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First printed in the folio of 1623.—Dr. Simon Forman in his Ms. Diary (Mus. Ashmol. Oxon.) has given an elaborate account of this tragedy, which he saw "at the Globe, 1610, the 20th of April, Saturday.” Malone thinks that it was originally performed in 1606, because in act ii. sc. 1, the Porter says, “ Here's a farmer that hanged himself on the expectation of plenty," and "here's an equivocator that could swear in both the scales against either scale, who committed treason enough for God's sake, yet could not equivocate to heaven,”the former passage, he conceives, alluding to the state of the corn-market in 1606, the latter to Garnet's avowed equivocation and gross perjury at his trial (for the Gunpowder Treason) on March 28th of that year. See Life of Shakespeare, p. 407 sqq. Mr. Collier believes that Macbeth was not a new play when Forman saw it acted, because “the words,
some I see That twofold balls and treble sceptres carry,' would have had little point, if we suppose them to have been delivered after the king who bore the balls and sceptres had been more than seven years on the throne. James was proclaimed King of Great Britain and Ireland on the 24th of October 1604; and we may perhaps conclude that Shakespeare wrote Macbeth in the year 1605, and that it was first acted at the Globe, when it was opened for the summer season, in the spring of 1606.” Introd. to Macbeth.Farmer conjectures, very improbably, that the tragedy might have been suggested to Shakespeare by an interlude which yras played at Oxford before King James in 1605: see the notes appended to Macbeth in the Variorum Shakespeare.—Holinshed, it is plain, furnished all the materials for Macbeth.
noblemen of Scotland.
Lords, Gentlemen, Officers, Soldiers, Murderers, Attendants, and Messengers. MACBETH.
Scene—in the end of the fourth act in England; through the rest of the
play in Scotland.
SCENE I. An open place.
Thunder and lightning. Enter three Witches. First Witch. When shall we three meet again In thunder, lightning, or in rain ?
Sec. Witch. When the hurlyburly's done,
Third Witch. That will be ere the set of sun.
Upon the heath.
AU. Fair is foul,2) and foul is fair:
SCENE II. A camp near Forres.
Alarums within. Enter DUNCAN, MALCOLM, DONALBAIN, LENNOX,
with Attendants, meeting a bleeding Sergeant.
This is the sergeant,
'Gainst my captivity.—Hail, brave friend !
Doubtful it stood;
,(6) Till he unseam'd him from the nave to the chaps, And fix'd his head upon our battlements.
Dun. O valiant cousin ! worthy gentleman !
Serg. As whence the sun gins his reflection Shipwrecking storms and direful thunders break;(7) So from that spring, whence comfort seem'd to come, Discomfort swells. (8) Mark, king of Scotland, mark:
. No sooner justice had, with valour arm’d, Compellid these skipping kerns to trust their heels, But the Norweyan lord, surveying vantage, With furbish'd arms and new supplies of men, Began a fresh assault. Dun.
Dismay'd not this