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3. During an election or town meeting, willfully removes or defaces the cards for the instruction of voters, posted in accordance with the election law, is guilty of a misdemeanor.

L. 1890, ch. 321, 8 88. 8 41f. Refusal to permit employes to attend election.- A person or corporation who refuses to an employe entitled to vote at an election or town meeting, the privilege of attending thereat, as provided by the election law, or subjects such employe to a penalty or reduction of wages because of the exercise of such privilege, is guilty of a misdemeanor.

L. 1890, ch. 321, $ 38. 8 41g. Misconduct in relation to certificates of nomination, and official ballots.- A person who,

1. Falsely makes or makes oath to, or fraudulently defaces or destroys, a certificate of nomination or any part thereof; or

2. Files or receives for filing a certificate of nomination knowing that any part thereof was falsely made; or

3. Suppresses a certificate of nomination which has been duly filed, or any part thereof; or

4. Forges or falsely makes the official indorsement of any ballot; or

5. Having charge of official ballots, destroys, conceals or suppresses them, except as provided by law,

Is punishable by imprisonment for not less than one nor more than five years.

L. 1890, cb. 321, $$ 32, 34. 8 41h. Failure to deliver official ballots.-Any person who has undertaken to deliver official ballots to any city, town or village clerk, or inspector, as authorized by the election law, and neglects or refuses to do so, is guilty of a misdemeanor.

$ 41i. Misconduct of election officers and watchers.— Any election officer or watcher who,

1. Reveals to another person the name of any candidate for whom a voter has voted; or

2. Communicates to another person his opinion, belief or

3. Places a mark upon a ballot or does any other act by which one ballot can be designated from another, is punishable by imprisonment for not less than six months, nor more than one year.

L 1890, ch. 321, $ 34 41j. Violation of election law by public officer.- A public officer who omits, refuses or neglects to perform any act required of him by the election law, or refuses to permit the doing of any act authorized thereby, is, if not otherwise provided by law, punishable by imprisonment for not more than three years, or by a fine of not more than three thousand dollars, or both.

L. 1890, ch. 321, $ 34. R. S. 440, L. 1880, ch. 66, § 20. 8 41k. Misdemeanors in relation to elections. Any person who,

1. Acts as an inspector of election, poll clerk or ballot clerk, without being able to read and write the English language, or without being otherwise qualified to hold such office; or

2. Being an inspector of election, knowingly and willfully permits or suffers any person to vote who is not entitled to vote thereat; or

3. Willfully and lawfully obstructs, hinders or delays, or aids or assists in obstructing or delaying any elector on his way to a polling place, or while he is attempting to voto; or

4. Electioneers on election day within a polling place, or in a public street or room, or in any public manner, within one hundred and fifty feet of a polling-place; or

5. Knowingly votes or offers to vote at any election, when not qualified therefor; or

6. Procures, aids, assists, counsels or advises any person to go or come into any town, ward, or election district, for the purpose of voting at an election, knowing that such person is not qualified; or

7. Votes or offers to vote at an election moro than once, in an election district or place where he does not reside; or

8. Procures, aids, assists, commands or advises another to vote or offer to vote at an election, knowing that such person is not qualified to vote thereat; or

9. Removes any official ballot from a polling-place before the closing of the polls; or

10. Shows his ballot after it is prepared for voting to any person, so as to reveal the contents, or solicits a voter to show the same; or

11. Places any mark upon his ballot, or does any other act in connection with his ballot, with the intent that it may be identified as the one voted by him; or

12. Places any mark upon, or does any other act in connection with a ballot or paster ballot, with the intent that it may afterwards be identified as having been voted by any particular person; or

13. Receives an official ballot from any person other than one of the ballot clerks having charge of the ballots; or

14. Not being a ballot clerk, delivers an official ballot to voter; or

15. Not being an inspector of election, receives from any voter a ballot prepared for voting; or

16. Fails to return to the ballot clerks, before leaving the polling place or going outside the guard rail, each ballot not voted by him; or

17. Willfully disobeys any lawful command of the board of inspectors, is guilty of a misdemeanor. This section shall apply to general and special elections and town meetings, but nothing therein shall prevent any person from receiving or delivering an unofficial sample ballot, or from receiving, delivering and voting an unofficial ballot as authorized by the election law.

R. 8., 430–1, L. 1842, ch. 130, tit. VII, 88.9, 10, 11, 12, 13.
Id., 456, L. 1864, ch. 253, $$ 9, 10.
Id., 438, L. 1880, ch. 56, $$ 1, 2.
Id., 432, L. 1847, ch. 240, $ 16.

L 1890, ch. 262, $ 85.

$ 411. Voting after conviction of infamous crime. – Any person who has been convicted of an infamous crime and has been sentenced or committed therefor to a state prison

have been pardoned and restored to all the rights of a
citizen, is guilty of a misdemeanor.
R. S., 419, L. 1842, ch. 130, tit. IV, § 23.

L. 1875, chi 138.
See penal code $ 711.

41m. Voting by inhabitant of another state or country. Any inhabitant of another state or country who votes or offers to vote at an election or town meeting in this state, is guilty of a felony.

R. S., 431, L. 1842, ch. 130, tit. VII, § 13. $ 41n. False returns.— An inspector or poll clerk of an election or town meeting, who intentionally makes, or attempts to make, a false canvass of the ballots cast thereat, or any false statement of the result of a canvass, though not signed by a majority of the inspectors, or any person who induces or attempts to induce any such inspector or clerk so to do, is guilty of a felony.

R. S., 439, L. 1880, ch. 56, SS 18–19. $ 410. Furnishing money or entertainment to induce attend. ance at polls.- Any person who, with the intent to promote the election of a person to an elective office:

1. Furnishes entertainment to the electors before or during or town meeting at which such person is a candidate; or

2. Pays for, procures, or engages to pay for such entertainment; or

3. Furnishes money or other property, or engages to compensate any person, for procuring the attendance of voters at the polls of such election or town meeting; or

4. Contributes money for any other purpose than the printing and circulating of hand bills, books and other papers previous to an election or town meeting, or conveying such poor or infirm electors to the polls, is guilty of a misdemeanor.

R. S., 430, L. 1842, ch. 130, tit. VII, $ 6. 41p. Giving considerations for franchise.- Any person who, directly or indirectly, by himself or through any other person:

1. Pays, lends or contributes, or offers or promises to рау, lend or contribute any money or other valuable con

sideration to or for any voter, or to or for any other person, to induce such voter to vote or refrain from voting at such election for any particular person or persons, or to induce such voter to come to the polls or remain away from the polls at such election or on account of such voter having voted or refrained from voting, or having voted or refrained from voting for any particular person, or having come to the polls or remained away from the polls at such election; or

2. Gives, offers or promises any office, place or employ. ment, or promises to procure, or endeavor to procure any office, place or employment to or for any voter or to or for any other person, in order to induce such voter to vote or refrain from voting at such election for any particular person or persons; or

3. Makes any gift, loan, promise, offer, procurement or agreement, as aforesaid, to, for or with any person in order to induce such person to procure or endeavor to procure the election of any person, or the vote of any voter at any election; or

4. Procures or engages, or promises or endeavors to procure, in consequence of any such gift, loan, offer, promise, procurement or agreement, the election of any person or the vote of any voter at such election; or

5. Advances, pays, or causes to be paid, any money or other valuable thing to or for the use of any other person with the intent that the same, or any part thereof, shall be used in bribery at any election, or knowingly pays, or causes to be paid any money or other valuable thing to any person, in discharge or repayment of any money wholly or partly expended in bribery at any election,

Is guilty of an infamous crime, punishment by imprisonment for not less than three months, nor more than one year, and in addition, forfeits any office to which he may have been elected at the election with reference to which guch offense was committed.

Penal code, $$ 41 and 41b.

$ 419. Receiving considerations for franchise.— Any person who, directly or indirectly, by himself or through any

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