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CHAPTER IV.

THE LEGISLATIVE APPORTIONMENT LAW. A law was passed by the Legislature, chapter 397 of the Laws of 1892, reapportioning the Senate and Assembly districts of the State. So far as the Senate districts are concerned, the law practically does not go into effect until the November election in 1893, since the terms of the Senators do not expire until the close of that year, and, therefore, Senators will not be elected until the preceding November. But the Assembly districts are disturbed the present year in counties which were assigned more than one Assemblyman; and every one of the 128 Assemblymen will be elected at the November election of 1892. The apportionment law provided that the boards of supervisors should meet in the following named counties upon the third Tuesday of July, 1892, and divide their respective counties into so many Assembly districts as they are entitled to under this act:

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The rearrangement of the above Assembly districts. renders it difficult to determine precisely their political character. But no such difficulty presents itself in the case of the forty-six counties which, with the exception of Fulton and Hamilton, each have one Assemblyman. In 1888 and 1891 these forty-six counties cast the following vote for the respective candidates for President and for Governor :

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CHAPTER V.

THE VOTE CAST AND REGISTERED IN 1891.

The election of 1891 was no exception to the general rule that thousands of persons inscribed their names upon the books of the board of registry, or had their names put upon those books in rural neighborhoods upon the first day of registration, and yet neglected to vote. This was especially the case in rural parts of the State. This registration roll, however, will prove of high value to politicians, and especially so in rural neighborhoods, as showing the probable number of voters in each election district, and giving the names of all voters. In cities the requirement of the registration law that each voter shall personally appear and register undoubtedly, in 1891, kept off the registration books the names of a large number of voters living in each city election district. But in rural districts the committeemen of the political parties took pains to place upon the registration books the names of all voters with whose names they were familiar and the result was that in a large proportion of the election districts in the rural neighborhoods the books of registration were made an almost complete roll of the voters of each election district. The value of this roll to political committees in the canvassing for votes, in the circulation of political documents and newspapers, and in preparing the registration roll of the present year 1892, can not be overestimated.

A comparison of the total vote registered in each rural election district, with the total vote polled in 1891, will also enable political leaders and candidates for office to determine the relative proportion of their party vote they must bring out in each one of such election districts in order to secure party success. With the aim of 'giving persons interested in the subject an opportunity to make this comparison, the author of this pamphlet has included in it the vote of the State registered and cast at the general election

of 1891 by election district. A few illustrations will show the value of this comparison. Below will be found the vote of various towns in various counties for President in 1888 and for Governor in 1891, with the total vote registered in those towns in 1891:

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The total vote by counties and the total vote registered, of course, shows more glaringly the number of voters who, although registered, did not vote at the fall election of 1891. The table given below shows the total vote by counties and the total vote registered in 1891:

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