Mr. Chairman and gentlemen, I have been carrying the ball for about 15 months or thereabouts, and sometimes I feel like the Negro in France who did not know the name of the village because he had not been there but a week. I am sure I do not know many things that pertain to the lower Mississippi Valley.
On the other hand, I have given it such time and attention, rather continuously for 15 months, as to find myself in substantial disagreement with matters suggested, interdepartmentally, last year, leading to my disinclination to make any report last year, as you will recall.
This matter of study and attempted understanding has been continuous since that time, and has resulted finally in the report about which you all know.