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stallion at Raby Castle, at five gui
DARLEY ARABIAN.neas; but his price was afterwards Mr. Darley, a merchant settled at advanced to ten guineas.
Aleppo, and a member of a hunting DAISY CUTTERS. Horses club there, procured a courser from which skim along the surface with a the deserts of Arabia, which he sent straight knee, or which go so near to England as a present to his brothe ground as frequently to touch it. ther, a Yorkshire gentleman, about
DAKER HEN. See CORN the beginning the reign of Queen CRAKE.
Anne: he is one of those few horses DALMATIAN, or Coach Dog. on the purity of whose blood we can
place positive reliance. This Arabian was sire of Flying Childers, of never-dying fame; he also got Bartlett's Childers, Old Almanzor; a white-legged horse belonging to the Duke of Somerset, full brother to Almanzor, and thought to be as good, but meeting with an accident, he never ran in public; Dædalus, a very fast horse ; Dart, Skipjack, Manica, Aleppo,good horses, though out of indifferent mares; Cupid, Brisk,Gander, Kitty Burdett, Smock
face, Old Whimsey, &c. &c. He Is an animal of great beauty, being did not cover many mares except of a white colour, elegantly' marked Mr. Darley's. An original portrait on all parts with numerous round of this horse, accidentally discovered black spots. The native country of by the removal of a panel in one of this breed is Dalmatia, though vul- the rooms of the mansion, is in the garly termed the Danish dog. He possession of H. Darley, Esq. Aldeby has been domesticated in Italy for Hall, Yorkshire, an engraving from many years, and is the harrier of which has been lately published. that country.
In England he is The Darley Arabian was a bay, only used as an attendant upon the about fifteen hands high, with white carriages of the gentry.
fetlocks behind, and a blaze in his DAMASCUS ARABIAN (The) face. first covered at Newmarket, in 1766, DASHING (among Foxhunters). at one guinea; in 1767, in conse When a man charges a fence (which quence of Signal's superior running, no other word can express so fully), the first of his get that started, he on the other side of which it is was raised to five guineas, and after- impossible to guess what mischief wards to ten guineas. The adver- awaits him, but where his getting a tisements described him “ to be of fall is reduced as nearly as possible the purest Arabian blood,” &c. He to a moral certainty.— Note to Bilwas sire also of Flush, Mungo, lesdon Coplow. Trump, Atom, Little Joe, Mufti, DEBILITY. A state of emaciPigmy, Magpie, &c.
ation, weakness, and inertness of the DÅPING. See DIBBING.
be either DAPPLE BLACK. Is a black permanent or temporary. The dishorse that has spots and marks which eases of debility in the horse are are blacker and more shining than asthma, dropsy, grease, palsy, &c. the rest of the skin. When bay The most prevalent cause, however, horses have marks of a dark bay, is the too common practice of workwe call them dapple bays; so of ing colts at two or three years old, grays.
hy which an innumerable train of
diseases is engendered and fostered, and as reeds and grass, with bushes, and the services of the animal very are allowed to grow
wild luxuriconsiderably abridged.
ance, the interior of the pond is DECOCTION. By the process entirely hidden from view. In length of boiling the inedicinal properties of time, by continued cultivation, of roots, barks, &c. are communi- the appearance becomes similar to cated to water. The most common a plantation for game in an extenway is to boil the ingredients till sive marshy waste; indeed, in most the water is half consumed; the places, it is much used by hares, liquor, which, properly speaking, and occasionally by foxes. is the decoction, being afterwards The decoy birds are wild-ducks, strained off.
bred on the spot, which become doDECOY. There are very few or mesticated by the most constant and no objects of sporting attraction so regular supply of food, and are kept replete with pleasing varieties, and within a moderate number by kill. so abounding with characteristics of ing them off when the season is extraordinary instinct, as the whole over. At the commencement of of the operations affecting this inge- winter these birds begin, by an unnious occupation. The wild scenery, accountable instinct, to take their the secluded situation required, the wheels of flight, leaving home at the proximity of the sea or extensive reflux of the tide and returning about range of waters, the liabilities of the high water, rarely unaccompanied season, the difficulties of access, and with a numerous flock of new acthe distances from the residences of quaintance. These excursions are the neighbourhood, are all subjects closely watched by the keeper both of strong interest, and never fail to night and day, always being preexcite in the mind of an ardent pared to greet the return with plenty lover of nature an enthusiastic feel- of corn. This keeps all quiet till ing. It is fortunate when a situation day-light (if a night flight), when is found where Nature has supplied his delicate work commences, but the growth of willows and under- seldom successfully without a brisk wood of any sort; otherwise you wind. When the pipe is fixed upon are obliged to plant around the to work at, a small quantity of oats piece of water selected for the pur- or hemp-seed is thrown at the mouth, pose of a decoy, which is mostly of which, accompanied with a pleasing an acre or two, to give a general whistle, induce the old birds to rush effect of shelter. The slips, or pipes forward, and if a good number of as they are called, are about twenty foreigners should follow, he by defeet long, forming a designed curve, grees supplies the food more within, and gradually narrowing to the end. till the body has reached beyond the These are hooped over, and then turn to exclude them from the pond. covered with strong netting. The At that critical moment he runs to number of these apertures is regu- the front, and showing himself, with lated in course by the extent of the a shout, the birds fly to the end, pond, always having sufficient to where, cooped up in a very small face the point of most winds that space, a most ludicrous scramble and blow; for only those can be worked squalling take place. A helper, being with effect which are opposite to ready, has then only to take them the blast. Between each pipe, and by the neck, and, being expertly the whole length of it, a shade of educated in Jack Ketch work, twists reeds, about six feet high, is erected away till even hundreds are thrown for the purpose of concealment to into a pit-hole purposely prepared. the attending man, with a few small It scarcely ever occurs that the loop-holes to peep through. Round old birds are to be thus en trapped. the whole a high bank is raised ; Being familiar at business, they take
good care to keep in the rear; or, if of lighted peat in your mouth, used impelled by numbers and eagerness as a cigar, that you can wipe away far into the pipe, they then dive, the stigma of animal odour. With beating a safe retreat in that way. out this safeguard you cannot ap
The great pride of a decoy-man is proach within a quarter of a mile. not only to possess an expert helper, To enumerate or describe the difbut an assistant of another descrip- ferent beauties rewarding the anxition -a dog - which through the ous task, is not easy; but it embraces whole of the movements is no mean in few words the whole of the duck performer. He is accustomed to kind. Yet there is an exception, wait upon his master at all times, though of the same family, of singuwho, by teaching him playful ways, lar curiosity—the dun-bird—which, brings him as it were to amuse the although in general companionsbip, decoys. They then not only become is rarely to be taken in this manner. used to his gambols, but delight in He is certainly the sultan of flavour, them, and will dash after his tricks and may be hailed as the first in the whenever they are exhibited. We rank. This may render his sagacity are told, in print of authority, these or instinct more refined perhaps; animals are made use of to rouse but, be it as it may, different traps the lethargic and sleepy habit of the become necessary to secure him. On strangers, and that they fly to the the side of the rivers at the evening dog to scare him away from disturb- dusk, a high net is erected on poles, ing their quiet repose; but to us this in the neighbourhood of the decoys, is not evident, firmly believing it to when in the flights of these highbe the daily practice with the do- minded creatures they get entanmestics that works the magic with gled. the new comers. These observa At the first blush of this account, tions are genuine, and drawn from it is natural to conclude that a dethe book of experience. When the coy is good for gold as well as for work begins, à signal is given to ducks; but there are many conlittle Venus, or Daphne, or Mer- tingencies in waiting, and many's cury, and she or he flies to the call, the time and oft, that, with plenty skips around the skreens, jumping saluting your eyes and ears, disapand shaking the tail, and pricking pointments arise, leaving the carthe ears —the eyes sparkling with riers empty, and lords of the markets pleasure, and bursting with ardour in despair. First, you must have to give salute with the tongue; but cold weather without frost: then no babbling : it is all forbearance, you must have the wind at east, though full of fire; and it is only by and with a breeze: then you must frolicsome freaks the whole pond is have birds with good humour, and attracted, exciting a general rush to inclined to vary their taste with get at the dog. This is one of the new friends: and, last of all, you principal means of having a well must have skill, luck, and a great peopled pipe. The breed is pecu- flight; and even with these happy liar to itself, and perfectly non- combinations, neither oats, dog, peat, descript: in appearance the veriest nor winds will do. I have seen the of curs, but in sagacity a spaniel — whole congregation floating in the small, of great vivacity, the active centre in close column, casting their energies are surprising, and the ani- heads to the air, as it were watchmation with which the part is acted ing the clouds with one eye, and is as extraordinary as it is amusing. laughing at you with the other. A
The wonderful power in the fowl, little farther, strange, though true: of nasal discrimination, renders the I have known some years successful schemes of their enemies delicately to overflow, and others barren to dangerous, and it is only by the aid hopes-having the same quantity,
the same weather, and the same ex- received a compromise from Mr. perience.
Panton's Falcon of 132 gs. having In 1795, the Tillingham decoy been matched over B. C. 300 gs. h. in Essex netted, after every expense, ft., Delpini to have carried 8 st. 7 lb., upwards of eight hundred pounds; Falcon, 8 st. 2 lb. In the same meetand in 1799, ten thousand head of ing he won a sweepstakes of 200 gs. widgeon, teal, and wild-ducks were each, h. ft. B. C. beating Collector, caught in a decoy of the Rev. Bate Hardwicke, and Tar. In the second Dudley, in the same county. spring meeting he was beat by Rock
The general season for catching is ingham. At York, however, in Aufrom the end of October to February. gust, Monday 21st, he won a subBy the 9th Ann, ch. 25, and 10 scription of 25 gs. each, four miles, Geo. II. ch. 32, to take or drive ten subs. carrying 8 st. 5 lb. beating away any wild-duck, teal, widgeon, Verjuice and two others, four years or other water-fowl in the moulting- old each, 7 st. 7 lb. On Wednesseason, between the 1st of June and day, he won 501., given by the city, the first of October, is punishable added to a subscription purse for with a fine of five shillings, to be five years old horses, &c. carrying levied by distress; in default to be 8 st. 7 lb. four miles, beating Pitch, imprisoned, whipped, and kept to Leveret, and Posthumous. The next hard labour. The right in the pro- day, he won another subscription perty of decoy-ponds was settled in purse for six years old, 8 st. 10 lb. the Court of King's Bench in No- and aged horses, 9 st. four miles, vember term, 1810, when it was de- giving his year to Mr. Garforth's termined that disturbing a decoy by noted mare, Faith, and Mr. Wentfiring a gun in the neighbourhood, worth’s Glancer. After winning, to frighten away the wild-fowl which Mr. Tattersall led him to the post had been decoyed by the tame birds, for the jockey to weigh, pulled a constituted a trespass.
white handkerchief from his pocket, Decoys are usually let at a cer- with which he wiped the nostrils of tain annual rent; but improvements the son of his favourite HIGHFLYER, in drainage are gradually extermi- and then kissed him. At the Cranating these ancient distinctions of ven meeting, 1787, for a sweepstakes the fenny districts. Thirty thousand of 50 gs. each, D. C. he ran second francs have been paid for the pro- to Rockingham, heating Fox and duce of Lake St. Lambert, near Pa- Marplot. Drone, Oberon, and Pilot ris, for one season.
also started, but were not placed. DEER. See Hart, Hind, Fal Delpini started twice in 1788, viz. LOW, RED, Roe Deer, &c.
at the Newmarket Craven meeting, DEER-HAYES. Nets for catch- and at York, in August, but proved ing deer.
unsuccessful. Delpini was afterDEFAULT (now universally call- wards a stallion in Yorkshire ; he ed Fault). A term in hunting, was sire of many valuable racers, when the hounds have lost the &c. and died at York, July 30th, scent.
1808, aged twenty-seven. DELPINI (first called HACK DIAMOND, br. by Highfiyer, wood). A gray colt, foaled 1781, dam by Matchem; grandam Barbred by the Duke of Bolton, was bara, by Snap, great grandam Miss got by Highflyer out of Countess by Vernon, by Cade, sister to the WidBlank. In 1784, he won the Bolton drington mare, by Partner. After stakes at Newmarket, he was after a brilliant career (his memorable wards sold to Sir Frank Standish; match over the B. C. at Newmarand in 1785, he won twice, 200 gs. ket, against Hambletonian will not and 300 gs. at the same place. In soon be forgotten, though unsuccess1786, first spring meeting, Delpini ful in the result), Diamond was sent
to France in the spring of 1818, are so large as to cover the bars. A where he died; he was foaled in bit with a cannon, croupe, or cut will 1792.
effect it. DIBBING FOR TROUT. A DISTANCE. In racing two hunmode of angling resorted to in those dred and forty yards are a distance. rivers that are much overhung with See Racing. trees, and where it is totally impos
DISTEMPER. This disease is sible to throw the fly. A dibbing rod generally caused by sudden transishould be rather stiff, and about tions from heat to cold, where the eighteen feet in length, with a line of animal, in a state of excessive perstrength sufficient to bring a heavy spiration, and overcome by great fish to land without the assistance of exertion, is immerged in cold water, a net or gaff. This mode of fishing or (as is too frequently the abused is successful for trout and chub. practice) drenched with buckets full,
DIGGING A BADGER. Dis- by way of refreshing the horse. The lodging or raising him out of the general symptoms are severe cough earth.
or catarrh, excessive drowsiness, DIOMED),ch. bred by Sir Charles moisture from the eyes and nostrils, Bunbury, 1777, got by Florizel, dam quick pulse and breathing, quinsey by Spectator; grandam, sister to in the throat, universal debility, &c. Horatius, by Blank — Childers The best remedy is immediate and Miss Belvoir. In 1780, at three free bleeding; then turn out the years old, this pride of the Barton animal to a well enclosed and shelstud, won 2500 gs., 700 gs., 500 gs., tered pasture, where, in due process 801., 100 gs., and 160 gs. at New- of time, with the assistance of wholemarket, and the Derby stakes at some grass, and good air, the disease Epsom, of 1125 gs. (being the first will be effectually removed. If the year of their establishment), beat- horse cannot conveniently be stirred ing Bondron, by Eclipse, and seven from the stable, he should be fed on others. In 1781, 250 gs., 330 gs., light bran mashes, and very small and the Claret stakes of 2100 gs. at portions of the very best hay; if Newmarket. In 1782, he started grass could be obtained, it would be once only, and was beat by Sir John much better. The best medicine is Lade's Crop, by Turf. In 1783, he nitrate of potass (nitre), to be given won the king's plate at Guildford; in three doses ; the first in the mornhe did not start afterwards. Diomed ing, the second at one o'clock in the covered, in Sussex, at five guineas; afternoon, and the third at night, in he was afterwards removed to Bar- the quantity of half an ounce to each ton, where the price advanced to dose. Clysters should also be served ten guineas. He was sire of Grey sufficiently frequent to keep the body Diomed, Valiant Victor, Glaucus, in a free and cool state. The above Laïs, Montezuma, Anthony, Char- regimen and treatment should be lotte, Mademoiselle, Playfellow, continued until the animal be in a Quetlavaca, Sir Cecil, Whiskers, state of perfect convalescence; then Michael, Monkey, Tom, Bella Don- very small proportions of oats, well na, Dalham, Little Pickle, Foreigner, bruised and wetted, may at intervals Robin Grey,Fanny,Guatimozin, Ha- be allowed him. Vaccination also bakkuk, Young Diomed, Adela, Ce- is found to be an effectual remedy dar, Switch, Greyhound, Laurenti- or rather preventive of distemper. na, Poplar, Wrangler, &c. &c. In When the distemper arises from 1799, Diomed was sent to Virginia, worms, the most effectual vermifuge in North America.
that can be used is tin tilings or powe' DISARM (the lips of a horse), is dered glass, and half a drachm of to prevent them from taking off the either may be given twice a day. pressure of the mouth, when they
DIVEŘS. These birds frequent