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bait the water over night by spawn cate fish for the table, but of a disor cut worms. The lob-worm, gen- gusting appearance when alive. tles, and cheese soaked in honey, The barbolt is described by Richard are alike palatable to this fish ; and Frank, in his “ Northern Memoirs,” he will bite at them eagerly. In London, 1694, as “absconding himangling for the barbel, the rod and self in eddies, and sometimes in the line must both be extremely arches, not far from streams and long; and as the fish swims very torrents of water. He that takes close to the bottom, a running plum- him gets a reward; which a well met should also be attached to the scoured red-worm certainly accomlatter. By a gentle inclination of plishes as soon as any thing except the rod you may easily ascertain the gudgeon, for that is a charm when there is a bite. Strike imme- compels him ashore.” diately, and the fish will seldom Brooks, in his Art of Angling, escape, unless he breaks the line. ed. 1740, calls this fish the eel-pout, The best time for fishing is about or barbolt, and describes it as either nine in the forenoon, and the fittest having no scales, or they are exseason from the close of May to the ceedingly small. In November, beginning of August.
1823, a barbolt was caught in a small BARBLES, BARBES, or BARBS. brook at Littleton, Staffordshire, Knots of superfluous flesh that grow emptying itself into the Sow, and in the channel of a horse's mouth, the Sow into the Trent. This fish in the intervals that separate the was eighteen inches and a half in bars, and under the tongue; black length; girth round the shoulders cattle are also subject to them, and pine inches; ditto tail, three inches, their drinking thereby obstructed. barb divided; mouth when open They may be removed by a sharp two inches and a half; weight iwo knife or scissors ; some prefer burn- pounds. In the specimen from ing them off with a hot iron. which the print is engraved no scales
BARBOLT, BURBOLT, or BURBOT, whatever were discernible. Its co(Gadus lota) in its body has some lour was dark spotted ; but the dark resemblance to an eel, only shorter colour was easily wiped off, and a and thicker; it is very slimy, slip- mixture of yellow, white, and black
appeared underneath. The best time of taking them is in the spring and summer with a night line baited with a large dew-worm. It is singular, as Isaac Walton was a native of Staffordshire, and born within a few miles of the brook where these fish
are found, that he should have been pery, and smooth: the head is flat, entirely unacquainted with them. and shaped like that of a toad; teeth BAŘDELLE (in the Manège), small but numerous. The colour in form of a great saddle, but made varies; some are dusky, others of a of cloth stuffed with straw, and tied dirty green spotted with black, and tight down, without either leather, oftentimes with yellow; the belly in wood, or iron. The Italians trot some is white; but the real colours their colts with such saddles, and are frequently concealed by the slime. the riders are called Cavalcadours or This fish abounds in the lake of Ge- Scozzone. neva, and is also met with in the
BARKING, amongst hunters, lakes Lugano and Maggiore. In Bri- the noise made by a fox in the time tain it is found in the Trent, also in of clicketing. the Witham, and the great east fen BARNACLE. An instrument, in Lincolnshire. It is a most deli- commonly of iron, and used for hold
ing a horse by the nose, and pre-colour (dark brown) that ever apventing him from struggling while peared in this kingdom. Basto was an incision is making; it is also got by the Byerley Turk; his dam called “horse-twitcher and brake.” was called Bay Peg, a daughter of Pinchers and barnacles are different, Leedes's Arabian, (sire of Leedes, the former are furnished with han- and of the grandam of Childers). dles, the latter is fastened to the nose Basto’s grandam was out of a daughby a cord.
ter of Mr. Leedes's Bald Peg, and BARNACLE (in Ichthyology), Spanker, son of the Darcy Yellow concha centifera. A shell fish that Turk. Bald Peg (Basto's great adheres to ship's sides and bot- grandam) was bred by Lord Genetoms.
ral Fairfax, and out of a mare of the BARNACLE, or BERNACLE. See same name, and got by his lordship’s Goose BARNACLE.
Morocco Barb. Basto won several BARS, of a horse. The upper matches at Newmarket, but the acpart of the gums, between the tusks counts are deficient in mentioning and grinders, that bear no teeth, and the sums, that he, as well as other to which the bitt is applied, and by horses ran for there, for several years its friction the horse is governed'; together; but the horses Basto beat, also the fleshy ridges that cross the &c. are as follow, viz. in October, upper part of the mouth, easily dis- | 1708, at 8 st. 3 lb, he beat the Lord tinguished in young horses. Treasurer's Squirrel, 7 st. 12 lb. a
BARS, or BINDERS. Those por- four miles match; and in November tions of the crust or hoof of a horse following, at 8 st. 5 lb. he beat the that are reflected inwards, and form Lord Treasurer's Billy, 8 st. 3lb. a the arches situated between the five miles match. In March, 1709, heels and the frog. The bars are also at 8 st. 5 lb. Basto beat Lord Raylthat part of the mouth upon which ton's Chance, 7 st. 11 lb. four miles; the bit should rest and have its and in October following, he beat appui; for though a single cannon Mr. Pulleine's Tantivy, 8 st. 5 lb. bears upon the tongue, the bars are five miles, In 1710, Basto carrying so sensible, and tender, that they 8 st. 7 lb. beat the Marquis of Dorfeel the effect of it even through the chester's Brisk, 9 st. 7 lb. four miles, thickness of the tongue.
He was then ordered to the stud for These bars should be sharp-ridged, covering, and died several years and lean; all the subjection a horse afterwards, in the possession of his bears proceeds from those parts, if Grace the Duke of Devonshire. therefore they have not these quali BAT-FOWLING, A mode of ties, they will be very little or not at catching birds in the nighttime and all sensible, and the horse can never while they are at roost, upon trees, have a good mouth: for if they be hedges, perches, &c. One part of flat, round, and insensible, the bit the hunters carry torches while anwill not work its effect, and conse- other beats the bushes; the birds quently such a horse can be no better either fly into the flames and are governed by the bridle than if one easily taken, or are caught with took hold of his tail.
The depth of winter, the BASTO, bred by Sir William coldest, and the darkest nights, are Ramsden, bart. of Byrom, near best suited to this sport. Ferrybridge, Yorkshire, was looked BATHING OF HAWKS (in upon, when in keeping at New- Falconry). When the bird is weaned, market, to be in a high form for hired, rewarded, and reclaimed, she running; he had an appearance of is then presented with a basin of pride and spirit, which added greatly water in which she may stand thighto his figure, and he was thought to deep, and lave herself, upon a mild be the most beautiful horse of his and fair day; it increases the
strength, sharpen's the appetite, and them: Bay Bolton also won the emboldens the hawk.
subscription purse at Middleham BATTLE-ROYAL, among cock- Moor, and the rich prize at Quainers. A fight in which three, five or ton Meadow; he then became the seven cocks are pitted together; the property of his Grace the Duke of bird that stands the longest is of Bolton, and was brought to New. course the winner. At one period market, where he won a match this was a favourite mode of fight against the Duke of Somerset's ing, but has deservedly fallen into Wyndham, one against Sir Matthew disrepute.
Peirson's Merlin, and two against BAWK (in Angling). A knot in Mr. Frampton's Dragon; after which a hair or link of a line; if not he became a stallion in the Duke of speedily rectified the line will break Bolton's stud, and died at Bolton in that place.
Hall, Yorkshire, about the year BAY. To bark as a dog does; 1736, being then upwards of thirty among huntsmen, deer are said to years of age. Bay Bolton was own bay, when after they are hard run brother to Mr. Panton's Lamprey, a they turn head against the hounds. good runner.
BAY COLOUR. A bay horse BAY MALTON, the first prois what we commonly call red, in- duce of his dam, was foaled 1760 ; clining to chestnut. This colour he was bred by Mrs. Ayrton of Malvaries several ways: a dark bay, ton, who sold him to the Marquis or light bay, according as it is more of Rockingham. Bay Malton (full or less deep : and likewise dapple brother to Treasurer) was got by bays. All bay horses have black Sampson (a son of Blaze) dam by manes, which distinguish them from Cade (a son of the Godolphin Arathe sorrel, that have red or white bian) grandam Lass of the Mill by
Traveller (a son of Croft's Partner); BAYARD. A bay horse. great grandam Miss Makeless, by
BAY BOLTON, (originally call- Young Greyhound; great great ed Brown Lusty, and afterwards grandam (sister to Miss Barforth, Whitefoot, and Bay Bolton) was commonly called Wilkie's mare) by eminent both for his figure and run- Partner, Woodcock, Croft's Bay ning, and likewise as an excellent Barb, Makeless, Brimmer, Dickey stallion : he was bred by Sir Mat- Pierson, Burton Barb mare. thew Pierson, Bart. of Yorkshire; Bay Malton's dam was lent by his sire was a large gray horse, bred Mr. Fenton to his daughter (Mrs. by Sir William Strickland, Bart. Ayrton) at her wedding dinner, for called Hautboy, son of Wilkes Old one year; when Mr. Preston, who Hautboy. Bay Bolton's dam was was of the party, requested Mrs. A. a black mare of Sir Matthew Peir- to send the mare to his horse Sampson's, got by Makeless, son of the son, the produce of which was Bay Oglethorp Arabian; out of a daugh- Malton; and, if we except Treater of Brimmer,--Diamond, and out surer, was the only one that could of a full sister to Old Merlin. At race, although she bred several others York, in 1710, Bay Bolton (then to Sampson, Shakspeare, Engineer, five years old, and called Brown and a bay colt to Lord RockingLusty) the first time of his running, ham’s Arabian. won a gold cup, against eight six Performances.—1764, May 22d, years old horses, a case exceedingly Bay Malton won a subscription of rare, especially at a place so emi. 20 gs. each at Malton for four years nent, and in a county, at that time, old, three miles, beating Mr. Thomprenowned above all others, in these son’s gr. c. Snap, by Snap, who threw kingdoms, for producing high bred his rider. horses, and the greatest number of In April, 1765, Bay Malton won
a sweepstakes of 500 gs. each, h. ft. Shafto's Ascham. Six to 4 against at Newmarket, for four years olds, Bay Malton, 6 to 4 against Turf, 8 st. 7 ib. each, B.C. beating Mr. 5 to 1 against Herod, 4 to 1 against Shafto's ch. c. by Shepherd's Crab, Ascham. This race is said to have and the Duke of Cumberland's b. c. occasioned a more numerous assemSelim by Bajazet, 5 to 4 on the blage of persons of all ranks, from winner. In May, Bay Malton recd. every part of the kingdom, than were ft. from the Duke of Cumberland's ever before seen at Newmarket. Admiral. In the First October Very large sums were depending ; Meeting, Bay Malton, 7 st. beat the gentlemen from the North backLord Bolingbroke's Gimcrack, 7 st. ed Bay Malton freely, and reaped 7 lb. B, C. 500 gs. Four to 1 on a rich harvest. The Marquis of Gimcrack,who was beat easily. Lord Rockingham was a considerable Rockingham was reported to have winner. won 9000 guineas on this match. 1768, at the Newmarket First In the Second October Meeting, Spring Meeting, Bay Malton beat Bay Malton recd. ft. from the Duke easily Lord Grosvenor's Cardinal of Cumberland's Gift by Regulus, Puff by Babraham, 10 st. each, B.C. dam by Partner.
200 gs. each and the Whip. Five 1766, April 21st, Bay Malton beat to 1 on Bay Malton. At the Second Mr. Vernon's b. c. Otho by Moses Spring Meeting, he won the Jockey out of Miss Vernon, 8 st. 7 lb. each, Club Plate, 9 st. each, B. C. beating B. C. 1000 gs.
Won easily : at Sir James Lowther's Ascham. Five starting 11 to 10 on the winner; to 1 on the winner, who took the lead over the Flat, 3 to 1 on Otho. York, at the Duke's Stand, and won easily August 21st, Bay Malton won the by nearly two lengths. great subscription, with 50 gs. added 1769, March 27th, Bay Malton by the city for six years, carrying started for 501. for six years olds, 8 st. 7 lb. aged, 9 st. four miles, beat- 8 st. 7 lb. and aged, 9 st. R. C. and ing Mr. Vernon's b. b. Jerkin by Ba- was beat by Sir C. Bunbury's Gimbraham, out of Small Bones, six crack by Cripple; and Lord Grosyears (J. Watson); Mr. Coulson's venor's Cardinal Puff by Babraham, b. h. Royal George by Young Cade, who came second. In this race dam hy Rib, six years (Kirton); however he beat Hemp by Young Mr. Shafto's h. Flylax by Cade, Cade; Phænix by Matchem ; Basbdam by Crab, aged ; Mr. Staple- ful by Blank; Ad piral by Blank; ton's b. h. Beaufremont by Tartar, Presto by Newcomb's Arabian ; dam by brother to Bolton's Fear-Chalfont by Blossom; and Toper nought, aged, and Sir John Moore's by Babraham, who were placed as b.h. Herod, aged, who broke a blood- here enumerated. vessel in his head.
York, August 24th.
Here, too, 7 to 4 and 2 to 1 against Bay he unsuccessful proved!” in conMalton; 7 to 2 against Jerkin; 3 tending for 501. given by the city, to 1 against Royal George and He- in addition to a subscription, for six rod; 10 to 1 against Beaufremont years old, and aged, four miles. and Flylax. An excellent race, very This race was won by Chatsworth, sharply contested, by the first three by Blank; Tortoise by Snap,second ; throughout; won by a length. The Gimcrack by Cripple, third ; Morwinner ran the ground in seven min. wick Ball by Regulus, fourth; Bay forty-three and a half seconds. Malton, fifth ; and All-Fours by
1767, April 21st, Bay Malton won Regulus, sixth and last. a sweepstakes of 500 gs. each, 8 st. Odds at starting : 4 to 1 against 7 lb. at Newmarket, over the B. C. the winner; 8 to 1 against Tortoise; beating Sir J. Moore's King Herod, | 5 to 4 against Gimcrack ; 10 to 1 Lord Bolingbroke's Turf, and Mr. against Morwick Ball; 6 and 7 to 1
against Malton ; 3 and 4 to 1 against permitted to run hare, or they never All-Fours.
can be kept steady to their game. Thus terminated the racing career
In Lancashire there are yet a few of Bay Malton, who became a pri- of the old sort of beagles to be met vate stallion in the stud of the noble with. A small well-shaped rabbit marquis : this good horse and honest beagle is very difficult to be procured, runner died at Wentworth in 1786, the breed being nearly extinct. aged twenty-six.
BEAK (in Farriery), denotes a BEAGLE The smallest hunt- little horse shoe, turned up, and ing-dog used in this country; it is fastened in upon the fore part of the chiefly employed in chasing the hare, hoof. It is used to keep the shoes and is remarkable for the melody fast, and to prevent them from being of its tone and delicacy of scent. struck off by the horse, when by Huntsmen distinguish the rough and reason of any itch, or being much smooth beagle, but they are both disturbed by the flies in hot weather, the same species.
he stamps his feet violently on the ground.
BEAK. The nib, or bill, of a bird. In falconry, the upper part of a hawk's bill that is crooked.
BEAKING (in Cock-fighting). The fighting of those birds with their bills, or holding with the bill, and striking with the heels.
BEAM (in the head of a deer). That part which bears the antlers, royals, and tops, and the little streaks therein called circles.
BEAM FEATHERS. The long Beagles are of various kinds, as feathers of a hawk's wing. the soutner beagle, something less BEARD (in Angling). That and shorter, but thicker than the part of the fish-hook which is a little deep mouthed hound; the fleet above the point, and, projecting out, northern or cat beagle, smaller, and prevents the fish from slipping off of a fier shape than the southern, the hook. and a harder runner. From these BEARDS OF HORSES. The two, by crossing, is bred a third part underneath the lower mandible, sort, held preferable to either. To on the outside, and above the chin, these may be added a still smaller which bears the curb, is called the sort, scarcely bigger than lap-dogs, beard or chuck. It should have but which make very pretty diversion little flesh upon it, without any in hunting the coney in dry weather, chops, hardness, or swelling, and be but are otherwise unserviceable by neither raised too high nor yet too reason of their size.
flat, but sufficient to sustain the There is no prettier sport for curb in its right position. youth than rabbit beagling. About BEARING, or High BEARING six or seven couples of rabbit bea- Cock. One larger than the cock he gles, where there are large downs fights with. or commons, make a very complete BEARING CLAWS. The forepack. Wherever rabbits are scarce most toes of a cock are so called by in the furzes or fern, ferret the holes cock-fighters, which, if they be hurt one or two days before hunting, and or gravelled, he cannot fight. stop them all in the morning before BEASTS OF THE CHASE. The you throw off.
buck, the doe, the fox, the roe, and Rabbit beagles should never be the martin.