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ENTERED, according to Act of Congress, in the year 1847,
BY CHARLES CAMPBELL, In the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the United States, in and for the Eastern
District of Virginia.
HISTORY OF VIRGINIA.
Portuguese, French and Spanish navigaCHAPTER I.
tors now visited North America, with what
motives, adventures and success, it is not 1492–1591.
necessary to relate here. [1583.] Sir Hum
phrey Gilbert, commissioned by Queen ElizEarly voyages of Discovery; Madoc; The Northmen ; Co. abeth and assisted by his half-brother, Wal
lumbus; John Cabot ; Sebastian Cabot ; Sir Humphrey ter Raleigh, fitted out a small fleet and made Gilbert; Walter Raleigh ; Expedition of Amidas and a voyage to Newfoundland, where he landed Barlow; They land on Wococon Island ; They return and took formal possession of the country. to England; The new country named Virginia ; Gren
This intrepid navigator embarking to return ville's Expedition ; Colony of Roanoke; Lane Governor; The Colony abandoned ; Tobacco; Grenville returns
in the Squirrel, a vessel of only ten tons, was to Virginia; Leaves a small Colony at Roanoke ; Sir lost in a storm.
| lost in a storm. When last seen by the comWalter Raleigh sends out another Expedition; City of pany of the Hind, Sir Humphrey, although Raleigh Chartered; White Governor; Roanoke found surrounded by imminent perils, was seated deserted ; Virginia Dare, first child born in the Colony; calmly on deck, with a book in his hand, and White returns for supplies; The Armada; Raleigh as- was heard to exclaim, “Be of good cheer, signs the Colony to a Company; White returns to Vir- my friends, it is as near to Heaven by sea as gipia ; Finds the Colony extinct; Death of Sir Richard | by land." Grenville.
Not daunted by the fate of his heroic kins
man, Raleigh persisted in the design of efThe discoveries attributed to Madoc, the
fecting a settlement in America, and being Welsh prince, have afforded a theme for the me
now high in the Queen's favor, obtained letcreations of poetry; those of the Northmen te
en ters patent for that purpose, dated March 25th, of Iceland, better authenticated, still engage 1584. Aided by some gentlemen and merthe dim researches of antiquarian curiosity. Ich
sity chants, particularly by his gallant kinsmen, The glory of having made the first certain's
certain Sir Richard Grenville, and Mr. William Sandiscovery of the New World, belongs to Co-l derson who had married his niece, Raleigh lumbus. It was, however, the good fortune succeeded in providing two small vessels. of the Cabots, to be the first who actually These w
tually These were put under command of Captains reached the main land. It was in 1492, that Philip Amidas and Arthur Barlow. Barlow the Genoese navigator first landed on the
the had already served with distinction under shores of St. Salvador. [1497.] Giovanni R
ini Raleigh in Ireland. The two vessels left the Gaboto, in English, John Cabot, a Venetian
Thames on the 27th of April, 1584. Pursu
son, ing the old circuitous route by the Canaries, Sebastian, a native of that city, having ob- they reached the West Indies. After a short tained a patent from Henry VII., sailed un- stay
stay there, they sailed North, and early in der his flag and discovered the main conti- July
July, as they approached the coast of Florida, nent of America, amid the mhospitable rigors the mariners were regaled with the odors of of the wintry North. It was more than a a thousand flowers wafted from the fragrant vear subsequent, that Columbus, in his third shore. Amidas and Barlow, passing one voyage, set his foot on the main land of the hun
n land of the hundred and twenty miles farther, landed on South. [1498.] Sebastian Cabot again cross-the i
ain cross the island of Wococon, * in the stormy reed the Atlantic and coasted from the 58th degree of North latitude, along the shores of
* See in “Memorials of North Carolina,” by J. Seawell the United States, perhaps as far as to the
ne Jones, a graphic description of this island, and of the cirSouthern boundary of Maryland.
cumstances of the landing there. This writer, who evinces