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of the town, or the city clerk of the city in which such election district is situated. The poll clerks and ballot clerks so appointed shall hold their offices during the terms of office of the inspectors appointing them.

The term inspectors elected, as used in this section, shall include inspectors appointed to fill vacancies in the offices of inspectors authorized to be elected.

If the law provides for the appointment of all the inspectors of any election district, the authority appointing such inspectors shall appoint the poll clerks and ballot clerks of such district, for the same terms of office as the inspectors.

If at the time of any election at which poll clerks and ballot clerks are required to be present at the polling place in any election district, the office of a poll clerk or of a ballot clerk of such district shall be vacant, or a poll clerk or a ballot clerk of the district shall be absent, the inspectors of election of such district shall forthwith appoint a person to fill such vacancy; or designate a person to act in the place of such absent poll clerk or ballot clerk, until he shall appear.

Each person so appointed or designated shall, before he acts as such poll clerk or ballot clerk, take the constitutional oath of office. R. S., 416, L. 1842, ch. 130, tit. 4, Art. 1, $ 3. Id., 438, L. 1880, ch. 56, § 1.

L. 1890, ch. 262, 88 22, 44.

L. 1891, ch. 7, 8 3. (See Form 9, post p. 474.)

$ 13. Ballot boxes. There shall be but one ballot box at each polling place for receiving all ballots cast for candidates for office, except for commissioners of excise in towns. If proposed constitutional amendments, or other propositions or questions, may lawfully be voted upon thereat, there shall be one ballot box at each poll. ing place for the reception of ballots upon each such amendment or proposition or question, which shall be labeled and numbered to correspond with such amend. shall be at each polling place, as many other boxes as may be required by law to receive unvoted ballots. Each such ballot or other box shall be provided with a sufficient lock and key, and with an opening in the lid large enough and not larger than may be necessary to allow a single folded ballot to be easily passed through such opening into the box. Each such box shall be large enough to properly receive and hold all ballots which may lawfully be deposited therein at any election. R. S., 419, L. 1842, ch. 130, tit. 4, art. 3, 88 24-7.

L. 1890, ch. 262, $ 23.

L 1891, h. 296, S 10. $ 14. Voting booths and guard rails. There shall be in each polling place during each election, a sufficient number of voting booths not less than one for every fifty voters in the election district. Each such booth shall be at least three feet square, shall have four sides inclosed, each at least six feet high, and the one in front shall open and shut as a door swinging outwards and shall extend to within two feet of the floor. Each such booth shall contain a shelf which shall be one foot wide extending across one side of the booth at a convenient height for writing, and shall be furnished with such supplies and conveniences, including shelves, pens, ink, blotting paper, pencils and mucilage as will enable the voters to conveniently prepare their ballots for voting. Each booth shall be kept clearly lighted while the polls are open, by artificial lights, if necessary.

A guard rail shall be so constructed and placed at each polling place that only such persons as are inside such rail can approach within six feet of the ballot boxes, and of the booths. The arrangement of the polling place shall be such that the booths can only be reached by passing within the guard rail, and that the booths, ballot boxes, election officers, and every part of the polling places, except the inside of the booths, shall be in plain view of the election officers and of persons just outside the guard rail. R. S., 439, L. 1880, ch. 56, $$ 8, 9.

L. 1890, ch. 262, 8 23.
L. 1891, ch. 296, $ 10.

$ 15. Organization of board of inspectors; supplying vacancies and absences.-Before otherwise entering upon their duties, the inspectors of each district shall meet and appoint one of their number chairman. If at the time of any meeting of the inspectors or when any such meeting is required by law to be held, there shall be a vacancy in the office of any inspector, or if any inspector shall be absent from such meeting, the inspector or inspectors present shall appoint a qualified elector of the district to fill such vacancy or to act as inspector in the place of each absent inspector, until such absent inspector shall appear.

If at any such time, the offices of all inspectors are vacant, or no inspector shall appear within one hour after the time fixed by law for the opening of such meeting, the qualified voters of the district present, not less than ten, may designate three qualified voters of the district to fill such vacancies, or to act in the place of such inspectors respectively until the absent inspectors respectively appear.

Such appointments and designations shall be made from the political parties polling the highest and next highest number of votes for state officers at the next preceding general election for such offices, and so that not more than two of such inspectors shall belong to the same political party.

Every person so appointed or designated to act as inspector shall take the oath of office required of inspectors of election. R. S., 415, L. 1842, ch. 130, tit. 3, Art. 3, $ 20. Id., 416, L. 1842, ch. 130, tit. 3, Art. 3, $ 22. Id., 416, L. 1842, ch. 130, tit. 4, Art. 1, $$ 1, 2. Id., 431, L. 1842, ch. 130, tit. 8, $$ 3, 4. (See Forms, 10, 11, post p. 474.)

$ 16. Preservation of order by inspectors at elections and their meetings.- All meetings of the board of inspectors shall be public. They shall have full authority to preserve peace and good order at such meetings and around the polls of an election, and to keep the access thereto open and unobstructed, and to their meetings. They may appoint one or more electors to communicate their orders and directions, and to assist in the performance of the duties in this section enjoined.

If any person shall refuse to obey the lawful command of the inspectors, or by disorderly conduct in their presence or hearing, shall interrupt or disturb their proceedings, they may make an order directing the sheriff or any constable of the county, to take the person so offending into custody and detain him until the final canvass of the votes shall be completed; but such order shall not prohibit the person so taken into custody from voting at such election.

Such order shall be executed by any sheriff or constable to whom the same shall be delivered; or if none shall be present, by any other person deputed by such board in writing. R. S., 420, L. 1842, ch. 130, tit. 4, Art. 4, $$ 32-34.

L. 1890, ch. 321, $$ 13, 14. 8 17. Payment of election expenses.-The expense of providing polling places, voting booths, supplies therefor, and other furniture of the polling place, and the compensation of the election officers in each election district, shall be a charge upon the town or city in which such election district is situated, except that such expenses incurred for the purpose of conducting a village election not held at the same time as a general election, shall be a charge upon the village.

The expense of printing and delivering the ballots and cards of instruction to be used at a town meeting, city or village election, not held at the same time as a general election, and of printing the lists of nominations therefor, shall be a charge upon the town, city or village in which the election is held.

The expense of printing and delivering the ballots and cards of instruction to be used in any county at any other election, if no town meeting, city or village election be held at the same time therewith, and of printing the lists of nominations therefor, shall be a charge upon such county,

The expense of printing and delivering the ballots and cards of instruction to be used in any county at any such other election, and of printing the lists of nomi. nations therefor, if a town meeting, city or village election be held in such county at the same time therewith, shall be apportioned by the county clerk between such town, city or village, and such county, in the proportion of the number of candidates for town, city or village officers on such ballots, respectively, to the whole number of candidates thereon, and the amount of such expense so apportioned to each such municipality shall be a charge thereon. For the purposes of this section, the county of Kings includes only that portion of the county outside the city of Brooklyn. All expenses lawfully incurred by the board of elections of the city of Brooklyn shall be a charge on such city.

The county clerk of each county, not salaried, shall be paid by such county a reasonable compensation for his services in carrying out the provisions of this chapter, to be fixed by the board of supervisors of the county.

The town clerk of each town shall be paid by such town, a reasonable compensation for his services in carrying out the provisions of this chapter, to be fixed by the other members of the town board of the town.

Ballot clerks and persons acting as such, and clerks of boards of registry in cities, except New York and Brooklyn, shall receive the same compensation for their attendance at an election, or meeting for registry in pursuance of law, as inspectors of election, and he paid in like manner. An inspector of election lawfully required to file any papers in a county clerk's office shall, unless he reside in a city or town in which such office is situated, be entitled to receive as compensation therefor, four cents a mile for every mile actually and necessarily traveled between his residence and such clerk's office, in going to and returning from such office, and five dollars. R. S., 416, L. 1842, ch. 130, tit. 3, Art. 3, § 23. Id., 432, L. 1842, ch, 130, tit. 8, SS 6, 7. Id., 439, L. 1880, ch. 56, $ 14.

L. 1890, ch. 262, 8 39.

L. 1890, ch. 321, $ 18.
Id., 1353, L. 1857, ch. 615, § 3, sub. 1.

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