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look for some important recommenda- you may inquire at some of the books tions of retrenchment.

sellers and libraries, whether they are I had almost forgotten to ask you ever asked for two books, called “Ivanto laugh with me for a few moments hoe,” and “ The Tales of the Crusaat the Edinburgh Review-you recol ders.” If you do these things, you lect the outrageous political article it will go back to the rod and the dice put forth last June—how the Whig tionary much improved. creature crowed and strutted-how it But I must not forget a few more boasted and blustered, and, in the verses of your prophecies :-" In ten delirium of its drunken folly, even years we are to have all the reformers ventured upon prophecy. Listen to goaded into revolutionists”-item,“ a its prediction of what should hap- civil war in Ireland”-item,“ hostia pen if the Tories returned to power. lities with France”-item, war with «There would be fresh laws against the America"—item,“ expeditions to Capress—the Habeas Corpus act would nada and Java”-item, “ garrisons to be suspended—the army increased— Cape of Good Hope," &c. &c. &c. too the taxes increased—the country would tedious to mention. Most marvellous be first beaten till it cried, and then Whig! what a wonderful “ prophet beaten because it cried.” What vin of evil” art thou! How fortunate to gorous wit—what manly eloquence in possess a sage so profound, as to be the last sentence! What a clever nur- able to warn us of those impending sery maid it must have been who wrote calamities ! Alas ! unhappy Whig, that article! But, most excellent Whig, the pen is hardly worn out with which, of whatever sex you be, the Tories in the paroxysm of your silliness, you have returned to power. Your friends, indited all this trash, and now you whose momentary elevation put you lie crushed and overwhelmed with 80 beside yourself, have been turned contempt, derision, and defeat. Impooff for pure doltishness and hopeless tent blunderer-unthinking scribbler incapacity ; and where are all the ter. – I leave you, not because I have said rible things which you threatened ? enough, but because the scorn I feel

Are you yet ashamed of yourself is altogether unutterable. Pardon, my for the gross and abominable libels dear North, once more, for jumping which

you dared to pour forth upon out of the direct line of my march to the people of England ? Do you re- cut down the whigling—it was hardly collect, ibat in your rash and headlong worth while to hack my sabre on his folly you ascribed a general spirit of empty pate-but 'tis done, and there's republicanism to the middling orders an end on't. of this kingdom ? Have you any re

In this same article of the Edinmembrance of the extravagant non, burgh, of wbich I have mildly atsense you talked about their “aver- tempted to point out some inaccuracies, sion for the fine arts, for elegant lite- we are told of the great spread of de rature, and for the sentiments of chi- mocratic principles in the manufacvalry?” and something yet more ab- turing towns. This opinion, whether surd and unintelligible, about“round- true or false, we may suppose to be ness, and smoothness, and bloom,” be pretty generally adopted by the Whigs, ing “ exsuded ?" Do you bear any, from the strenuous efforts they are thing of all this in mind, and have making to transfer to one or two of you gone back to school, to be “beaten these towns the elective franchise now till you cry,” for ignorance of the possessed by ancient boroughs. The English language?

case of East Retford is one on which As to the "aversion" of the mid- they seem disposed to try all their dling orders “ for the fine arts,” if the force, and, I regret to say, have been school you have gone to give holidays. allowed to proceed a certain length at Easter, I recommend you to come with a measure which, upon principle, here, and take a squeeze in the Ex- ought to have been stopped upon the hibition Rooms at Somerset House, very threshold. The history of the when perhaps your ignorance on that case I believe to be this:-East Rete head, and something else, may“ ex- ford is one of those places where there sude” at the same time; and to en« is a double electioneering influencelighten you upon the distaste of the that of patronage, and of money ; you people for " sentiments of chivalry,” could not, as in some other places, go

with your money in your hand and bestowed there. If ancient and esta. returned quietly, nor could all Lord blished franchises are to be broken up, Fitzwilliam's patronage get you re- and scattered, to be scrambled for by turned, without paying down pretty the greatest and richest crowd, certainhandsomely also. At the last election ly Birmingham would not come first. Lord Fitzwilliam's two friends came The city of Glasgow, I should think, in; but they managed the matter in would have a claim to priority of con80 slovenly a manner, that, upou a sideration; but in truth, if representapetition, they were at once unseated; tion were distributed according to the and now the Whigs, in revenge, would rule which Whigs allege to be so have the franchise carried away to reasonable, it is neither Birmingham Birmingham, where they no doubt nor even Glasgow, but the parish in think they are pretty sure of adding which I now sit, and its adjoining two to their strength on the opposi- one, to whom, on their principles, the tion benches. This scheme, like all right should be transferred. others of Whig justice, is synonymous The comparative claims of the two with injustice. I do not mean to say, parishes of which the town of Birthat to receive forty guineas per bur- mingham consists, and the two parish. gess for their votes, is, in the East es of St Marylebone, and St Pancras, Retford phraseology, “ all right,” but in the county of Middlesex, and me I will maintain, that totally to disa tropolis of London, stand thus. Bira franchise the entire body of the elec- mingham by the latest population retors, and not only them, but their turn, which is not indeed a very resuccessors for all time to come, be- centone, contained 85,000 inhabitants, cause some of the present electors have and the assessment for property tax taken “ a consideration" for their on the town was on £247,000. By the votes, would be a proceeding of very same returns the population of the yiolent injustice. The number of bur- two London parishes was 167,000, gesses is 130, of whom some have and the property tax was assessed on doubtlessly committed offences, which, £747,000. If the calculations were having been proved, might reasonably made now, the proportion would be be supposed to justify a measure for infinitely more in favour of the latter preventing those individuals from ever parishes, as of late years they bave voting again; but the Whig political increased with prodigious rapidity: doctors, instead of amputating a dis- But it will be said the freeholders of eased limb, propose forth with to knock these parishes are voters in Middlethe patient on the head, to take away sex-30 are the freeholders of Birhis possession from his children, and mingham in Warwickshire. And be to bestow it on others in a distant it remembered, that whereas the land. Here is a sample of what county of Middlesex, including LonWhigs call “liberality”--they would don and Westminster, returns only commit an act of spoliation upon the eight members to Parliament, or (still ancient franchises of the kingdom, for taking the old population return) one the purpose of being extremely gene- representative for 150,000 persons ; rous to the mob. The scheme is Warwickshire sends six members, or marked with the two standing charac- one for every 45,730 persons. It is teristics of all Whig schemes ; hatred worthy too of being known, that in to established regulations, and stupie the great contest between Burdett and dity in the contrivance of new ones to Mainwaring for the county of Middle supply their place. Their bill, after sex, where, to use a rather striking assuming that East Retford ought to expression of a strong partisan," they be disfranchised, and declaring that it almost raised the dead to vote;" fron is so, goes on to say, that in conse- these two immense parishes of St quence of the population, wealth, Marylebone and St Pancras, only 95 trade, and so forth, of Birmingham, it persons voted ; so limited is the numought to be permitted to send two ber of freehold proprietors. If then the members to Parliament. Now, per. Whigs will have representatives nicely haps this is true ; at all events I shall balanced to numbers and property, it not contend that it is not ; but true or is clear that to send the franchise of false, it is no good reason why the East Retford to Birmingham is absurd. rights of East Retford should be be. I am well aware they may plead that Vol. XXIII.

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the more absurd it is, the more con- ness, which, Whig though he be, I sistent are they with their general con- know he can assume, than to pour duct, in supporting it ; but I leave upon Parliament and the public as he them to the full benefit of this de- did, a repulsive mass of prolixity, exfence.

travagance, bad principles, and worse If anything be done to improve the jests ; and that, too, most probably, system of our common-law courts, for no greater or more worthy purBrougham will doubtless take all the pose, than to make the public wonder credit to himself and his seven hours' at a man that could talk seven hours speech, though every one that can without stopping. spare the time, and will take the But it is time that I should controuble to wade through the said clude this letter, and leave the Whigs speech, must find a quantity of shal- for the present. I hope they will conlowness and extravagance, which de sider what has been said, as it has monstrate that the framer of it is ut- been written for their instruction, and terly unfit to conduct any practical amend their courses accordingly. Much improvement. The Solicitor General, as I hate them, my hatred is not of who is quite an admirable fellow in that unchristian kind which precludes his way, though not much of a poli- the wish to do them good. tician, showed this clearly and calmly How is yourgout, my worthy friend? enough, in his reply; and Mr Brough- I hope as the spring advances you will am made this rather strange kind of find relief. 'Tis a very gentlemanly apology for his seven-hours' speech complaint, but deuced annoying some that he thought something was neces- times. I don't think Whigs ever have sary to divert the people, who had to the gout-they sometimes get a twinge listen to such dry details. I sup- of rheumatism which they mistake for pose he thought this requisite upon it, but Whigs have not genuine gout; the same principle that the opera the cold juices of their systein do not people relieve the tediousness of a generate it. dull piece, by introducing a divertise- I believe Sir Francis Burdett has ment between the acts, in which genuine gout sometimes, but he is a people toss and fling their legs about misguided English gentleman, and no in all manner of wild contortions. Whig, as he has expressly declared. No doubt Mr Brougham did occasion. To say the truth, I am glad that ally create a little diversion, and one Whigs do not get the gout, as I would set of members after another may have not that they should share even a stopped an hour or so to witness the complaint in common with his Maexhibition; but they would have done jesty King George the Fourth, whom the same had it been that poor man God long preserve, and Christopher Mazurier, who died the other day, North ! whose name if I have placed that was playing his monkey tricks after the prayer, it is not that I love amongst the benches. For my part, him less, but that I honour the King I think it would have been much more, and he will not the less on that more suitable, and much more for account believe that I am the convenient dispatch of public

His most sincerely, business, if Mr Brougham had talked

A WHIG-HATER. common sense upon his subject for one hour, in that tone of energetic serious. London, March 6, 1828.


This little book is evidently the enness ever were pardonable in any production of a man of genius. The man, it must have been in Adam, style is singularly neat, terse, concise, But what liquor could ever have rai. and vigorous, far beyond the reach of sed his spirits ? How dismally in his an ordinary mind; the strain of sen- cups must he have sung “ Auld lang timent is such as does infinite honour syne!" What a hollow hip, hip, hip, to the author's heart; and the obser- hurra! On attempting to rise to provation of human life, by wbich every pose “ The memory of Eden,” ghastly page is characterized, speaks a bold, must have gloomed the face of our active, and philosophical intellect. As poor progenitor, and his eyes have a medical treatise it is excellent--but shut in horror of the sword of the its merit is as a moral dissertation on cherubim, guarding those gates for the nature, causes, and effects of one ever, “ with dreadful faces thronged of the most deplorable and pernicious and fiery arms." Then, how black vices that can degrade and afflict all the future, filled by him with all the ongoings of social life.

shapes and sights of wo, endlessly torIt was not likely, that a work of so menting the whole lost race of man! much spirit and originality should not Noah and Lot had not the same exvery soon attract notice ; and accord- cuses for drenching their senses in ingly, we are pleased, but not at all oblivion. Original sin! Mortal taste! surprised, to see that it has already Dreadful causes they of drunkenness, reached a second, and a greatly exa despair, and death! tended and improved edition. It is Let observation with extensive view perfectly free from all quackery and survey mankind from China to Peru, pretension; the writer does not be- and what one single small district of fong to the solemn and stupid Gold- the habitable globe will be found, headed-cane School ; he writes with even on the Sabbath-day, perfectly much of the animation and vivida vis sober? The possession of unclouded animi of the late incomparable John reason to the victims of sin and sor, Bell ; but the character of his style, row would seem to be felt as a curse. of his sentiments, and of his opinions. Therefore, they extract insanity from is his own, and his little most enter- flowers and blossoms, bright with the taining, interesting, and instructive blooms and fresh with the dews of Treatise is stamped from beginning heaven, and drink down their misery to end with the best of all qualities into dreamless sleep. True, as Mr originality-of itself enough to hide a Macnish says, “that drunkenness has multitude of defects, but which is here varied greatly at different times and found allied with uniform sound sense, among different nations;" but, persagacity, and discretion.

haps, take one country with another, We think, then, that our readers though the spirit of the age has vawill be obliged to us for an analysis ried, the quantum of the vice has of Mr Macnish's little work, accompa- been pretty much the same, drunkard nied with some occasional remarks of has balanced drunkard, and earth' here our own, and with some striking spe

self continued to reel and stagger on cimens.

her axis. “ Drunkenness,” Dr Macnish ob. Drunkenness prevails, we agree with serves, “ is not like some other vices, the author, more in a rude than in a peculiar to modern times. It is hand- civilized state of society. It seems, ed down to us from · hoar antiquity;' too, to prevail to a much greater exand if the records of the antediluvian tent in northern than in southern la. era were more complete, we should titudes. probably find that it was not unknown “ The nature of the climate renders to the father of the human race." Dri- this inevitable, and gives to the human ven by sin from Paradise, if drunk- frame its capabilities of withstanding li

The Anatomy of Drunkenness, by Robert Macnish, Member of the Faculty of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow. · W. R. M Phun, Glasgow.. 1828.

quor; hence, a quantity which scarcely such things are common in France; and, ruffles the frozen current of a Norwegian's of all the practices of that country, they blood, would scatter madness and fever are those most thoroughly visited by the into the brain of the Hindoo. Even in contemptuous malisons of John Bull." Europe, the inhabitants of the south are far less adapted to sustain intoxicating belief that wine was the only inebria

Mr Macnish says, “it is a common agents than those of the north. Much of this depends upon the coldness of the ting liquor known to antiquity; but climate, and much also upon the pe- of that common belief before, for who

this is a mistake.' We never heard culiar physical and moral frame to which that coldness gives rise. The na.

does not know, as well as himself, tives of the south are a lively, versa

that Tacitus mentions the use of ale tile people ; sanguine in their tempera

or beer as common among the Germents, and susceptible, to an extraordi- mans of his time—that the Egyptians nary degree, of every impression. Their swigged malt-liquor in the Deltaminds seem to inherit the brilliancy of that a kind of Bell's Beer deluged the their climate, and are rich with sparkling middle ages-that the interior of Afrie thoughts and beautiful imagery. The ca was ever famous for brewing-that northern nations are the reverse of all our Saxon ancestors were often drown: this. With more intensity of purpose, ed in mead-that the worshippers of with greater depth of reasoning powers, Odin were drunkards of the first wać and superior solidity of judgment, they ter—whence the songs of the Scandiare in a great measure destitute of that navian Scalds, and the fuddled Futusportive and creative brilliancy which rity of Valhalla—that ardent spirits hangs like a rainbow over the spirits of were quaffed by the Arabians many the south, and clothes them in a per- many centuries ago—that from time petual sunshine of delight. The one is immemorial arrack has been manufacchiefly led by the heart, the other by the tured in the island of Java and the head. The one possesses the beauty of continent of Hindostan—and that, io a flower-garden, the other the sternness ancient times, Bacchus, and his com. of the rock, mixed with its severe and panion Silenus, were

as household naked hardihood. Upon constitutions so

words in the mouths of all, and condifferently organized, it cannot be expect. stitute a most important feature of ed that a given portion of stimulus will the Heathen mythology? operate with equal power. The airy inflammable nature of the first is easily

Mr Macnish has a chapter on the roused to excitation, and manifests feel excellent one-every sentence in it

causes of drunkenness—and it is an ings which

the second does not experi. being concise and vigorous ; although ence till he has partaken much more largely of the stimulating cause. On this

we think him in some points rather Account, the one may be inebriated, and

heterodox. the other remain comparatively sober “ There are some persons who will upon a similar quantity. In speaking of never be drunkards, and others who will this subject, it is always to be remember- be so in spite of all that can be done to ed that a person is not to be considered prevent them. Some are drunkards by a drunkard because he consumes a cer. choice, and others by necessity. The tain portion of liquor; but because what former have an innate and constitutional he does consume produces certain effects fondness for liquor, and drink con amore. upon his system. The Russian, there. Such men are usually of a sanguinefore, may take six glasses a-day, and be ous temperament, of coarse unintellectual as temperate as the Italian who takes minds, and of low and animal propensifour, or the Indian who takes two. But ties. They have, in general, a certain even when this is acceded to, the balance rigidity of fibre, and a flow of animal spiof sobriety will be found in favour of the rits which other people are without. south: the inhabitants there not only They delight in the roar and riot of drinkdrink less, but are, bona fide, more seldom ing clubs ; and with them, in particular, intoxicated than the others. Those who all the miseries of life may be referred to have contrasted London and Paris, may the bottle. easily verify this fact; and those who “ The drankard by necessity was never have done the same to the cities of Mos- meant by nature to be dissipated. He is cow and Rome, can bear still stronger perhaps a person of amiable dispositions, testimony. Who ever heard of an Eng. whom misfortune has overtaken, and lishman sipping eau sucrée, and treating who, instead of bearing up manfully his friends to a glass of lemonade? Yet against it, endeavours to drown his sor

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