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bad previously thrown a floating the battaliou of Nukhshivan, which bridge, he passed tive or six battalions had been raised almost exclusively from of infantry, a large body of cavalry, the tribe of Kangerloo, and was com. and about twenty guns, and formed manded by Essan Khan, nephew of its them in two lines on the plain beq chief, Kerreem Khan. This family had, tween the Arras and the rising ground on several occasions, been detected in on which the Persians had taken up carrying on an illicit intercourse with their position. On the right of the the Russians, and bad, in consequence, Persian line, was the Prince Royal, been subjected to greater evils and who, with a small body of infantry more annoyance than almost any faand cavalry, and six guns, occupied à mily under the Prince's government. hill of considerable elevation. Com- For some years Kerreem Khan had municating with his Royal Highness's been deprived of the command at right, was Hassan Khan, and beyond Nukhshivan and treated with markhim the Ausef ud Dowleh, who had ed indignity; and it was not until the stationed himself in a ravine in which war with Russia made it necessary to he was covered from the fire of the conciliate the frontier tribes, that he enemy, and even concealed from their was again raised to his hereditary staview.

tion, or favourably noticed by the The Russians advanced slowly, and Prince. When it was proposed to the Prince's guns kept up a brisk fire place the Nukbshivan battalion in on their line, which, from the position Abbas Abad, many considered the occupied by his Royal Highness, the measure imprudent, and some even Russian artillery could not return with openly expressed doubts of the loyalty effect. Hassan Khan not only main of the tribe and of its chiefs, which tained his ground, but made several were fully justified by the result. There charges with partial success. The is reason to believe that, even before troops had been engaged some hours; the siege of Erivan was raised, some the Russians were much exhausted communications had passed between by thirst, and by the heat of the Essan Rhan and the Russian general ; day, which was oppressive ; the Pere but, however this may be, the defeat sians had scarcely lost a man, and of the Persian army before the place it appeared probable that the action furnished the pretext for surrendering would terminate without producing it. Essan Khan and his battalion made any very decisive result, when the ad- their own terms, in concert with Mavance of the Russian left opened to it hommed Reza Khan, a native of Badthe ravine in which the Prime Minis- koo, who commanded the 2d regiment ter had posted himself; two or three of Tabreez, which was also in the guns were immediately brought into a place. Mahommed Ameen Khan, the position to enfilade it, and the cavale goverror of the fort, was a weak man, ry, crowded into a narrow space, in totally helpless under such circumwhich they could not act, supported stances, and the remaining part of the by no infantry or artillery, and ex. garrison, consisting of 1000 men of the posed to a destructive fire of grape, Bukhtearee tribe, had no competent fell into confusion, and fled in every head to guide them, had they been direction. The Russian cavalry fol- disposed to attempt, in conjunction lowed them for a short distance, but with the greater part of the Tabreez came up with few of them.

battalion, which was well disposed, The right of the line having thus the expulsion of the disaffected. As given way, the retreat of Abbas Meerza soon as it became known that the fort towards his camp at Choors, would was to be delivered up, a large prospeedily have been cut off. His Royal portion of the Tabreezees and BukhHighness therefore retired, but in tearees threw themselves into the river good order, and covering with his ar- and escaped-others, borrowing the tillery the flight of the army. dress of the Kangerloos, were permit? In this action the Persians did not ted to retire unmolested ; and of the lose above fifty men, and the Russians 2000 men not concerned in the surprobably not more. The consequences render, scarcely 200 were made prisonof the defeat were, however, disas ers. Considerable magazines of provitrous to Persia. Of the three thou- sions and ammunition, with 18 guns, sand men who composed the garrison were left in the fort. of Abbas Abad, one-third consisted of The traitorous surrender of Abbas Abad, following on the defeat of the ness's wishes, but he was accompaPrince and Prime Minister, produced nied on his return by M. Eribiedoff, a great sensation in the Shah's camp a young gentleman who had formerly at Khoé; and had General Paske been employed as secretary to the Rusvitch crossed the Arras, and made a sian mission at Tabreez, and who was demonstration of attacking the Shah, then favourably known to the Prince. it would more than probably have put The arrival of this gentleman in the a period to the war. But no attempt Persian camp, induced many persons was made to profit by the occasion, or to believe that Russia was now more to draw any advantage from the feelfavourably disposed ; and as it was ings which his successes and the de- known that both the Shah and the fection of an important tribe had pro- Prince Royal were desirous to see peace, duced. Indeed, from the commence- concluded on any terms which did not ment of the war, ignorance of the va- compromise the honour of their coun. lue of time, and of the advantage to try, sanguine hopes were entertainbe derived from following up successed that the negotiation which had now and profiting by moral depression, has been opened, would lead to an accombeen conspicuous in the operations of modation. But the Russian Envoy, both parties, and almost to an equal demanded, as preliminaries to any furextent. After leaving two thousand ther arrangement, that the Prince men in garrison at Abbas Abad, the should agree, on the part of Persia, to Russian general retired to Nukhshis cede Erivan and Nukhshivan to the van, and from thence fell back upon Emperor, and to pay the expenses of his own frontier, with a view to refresh the war, and stated his inability to ens his troops, who were becoming sickly, ter any further on a negotiation, even by a residence of some weeks in the for an armistice, until these points cool atmosphere of that elevated coun- should be conceded. If his Royal try, which lies between Nukhshivan Highness agreed to these terms, an arand Karabaugh. The force under mistice for six weeks would be granted, General Pankratieff, which continued and it was considered not impossible to occupy this latter province, had that the Emperor might be disposed made no movement of any consequence to conclude a peace on terms more fasince the attempt to cross the Arras in vourable to Persia. But his Royal the beginning of May. A Russian Highness was aware that Persia had corps of about 6000 men, which had suffered a severe disappointment on a intrenched itself at Bashaberan, re- former occasion, by relying too conmained inactive, and the garrisons fidently on assurances of the liberality which had been left in the convent of of a former Emperor. The peace of the three churches, and in Abbas Abad, Goolistan had been concluded under were too weak to attempt anything an assurance from General Ritischeff, beyond the walls of their respective then Governor-General of Georgia, and fortifications. The Persian army, too, Plenipotentiary, that the Emperor wanted repose, and was not in a con- Alexander would restore some of the dition to attack the Russian general, territory ceded by Persia in terms of whose force was estimated at about the treaty; and as Russia had distwenty thousand men.

tinctly refused to pay any attention to As it appeared probable that active this assurance, although it was given operations would not be renewed for in writing, and urged by Persia, backsome weeks, the time was thought fa- ed by the good offices of England; vourable for negotiation, and Meerza and as the Russian authorities had not Sauleh* was deputed by the Prince only disregarded this solemn assuRoyal to communicate with the Rus rance, but had grasped at every foot of sian general, and endeavour to con- land to which they could lay claim on clude an armistice which might admit the frontier, it could not be expected of the mission of an Ambassador to the that Persia would again place much Russian capital. The Meerza was un- reliance on the magnanimity of the able to accomplish his Royal High Russian Government. The attempts,

Meerza Sauleh was employed by the Prince Royal on a mission to England in 1822 and 1823; and is one of the Persian youths who were educated in London.

therefore, to negotiate even a tempo. force at once, contented themselves rary arrangement were fruitless, and with harassing their enemy by deMeerza Sauleh was again sent to Ge- sultory attacks, and keeping up an unneral Paskevitch to endeavour to pre- interrupted fire of artillery. Two vai) upon his Excellency to grant an battalions of the Persian regular inarmistice, which should not biod Per. fantry, as they are called, supported sia to accept ruinous terms. This by the guns and by a body of light mission also failed, and preparations horse, were first opposed to the Ruswere made to renew active operations. sians, and were warınly engaged for

Shortly after the Russian army had nearly an hour, when they were withretired beyond Nukhshivan, his Ma- drawn, and replaced by two fresh bate jesty the Shah, having left Allee Nuc- talions. In this way, four or five kee Meerza with the Hassah Khan at brigades were successively brought in. Choors, moved from Khoé to Marand, to action, and the horsemen who hoand his Royal Highness, Abbas Meerza, vered about made frequent attacks, after the failure of his negotiations, wherever the line appeared to be weak. marched to Erivan, where he was The action had commenced at sunrise, joined by Hoossein Khan, Sirdar, with and continued without intermission a considerable body of men who had till near sunset, when the Russian become disposable after the siege of troops, exhausted by long-continued Erivan was raised. In the meantime, exertion, and the heat of the weather, General Paskevitch remained in the and parched with thirst, arrived at a high lands at a place called Karababa, stream. The men, abandoning their where his troops were said to be suf- ranks, rushed to the water, and the fering much from an epidemic which Persian commanders, seeing their ad. prevailed in his camp and the Rus- vantage, brought up two fresh battasian troops in the other stations at- lions, who charged without firing a tempted nothing.

shot. The Russians endeavoured to The Shah having remained a few form and oppose them, but the formadays at Marand, moved about the mid- tion was probably imperfect, and the dle of August to the Plain of Mhere opposition was certainly ineffectual. ban. Allee Nuckee Meerza and Has. Their line was broken, and Persians san Khan were still at Choors watch and Russians mixed up together fought ing the movements of General Paske hand to hand. After a desperate strugvitch and the Prince Royal; and Hoos gle of some minutes' duration, the Russein Khan, having entrenched a posi- sians gave way, and the confusion betion on the road from Bashaberan to came general. The Persian horse, seeEutchkeleeseah, proceeded to investing the impression made by the in. the latter place.

fantry, charged resolutely. The wea. Towards the end of August, a Rus- ried battalions, which had borne the sian division, consisting of 4000 in- brunt of the battle in the early part of fantry, 2000 cavalry, and 20 field the day, elated by the success of their pieces, marched from Aheran to re- comrades, dashed on to their support. lieve Eutchkeleeseah, which was now The men were now so completely closely invested. In the evening they mingled together, that the fire of the came in contact with the outposts of artillery on both sides was suspended, the Persian position, and finding that and horse and foot, Persian and Rusit was strongly entrenched, fell back sian, enveloped in an impenetrable for the night. Next morning they ade cloud of dust, rolled on, one wild and vanced, making a detour to avoid the roaring mass, towards the convent of entrenchment, and the Prince and the three churches, under the walls Sirdar, drawing out their men, attack of which the Russians sought refuge. ed them on the line of march. The In this action about twelve hundred Russians had formed themselves into Russians were left upon the field, and four solid squares, connected by lines above three hundred were made priof infantry, in such a manner as to soners. Between three and four thouform one great hollow square, with sand stands of arms, and several wagsmall solid squares at the angles, which gons of ammunition, cloth, and other the Persians not unaptly compared to stores, fell into the hands of the Pera square fort with a bastion or tower sians, whose total loss did not exceed at each corner. The Persian command three hundred men. The conduct of ers, instead of bringing up their whole the Russian troops was spirited, and

tolerably steady, till thirst overcarne vantages which may be gained by oce them. The disparity of numbers was casional exertions of no avail, and will certainly great, as the Persians had ultimately force her to submit to the about twice as many infantry, and power of an enemy whom she could three times as many cavalry, as the at all times successfully oppose on her Russians, though they did not all take own soil, if her resources were called a part in the action. But when it is forth, and the ample means of resistremembered, that the Persian troops ance which she possesses wisely apare but half disciplined, that they had plied. no European officers to direct their Early in September, the Shah, hamovements, and that they had no sue ving left his prime-minister with a periority in artillery, it will be readily large body of troops in Azerbijan, and admitted by those who have been ac- made arrangements for the defence of customed to see disciplined troops op- the province, returned to Tehran. posed to an irregular army, that this About the 20th of the same month, affair reflects the highest credit on the General Paskevitch moved towards Prince, on the Sirdar, and on the Per- Erivan, and the Prince Royal, having sian army. The single fact, that two thrown some of his best iroops into Persian battalions charged an equal that fortress, and made dispositions for number of Russians, and routed them the defence of Sirdar Abad, fell back with the bayonet, (even allowing the to Nukhshivan. Russian reinforcecircumstances to have been favour ments are said to have arrived in Georable,) is conclusive as to their capabic gia to a considerable amount, and it lity and their personal courage. But is reported that General Paskevitch the avarice of the present rulers of has brought up his battering train. Persia, the distraction produced by By the latest intelligence the Prince the clashing of personal interests, and was still at Nukhshivan, and the Rusthe want of public spirit and energy sian General in the vicinity of Eutchin the government, make all the ad. keleeseah.

Note. We intended to have offered some remarks on the proceedings of the belligerents, and we may still be induced to enlighten our narrative with a commentary at some future period; but for the present we have said enough. If we should appear, gentle reader, to have been more desirous to make you acquainted with the proceedings of the Persians thau with those of the Russians, it is a charge to which we plead guilty. For, in the first place, the Persians put forth no gazettes, journals, or magazines, and therefore nobody knows anything about them, or their proceedings, except what we may condescend to tell them; and, in the next place, we cannot find room for all the “ nouvelles de l'armée de Géorgie,” which have appeared in the St Petersburgh gazettes, where “ the curious” may find what we have omitted, and learn the names of the Russian officers who have particularly distinguished themselves before Erivan. Amongst these, we are glad to observe several of our friends honourably mentioned, such as Colonel Gourko, and Major Kornieuko, Captains Podlouzky, Tchoubinsky, and Kolpinsky, &c.

Vol. XXIII.

30

SECOND LETTER FROM A WHIG-HATER.

MY DEAR North,

the honour of a visit. Bob is that It was a matter of no small self. kind of man, who is styled, in comgratulation to me, that the few gentle mon parlance, a d-d sensible fel. remarks which I ventured, in my form- low," that is, one who thinks twice er letter, to make upon the persons before he speaks once a practice, by called Whigs, should so soon have the bye, of which I am prone to the been verified by the important events inversion - who never gets into a which have since taken place. The scrape, and knows the turn of the indignation of the country at the glas market as well as any man on 'Change ring incompetency of a Ministry, in that sort of man, in short, who gets .which Whig principles predominated, quietly into reputation, becomes a became so apparent, that they were, Bank Director at fifty-six, and, having as I supposed they would be, afraid retired from business, dies at seventyto meet Parliament, and his Majesty two, for want of something else to do, felt himself under the necessity of leaving a hundred and fifty thousand putting into their places men capable in the funds, besides some old houses of conducting the affairs of the coun- in the City, a parcel of shares in intry, which they manifes were not. surance companies, and a villa at It was a great addition to the gratifi, Hackney. As he is some twenty years cation I felt on this occasion, that the my senior, and I have my “ expectaDuke of Wellington was the person tions,” I have a very profound respect chosen by his Majesty to form the for his judgment, which I do not fail new administration, because I had en. to show upon every suitable occasion ; deavoured in my letter to do some and as I know he is a stout Tory at justice to the character of the noble bottom, though, in general, he thinks Duke, which it was the fashion at that it prudent to steer clear of political time, amongst the Whigs, to visit opinions, I gave him my flourish over with all the paltry and malignant vi. the fallen Whigs to read, while I tuperation with which they are accus- slashed on to finish the page I was tomed to assail their superiors. Very inditing. Bob read on, as steadily as far, indeed, did anything which í if it were a bill of lading, or a price could say fall short of doing complete current he was perusing; and at the justice to a character, so splendid as conclusion I observed him lay one leg that which I attempted to describe; across the other, and rub his hand but it had at least the effect of show- across the lower part of his face, wbich ing, however feebly, that of all men with him are always preparatory moI thought him the most fit to be, that tions to the saying of something sage. which he so soon afterwards was- I therefore turned, erectis auribus, toPrime Minister of Great Britain. I wards him, to catch the wisdom which intended to have sent you a letter he might let fall. “I don't," said very shortly after the Whigs were he," that is—in my view of the case turned adrift, and had even written – 1 don't see the use of throwing was some pages, expressing, in terms not ter upon a drowned rat.” exactly of the mildest, my satisfaction Critics, who are fastidious about at that event. In the moment of vie- elegance of illustration, might perhaps tory I felt inclined to imitate the Bri- find something to cavil at in this latish lancers at Waterloo, who dashed conic criticism of my cousin ; but to over the unhorsed cuirassiers, and me, who am careless about such things, pinned them to the earth as they lay it spoke volumes. Had Brougham sprawling. I was disposed to show made a seven-hours' speech on the you some of the Whigs wriggling in subjeet, it is not likely that he would the agonies of death and defeat upon have said anything half so much to the point of my spear, but I was dis- the purpose, as was contained in those suaded from my purpose by a good- few words. For what, indeed, is more natured remonstrance. I was in mid- like a Whig than a rat—a vicious decareer, brandishing aloft my weapon, testable animal, hateful to the sight when my cousin Bob, who comes of all honest people, whose goods it is westward of Charing Cross, I think perpetually labouring to destroy? or about four times in the year, did me what more like the present condition

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