« PreviousContinue »
BEASTS OF THE Forest. The scription of 105 gs. beating the Duke hart, the hind, the hare, the boar, of Bridgewater's Honest Billy, and and the wolf.
Mr. Shafto's Ferdinand, who broke BEASTS AND Fow LS OF THE WAR- his leg in running the first mile.
The hare, the coney, the At Newmarket second spring meetpheasant, and the partridge. Some ing, 1768, Bellario won a sweepadd quails, woodcocks, water fowl, stakes of 250 gs. 8st. 71b. each, &c.
B. C. beating Lord Bolingbroke's BEAT (with Hunters). A term Darling. In the second October used of a stag which runs first one meeting, he won the 155 gs. 8st. way and then another, who is then 10lb. each, B. C. beating Lord Gros, said to beat up and down: also the venor's Icarus, Mr. Shafto's Caliban, noise made by copies in rutting and Lord Rockingham's Drumsticks. time, which is called beating, or - At Newmarket first spring meettapping; but the most usual sense ing, 1769, Bellario, carrying 8st. of beating is trying for a hare, de- 1 716. beat Lord Rockingham's Monrived from the custom of beating the key, five years old, 7st. B. C. 300 bushes with a pole or hunting whip. gs. In the second spring meeting,
BED (in Angling). When the at 8st. he beat Lord Rockingham's hairs of a link are so equally twisted Pilgrim, 8st. 71b. B. C. 300 gs. and that it is round in every part, the won the 150 gs. for five and six year terms bed and bedding are applied olds, B.C. beating Lord Grosvenor's to it. The substance of an artificial Ancient Pistol and Mr. Vernon's fly. Eels are said to bed, when they Chalfont; he also won a subscripget into the sand or mud in large tion of 200 gs. weight for age, B.C. quantities.
beating Mr. Vernon's Marquis, Mr. BED OF SNAKES. A name hunters Shafto's Petruchio, and Lord Grosgive to a knot of young ones; and a venor's Slap. In the first October roe is said to bed when she lodges in meeting, he won a subscription of a particular place.
160 gs. weight for age, R. C. beatBELLARIO, the property of Sir ing Mr. Shatto's Poacher, by Young. Charles Bunbury, Bart. was got by Cade. In the second October meetBrilliant, son of Crab; his dam by ing he won 501. weight for age, Stamford's Whittington, who was D. I. beating Lord Grosvenor's Cargot by an own brother to Lord Port-dinal Puff, Mr. Vernon's Marquis, more's Whitenose, sire of Fenwick's Mr. Shafto's Hecate, &c. In the Duchess. Bellario's grandam was first spring meeting, 1770, Belown sister to Black-and-all-Black. lario won 501. for six year olds At Newmarket, in April, 1767, Bel- and aged horses, &c. R. C. heating lario (then rising four years old), Mr. Blake's Snipe. In the second at 8st. 41b. beat Lord Bolingbroke's spring meeting, he won the jockey Conundrum (rising five) 9st. 41b. club plate, 9st. each, B. C. beating from the D. I. to the turn of the Mr. Fettyplace's Nabob, the Duke lands, 200 gs.; received 100 gs. from of Grafton's Bashful, Mr. Blake's Lord Rockingham's Pigeon, and 100 Snipe, and Lord Grosvenor's Gimgs. from Lord March's Signal. In crack. He also received two forthe first October meeting, he won a feits of 150 gs. each, from Sir Lawsubscription of 80 gs. weight for age, rence Dundas’s Alagrecque. In the R. C. beating Lord Grosvenor's Car- first October meeting, Bellario won dinal Puff, Mr. Vernon's Snipe, &c. a subscription of 160 gs. weight for received 150 gs. from Lord Barry- age, R. C. beating Mr. Shafto's more's Driver: and walked over for Petruchio, Lord Grosvenor's Gima subscription of 85 gs. at Euston, crack, Lord Bolingbroke's Chalfont, Suffolk. At Newmarket, second Oc- &c. In the Craven Meeting, 1771, tober meeting, Bellario won a sub- Bellario, carrying 8st. 7lb. beat Mr.
Pigott's Freedom, three years old, prostituted by the designing among 6st. 10lb. from the D. I. to the turn the lower classes; but it will never of the lands, 300 gs. In the first be out of fashion, being very enterspring meeting he received 100 gs. taining, and affording that moderate from Lord Farnham's (late Went-exercise which renders it the more worth's) Bucephalus. In the second agreeable. The table on which the Spring Meeting, he won the jockey game is played is generally about club plate, 9st. B. C. beating Lord twelve feet long and six wide; it is Ossory's Fabius, Mr. Pratt's Phæ- covered with fine green cloth, and nix, Mr. Wentworth's Melpomene, surrounded with cushions to prevent and Lord Farnham's Bucephalus. the balls rolling off, and to make And in the July meeting, Bellario, them rebound. There are six holes, carrying 9st. beat Mr. Pigott's Free- nets, or pockets, fixed at the four dom, four years old, 7st. 10lb. D. I. corners, and the middle, opposite to 300 gs. He then became a stallion. each other, to receive the balls, which BELLING, (with Hunters), when put into them are called ha
BELLOWING ) the noise made zards. The making of a hazard, that by a hart in rutting time.
is, putting the adversary's ball in, at BENZOIN. A solid, fragile, vege- the usual game, reckons two in favour table substance, of a reddish brown of the player. The game is played colour, distinguished into common with sticks called maces, or with and amygdaloidal. It is a compo- cues; the first consists of a long nent in friar's balsam and paregoric straight stick, with a head at the elixir.
end, and is the more powerful instruBETTING. See Jockey Club, ment of the two: the cue is a thick Laws Of THE.
stick diminishing gradually to a point BEVY OF ROEBUCKS (with Fo- of about half an inch in diameter; resters). A herd or company of this instrument is played over the those beasts.
left hand, and supported by the fore BEVY OF Quails (with Fowlers). finger and thumb. It is the only inA term used for a brood or flock of strument in vogue abroad, and is quails.
played with amazing address by the BEWITS (in Falconry), pieces of Italians and some of the Dutch; but leather, to which a hawk's bells are in England the mace is the prevailfastened, and buttoned to his legs. ing instrument, which the foreigners
BEZANTLER (among Sports- hold in contempt, as it requires not men). That branch of a deer's horn near so much address to play the next below the brow-antler.
game with it as with the cue; but BILLIARDS. This game is the mace is preferred for its peculiar played on a rectangular table, with advantage, which some professed little ivory balls, which are driven players have introduced under the into hazards or holes. It was in- name of trailing, that is, following vented by the French, but was played the ball with the mace to such a differently from what it now is; convenient distance as to make it an having a pass iron fixed on the table, easy hazard. The degrees of trailing through which the balls at particu- are various, and have different denolar periods of the game used to be minations, viz. the shove, the sweep, played ; but this method is quite the long stroke, the trail, and the laid aside. The French, Germans, dead trail or turn up, all which Dutch, and Italians, brought this secure an advantage to a good player game into vogue throughout most according to their various gradaparts of Europe, and it soon became tions; even the butt end of the cue à favourite diversion in England, becomes very powerful when it is particularly with persons of rank. made use of by a good trailer. It has, however, of late years been The following are the rules ob
23. If any
served in the common game of bil- | loses one. 21. He who throws the liards : 1. For the lead, the balls stick upon the table, and hits the must be put at one end, and the ball, loses one. 22. If the ball player must strike against the far- stands upon the edge of the hole, thermost cushion, in order to see and after being challenged, it falls what will be nearest the cushion in, it is nothing, but must be put that is next to them. 2. The nearest where it was before. to the cushion is to lead, and choose person, not being one of the players, the ball if he pleases. 3. The leader stops a ball, the ball must stand in is to place his ball at the nail, and the place where it was stopped. not to pass the middle pocket; and 24. He who plays without a foot if he holes himself in leading, he upon the floor, and holes his adverloses the lead. ,4. He who follows sary's ball, gets nothing for it, but the leader must stand within the loses the lead. 25. He who leaves corner of the table, and not place the game before it is ended, loses it. his ball beyond the nail. 5. He 26. Any person may change bis who plays upon the running ball stick in play. 27. If any difference loses one. 6. He who touches the arise between players, he who marks ball twice, and moves it, loses one. the game, or the majority of the But these two rules are seldom if company, must decide it. 28. Those ever enforced, especially in Eng- who do not play must stand from land. 7. He who does not hit his the table, and make room for the adversary's ball loses one. 8. He players. 29. If any person lays any who touches both balls at the same wager, and does not play, he shall time, makes a foul stroke, in which not give advice to the players upon case if he should hole his adversary,
game. nothing is gained by the stroke ; Besides the common winning but if he should put himself in, he game, which is twelve up, there are loses two. 9. He who holes both several other kinds, viz. the losing balls loses two. 10. He who strikes game, the winning and losing, choice upon his adversary's ball, and holes of balls, bricole, carambole, Russian himself, loses two. 11. He who carambole, the bar hole, the one plays at the ball without striking hole, the four game, and hazards. it, and holes himself, loses three. I. The losing game is the common 12. He who strikes both balls over game nearly reversed; that is to the table, loses two. 13. He who say, except hitting the balls, which strikes his ball over the table, and is absolutely necessary, the player does not hit his adversary's ball, gains by losing. By putting himself loses three. 14. He who retains in, he wins two; by putting his adthe end of his adversary's stick versary in, he loses two; but if he when playing, or endeavours to pockets both balls, he gets four. This baulk the stroke, loses one. 15. He game depends greatly upon particuwho plays another's ball or stroke lar strengths, and is therefore very without leave, loses one. 16. He necessary to be known to play the who takes up his ball, or his ad- winning game well. II. The winversary's, without leave, loses one. ning and losing game is a combina17. He who stops either ball when tion of both games; that is to say, running, loses one, and being near all balls that are put in by striking the hole, loses two. 18. He who first the adversary's ball, reckon toblows upon the ball when running wards game; and holing both balls loses one, and if near the hole, loses reckons four. At this game, and the
19. He who shakes the table losing, knocking over, or forcing the when the ball is running loses one. balls over the cushion, goes for no20. He who strikes the table with thing, the striker only loses the the stick, or plays before his turn, lead. III. Choice of balls, is choos
ing each time which ball the player | particular place or spot; he being pleases, which is doubtless a great at liberty to put it where he pleases. advantage, and is generally played When he begins to play, instead of against losing and winning. IV. Bri- striking at the red ball, he leads his cole is being obliged to hit a cushion, own gently behind it, and his antaand make the ball rebound, or return gonist is to play at which he thinks to hit the adversary's ball, otherwise proper; if he plays at the red ball the player loses a point. This is a and holes it, he scores three as usual great disadvantage, and is reckoned towards the game, which is twentybetween even players to be equal to four instead of sixteen points; and receiving about eight or nine points. the red ball is put upon the spot V. Carambole is a game introduced again, at which he may strike again from France. It is played with three or take his choice which of the two balls, one being red, which is neutral, balls to push at, always following and is placed upon a spot on a line his stroke till both balls are off the with the string nail (i. e. that part table. He is entitled to two points of the table whence the player each time that he caramboles, the strikes his ball at first setting off
, same as at the other game; but if and which is generally marked with he caramboles, and puts his own ball two brass nails). Each antagonist, into any hole, he loses as many as at the first stroke of a hazard, plays he might have got had he not holed from a mark, which is upon a line himself: for example, if he strikes with it, at the other end of the table. at the red ball, which he holes, at The chief object at this game is, for the same time caramboles and holes the player to hit with his own ball himself, he loses five points; and if the two other balls, which is called he holes both balls when he carama carambole, and by which the player boles, and likewise his own, he loses wins two. If he puts in the red ball seven, which he could have got if he be gets two; so that seven may be had not holed his own ball. In other made at one stroke, by caramboling respects it is played like the comand putting in both balls. This mon carambole game. VII. The game resembles the losing, depend- bar hole, is so called from the hole ing chiefly upon particular strengths, being barred which the ball should and is generally played with the be played for, and the player strikcue. The game is sixteen up; yet ing for another hole; when this game is reckoned sooner over than the is played against the common game, common game. The next object of the advantage for the latter, between this game, after making what we equal players, is reckoned to be have distinguished by the caram- about six. VIII. The player at the bole, is the baulk; that is, making one hole, though it seems to those the white ball, and bringing the who are not judges of the game to player's own ball and the red one be a great disadvantage, has in fact below the stringing nail, whence the the best of it; for, as all balls that adversaries begin. By this means go into the one hole reckon, the the opponent is obliged to play bri- player endeavours to lay his ball cole from the opposite cushion, and constantly before that hole, and his it often happens that the game is de- antagonist frequently finds it very termined by this situation. VI. The difficult to keep one or other ball Russian carambole is a game intro- out, particularly on the leads, when duced from abroad, and is played in the one hole player lays his ball the following manner : the red ball(which he does as often as he can) is placed as usual on the spot made on the brink of the hole; leading for that purpose ;
but the player for that purpose from the opposite when he begins, or having been end, which in reality he has no right holed, never places his ball on any to do; for the lead should be given
from the end of the table at which means of nets, decoys, birdlime, &c. the hazard is made: but this ad- In the suburbs of London there are vantage is often taken of novices. many persons who, during the months IX. The four game, consists of two of October and March, get their livepartners on each side, at the com- lihood by an ingenious, and, we may mon winning game; who play by add, scientific method of bird-catchsuccession after each bazard, or two ing, totally unknown in other parts points lost. The game is fifteen up; of Great Britain. The reason of so that the point or hazard is an odd this trade being confined to so small number, which makes a miss at this a compass arises from there being game of more consequence than it is no considerable sale for singing at another; being as much at four, birds except in the metropolis; and six, or eight, as it is at five, seven, as the apparatus for the purpose is or nine, at the single game. X. Ha- heavy, and must be carried on a zards, are so called because they man's back, it prevents the birddepend entirely upon the making of catchers going to above three or four hazards, there being no account kept miles distance. This method of birdof any game. Any number of per- catching must have been long pracsons may play, by having balls that tised, as it is brought to a most sysare numbered; but the number sel- tematic perfection, and is attended dom exceeds six, to avoid confusion. with very considerable expense. The The person whose ball is put in pays nets are a most ingenious piece of so much to the player, according to mechanism, are generally twelve what is agreed to be played for each yards and a half long and two and hazard ; and the person who misses a half wide; and no one, till he bepays half the price of a hazard to comes eye-witness of the puller's him whose ball he played at. The success, would imagine that a bird, only general rule is not to lay any which is so very quick in all its moball a hazard for the next player, tions, could be caught by the nets which may be in a great measure flapping over each other. The wild avoided, by always playing upon the birds fly, as the bird-catchers call it, next player, and either bringing him chiefly during the month of October close to the cushion, or putting him and part of September and Novemat a distance from the rest of the ber; as the flight in March is much balls. The table, when hazards are less considerable than that of Miplayed, is always paid for by the chaelmas. The several species of hour.
birds of flight do not make their BILLITTING (among Hunters). appearance precisely at the same The ordure or dung of a fox. time, during the months of Septem
BINDING (in Falconry). A ber, October, and November: the term used in tiring ; or when a pippet, a small species of lark, but hawk seizes his prey.
inferior to the others in singing, for BIRD BOLTS. Three-headed example, begins to fly about Michaelarrows that were discharged at birds mas, and then the woodlark, linnet, from a cross-bow.
goldfinch, chaffinch, greenfinch, and other birds of fight succeed; all of which are not easily caught, or in any numbers, at any other time; and more particularly the pippet
and the woodlark. These birds, BIRD-CATCHING. The art of during the Michaelmas and March taking birds or wild-fowl, whether flights, are chiefly on the wing from for food, for the pleasure of their day break to noon, though there is song, or for their destruction, as afterwards a small flight from two being pernicious to the farmer, by till night; but this is so inconsider