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A BILL RELATING TO THE STABILIZATION OF
DEFENSE FARM LABOR.

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A BILL TO AMEND THE AGRICULTURAL ACT OF 1949
AND

S. 1106

A BII,IL TO FACILITATE THE OBTAINING OF AN

ADEQUATE SUPPLY OF WORKERS FOR THE PRO

DUCTION AND HARVESTING OF AGRICULTURAL
COMMODITIES, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES

MARCH 13, 14, 15, AND 16, 1951

Printed for the use of the Committee on Agriculture and Forestry "

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COMMITTEE ON AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY
ALLEN J. ELLENDER, Louisiana, Chairman

CLYDE R. HOEY, North Carolina GEORGE D. AIKEN, Vermont
OLIN D. JOHNSTON, South Carolina MILTON R. YOUNG, North Dakota
SPESSARD L. HOLLAND, Florida EDWARD J. THYE, Minnesota
CLINTON P. ANDERSON, New Mexico JAMES P. KEM, Missouri
JAMES O. EASTLAND, Mississippi BOURKE B. HICKENLOOPER, Iowa
HUBERT H. HUMPHREY, Minnesota KARL E. MUNDT, South Dakota

C. M. MoUSER, Chief Clerk
II

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Statement of- Page
Ahkeah, Sam, chairman, Navaho Tribal Council, Window Rock, 174.
Ariz-------------------------------------------------------
Bo Fred, legislative consultant, National Grange, Washington, 49.
D.C.-------------------------------------------------------
Baird, J. C., Jr., representing the Agricultural Labor Users of the
United States, Indianola, Miss-------------------------------- 93.
Bond, Howard, representing the American Sugar Cane League, New
Orleans, La------------------------------------------------- 86.
Bronson, Mrs. Ruth Muskrat, member, National Congress of Ameri-
can Indians, Washington, D.C.------------------------------- 148
Cain, Hon. Harry P., a United States Senator from the State of Wash-
ington------------------------------------------------------ 165
Creasey, Robert T., Assistant Secretary of Labor, United States De-
partment of Labor------------------------------------------- 19
Curry, James E., attorney, National Congress of American Indians,
Washington, D.C.------------------------------------------- 148
Engler, Robert, legislative representative, National Farmers Union,
Washington, D.C.------------------------------------------- 64

Falk, Ernest, manager, Northwest Horticultural Council, and representing the Northwest Agricultural Labor Association, Yakima,

Wash------------------------------------------------------ 78 Fernös-Isern, A., Resident Commissioner of Puerto Rico.----------- 146 Ferris, Josiah, Florida Sugar Producers’ Association, Clewiston, Fla-- 87 Goott, Daniel, Labor Adviser's Office, United States Department of State------------------------------------------------------- 44 Gorman, Howard W., chairman, resources committee, Navaho Tribal Council, Ganado, Ariz---------------------------------------- 174 Gorman, Samuel W., chairman, traders committee, Navaho Tribal Council, Chinle, Ariz----------------------------------------- 174

Greene, Rev. Shirley E., agricultural relations secretary, Council for
Social Action of the Congregational Christian Churches, Merom,

Ind-------------------------------------------------------- 136 Hayden, Hon. Carl, a United States Senator from the State of Arizona- 91 Jackson, Gardner, representing the National Share Croppers Fund, Washington, D.C.------------------------------------------- 155 Larin, Don, Chief, Farm Placement Service, United States Employment Service, United States Department of Labor-------------- 19 La Tourette, William G., general manager, Garden State Service Cooperative Association, Inc., Trenton, N. J.-------------------- 135 Magleby, R. T., representing the Northwest Agricultural Labor Association, Walla Walla, Wash------------------------------------ 78 Magnuson, Hon. Warren G., a United States Senator from the State of Washington------------------------------------------------- 159 Mason, Walter, J., member of the national legislative committee, American Federation of Labor, Washington, D. C.--------------- 123 McCormick, Clarence J., Under Secretary of Agriculture, United States Department of Agriculture------------------------------------ 39 Mets, Keith, president, Imperial Valley Farmers Association of Imperial County, Holtville, Calif--------------------------------- 114 Milo Albert D., Office of the Solicitor, United States Department of 1800T------------------------------------------------------ 19 Mitchell, H. L., president, National Farm Labor Union (AFL), Washington, D.C.------------------------------------------------ 72 Rainer, John, executive secretary, National Congress of American Indians, Washington, D.C.----------------------------------- 148 Riggle, John J., assistant secretary, National Council of Farmer ooperatives, Washington, D.C.------------------------------- 61 Robb, Philip, representing the National Consumers' League, Princeton, N. J.--------------------------------------------------- 166 Rubottom, R. R., Jr., Officer in Charge of Mexican Affairs, United States Department of State------------------------------------ 44 Statement of Continued Page
Stennis, Hon. John C., a United States Senator from the State of
Mississippi-------------------------------------------------- 92
Triggs, Matt, assistant director, Washington office, American Farm
Bureau Federation, Washington, D.C.------------------------- 56

Miscellaneous documents—

S. 949, Eighty-first Congress------------------------------------ 1

S. 984, Eighty-first Congress------------------------------------ 3

S. 1106, Eighty-first Congress----------------------------------- 5

Letter from Secretary of Labor Maurice J. Tobin, dated February 28,

1951, relative to draft of S. 1106 and its analysis.---------------- 6

Report of Federal Security Agency on S. 984, dated March 9, 1951-- 8

Report of Department of Agriculture on S. 949 and S. 984, dated

March 12, 1951-----------------------------------.---------- 10

Letter from Senators Edwin C. Johnson and Eugene D. Millikin, dated

March 8, 1951, relative to amendments proposed to S. 984------- 13

Letter from John H. Todd, Washington representative of the National

Cotton Compress and Cotton Warehouse Association, dated March

9, 1951, relative to section 508 of S. 984------------------------ 13

Letter and memorandum from Senator Pat McCarran, chairman of

the Senate Committee on the Judiciary, relative to S. 984-------- 14

Letter from C. J. Bourg, vice president, American Sugar Cane League,

dated March 7, 1951, relative to S. 984------------------------- 15

Telegram from Cecil C. Clark, president, Emergency Yakima Farm
Labor Corp., dated February 8, 1951--------------------------- 22

Statement by Department of Labor on proposed operation of over-

night rest stops for migratory farm workers and their families---- 31

Table showing number of farm workers, World War II lows and 1948

to date----------------------------------------------------- 57

List of agricultural labor users represented at hearing before the

Senate Committee on Agriculture and Forestry------------------ 93

Statement by Department of Labor on Foreign Labor in Agriculture

in the United States, 1950------------------------------------ 105

Telegram from Kelley, Farquhar & Co., Tacoma, Wash., dated March .

15, 1951, relative to S. 1106----------------------------------- 141

Telegram from Ivan H. Moorhouse, Olympia Canning Co., Olympia,

Wash., dated March 15, 1951, relative to S. 1106---------------- 141

Telegram from Brady T. Jones, Pictsweet Foods, Inc., Mount Vernon,

Wash., dated March 16, 1951, relative to S. 1106---------------- 141

Letter from J. L. Nairn, McAllen, Tex., dated March 11, 1951, relative

to S. 984--------------------------------------------------- 142

Letter from Edward J. Overby, assistant to the Seeretary, United

States Department of Agriculture, dated March 14, 1951, relative

to overnight rest camps for migrant agricultural workers and opera-

tion of the farm labor supply program during World War II------ 143

Statement filed by John F. McGovern chairman, war manpower

committee, National Canners Association----------------------- 145

Telegram filed by Senator Karl E. Mundt from Kelley, Farquhar &

Co., Tacoma, Wash., dated March 15, 1951--------------------- 146

Telegram filed by Senator Karl E. Mundt from Elvin F. Kale, C. S.

Kale Canning Co., Bellingham, Wash., dated March 16, 1951---- 146

Supplementary statement filed by James E. Curry, National Con-

gress of American Indians------------------------------------ 153

Letter and enclosures filed by Hon. Dennis Chavez, a United States

Senator from the State of New Mexico.------------------------- 176

Letter filed by Senator Dennis Chavez from Senator Herbert H.

Lehman, dated March 15, 1951-------------------------------- 180

Statement filed by Hon. Samuel W. Yorty, a Representative in

Congress from the Fourteenth District of the State of California.-- 180

Statement filed by Hon. Zales N. Ecton, a United States Senator from

the State of Montana---------------------------------------- 184

Statement filed by Felix S. Cohen, general counsel, Association of

American Indian Affairs, Inc., Washington, D.C.---------------- 186

FARM LABOR PROGRAM

TUESDAY, MARCH 13, 1951

UNITED STATES SENATE, CoMMITTEE ON AGRICULTURE AND For ESTRY, Washington, D. C.

The committee met, pursuant to call, at 10:10 a. m., in room 324, Senate Office Building, Senator Allen J. Ellender (chairman) presiding.

Present: Senators Ellender, Hoey, Johnston, Holland, Anderson, Aiken, Young, Thye, Hickenlooper, and Mundt.

The CHAIRMAN. The meeting will be in order.

The purpose of this meeting is to hear testimony with respect to several bills on the subject of methods to supply agricultural workers.

At this point in the record I should like to insert copies of S. 949, S. 984, and S. 1106, which was just introduced yesterday by Senator Magnuson.

(The bills referred to are as follows:)

|S. 949, 82d Cong., 1st sess.]
A BILL Relating to the stabilization of defense farm labor

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That this Act may be cited as the “Defense Farm Labor Act of 1951’’.

SEC. 2. The Congress finds that (1) farm labor is a vital and inseparable part of the total defense manpower problem and must be considered in the same manner as industrial labor is considered to the end that production of adequate supplies of food and fiber for defense mobilization can be stabilized and made more efficient; (2) there are urgent seasonal demands in widely scattered parts of the country for defense farm workers; (3) in order to adequately fulfill these demands a coordinated program of recruitment, transportation, housing, and health service must be provided by the Federal Government; (4) in the absence of coordination, the supply of labor has sometimes fallen below local needs and at other times has so greatly exceeded local needs that farm workers have, in some sections of the country, become public charges on the States, while in other sections great financial losses were sustained by reason of labor shortages; (5) the flow of farm labor has been interstate in character, and relief problems of transient farm labor have caused inequitable burdens upon States, counties, and municipalities; and (6) provision of health services and medical care so that selective service as well as defense farm projects will not be confronted with physically deficient manpower as they were in World War II, the elimination of abuses in the employment of farm labor, and the establishment of protective standards are essential to insure the adequate flow of agricultural labor.

SEC. 3. (a) The Secretary of Labor is authorized and directed to take whatever steps may be necessary and proper to provide an adequate supply of farm labor in the continental United States, Hawaii, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands, including, among other things, (1) the collection, compilation, and dissemination of information relevant to defense farm labor, labor-deficit areas, and housing and working conditions; (2) the recruiting, training, and placement of workers; (3) the transportation of, and the furnishing of housing, and health and medical care, and burial services to workers and their families; and (4) the construction, lease, repair, alteration, relocation, expansion, and operation of labor-supply centers, labor camps and homes, child-care centers, and other necessary facilities and services.

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