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signed the towers of Moscow to the intellectual, moral, and religious light flames? No-experience bas made all - people really worthy of being free men judges of what the eventual re- -a people that, ere long, must be and sult of a conflict between a mercenary will be free-would he have dared to invading army, and a nation armed withdraw his standing army from his for liberty, must be. The French own country ?-that standing army people have abundant means for esti- of three hundred thousand men, by måting what the burdens of a long means of which that small and poor and hazardous war are to themselves. country is kept for the present quiet, One battle one long, bloody, serious just as a dog is kept quiet by chains battle, however the victory had gone, and starvation ?-Would he of Austria would have stopt the march of D’Aná have dared to march for Spain, leaving gouleme, and made King Louis “trem. Italy behind him? None of these ble in his Louvre."
powers would have dared to stir, Eng, If it had not done that directly, land being once the declared ally of a through its effect on the French them- people devoting themselves to the cause selves, it would have done so quite as of liberty. For well do they all know, effectually through its influence on the that, as Mr Canning said it
, there is, people of England. Mr Canning's at this moment, a spirit struggling all speech was applicable only to a con- over the mis-governed realms of Europe templated, a meditated, or, at most, an against despotic sway--and well da incipient war in Spain. But had the they all know, that the outbreakings Spaniards risen in a storm of patriotic of that spirit have been repressed by rage, had one array so risen, and so them and their enormous overgrown fought, a thrill of indignant enthusi- standing armies, simply because the asm would have been sent home to the uprisers have not mixed wisdom with core of every heart that is worthy of their cry for freedom—in other words, being called English. We must have because they have shewn themselves interfered—we could not have helped to be the pupils, not of the rational it. The voice of this nation would England of 1688, but of the phrenhave been as loud and as united in the zied France of 1791—and have, therefearless and uncalculating cry for in- fore, wanted the support of the mighty terference, as it was in 1808. It is idle mind of England, and the confidence to talk of expediency, and mediation, of all those men among and around and Vattel, and Gentz, and Grotius themselves, who, preserving the use de Jure Belli-all these would have of their reason in the midst of their been forgotten at once, had the Eng- discontent, refuse to embark in a lish nation been once fairly convinced cause which they see wants the two that the French nation was arrayed in great characteristics of being upheld war against a Christian people willing according to the magnificent precedent to bleed for freedom. A fire would afforded by the history of England; have been kindled which nothing but and, by consequence, (for this is felt blood could have quenched-way, and to be a consequence,) of being counWellington would have been the first tenanced by the energetic sympathy to unsheath the sword—that sword of the nation that has for so many that had already delivered Spain and ages stood alone in her liberty-that humbled France. All the despots in nation, whose voice, when once raised, the world might have banded them- sends the irresistible note of impulse selves together, and they would have or of terror into the ears and the hearts been powerless. Would Austria, would both of Nations and of Kings. Prussia, have dared to bring their ar- What King Louis may do now, it mies into the field against Spain backed is impossible to guess. The French by England?-No. The rulers of these government, the government of an encountries are well aware by how frail a lightened nation like France, must feel tenure their own despotism hangs-by shame, as well as ourselves, in the how slight a thread the sword of insulto contemplation of what the Spaniards ed intellect is suspended over their own of all parties have shewn themselves intellect-oppressing thrones. Would sunk to. They must be satisfied, now, he of Prussia, who has, like Ferdinand, that there is no party in Spain capable promised, and, like Ferdinand, forsworn of concentrating and uprearing the himself, and this to a people ages be scattered and shattered energies of that fore the Spaniards in every species of nation, under anything like a modeThis poor
rate system of government. The con- to the continental nations of Europe. stitutionalists, and the royalists, have She has had the fairest opportunities shewn themselves equally destitute of that any nation could have desired to all real pride and manhood. And as for have, and she has lost them all. The the poor pitiable pbantom that wears nation that really thirsts for freedom, the name of King, we are satisfied that must look to history. No nation has there is not one man in Europe who ever derived liberty from the insurrecentertains a more profound feeling of tion of a mercenary army. No pation contempt for him, and all his proceed- has ever derived liberty from the inter ings, than Louis XVIII. himself. For ference of foreigners. No nation need Louis, though perhaps an indifferent come before the world, demanding li, writer of pamphlets, has shewn him berly as her right, unless the nation self, by his own conduct ever since his be prepared for national, and the indirestoration, to be a man of great judg- viduals of that nation, for individual ment, forbearance, and skill in govern- efforts and sufferings. Think of our ing, under circumstances of the most poor little country of Scotland—a coun perplexing difficulty. Louis, therefore, try not stronger, nor nearly so strong, must be a man of sense and talent; as the north of Spain,--and containand as such, he must despise his bro ing, even now, not a fifth part of ther Bourbon. We have little doubt the Spanish population. that the French government already little country, five hundred years ago, more than half repents that interfe- was assaulted by a king infinitely rence, which, besides the perilous pre- more powerful than Louis XVIII., at cedent it has established--a precedent the head of an army infinitely greater, that may be turned against France in proportion to the habits of the herself
, as probably as against any time, than the Duke of Angouleme's, other country in Europe-has termi- --(it, indeed, consisted of the very nated, to all intents and
purposes, just same number ;) and did not we, did where it began. It has so terminated, not this poor little nation, scatter all because it leaves Spain in as disunited, this mighty army like chaff, in one and, of course, in as dangerous a state, summer's day's bloody work? And yet as it found her. If Spain was an ob- it is to us, among others,—it is to the ject of alarm to France, under the Cor- descendants of the men who acted in tes government, will it be less so, un- this style, when their freedom was at der the government of such a creature stake,—it is to us, that the deluded or as Ferdinand ;-a government which , desperate Whigs were bawling for mowill, of course, go on doing what it ney, for pounds, shillings, and pence, can to keep up the discontent of, at to keep the great country of Spainleast, one great party of this sorely di- country to which we are but as a very vided people ;-a government which, small province,—to enable that great until the leopard changes his spots, country, which contains five times more will never act anything but folly, im- population and wealth than ours does becility, and cruelty, under the guid- now, and fifty times more than it did ance of obstinacy, ignorance, and bic in the days of Bannockburn, to repel
from her soil a French army, which, The base tergiversations of such gee had it landed on our soil, would have nerals and armies as the Spaniards been exterminated in three weeks !have had, -the meannesses of which Kirkaldy subscribing for Castille ! their chief men, both of peace and But really the subject is too melanchowar, have been guilty-the profligacy ly to be jested with. Nugent, Wilson, and cowardice of individuals,-have Light, and a young Glasgow spark, been on a par with the general con- who thought a steam - boat dinner duct of the nation, as a nation, and of something quite superb, and a few its parties, as parties.- In a word, more similar noodles, going out to asSpain seems to be a state broken up, sist the country of Pelayo, and The entirely destitute of any rallying points Great Captain, to shake off the Duke of principle that command a national of Angouleme! What will these wise, influence, and incapable of either do- acres say for themselves, when Parliaing or suffering anything as becoines ment meets ? Do they expect to be rea nation worthy of demanding the sym ceived with anything but a universal pathy of the free.
shout of derision? Her fate holds out one more lesson When General Pepe came to Eng,
land, from the heroic display of Nea- not to hold by the contracts entered politan Carbonarism, he was feté by into by the late government with the the Whigs ; and now, when Riego, a English stock-jobbers. This is cerpoor miserable creature, who never did tainly idiotcy itself embodied. If foanything memorable in all his life, reign merchants are not to be safe in except one featof military mutineeringtheir dealings with the ostensible goand who conducted himself through vernments of countries, what becomes jut this last affair with just as much of their assistance in all cases of fubrigand cruelty, and just as little sense ture need and emergency? The Spaand spirit, as any other Spaniard of niards are unable, confessedly so, to 1823, when this man is put to death, raise the immediate funds necessary what a cry they make! a monument, for the ordinary purposes of adminiforsooth, for Don Rafael del Riego! stration within their own country; Absurdly, no doubt, uselessly, and, they will, assuredly, get no more from perhaps, all things considered, wrong- without-and who cannot see the confully too, has Ferdinand acted to this
sequence ? Money might have lent man : but, were we not prepared for some energy even to the government a civil war and did we dream that no of a Ferdinand—but, at all events, blood was to be shed at all, either on without it he is weak as a weanling. the field or the scaffold ? The affair is And then, think of the abject soul catoo contemptible to receive a moment's pable of decluring himself to have been notice from any man of sense ; but, à quiet slave so long, in a country certainly, it is very consistent in those where he tells us he has been all along who presented Sir Robert with a sword, “ seated in the hearts" of the vast to give Don Rafael a cenotaph. majority of the people! And, to con
That despotism is destined to be clude, look at the absurdity, and worse extinguished in Europe at no distant than absurdity, of which he convicts date, no man can doubt. But this himself ; for, that two and two make sad business of Spain, with all its cir- four, is a proposition not one whit cumstances of folly, meanness, rash- more indisputable, than that, if the ness, and imbecility, furnishes the government de facto, (he himself bebest of all possible evidence, by what ing the nominal head of it too,) had sorts of men, and principles, and mea- no right to borrow money, it had no sures, its “fatal day” is most likely to right to perform any other function be procrastinated.
of government. It follows, that every We have disdained to go into mi- man who has been executed for murnute criticism of the details, that have der in Spain, during the last two or as yet reached us of Ferdinand's pro- three years, has been murdered. There ceedings under the circumstances of his was only this one thing wanting to present proud and happy restoration complete the picture of the degradaOne thing, however, we may just no- tion of Spain, and “ YO EL REY ARtice, because its effects are not confined SOLUTO.' to Spain; we mean his determination
LETTERS OF TIMOTHY TICKLER, ESQ., TO EMINENT LITERARY CHARACTERS.
To Christopher North, Esg.
ON THE LAST NUMBER OF THE EDINBURGH REVIEW.
milliners or tailors, commendable to Why, yes, I think pretty much as the usual fraction. you do. It is not worth a cutting up. I On the contrary, a man in sound am sorry for it, for I never was in such health, well fed on five meals a-day, good humour in my life; and I always supplied with wholesome nutriment, observe, that, when I am perfectly kept in proper exercise of mind or pleased with myself, and quite over- body, or both, able to take his quantum flowing as it were with the milk of of fluid from his morning gun of mounkindness, I am in the best order pos- tain dew, down to his concluding libasible for tearing an unfortunate rascal tion of cold punch, or hot toddy, or the of a scriobler all to rags. Nothing blood of Bourdeaux-[on state days, can be a more mistaken idea than that and holidays, of course, for economy is a thorough-going, cut-and-thrust sort the order of the day, and there is no of a critic is ex officio an ill-natured sense in sporting claret on plebeians, man. The poor devils who try to be who would not know it from catsup] severe, and who grin as hideously as a man who despises not Orinoco, nor if under the impression of a half pound scruples to dissipate a cigar into thin of Glauber's salts, or other diabolical air-such a man, I say, is quite hapcompost, while exercising the act of py, benignant, and milky-minded, severity, are, no doubt, suffering from while dissecting a jackass. He thinks unpleasant feelings. They think, while no more of it than he does of taking sticking in their lancet, generally as off the thigh of a woodcock after a blunt as the razor of a barber's appren- hearty dinner of five courses. In the tice after the forty-fifth patient has world of everyday life, who is jollier passed under his hands on a Sunday than a fox-hunter, more cheery-spimorn, that they are committing mur- rited than a fowler, more sweetder, and rejoice in the circunstance, souled than an angler? Nobody at all. like the Turpin-like lads who sent the The true bloody-minded, blood-snuff. worthy Weare on a visit to an eminent ing cannibals, are your fellows who character in the other world. There whine about the destruction of animal are such bilious, yellow-visaged, un- life, and long for the perfectibility of der-sized, gall-bladders of devils ex- man by the massacre of some millions tant, beyond doubt-mostly Whigs, of his species. Such was Oswald of course. Just read some of the at- such was Robespierre-such istacks in the Liberal, and other venom- We wage war on vermin-they are our ous, spider-like little books on us, Kit, natural prey-and we carry on the and you will see what I mean. The massacre-chase with as much jocutea has soured on the stomachs of the larity and free-heartedness as ever Cewheezing animals shortly after break- cil Forrester-I beg pardon-my Lord fast; and, as they have had no din Forrester, felt, when giving a cheery ner, the seventh cup of Bohea at the tallyho at the tail of the best pack of evening potation has exasperated them hounds in Leicestershire. into an acidity quite irrepressible. God Therefore, feeling, as I do, such an belp them ! I am not at all angry with elation of spirits, I am sorry that Blue the poor vagabonds, but sincerely pray and Yellow is such dull carrion this that they may give up the simple quarter. There are scarcely three artrade of botched calumny, and take to ticles in it worth abusing. It is poor some lawful calling, in which they work to be running a drag after a dead might cut a figure as exemplary men- cat. You may take in the beagles by
* Thank you, Tim, I have no fancy to be brought up before the Chief Justice in Banco Regis, on an information. I shall pocket the name, if you please. --C. N,
it, but you can never impose it on stated by the Honourable Member for yourself as a real hunt, no more than Montrose. In reply, Hume admits, you can make believe that con- that there is some error, he believes, in science, or Bellamira, or Fiddlede- the details, but is quite sure the prindevil, is a real tragedy. So, as I said ciple is correct, and withdraws his moin the first line of my letter, I agree tion for the present. Bennett, then, with you as to the inexpediency of or some person of that grade, rises, wasting an article on this Number of and compliments his friend on his the Edinburgh. I shall throw a few skill, and perseverance in hunting corremarks on it off my stomach in a kind ruption to its inmost recesses and of miscellaneous way, leaving you the affair is over. Next morning, the quite at liberty to print them, or keep dirty-faced papers refer their readers my MS. as food í ör your pipe, accord- to the very able and accurate speech ing as may be most agreeable to your of Mr Hume last night, and the little phantasy.
Whig journals throughout the proThe first article is on the Funding vinces, repeat the cuckoo cry of “very System, and is, of course, full of all able-very able, indeed-accurate man the usual humbug and jugglery of amazing industry;" and that beau. arithmetical fanfaronade. Figures in tiful body among ourselves, the Pluckproper hands can be brought to prove less, God bless them! “must admit, anything. I own I have not read the that, after all, Mr Hume is a man of article. Luckily, in turning over the considerable talents, and, in reality, pages farther forward, I found [p. has done a great deal of good.” All 260) it confessed that the computa, the while, there are not three lines in tions on which the reviewer relied the so lauded speech, which do not were made by Mr Joseph Hume. I contain a piece of blockheadism, or felt quite satisfied, and read no more. mendacity. Ainsi va le monde. I remember the adventures of that You may think that I am treating eminent figure-factor with Jonathan the really important question of the Croker of Watling Street, John Wils Funding System too lightly, in resolson Croker of the Admiralty, and ving it merely into a disquisition on others. I recollected inter alia his the nothingness of such a humbug as having made the agreeable error of Mr Hume; but if I were called on eleven millions in a sum of seventeen, by anything worth attending to, I and was easy in my mind as to the should speak differently. But I am correctness of the Review. There is only writing scraps on a scrap-book. something rash-something intensely I take it for granted, that the article spoony, in fact, in the reviewer's blab of the Whig reviewer-for I beg leave bing on Hume, and exhibiting him in to repeat I have not read it-shews us print
how we are ruined in consequence of In the House of Commons, Joseph the anti-whiggosity of our Chancelis very well. It would require talents lors of the Exchequer; proving hap. and patience superhuman to follow any pily—though perhaps with a hungry man through a maze of figures, calcu- up-snuffing of the distant feast, of lated with seeming accuracy down to which, thank Heaven, there is no half farthings, embarrassed by fifty in- chance whatever of a Whig's partatermediate " tottles," until they all king—that had the fifty-headed, nomerge in thegrand “tottle of the whole." brained, blood-bespattered, filth-beThe Opposition cheer, of course, getting Juggernaut of Whiggery, been and nine-tenths of the Ministerialists the iìol at Downing-Street, England know nothing about the matter. At would be just now one entire and per. last, up gets the groaning officer, whose fect chrysolite. We too well remember department it is to refute Joseph, and the exhibition of Lord Henry Pettyin a speech as yawni-begetting as hodie, my Lord Landsdowne-to be Hume's own, proves that every state- taken in by this cogging cant. If ever ment of the honourable gentleman op- a series of financial
operations merit. posite is wrong, humbly submitting ed full and unsparing measure of to the House, and offering to prove, contempt, for imbecility and nonby respectable evidence, if required, at sense, mixed with outrageous breach the bar, thạt three times four is no of promise, [er. gr. the doubling of more than twelve, and by no means the income tax, after the whole pack nineteen, much less thirty-one, as had been yelping in full chorus against