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MACBETH.

First printed in the folio of 1623.—Dr. Simon Forman in his Ms. Diary (Mus. Ashmol. Oxon.) has given an elaborate account of this tragedy, which he saw "at the Globe, 1610, the 20th of April, Saturday.” Malone thinks that it was originally performed in 1606, because in act ii. sc. 1, the Porter says, “ Here's a farmer that hanged himself on the expectation of plenty," and "here's an equivocator that could swear in both the scales against either scale, who committed treason enough for God's sake, yet could not equivocate to heaven,”the former passage, he conceives, alluding to the state of the corn-market in 1606, the latter to Garnet's avowed equivocation and gross perjury at his trial (for the Gunpowder Treason) on March 28th of that year. See Life of Shakespeare, p. 407 sqq. Mr. Collier believes that Macbeth was not a new play when Forman saw it acted, because “the words,

some I see That twofold balls and treble sceptres carry,' would have had little point, if we suppose them to have been delivered after the king who bore the balls and sceptres had been more than seven years on the throne. James was proclaimed King of Great Britain and Ireland on the 24th of October 1604; and we may perhaps conclude that Shakespeare wrote Macbeth in the year 1605, and that it was first acted at the Globe, when it was opened for the summer season, in the spring of 1606.” Introd. to Macbeth.Farmer conjectures, very improbably, that the tragedy might have been suggested to Shakespeare by an interlude which yras played at Oxford before King James in 1605: see the notes appended to Macbeth in the Variorum Shakespeare.—Holinshed, it is plain, furnished all the materials for Macbeth.

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Ross,

noblemen of Scotland.
MENTEITI,
ANGUS,
CAITHNESS,
FLEANCE, son to Banquo.
Siward, earl of Northumberland, general of the English forces.
Young SIWARD, his son.
Seyton, an officer atte

Macbeth.
Boy, son to Macduff.
An English Doctor.
A Scotch Doctor.
A Sergeant.
A Porter.
An Old Man.

Lady MacbETI.
Lady MacdUFF.
Gentlewoman attending on Lady Macbeth.

Lords, Gentlemen, Officers, Soldiers, Murderers, Attendants, and Messengers. MACBETH.

Hecate.
Three Witches.
Apparitions.

Scene—in the end of the fourth act in England; through the rest of the

play in Scotland.

ACT I.

SCENE I. An open place.

Thunder and lightning. Enter three Witches. First Witch. When shall we three meet again In thunder, lightning, or in rain ?

Sec. Witch. When the hurlyburly's done,
When the battle's lost and won.

Third Witch. That will be ere the set of sun.
First Witch. Where the place ?
Sec. Witch.

Upon the heath.
Third Witch. There to meet with Macbeth.
First Witch. I come, Graymalkin!
Sec. Witch. Paddock calls :-anon!

AU. Fair is foul,2) and foul is fair:
Hover through the fog and filthy air.

[Exeunt.

SCENE II. A camp near Forres.

Alarums within. Enter DUNCAN, MALCOLM, DONALBAIN, LENNOX,

with Attendants, meeting a bleeding Sergeant.
Dun. What bloody man is that? He can report,
As seemeth by his plight, of the revolt
The newest state.
Mal.

This is the sergeant,
Who, like a good and hardy soldier, fought

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'Gainst my captivity.—Hail, brave friend !
Say to the king thy knowledge of the broil)
As thou didst leave it.
Serg.

Doubtful it stood;
As two spent swimmers, that do cling together
And choke their art. The merciless Macdonwald-
Worthy to be a rebel, for, to that,
The multiplying villanies of nature
Do swarm upon him—from the western isles
Of kerns and gallowglasses is supplied ; (4)
And fortune, on his damnèd quarrel smiling,
Show'd like a rebel's whore: but all's too weak :(5)
For brave Macbeth,—well he deserves that name,-
Disdaining fortune, with his brandish'd steel,
Which smok'd with bloody execution,
Like valour's minion,
Carv'd out his passage till he fac'd the slave;
Aud ne'er shook hands, nor bade farewell to him,

,(6) Till he unseam'd him from the nave to the chaps, And fix'd his head upon our battlements.

Dun. O valiant cousin ! worthy gentleman !

Serg. As whence the sun gins his reflection Shipwrecking storms and direful thunders break;(7) So from that spring, whence comfort seem'd to come, Discomfort swells. (8) Mark, king of Scotland, mark:

. No sooner justice had, with valour arm’d, Compellid these skipping kerns to trust their heels, But the Norweyan lord, surveying vantage, With furbish'd arms and new supplies of men, Began a fresh assault. Dun.

Dismay'd not this
Our captains, Macbeth and Banquo ?

(9)
Serg.
As sparrows eagles, or the hare the lion.
If I say sooth, I must report they were
As cannons overcharg'd with double cracks;
So they
Doubly(10) redoubled strokes upon the foe:
Except they meant to bathe in reeking wounds,
Or memorize another Golgotha,

Yes;

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