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structors in the courts--a privilege may be, no example of a separate chair still retained hy their representatives, for that extremely subordinate branch , the Advocates' first clerks. This admi- of legal knowledge which goes by the rable system of tuition, (which might, name of Conveyancing. I say, thereI think, be restored with great advan-, fore, before I agree with these people, tage in our own days) having been drop- I must see better grounds. ped, the Faculty, to supply its place,ob- And truly some of the grounds statained chairs in the University, for the ted by the commissioners are oud instruction of youth in civil and muni- enough. One of the strongest depends, cipal law. And, as these two chairs upon the success the scheine has met embrace the whole law, it would mani- with as it now exists.-" The Society: festly be an encroachment upon the have the satisfaction of stating, that, rights of the Faculty to subdivide the to an increasing concourse of students, study, and take out of the hands of of various descriptions, that gentleman their professor any part of the subject (Mr Macvey Napier) has delivered sewhich is entrusted to him. If such a veral courses of lectures, in which he doctrine were admitted, the existing has shewn that his talents and acquire-, chair might be ruined, by turning ments have eminently qualified him over to new professors, first one branch, for the situation in which they have and then another, until nothing of had the good fortune to place him.”his subject might be left. Why not It might be a curious subject of inhave a lecturer on teinds, on crimi- quiry, whether this immense concourse nal law, on revenue law, on commer- of students was drawn together by the cial law, on consistorial law, &c.?— talents of the lecturer, and the utility Somebody urged that this would be of the course, or by a certain regulaan advantage. No doubt each branch tion which compels each candidate for might be more fully taught, but how admission to the Society of Writers to much would be left to the proper pro- the Signet, to take out one or more fessor? I care not what the present tickets for the course. Be this as it Professor of Law thinks of it; I say that may.; if the course is so eminently usesuch an arrangement was never heard ful, and so well attended, it does not of. The tuition of the whole law is clearly occur to me where the strong entrusted to one person. If he cannot necessity exists for making a profescon prize the whole subject in one sorship of it, unless it be for the agcourse of lectures, let him give two, grandizement of the Society of Writers, three, or four ; and if he does not teach to the Signet, which is, in truth, the it sufficiently in detail, let other lectu- object of the Tory friends of the meas, rers supply that in which he is defi-' sure, or for that of the present inc:imcient, but not as professors. There is bent, which is the aim of the Whigs. no reason why the teacher of a branch Mr Cranstoun told us that none but of a science should be a professor. In an experienced Writer to the Signet the medical and philosophical sciences, could teach this abstruse science, and there are innumerable independent and that no one could acquire it without separate lecturers, who may teach the such tuition, unless he should get a details, while the professors of those glimpse of the new algebraicael light to sciences give merely the grand and ge- which he alluded. I have conversed neral outlines of the subject.- Thus with many Writers to the Signet upon you have lectures on diseases of the the subject, and am inclined to agree eye, the ear, &c.— lectures on galvan- with Mr Cranstoun, that a Writer to ism-electricity-dynamics, &c.; but the Signet has the best means of teaching surely it would be absurd to erect new conveyancing. But I have met with chairs in the Universities for such none who ever derived benefit from ata courses. There can then be no objec- tendance on public lectures on the subtion to the continuance of such a course ject ;-it is at the desk that it must be of lectures as the present in the Signet learned, or nowhere. But if it is to be Library. But I must see better grounds taught by a professor, I confess I do for placing it in the University; par- not see any
pod reason for excluding ticularly, seeing (what however was an Advocate from such a chair. I shall studiously kept out of view by Mr be told that his particular branch of Cranstounand Mr Bell,) that through business is incompatible with a thoout the whole of the Universities of rough knowledge of deeds. But if con-, Europe, there is, whatever else there stant practice in conveyancing is essen
tial to a thorongh knowledge of the view. And it was a complete piece of subject, I conceive a lawyer quite as humbug to pretend that politics were adequate to teach it, as a writer not in not to interfere in the question. constant practice. In fact, the last lec- Had the question been brought forturer on conveyancing thought it add- ward in a fair, manly, and open way, ed to his respectability to take the ad- the case would have been quite differvocate's gown; and when he was un- ent. Had the proposal been, that, afable to lecture, the Society of Writers ter the present incumbency, the course to the Signet allowed another advocate should be transferred to the Universito teach in his place ; and it is believed ty; or suppose Mr Napier had signibetter and more useful lectures never tied his resignation, in order that the were delivered than on this occasion. question might be discussed without But we may safely maintain, that an bias, I verily think it would not have advocate in practice may teach convey- been fair to have allowed politics to ancing as well as a person who does interfere, although, in this latter case, not practise conveyancing at all ; nay, it is evident, from the high estimation the chief part of whose time is devo- in which we are told Mr Napier stands, ted, and usefully devoted, to the study that he would have been re-elected. of title pages rather than title deeds, Still, this course would have been so to the distribution of books in the li- manly and honourable, that however brary of the Society of Writers to the much I dislike Mr Napier's politics, Signet—to the collection and arrange- and however aware of the danger which ment of materials for a supplement to I foresee from the projected monopoly a superannuated Encyclopædia—to cri- of education by his party, I should ticism to the discovery of new in- have been much inclined to vote for formation as to the scope and tendency his re-election. But as the matter of Lord Bacon's Writings—a new tune stood, I saw no occasion, for one, to on the Novum Organum-and other give the sanction of my approbation to such employment.
the Whig Mr Napier being made a And this leads me to my last and professor under the cover of two genestrongest ground of objection to this ral propositions, declaring simply that proposal, which, in spite of Mr Cran- conveyancing is a useful study, and stoun, I will confess is political. I ought to be taught by a professor rahave as great a respect for Mr Cran- ther than a lecturer.' I confess I was stoun as any Whig at the bar, and a somewhat surprised that no one gave much greater respect for him than for this as the best and true reason for voany other Whig at the bar. But I was ting against Mr Cranstoun's propositruly sorry to hear him making a ha- tion. It is, I think, a reason of which rangue about the baseness of voting nobody needs to be ashamed. But I upon this measure from political mo- suppose they were all cowed by the tives. Did he not know that almost thunders of declamation against polievery one member of the Faculty who tics, which was as politic a device as voted with him voted wholly and solely can well be conceived. However, notfrom political motives ? Did he not withstanding the absence of a great know, that if a Tory gentleman had number of those who expressed thembeen lecturer on conveyancing, the selves against the measure, and the whole measure would have been stige presence of every retainer of whigmatized as a dirty Tory job? Did he gery who could be laid hold of, a manot know that one-half of the persons, jority voted against Mr Cranstoun's who, along with him, appeared to be motion. so earnest and anxious for the honour This was communicated to the Writers and glory of the Society of Writers to by the Dean of Faculty, and a most exthe Signet, have upon other occasions traordinary application followed. The declairned against the pushing and stri- Faculty were requested by the Writers ding system of that body-have com- to the Signet to send them an extract plained of the privilege granted to of the minutes of their meeting on the them by the Court of having seats in subject, together with any reasons of the Inner-House set apart for them, DISSent which might be lodged against &c.? It iş absurd to deny that this the resolution of the Faculty. The measure would have been scouted by Faculty were told it would be rude and the very men who supported it, if it impolite to refuse this most unheardhad not been for the political object in of request. The majority of a body reject a proposition; a few of that body rity publish their reasons of dissent. differ with them, and have the privi- This story of the refusal of the Faculty, lege of recording their reasons. The and of the surreptitious proceeding rereasons of the majority are never en- lative to the reasons of dissent, was of tered upon their record. But it is mo- course concealed in the printed statedestly expected that the majority are ment laid before the Magistrates, and to furnish the persons whose proposi- circulated among the members of the tion is rejected, with the reasons against Society of Writers to the Signet, where their own resolution, in order to be these reasons of dissent first were pubprinted, published, and circulated. I lished. But, notwithstanding, I am need not tell you that such a proposal happy to say, the Town-Council were was rejected by a very large majority. not influenced by them, but gave its Somebody remarked, however, that it due effect to the opinion of the majowas competent to any member of the rity of the Faculty, by unanimously Faculty to get a copy of these reasons rejecting the application altogether ; of dissent; and certainly some member and I shall not be much surprised to of the Faculty condescended to do that learn, that some of the worthy Tories, which was refused by the body at who lent the sanction of their names to large; and, still more extraordinary, the proposal, are not much distressed the Writers to the Signet did not he- by the result. sitate to print and circulate that which There are some other subjects to they had thus clandestinely, and, I ra- which I shall from time to time draw ther think, improperly obtained. Had your attention, and which may be well they not taken this extraordinarycourse, and usefully classified under the head I should not have troubled you on this which I have adopted as the title of occasion. But I think I have a right this letter.Believe me, ever yours, to give my reasons of adherence to the
FRANCISCULUS FUNK.* opinion of the majority, if the mino- Shakeham, July 26.
TAIL-PIECE. [We owe some apology to our readers for taking up so much room with a subject which many of them will, of course, regard as very local and very trivial too. But the fact is, that we were pleased with the vein of this young contributor ; and it also is a fact, that this vile, pluckless system, has gone on much too long in Edinburgh. We flatter ourselves that we have done some good by our papers about the New High School ; and certain fine gentlemen may depend on it, these papers are not brought to a close yet. We also flatter ourselves that we shall hear no more of making Mr Macvey Napier a Professor in the University of Edinburgh. Ne sutor ULTRA CREPIDAM.
Conveyancing, in England, is in the hands, not of the Solicitors, but of the Bar. Yet, what would even such men as Preston say, if they heard people talking of a Professorship (we believe they would laugh even to hear of a Lectureship) of Conveyancing ?-C. N.]
* I was christened after Mr Jeffrey, by my father, who was one of the Pluckless.
THE REV. MR IRVING'S ORATIONS."
Our first information of the exist- sides. John Bull, however, takes for ence of such a person as « the Reve- once the Old Times' side of the quesrend Edward Irving," was derived tion, and reiterates the cry of “ quackfrom certain columns devoted (last ery” and “ cant," adding, with much summer we think) by a morning pa- urbanity, the designation of “the new per to the account of a dinner given Dr Squintum,” (this by the way in in his honour in London-himself in the very same paper where John very the chair. One of the company, the properly abuses Lord Byron for saycroupier, if we recollect rightly, was ing that the King weighs twenty reported to have commenced a speech stone,)—while, to complete the mysproposing Mr Irving's health, with tification, the Morning Chronicle steps lauding Mr Irving as a person “equal- forward to abuse John Bull, and to ly gigantic in intellect as in corporeal espouse the cause of Dr Stoddart, in frame." From this we took it for direct opposition to that maintained granted, that Mr Irving was a tall in the spotless columns of the Leadman-and from the speech which he ing Journal of Europe." made in reply, we could not avoid the The only. fact we came to the knowconclusion, that he himself was of the ledge of from all these conflicting croupier's opinion as to the gigantic statements and authorities, was, that elevation of his own intellect. In other the Reverend Edward Irving has the words, we were impressed by the whole misfortune to have some defect in his of this newspaper report (which we organs of vision—which really, in spite of course considered as an advertise- of our respect for Mr John Bull, we ment,) with the belief, that some cannot consider as bearing very closely Scotch Presbyterian congregation in upon the question of this reverend the city of London had got a new, a gentleman's merits as a preacher of the tall, and a conceited minister-that, as Gospel. Even if we knew that John usaal, a good dinner had been given on Bull was as heavy as Lambert, as his inauguration—and that, as usual, laine as Vulcan, and as oblique in thegood dinner had been followed with glance as Thersites himself--all in many speeches, which could only ap- one-we should not enjoy John Bull's pear tolerable to persons influenced by wit a bit less than we have been used those feelings which we recently had to do. Such satire as this does harm occasion to enlarge a little upon, in to nobody but the person who makes treating of the Origin and Progress use of it. It is never even excusable, of the Gormandizing School of Elo- except when used in revenge of satire quence.
of the same species and we certainly We had quite forgotten all this, un- should be much surprised if we learned til our memory was refreshed by some that Mr Irving, or any other preacher, of those notices wherewith the Lon- had given John Bull any such provodon newspapers have recently abound- cation. ed. Mr Irving, it seems, has become We say, that this of the squint was a highly popular preacher in London. the only fact we had been able to gaCanning and Brougham, Sidmouth ther from all this newspaper controand Mackintosh, and Michael Angelo versy. The opinions of the several Taylor, and Mr Heber, have all been controversialists we, of course, consito hear him. The Old Times calls him dered as tantamount to nothing ; and a quack and an ass-and the New we thought not much more highly of Times says the Old Times is just as the information that such and such absurd in this as in calling (as it late- men of intellectual reputation had ly did) Sir Walter Scott a " Mounte- been detected amidst the crowd of Mr bauk Minstrel,"—" a dull romance- Irving's chapel upon such or such a spinner," and we know not what be- Sunday. There is no kind of repụta
The Oracles of God, four Orations. For Judgment to come, an argument, in nine parts. By the Rev. Edward Irving, M. A. Minister of the Caledonian Church, Hutton-Garden. London. T. Hamilton, 33, Paternoster-Row. 1823. VOL. XIV.
tion which we are inclined to hold in of what are meant to be his finest demore suspicion (not to say contempt) scriptive essays. In reasoning, he is than that of a much-run-upon, high- coarse, rather than dexterous, extremeflying church-orator. Be extravagant ly narrow, and extremely vague at the -be loud-thunder boldly, and your same time. In language he is grossly inbusiness is half done. If to a brave, accurate-bombastic and bald by turns, bellowing voice, and a furious gesture, a barbarous innovator, a most vulgar you add some strange uncouthness of artizan. Yet much remains a cerlook, dialect, or accent—so much the tain manly vigour redeems more than better. But if to these things you add half these faults-a direct, honest ear. the noble audacity of out-of-the-way nestness--ascorn of petty affectationsand unwonted allusions, political, li- a pervading spirit of bold truth of terary, personal and vituperative, sentiment--these are qualities which mantling over the spite of these with no one can deny to him. And then the thin veil of a sanctimonious sor- he made his own style--bad as it is in rowfulness, why, who can doubt the many respects, this style of preaching result of such a congregation of allure- was his creation-a novelty, and his ments ?
own. He stepped into a new walk-Whitfield, in the last age, carried he wielded a new weapon—his errors everything before him by the mere were the errors of a man possessed, if fearless bawling of enthusiastic me- not of genius, (in its true sense,) cerdiocrity, aided by the concomitants of tainly of very strong and remarkable a remarkable exterior, and a melodious talents. And therefore he must not be and well-managed trumpet of a voice. altogether forgotten, at least in his We are entitled to speak in this way of own time. Whitfield, considered merely in an in- What attraction the delivery of Mr tellectual point of view—because his Irving may possess, we have no means Sermons,&c. are in print, and are, with- of guessing. From the fact of his beout exception, the poorest stuff-the ing so much followed in London, we most uniform unredeemed trash, that cannot doubt that it has at least the ever disgraced the English press. As character of extraordinary earnestness for the intentions of the man, that is and vehemence, which of itself is quite a different matter--we have no enough to make any preacher, to a doubt that Whitfield was a vain, frothy, certain extent, and for a time, excesloose-tongued declaimer; and that, in sively popular. But one thing we are spite of all this, he might be a very well- altogether unable to account for, and meaning man; and that, in spite of all this is, that, although Mr Irving seems his weaknesses, his ministrations might never to have been out of Scotland not fail to produce a certain proportion until last year, we should never, by of good.
any accident, have heard his name The great preacher of the presentage, mentioned in Scotland until after he again, is (or rather, perhaps, we should had succeeded in making a noise in say, was) Dr Chalmers.
London. He was, it seems, assistant Nobody now doubts that Dr Chal- to Dr Chalmers at Glasgow for a conmers owed nine-tenths (to say the siderable time, and yet, though till least of it) of the great effect be pro- lately the name of Chalmers was never duced, to the mere animal vehemence out of the mouths of the Glasgow and exterior uncouthness of his deli- people, we certainly never heard one very. The Doctor was for a consider- of them even mention the name of his able time over-rated in a most extra- associate and colleague. Perhaps he vagant manner and yet nobody can is a Glasgow man, and failed there on deny that he did deserve to be rated the old principle of the prophet's being highly. The publication of his first without renown in his own land. PerSermons reduced him at once to a com- haps his accent was too close an image paratively moderate station--and he of their own to be agreeable. Perhas ever since been declining ; yet haps the far-sought charm of Dr much remains. He is not every one Chalmers's High Fifeish barbarity was who has read his books, admits-the too powerful a rival for the native great master of imagination, of reason, horrors of the Gallowgate. Of all and of language, which he at first pass- this we know nothing. But Mr Ired for. He has not much imagination ving has published a volume, and so at all-witness the laborious tinkering put it in the power of us, and of every