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Exclusive of sums paid for captured 1825

45,000 0 0 and liberated Africans !

1826

35,000 0 0 The expense of maintaining Sierra 1827

30,000 0 0 Leone may, with the greatest justice, be set down as a sum paid for liberated

L.261,195 10 0 Africans. I proceed, however, to show Home supplies the sums which, independent of this, L,11,000 annually,

77,000 0 0 we have directly and actually paid for this description of British subjects;

L.338,195 10 0 and to obtain an accurate datum to determine the whole, let us take the sums

Annual average,

L.48,313 12 10+ for the following years according to the official estimates, and the bills which for 20 years is L.966,272 10 5 drawn in each year for this portion of above nine-tenths of which sum is unour national expenditure, thus :- questionably for Sierra Leone alone !!

With these remarks I proceed to lay *1821

L.35,533 3 44 before you the sums which Great Bri1822

36,830 8 0 tain has actually and directly paid for 1823

34,031 18 77 LIBERATED AFRICANS in one way or 1824

45,000 0 0 another, as follows:

2 0

Bounties, Par. Pap. 399 of 1827,

L.484,344 6 8 Maintenance liberated Africans,

966,272 10 5 Spain paid for illegal captures, Par. Pap. 43 of 1822, granted session 1818,

400,000 0 0 Portugal paid for illegal captures, Par. Pap. 43 of 1822, p. 2,

L.348,904 2
Do. do. p. 3, granted session 1820, 150,000 0
Do. do. Miscellaneous Estimates, Pap.
44 of 1821, p. 3,

150,000 0 0
Do. do. Miscellaneous Estimates, Pap.
21 of 1822,

35,000 0 0 Miscellaneous Estimates, Pap. 192 of 1823, No. 2, p. 35,

15,000 0 0

+698,904 2 2 United States, paid for Slaves per award Emperor Alexander, 1,250,000 dolls.

300,000 0 0 Commission attending award at Petersburgh, Pap. 123 of

1826, p. 15, Pap. 151 of 1827, and Pap. 43 of 1821, pp. 3 and 5,

8,295 4 Civil Contingencies, Pap. 191 of 1283, p. 6, illegal capture by Captain Willis of H.M.S. Cherub,

6,740 14

6 Liberated Africans Comm. West Indies, say for six years, I 18,600 0 Do. do. to Sierra Leone, say three years,

7,000 0 0 Slave Commissions Sierra Leone, Havannah, Rio de Janeiro, &c. say nine years, at L.18,700,

168,300 0

6

0

0

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• The sums really expended are, I believe, much greater. Thus, in the FinanCIAL ACCOUNT for 1824 we find, at page 266, the following entry; Alexander Grani, Acting Governor of Sierra Leone, account from 1st July 1820 to 30th Nov. 1821 (17 months) L.65,483 : 19: 7d.” the whole of which, it is fair to presume, was for maintaining liberated Africans. See also note, page 75 of this letter. The par, ticulars of the sum for 1821 show the proportions : Sierra Leone, L.33,824, 19: 7£d.; Dominica, L. 697, 1: 60; Isle of France, L.186, 18s.; Demerara, L.508, 1: 2 d.; Dominica, L.34, 9: ld. ; Jamaica, L.746, 38; Fees, L.535, lls.; Total, L.35,533, 3: 430.--Civil List, Pap. 43 of 1821, p. 16.

+ Exclusive of the sum of L.601,771 : 7: 9d, being the amount of a loan remitted to Portugal 1815. (Par. Pap. 43 of 1822, p. 2.)

# By Par. Pap. 325 of 1823, p. 22, this commission cost L. 3100 annually.

L.3,058,456 18 3

Brought forward, Pensions, Disbanded Blacks, Soldiers, average of three

years, (1st Lett. Black. Dec. 1826,) Paid Sierra Leone Company for Sierra Leone, and the expense of removing and maintaining Maroons and Nova Scotians, &c., as per first letter,

251,000 0 0

441,442 6 7

Total,

*L.3,750,899 4 10 Look at these enormous suns, and settlements which we at present mainsay what we have got for them ! Only tain in Africa ! In a political point of the net proceeds of his Majesty's share view, is Sierra Leone a Gibraltar, of a few slave ships sold and paid a Malta, the Ionian Islands, the Cape into the military chest at Sierra Leone; of Good Hope, a Mauritius, a Ceyand the collection of idle people assem- lon, a Sincapore, a Bermuda, a Barbabled in that settlement, which require does, or a Jamaica ? No! It coman establishment exceeding in expen- mands nothing-it influences nothing diture L.800,000 per annum to keep in this world! What, then, I must rethem idle, and from disappearing from peat, have we done in Africa, or FOR the map of the world!

Africa ? The answer must be-30Listen to facts. Attend to truth. THING! And what, in our connexion What have we done in Africa ? Have with Africa, have we done for Great we suppressed the Slave Trade ? No! Britain ? Why, we have sacrificed It is quadrupled in extent, and quin- thousands of valuable lives ; and we TUPLED in horrors. Have we civili- have squandered away many,--MANY zed or reclaimed,—that is, have we MILLIONS of money! Yet the work of made more moral and industrious a folly, and delusion, and extravagance, single African" beyond the bounds,- and waste, still proceeds! Will the nay, even within the bounds, of our nation and our legislature submit to own narrow territories ? No! Have this for ever ? Impossible ! we taught, or have we planted addi- I have thus, and at great length, adtional agriculture in Africa ? No! verted to Mr Macaulay's work, and Have we extended or created com- followed out the Report of the Commerce in Africa ? No! At this day it missioners, in order therefrom to show is less in the bona fide articles of legi- the accuracy of my former statements, timate commerce than it was in 1789.7 and the misrepresentations, the errors, Have we created a settlement in Afri- and the "falsehoods, put forth by my ca, with which, in case of war and mis- irritated and incautious opponent, refortune, we could at a peace purchase garding the detested spot. The reany British object or interest in any

proaches of

mercenary writer,” other quarter, hy renouncing or ex- “ partizan of West Indian slave-ownchanging it ! No! The meanest power ers,” and all such ribaldry, the conin the world would scorn to accept,

temptible weapons of detected delineven as a free gift, the whole of the quency, and exposed error, and Afri

Exclusive of claims made, but not yet paid, for bounties, and illegal captures, which it may be a low estimate to take at L.200,000! In the Naval estimates there is the sum of L.40,000 granted annually for pilotage, bounties on slaves," &c. the proportion of which sum for “ bounties on slaves," we learn by Par. Pap. 20 of 1823, was L.12,785.

+ Par. Pap. 225 of 1826. Imports from W. C. Africa, goods, L. 154,348 0 Sierra Leone Gazette, June 19, 1826. Gold dust,

· 100,000 0

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Total,
Trade 1789. Rep. Comm. Privy Council, Part IV. No. 10.
Imports direct, goods,

L.117,817 0 0
Ditto, by way of West Indies,

5000 0 Gold dust,

200,000 0

0

322,817 0 0

Our whole expenditure in Africa was then only a grant for Gold

Coast, which, on an average of years, by Par. Pap. 724 of 1822, p. 13, was only

L.19,762 4 2!! can malevolence, I treat with scorn. think ; perhaps you may get a peep at These have had their day, and are now Mr C-n's store, where a Number lies only used by the jaundiced eye and in some measure pro bono publico, and malevolent pen of Mr Kenneth Mac- almost torn to pieces from the number aulay, by pens which are paid before- of hands which endeavour to get hold band, or work under “ Contract,” in all of it."'. Off they go-rush amidst the they do, and the junta which sets them assemblage-read perhaps three deep on; but these weapons can no longer " Surprising !" - astonishing !" crush truth, nor shield deception. The " who in this world informs him ?" point at issue is not, whether I am con- “ who tells him all these things ?”— nected with the East Indies or with the “how does he get such correct inforWest Indies, with the Mufti of Mec- mation ?" &c. &c. “ Aye,” observes că, or the Lama of Thibet,—but whe Mr C—n, with a sigh, there it is, ther what I have stated with regard quite correct—WE CANNOT DENY A to Sierra Leone, is true or untrue ? WORD OF IT!” This is the point at issue—the ques- Except as it will benefit my coun. tion before the public ;-a question try, the civilization of Africa can do which Mr Kenneth Macaulay can me no service. Our present system neither answer by misrepresentation, is decidedly wrong, and it is with sanor evade by false and unmerited re- tisfaction I perceive that a new point proaches. Let him rail, bluster, write is to be chosen, and a more judicious -his efforts are vain. Sierra Leone system, it is presumed, to be adopted. and its system will be pursued from But it is with pain I perceive that the day to day, from year to year, till it is expedition sent to accomplish this has corrected, or abandoned ! He cannot been dispatched at an improper season prevent this. His system, his Sierra of the year; and it is with greater pain Leone also, as it is, and some of its 1 perceive that it has been directed to thick-and-thin supporters, as they are, call at Sierra Leone, more especially have, in defiance of his and their an- in the midst of the sickly season ger, and their efforts, each been drawn (August), in consequence of which forth, and recorded in volumes which the accounts from that fatal spot, dawill not soon decay, and imprinted in ted the 14th of September, inform us pages such as these in which I have that the crew of the Diadem transport again the honour to address you ;- had already got sickly, which, it is which will exist and be read when to be feared, will spread ; and they he and they, and the whole concern- may be thus cut off by disease, or carry Fea, even Maro, AprooA, ACTOOA, it with them to be cut off in an island and KOCKQUO—are rotten and forgot- where, as yet, they have neither home ten!

nor shelter ; and thus the whole unBLACKWOOD'S MAGAZINE is read dertaking be blasted, which if it is, (where is it not read ?) on the Coast adieu to the civilization of Africa ; for of Africa, and welcomed as a deliverer with and from Sierra Leone, it is now from cant, error, deception, and im- evident Great Britain never can acposition, And at Sierra Leone, such complish that work. I am, &c. dialogues as the following frequently

JAMES M'QUEEN take place : “Have you seen the Lost Glasgow, Number," say military gentlemen sta- Dec. 10, 1827. tioned there, as they run to meet, at landing, officers of the navy coming in P.S.-A house rented by Government from a cruise. "No! Anything in it?” in Sierra Leone, at the rate of 1.500 "Yes! Another tickler to them !” sterling por annum, belonged to Mr " Can we see it ?” “ Almost inpossible K. Macaulay. The Cominissioners, - very difficult.” “But we must see p. 103, tell us, that it would not sell it before we are off!” “Well, let us for THREE YEARS' purchase !"

VOL, XXIII,

M

PROJECTED CATHEDRAL AT LIVERPOOL.

The Corporation of Liverpool are cure in the possession of a property said to have solicited the erection of which could not be taken from them a Bishopric, for which they are in by the common predatory habits of return to show their zeal by the the time. They produced noble builderection of a cathedral. The Bishop- ings ; and however it is to be regretted ric is to be composed of the diocese that the enormous sums laid out on of the Isle of Man, and a fragment them were not better employed, in of that of Chester. The diocese of the popular education, in the propagaMan is an absurd anomaly in the tion of science, or in works of humaestablishment, for it makes his Grace nity and charity, yet here we have the Duke of Athol head of a church, them, and it would be culpable to let and gives him the disposal of a mitre, them go to decay. But the idea of which, of course, always falls on the building new Cathedrals is totally abhead of the “gude blude." This surd, extravagant, and useless. The strange privilege ought to be extin- modern expense of building a single guished, and probably will, by the Cathedral on the old scale and to way most congenial to the pockets of build it on any other must be beggarthe great dispensers of the good things ly-would actually erect fifty tolerable

thi world. But the formati of churches, which are as much wanting a new diocese out of that of Chester in the northern parts of the diocese of may have its difficulties. Chester is Chester as in any other quarter of the an immense diocese, extending over kingdom,—would repair all the glebea considerable part of the north-west, houses,would erect and furnish an even into Yorkshire ; but it has the hospital in every town in Lancashire, episcopal objection of being rather un- and, in short, do a multitude of most productive as it is. Such a Bishop as useful and most necessary things. The Bishop Bloomfield deserves the rich- best Cathedral that we could build est see of them all ; and even if he would be a bad one, for economy should be translated, his successor would, of course, be among the prinwill have to stomach the mortifica- ciples of the founders. But economy tion.

has nothing to do with the lavish exBut the proposal of the Liverpool penditure that alone could make one people is more obnoxious. To build of those edifices in any degree correa Cathedral would be to embark in a spondent to the name. We should tremendous expense, for no useful ob- have a bad Cathedral, probably never ject under the sun. Cathedrals were more than half-finished; for the funds the natural growth of the monkish and the zeal of the Corporation would system. When rival abbots laboured soon be equally exhausted by the exto attract popular favour to their pious penditure, which would so soon be fooleries, by exciting popular wonder, discovered to be totally misapplied. the Cathedral, too, was the scene of The fact is, that the whole Catherival ambition. Nothing could better dral system is, to the mind even of show off the idolatrous tricks or the churchmen, the most cumbrous and pompous train of this early prelacy. inefficient part of the church polity. The Cathedral, besides, gave the chief The reformers, however, were forced employment that men of monkish se- to take it as it was edifice, form of clusion could find for the exercise of government, and state of revenue. The their tastes in architecture, which prebends were once little better than were sometimes cultivated in Italy, sinecures; and though they are now and were admirable. The expense of often given to men diligently emthe building was unimportant to those ployed in parishes, or perhaps as the who received immense sums of money rewards of literature, they are obnoxwhich they had but few other means ious from their being connected with of employing; the work gave occupa- scarcely any other actual duty than tion to artists and the peasantry. It that of sitting in a stall twice a day, was equivalent to the manufacturing for a month or two in a year, for an occupation of later days, and at once hour at a time, which is called resimade the brotherhood popular, ser- dence, and which any man alive may viceable to the district, comfortable do, and devote the rest of his existand stately in their dwellings, and se- ence to lounging at a watering-place, touring on the continent, or going Paul's and Westminster Abbey as pleasantly through the nothingness of churches ? Next to nothing. A corLondon life. This is not said in a ner is railed off, in which a service is spirit of reproach to the general spirit chanted, which during the week noof the British ecclesiastics, for they body attends, which on Sundays is uniformly, when they have any sense attended by no more than the ordiof the infinitely solemn importance of nary congregation of any of the small their duty, regret this temptation to churches, and which is the most inindolence, a temptation which is be- congruous and unsuitable form of sersides chiefly reserved for men willing vice, as any one will know who atenough already to save themselves tempts to sing his prayers. The Catrouble—the sons and connexions of thedral and its service are equally the the higher orders. The whole system legacy of Papal times. St. Paul's and ought to be revised. The stalls ought Westminster Abbey are actually little to be connected with positive duties. better than cemeteries, and very fine The Cathedrals ought to be turned in- ones they are ; and it is well, on the to Colleges for theological education, whole, that we have such receptacles or for some public purpose connected for our national monuments. with the public knowledge. The there are no such uses for our country stalls ought to be given to clergymen cathedrals, however it may be right to distinguished by their literature, and keep them up, the Liverpool Corpowho would be actual professors. It ration will act wisely in thinking a is singular that in England, the Pro- little, before they fling away their motestant head of Europe, and the actual ney on a mountain of stone, useless stronghold of whatever religious truth to every purpose but those of the subsists among men, there is no insti- contractors for the stones, and the tution for religious education. In the idle, who may be pleased to promeuniversities it forms an altogether nade its aisles. Let them build subordinate branch, and the divine is churches, hospitals, and alms-houses, left to hunt out his knowledge as well if they have money to dispose of, and as he can.

desire to dispose of it usefully. What is the practical value of St.

But as

MANAGERS OF THE OPERA.

Why, among the innumerable books pendence, but some property boxes of the day, has no book appeared on to be soon out of lease, and to revert the destiny of Theatres ? The Opera- to the income of the lessee, tempted House is in the market again. It Waters still more! he finally refused would seem of all others the most cer- the offer, with expectation of making tain source of fortune, yet nothing is a mine of gold out of those boxes. He more unaccountable than the fates of relied on a banker, the banker relied every lessee of this theatre, contrast- on something else ; both were mised with the eagerness for the pur- taken ! the bank stopped, and Waters chase. The history of the adventu- went abroad sur le champ. rers for the last half century would Another lessee was Taylor, whose be worthy of a first-rate collector of name has figured so often in the perthe speculations of mankind. Gould, petual Chancery proceedings of this who had the theatre when Kelly, theatre. He, however, began his spewhose Memoirs have lately so much culation with so little to lose, that his amused the world, was manager, died, losses could not be formidable ; but it was supposed, deeply embarrassed. his chief dwelling continued to the Some of his shares got into the hands last to be in a place where, as the wits of an opulent trader, Waters, who say, to live within Rules, is not alpurchased on until he had in one way ways to live in comfort. or other embarked little less than a Ebers, a respectable and active maplum in the speculation. He grew nager, then took it, urged by the pesick of it, and a party started up to culiar patrons of the Italian Theatre purchase his title. They actually of- among the nobility. He carried it on fered himn L.90,000. He pondered on with unusual spirit, and apparently this most tempting chance of inde- with considerable success. But he too

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