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Mr Irving.

Tur popular show of the day is the it proper, on his part, to stir up to their preacher of the Caledonian Chapel, in neglected duty; is another instance of Hatton Garden. This obscure spot is the childish vanity that so little benow crowded by all the sight-hunters comes a man, and, of all men, a teachof London, men of fashion, and blue- er of humility. The composition of stockings, the peerage, and the cabi- these “ Orations," is by no means calnet; scholars and scribblers, all who culated to relieve the writer from the have eyes to see, and ears to be capti- imputation excited by his preface ; vated, crowd to the dingy walls of this with some passages of considerable ancient receptacle of cobwebs and

power, they mingle a vast quantity of crabbed Theology. The difference of heavy, tumid, and tasteless writing: opinions is of course as various as the With some views of general life sufmultitude. Some have settled that he ficiently keen, are huddled clumsy is an original luminary, others that and unreut sketches of fashionable he shines by reflection of Chalmers, and manners. His rambling dissertations the popular preachers of the north; on the more graceful branches of taste some that he is a model of persuasive- and literature, are worthy only of the ness, simplicity, and sincerity, others denizen of a remote manufacturing that he is a mere Charlatan, who pur- town; he talks of poets, artists, and chases notoriety by the exhibition of statesmen, but he talks of them as if matters prohibited to the regular pul- he had never read anything but the pit, and furnishes gossip to the au- Edinburgh Review. dience by rambling allusions to the A more unfortunate distinction of poets, artists, and public men of the those “ Orations” is, that they are day; that he shuns the appropriate almost totally divested of DOCTRINE. topics of the pulpit; that he substi- Cobbett's Sermons are a code of Theotutes pompous verbiage for rational logy compared to them. A Bonze or discourse, and is at once extravagant a Mufti might preach them without and common-place, rude and affected, offence to Foh or Mahomet. This may tame in doctrine, and theatrical in lan- answer the purposes of popularity guage, gesture, and delivery. On both

among the great, but this ought to be sides there is exaggeration, and the amended, even at the hazard of writruth will probably turn out to be, ting“ Sermons.” The Cardinal who that Irving is a man of some abilities, would not read his Bible through fear who, in the habitual presence of that that it might spoil his style, could clever and singular man Chalmers, has scarcely have expected to find an imiacquired the exterior of energy;

that tator. But if Mr Irving would do imitation compensates in London the his duty, he must overstep this deliinferiority which was obvious in the cacy, and talk downright Christianity immediate sight of his master, and at all hazards. I have no doubt of that, encouraged by the praise of his his inclination. He is a man of some own flock, new as they were to any ability. The winter, fertile in newer thing like pulpit vigour, he has been topics, will lead away his superfluous urged to try extravagance in a broader congregation; the newspapers, occuscale, and strut his hour in the pa- pied about other things, will look uprade of inflated and miscellaneous on him no longer as a kindred resource composition. His printed Sermons are with a Paddington riot, a coroner's certainly unfortunate testimonials to inquest, or a trial for arson ; their cohis powers. The preface, in which he lumns will be filled, and he will have declares that his works disown the time to recover his composure, and customary title of “ Sermons,” be- descend to the level of his species. cause Sermons is a customary title for Then will be the period to open the dulness; with which, of course, no volume, which has hitherto been so man can presume to charge any work heavily eclipsed under pamphlets and of Mr Irving; is only an evidence of magazines, and then alone he will schvolboy conceit. His further decla- begin to enter on the only course in ration that the slackness of Christian which he can deserve permanent practice is to be laid to the charge of praise. ihe clergy, whom he therefore thinks

10

PARISIAN SKETCHES.-No. I.
Six months before and six months after October, 1814.
“On ne peut jamais contenter tout le monde, et son pere."

La Fontaine. The year 1814 was made memora- the moment of establishing her niece. ble by the battle of Leipsic, the actual None of the parties which presented deathblow of the “Napoleon dynasty.” themselves, might satisfy the anxious The day that saw the French army tenderness of this good aunt. She driven from that field, saw the setting feared equally the chances of war and of the imperial sun. Other battles commerce. She could no more deterfollowed, bloody and disastrous, but mine to select for her nephew-an ofthey were the blows given to a cham- ficer who might get gloriously killed pion already on the ground. From the in the second month of his nuptials i9th of October, Napoleon contem- thian a merchant, who might become plated resignation, and all France was bankrupt in the first year of his marprepared for the inroad and final vic- riage. “From the rapidity with which tory of the enemy. I had a habit of they carry off our young men, there passing, the autumn in the country. will remain no husbands for our young In 1814 my visit was to the Cha- women," repeated Madame de Gerteau de Belrive, of which the recent mancy, with an air of melancholy, proprietor, although grown wealthy, which frequently made her niece blush, has not grown into forgetfulness of an and her auditors smile. old friend. At that time he had as- A fat man who amused his leisure sembled around him a number of his by a little stock-jobbing, Monsieur relatives, who were all in the greatest Clement, cousin to the owner of Belconsternation on account of the times. rive, never ceased deploring the stagCrossed in their interests, wounded in nation of trade, and complaining of the their feelings, all these different person- few opportunities of improving capital. ages cast forth fire and flame against The war had paralysed all his specuthe Head of the Government, blaming lations; and he declaimed against the all his operations, recalling with bit- war with an indignation which anterness the various misfortunes his am- nounced a great love of peace. bition had drawn down on France, Every evening the company assemand praying that Heaven would at last bled in the large saloon, where each occupy itself with the affairs of this threw into the common stock the earth that it appeared so long to have slight contingent of news he had careabandoned.

fully collected during the day; and Among the most exasperated, was a it may be easily supposed, that it was Monsieur Segri, from whom the for- not generally of a nature to diminish mation of the guard of honour had their discontent, or ameliorate the hacarried off the last of his sons. Fa- tred they bore in secret to the Emperor. ther of four children, he had seen them It was with him, as with those tyrants successively depart for the army, of the drama, who frighten every one whence they never returned.

The

by their entrance are abused aside, one fell a lieutenant in Egypt; the and menaced as soon as they disapsecond, a captain in Spain, and the pear. One person alone courageously third, Chef de Bataillon, in the prisons took the part of the government-it of Kalonga.—Nothing could exceed was the owner of the Chateau, whose the grief of this unfortunate father, nephew had just been made general of who had now, as he said himself, bade division. According to Monsieur Dua last farewell to his last son, and we perre, necessity justified all the opehad all the pains in the world to try rations of the Emperor. He called the and diminish his regrets a little, by occupation of Spain a grand political endeavouring to instil into him hopes measure; the campaign of Russia, a which we had not ourselves. Less af- hardy conception; and the return from flicted than Monsieur de Segri, but Moscow, a skilful retreat. Certainly loudly joining him in invective against his opinions appeared to me to be the system of aggrandisement adopted rather singular, but who dare tell by the Emperor, Madame de German- him so? Indeed, so enthusiastic was hiş ey-his cousin, looked with terror to admiration, that it was impossible to VOL. XIV.

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offer the slightest check to it -- the merit; he granted the cross of honour man being, as one might say, evidently to my son, who, however, could not destined to die in his original sin. endure him. Natural enough, he had

Such were the various dispositions imbibed the sentiments of his father; at the Chateau when I quitted it for and as to me, I have never had reason Paris. The public events which soon to thank him. He sent me the order afterwards succeeded each other with of Re-union, I confess ; but he was such extraordinary rapidity, produced, forced to that by the public voice : in less than a year, changes unexam- and, besides, it was more for his own pled in the annals of the world. A credit than mine. He conducted himBourbon returned, after an interval of self shamefully towards my nephew20 years, to resume that crown so Would you believe it, that, by abdilong worn by his ancestors. Peace, so cating, he deprived him of half of all often repulsed from the bosom of Eu- that he had bestowed on him. I nerope, hastened to seat herself with hira ver could have spoken favourably of on the throne of France; and the so- such a man to you.

I may

have been vereigns of a world united together careful in my expressions, because, to put a term to the differences of under him, the nets of the police exprinces, the agitations of their people, tended far and near, but, in reality, and the mourning of nations.

no one thought worse of him than I It was with no slight pleasure, that did.”- !-" What a pity, that one canI once more hailed the return of that not read au fond des cæurs !"-"Yes, period in which I had been accustom- doubtless—but enough of this at preed to undertake my pilgrimage, and sent. I am charmed to see you again I promised myself this year to console - I want you to preach peace in my my poor friend Duperre, even though family—which is far from sharing my I should rejoice with his friends. principles.”—“How!"-" True, your

On the first of September, then, I old friends are all here; but, will set off for Belrive.

you believe it, my dear friend, they As soon as Monsieur Duperre caught actually regret his reign" Impossia glimpse of me, he hastened to me, ble.”—“ The human heart is full of and, with a countenance full of joy, such contradictions. M. de Segri has seized me by the arm, and begged me received a letter from his son, who is to take a turn with him in the garden, not put on half pay, and will be here before I made my appearance in the immediately—he is quite in despair Chateau. Surprised to find him so about it.”—“ In despair at seeing his gay, when I feared to see him so sad, son ! he who suffered such grief at his I could but think that my friend had departure?”—“My cousin, who sighperhaps received some disagreeable ed so for peace, is au desespoir that the news from the Sovereign of the Isle of war is over.”_“You jest.”—“Madam Elba, i. e. disagreeable for France. de Germancy regrets the days when “ Well,” said I, hesitatingly, your she might have married her niece Hero has justified your admiration. Na- to an officer, who would probably have poleon"_“Don't mention his name," left her a widow before she was a moreplied he, hastily; " he is a tyrant, ther--these people distract me.” As whom I always abhorred.”—“ But I he thus spoke, M. Duperre led me thought I had heard you admire”- towards the Chateau. At the moment His audacity.”—“ You considered of our entrance, M. de Segri still held his successes”-“ As so many crimes.” his son's letter in his hand—I felicita

_“ His elevation"- -As a punish- ted him on his return.—“No, sir," ment from Heaven." -"Nay, but, my replied he,~"on the contrary, condear Duperre, I assure you, that in dole with me. I no longer know what the September of last year, you paint- to do with this youth, there is his proed the affair of Spain”

fession gone."

."'« But was it not against fidy.”—“ The war of the North”- both your and his own inclination, that “As an extravagance.”—“The retreat he was obliged to enter it?”—“Cerfrom Moscow”—“ As the first chas- tainly; but when the thing was done, tisement of the grand criminal. It is it was done, and I hoped that through not that, au fond, I have not here and my friends and his own merits, he there recognized some peculiar quali- might have made his way as well as ties in this man; he had a certain another: did not one of his brothers tact in discovering and recompensing die Chef de Bataillon?"_" The very

“ As a per

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- reason to rejoice that he has escaped er the road to riches-there is nothing a similar misfortune.”—“ Ay, say as to be gained now.” you will, but shew me the man who “ All true, master,” said M. Duis sorry to see a general officer among perre's gardener, twisting his hat in his family.”

his fingers as he entered to ask for *Very true," exclaimed Madame orders—“there is nothing to be gainde Germancy, hastily; " and there is ed now in truth-and we poor folks my niece deprived of any

such hap- are going to ruin as fast as we can.' piness. Formerly we might look to “ To ruin!” exclaimed M. De Segri, marry generals, colonels, counsellors of with vivacity.-“ Just so, in truth, state, and, above all, auditors. I don't my good master—this abolition of the say that happiness is always the conscription has knocked me up.”wedding gift on these occasions, but What, Jacques! this that constitutes the title, the rank, flatter us, and the happiness of ten millions of fathis is a gratification such as we wo- milies” -“ Makes the misfortune of men do not disdain.

mine." -“Explain yourself.”—“You “Besides, even though one did begin know, monsieur, that I had the good by marrying only a captain, there was luck to sell my eldest boy for two no telling but that from widowhood to thousand crowns to the son of monwidowhood we might at last arrive at sieur the mayor; and I may honestly a general of division. These changes say, was going for nothing, for he undoubtedly had their advantages ; was a proud fine youth. I gave the at present, one must pass life with the second to monsieur your nephew, for first spouse.—Ah!” said madam, with a dozen sacs of a thousand francsa sigh, “the career of ambition is for cheap enough, but then he was a ever closed to women.”,

neighbour. Well, just at the moment It was in vain that in her system of that the last sac began to grow light, elevation, her ladies could be promo- and that I had still three comely lads, ted only at the expense of their hus- well fed, and well taught, that I had bands. She persisted not the less in brought up with all the care in the considering the thing as very natural, world, away goes the conscription I and deploring the disagremens of a have my trouble for my pains—and century, where a wife might die with three great boys on my hands to proout ever having been a widow. Her vide for. Boys, that, under the Emniece did not seem to me to be of her peror, would have brought me at least opinion. I thought I overheard her 15,000 francs a-piece. Now this is murmur-"At least, I may now choose, what I call a hard case, my good which is always a great pleasure to a monsieur.” female.”

The observations of Jacques made “Yet, what signify honours, in com- on all present a more sudden and proparison with fortune?" said M. Cle- found impression, than could all my ment, rising from his arm-chair. “Un- arguments; each mentally blushed at der the seventeen or eighteen govern having regretted a government, under ments we have had here, I have made which demoralization had reached the and unmade mine five or six times, with point of a father's rearing his sons for a facility I shall never again experience. sale. Great misfortunes lead to great sacrifi- The young De Segri, who arrived ces. The land-owners, the merchants, next day, was received with open have recourse to us in speculations arms—and Madame de Germancy prowhich often swallow up their property, mised her niece that she should choose but bring us from fifteen to twenty her own husband ; which choice I per cent. Alas! this is now over, the could discover, from certain glances beaten path is open to all; and, turn between the fair Eliza and the ani. ever so little out of it, law stares you mated young lieutenant, was already in the face. No, commerce is no long- decided.

A Ball at the Opera-House.

« Chacun le decrie-chacun y va." I had passed the evening with a rich from it, followed with his eyes each literary amateur, who had assembled white domino that appeared, and, afround him a crowd of persons, under ter two or three useless turns, sorrowthe pretext of a party of pleasure, and fully resumed his post. This little mawho had occupied the entire time in nege had continued somewhere near a the reading of a five-act tragedy of his quarter of an hour, when I observed own, with which he had been threat- two masks enter ; one of which, after ening the managers of the Francais looking at me for an instant, took flight these last seven years. The reading with the terror of one fearing to be reof the work, and the

pompous eulogies cognized ; while the other, placing a lavished on it, over an immense bowl finger on her lips, and leaning towards of the most delicious punch, prodigally the ear of the young man, drew him dispensed round by the young wife of away to the opposite side, while inviour tragic author, had contributed to ting him to silence and discretion. The heighten the gaiety of my humour. little mask who had so rapidly flown Fearing to dull it, I stole off at the off, appeared to me to be charming. . moment that the author's gratified va- The figure, the gracefulness, a slight nity was attempting to waive the praises motion of the head which was familiar he was so sure of having merited, and to her, induced me to believe that I remodestly soliciting useless criticisms cognized the pretty whisperer of the and superfluous advice. Some lamps, evening—the youthful wife of the elplaced at the corner of the Rue Neuve derly tragic poet. There was but one des Petits-Champs, and the long pile thing to destroy this idea—that they of carriages which embarrassed the had spoken of these opera balls in the Rue de Richelieu, informed me that earlier part of the night, and that Mathere was a ball at the Opera-house. dame de Ghad been loudest in her They are singular enough those Opera disapprobation of them. Indeed, to balls. This impost levied on slumber take her word for it, nothing less than is but seldom worth the repose it de- an assignation could induce any woprives us of. Few are amused there- man, of a certain rank, to visit such a numbers are annoyed there ; and yet scene; and she had given up an aceverybody goes there. Like the rest, quaintance for vaunting that she never I must pay my tribute to custom; and, missed one of them. stimulated by the desire of observing After so decided a declaration, so en philosophe the various amusements severe an opinion, it was impossible to to be enjoyed in it, I crossed the thresh- imagine that Madame de G- · would old of this Temple of Arts--where they dare the dangers of a Bal d'Operadance now, as they sung formerly. On particularly in the moment of triumph entering the vestibule, I saw a young

for her husband's success. Occupied man, whom I immediately recognized with this little adventure, I slowly. as one of the company at the reading mounted the stairs. The ball was but party. Probably he had not noticed commencing. me, but I had remarked him from the In the anti-room, several masks, circumstance of a long whispering con- tranquilly seated before the two fireversation with the mistress of the

man- places, whispered to each other, pointsion, in the very deepest part of the ing out mysteriously some personages, tragedy, when the husband's eyes were who, already yawning widely, promifixed on the book, and from his ha- sed themselves a gay night. The Salle ving adroitly slipped away before the was almost a desert. The orchestra, wearisome conclusion.

placed at the extremity of the stage, He was now precipitately moving was occupied by a band of old music backwards and forwards, drawing out cians, disguised as Spanish gallants. his watch at each instant, and at in- This masquerade struck me as the tervals slightly striking his foot against most diverting of the whole. By dethe ground, as one impatient of wait- grees the masks thicken-the salle ing. At the arrival of every carriage, begins to fill. An insupportable babhe softly approached the door, glanced ble succeeds the wearying silence

anxiously at the people who descended men, women-masked and unmasked

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