The Hadrami Diaspora: Community-building on the Indian Ocean Rim
"A fascinating subject, based on extensive fieldwork and excellent case studies of diaspora communities."---Christopher Davison, Centre for Middle Eastern and Islamic Studies, Durham, UK
The Hadramis of South Yemen and the emergence of their diasporic communities throughout the Indian Ocean region are an intriguing facet of the history of this region's migratory patterns. In the early centuries of migration, the Yemeni, or Hadrami, traveler was both a trader and a religious missionary, making the migrant community both a "trade diaspora" and a "religious diaspora." This tradition has continued as Hadramis around the world have been linked to networks of extremist, Islamic-inspired movements---Osama bin Laden, leader of Al Qaeda and descendant of a prominent Hadramis family, as the most infamous example. However, communities of Hadramis living outside Yemen are not homogenous. The author expertly elucidates the complexity of the diasporic process, showing how it contrasts with the conventional understanding of the Hadrami diaspora as an unchanging society with predefined cultural characteristics originating in the homeland. Exploring ethnic, social, and religious aspects, the author offers a deepened understanding of links between Yemen and Indian Ocean regions (including India, Southeast Asia, and the Horn of Africa) and the emerging international community of Muslims.
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Introducing the Issues
SingaporeMaking Muslim Space in a Global City
HyderabadFrom Winners to Losers
Hadramis in SudanA Red Sea Tale
EthiopiaThe Problem of Being Arab Somali
Maintaining a Hadrami Identity in the Diaspora
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activities Addis Aden Africa Ahmad Ahmed al-Attas Aljuneid Arab areas association Barkas became Beja Borana British Bujra capital caravan chapter coast colonial context cultural descent diaspora diasporic communities Dire Dawa dominant Dutch dynamics economic Edross Egypt emergence established Ethiopia ethnic Freitag global groups Gulf Hadramaut Hadrami communities Hadrami diaspora Hadrami families Hadrami identity Hassan Hindu homeland houses Hyderabad important Indian Ocean Indonesia involved Islamic Jeddah Kathiri khanazad labor land leaders living Luuq Malay marriage married Massawa Mecca migration Mohamed mosque Muhamed Mukalla Muslim muwallad nizam non-Sada Omar organizations Osama Bin Laden Ottoman period played policies political population Port Sudan position processes Red Sea regime region religious role Saudi Arabia schools Singapore Singaporean social soldiers Somali Southeast Asia stratification Suakin Sudanese Sultan Syed Tariqa tion towns trade tradition various Wadi Hadramaut waqf Western Yemeni